Herod "The Great", King of Judea

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About Herod "The Great", King of Judea

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2880605/Entrance-King-Herod-Great-s-palace-unearthed-Complex-set-corridors-leads-elaborate-hall-ruler.html _(2014)_

(Né le 73 ou 74 avant notre ère, décédé le 4 avant J.C à Jéricho, était un Édomite (un groupe sémitique de la région entre la mer Morte et le golfe d'Aqaba [7] des provinces romaines de Judée, la Galilée et la Samarie (près de aujourd'hui [Naplouse]). Des détails importants de sa biographie sont glanés dans les travaux de la 1ère siècle de notre ère romaine historien juif Flavius ​​Josèphe.

Il a été décrit comme "un fou qui a assassiné sa propre famille et quelques grands rabbins de nombreux." Il est également connu pour ses projets de construction colossales à Jérusalem et ailleurs, y compris la reconstruction du Second Temple à Jérusalem (parfois appelé Temple d'Hérode).

Hérode le Grand apparaît dans l'Evangile selon Matthieu (chap. 2), qui décrit un événement connu comme le Massacre des Innocents.

Selon ce compte, peu de temps après la naissance de Jésus, voici des mages d'Orient visité Hérode pour s'enquérir de la localisation de "l'un ayant été né roi des Juifs", parce qu'ils avaient vu son étoile en Orient, et a donc voulu lui rendre hommage. Hérode, en tant que Roi des Juifs, a été alarmée par la perspective d'un usurpateur. Hérode assemblé les principaux sacrificateurs et les scribes du peuple et leur demanda où le «Oint» (le Messie, en grec: Ο Χριστός (christos ho)) était d'être né. Ils ont répondu, à Bethléem, en citant Michée 5:2.

Hérode envoya donc les mages à Bethléem, leur demandant de rechercher l'enfant et, après qu'ils l'avaient trouvé, à «faire rapport au moi, afin que j'aille aussi moi-même l'adorer". Cependant, après avoir trouvé Jésus, les Rois Mages ont été avertis en songe de ne pas rendre compte à Hérode.

De même, Joseph a été averti en songe que Hérode l'intention de tuer Jésus, afin que lui et sa famille ont fui en Egypte. Alors Hérode, voyant qu'il avait été joué par les mages, il donna des ordres pour tuer tous les garçons de l'âge de deux ans et moins dans Bethléem et ses environs. Joseph et sa famille sont restés en Egypte jusqu'à la mort d'Hérode, puis s'installe à Nazareth en Galilée, dans l'ordre pour éviter de vivre sous le fils d'Hérode Archélaos.

En ce qui concerne le massacre des Innocents, même si Hérode était certainement coupable de nombreux actes de brutalité, y compris le meurtre de sa femme et deux de ses fils, aucune autre source connue de la période ne fait référence à un tel massacre. Depuis Bethléem était un petit village, le nombre d'enfants de sexe masculin âgés de moins de 2, ne serait probablement pas dépasser 20. C'est peut-être la raison de l'absence d'autres sources pour cette histoire, bien que l'ordre d'Hérode en Matthieu 2:16 comprend les enfants dans les environs de Bethléem rendant le massacre plus numériquement et géographiquement.

Hérode (Ἡρῴδης; Héroïdes). H. I.; Hérode le Grand. Né en c. 73 Colombie-Britannique, fils d'Antipater [4] et le Chypre Arabian femme. Dans 47 stratège nommés de galilaea, il entra en conflit avec le Sanhédrin de Jérusalem en raison de l'exécution de sa propre autorité des personnes impliquées dans une révolte. Le gouverneur romain de Syrie sexe. Iulius [I 11] César fait de lui le stratège de Coilesyria et la Samarie. .

Herod the Great (born 73 or 74 BCE, died 4 BCE in Jericho, was an Edomite (a Semitic group from the region between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba[7]) client king of the Roman provinces of Judea, Galilee and Samaria (near present-day [Nablus]). Important details of his biography are gleaned from the works of the 1st century CE Roman-Jewish historian Josephus Flavius.

He was described as "a madman who murdered his own family and a great many rabbis." He is also known for his colossal building projects in Jerusalem and elsewhere, including the rebuilding of the Second Temple in Jerusalem (sometimes referred to as Herod's Temple).

Herod the Great appears in the Gospel according to Matthew (Ch. 2), which describes an event known as the Massacre of the Innocents.

According to this account, shortly after the birth of Jesus, Magi from the East visited Herod to inquire the whereabouts of "the one having been born king of the Jews", because they had seen his star in the east and therefore wanted to pay him homage. Herod, as King of the Jews, was alarmed at the prospect of a usurper. Herod assembled the chief priests and scribes of the people and asked them where the "Anointed One" (the Messiah, Greek: Ο Χριστός (ho christos)) was to be born. They answered, in Bethlehem, citing Micah 5:2.

Herod therefore sent the Magi to Bethlehem, instructing them to search for the child and, after they had found him, to "report to me, so that I too may go and worship him". However, after they had found Jesus, the Magi were warned in a dream not to report back to Herod.

Similarly, Joseph was warned in a dream that Herod intended to kill Jesus, so he and his family fled to Egypt. When Herod realized he had been outwitted by the Magi, he gave orders to kill all boys of the age of two and under in Bethlehem and its vicinity. Joseph and his family stayed in Egypt until Herod's death, then moved to Nazareth in Galilee in order to avoid living under Herod's son Archelaus.

Regarding the Massacre of the Innocents, although Herod was certainly guilty of many brutal acts, including the killing of his wife and two of his sons, no other known source from the period makes any reference to such a massacre. Since Bethlehem was a small village, the number of male children under the age of 2, would probably not exceed 20. This may be the reason for the lack of other sources for this history, although Herod's order in Matthew 2:16 includes those children in Bethlehem's vicinity making the massacre larger numerically and geographically.

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Herodes (Ἡρῴδης; Hērṓidēs). H. I.; Herod the Great. Born in c. 73 BC, son of Antipater [4] and the Arabian woman Cyprus. In 47 appointed strategos of Galilaea, he came into conflict with the Sanhedrin of Jerusalem because of the execution on his own authority of persons involved in a revolt. The Roman governor of Syria Sex. Iulius [I 11] Caesar made him the strategos of Coilesyria and Samaria. ...http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/brill-s-new-pauly/mariamme-e723620 Source: Brill’s New Pauly

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ID: I64685

Name: Herod of Judea Prefix: King Given Name: Herod Surname: of Judea Nickname: The Great Sex: M _UID: 43EB9CCF63E4234B94C1C46D37EFE3E0BD60 Change Date: 6 Oct 2005 Birth: ABT 73 BC Death: ABT 4 BC Father: Antipater II of Judea Mother: Cypros of Nabatea Marriage 1 Malthace Children -1. HEROD @ ANTIPAS OF JUDEA b: 21 BC Marriage 2 Mariamne I of Judea Children -1. Alexander of Judea -2. Salampsio of Judea -3. Aristobulus IV of Judea Forrás / Source: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jdp-fam&id=I64685 ---------------------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herod_the_Great Herod the Great From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Fictional, undated portrayal of Herod the Great. Reign 37 - 4 BC Born 74 BC Died 4 BC (aged 70) Place of death Jericho, Samaria Buried Herodium, Judea Predecessor Antigonus II Mattathias Successor Herod Archelaus Wives Doris Mariamne I Mariamne II Malthace Cleopatra of Jerusalem Dynasty Herodian Dynasty Father Antipater the Idumaean Mother Cypros Forrás / Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herod_the_Great -------------------- Herod's marriages and children Doris -1. Son Antipater III, executed 4 BC Mariamne I, daughter of Hasmonean Alexandros -1. Son Alexander, executed 7 BC -2. Son Aristobulus IV, executed 7 BC -3. Daughter Salampsio -4. Daughter Cypros Mariamne II, daughter of High-Priest Simon -1. Son Herod II Boethus Malthace -1. Son Herod Archelaus – Ethnarch -2. Son Herod Antipas - Tetrarch -3. Daughter Olympias Cleopatra of Jerusalem -1. Son Herod Philip II – Tetrarch -2. Son Herod Pallas -1. Son Phasael Phaidra -1. Daughter Roxanne Elpis -1. Daughter Salome bat Herod I A cousin (name unknown) -1. no known children A niece (name unknown) - 1. no known children

Marriages and descendants Herod the Great + Doris -1. Antipater III d. 4 BC? executed ————————————————————————————————————————————— Herod the Great + Mariamne I, d. 29 BC?, dt. of Hasmonean Alexandros. -1. Aristobulus d. 7 BC? ∞m. Berenice ....=1.1 Mariamne III m. her uncle Archelaus ? ....=1.2 Herod III King of Chalcis ....=1.3 Herodias + ∞m. 1. ♂Herod II Boethus her uncle

                        + ∞m. 2. ♂Herod Antipas her uncle

....=1.4 Herod Agrippa King of Israel ....=1.5 Aristobulus V -2. Alexander d. 7 BC? -3. Salampsio (daugter)+ ∞m♂ Phasael ....=3.1. Cypros (gr. daughter) -4. Cypros (daugter)+ m. Antipater(2) ————————————————————————————————————————————— Herod the Great + Mariamne II, dt. of Simon the High-Priest. -1. Herod II Boethus ————————————————————————————————————————————— Herod the Great + Malthace (a Samaritan) -1. Herod Antipas b. 20 BCE? + Phasaelis, dt. of Aretas IV, king of Arabia "divorced" to marry: + Herodias, dt. of Aristobulus (son of Herod the Great) -2. Archelaus -3. Olympias (daugter) ————————————————————————————————————————————— Herod the Great + Cleopatra of Jerusalem -1. Philip the Tetrarch d. 34 CE ————————————————————————————————————————————— Ancestors Parents:Antipater the Idumaean + Cypros, Princess from Petra, Jordan in Nabatea. Siblings: -1. Phasael -2. Herod the Great (74-4 BC) -3. Joseph -4. Pheroras -5. Salome I Parents of his wife: Alexandros + Alexandra Wife: Mariamne Brother of his wife: Aristobulus III of Israel (d. 35 BCE) (last Hasmonean scion; appointed high priest; drowned) Forrás / Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herod_the_Great#Marriages_and_descendants -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herod_the_Great -------------------- •Anmärkning: Herodes I ( kung ) i Judeen ( JUDEEN ) " den store " Anteckningar från http://scriptures.lds.org/bdh/herod?sr=1 Följande antavla visar förhållandet mellan de olika medlemmarna i den herodianske familjen nämns i NT (Se bild) De Herodianska familjen Idumaeans av födsel, men hade blivit konverterar till den judiska tron. De hade som syfte att grunda , i skydd av Rom , ett halvt självständigt kungadöme . Genom sitt äktenskap med Mariamne Herodes den store allierade sig med familjen i Maccabees , som hade varit i flera generationer ledarna för den patriotiska parti bland judarna . Herodes var en framgångsrik härskare och var på villkor av vänskap med August, den romerske kejsaren . För att få nåd inför sina undersåtar , som han var mest impopulära , byggde han templet i en enorm kostnad. Hans regeringstid var utskämd av många övergrepp. I ett anfall av svartsjuka hade han sin hustru, som han innerligt älskade , döden , senare hade han sina två söner Alexander och Aristobulus, också mördad. Samma år som han gav order om massakern av barnen i Betlehem, hade han Antipater , en annan av hans egna söner , avrättas. Några månader senare Herodes själv dog. Hans rike var då delat mellan tre av hans söner : Archelaios , som fick Judeen , Idumaea och Samarien , Antipas , som hade Galileen och Peraea , och Philip , som hade den nordöstra stadsdelarna i Palestina. Efter en regeringstid av nio år Archelaios avsattes av Augustus , och Judeen var fäst vid den romerska provinsen Syrien, som styrs av en Procurator . Antipas (kallas i NT ? Herodes den tetrark ?) byggdes som sin huvudstad Tiberias om Galileiska sjön , han är ofta nämns i evangelierna (Matt 14 : 1 , Mark 6 : 14 , Luk 9 : 7 , Lukas 13 : 31 , Lukas 23 : 7-15 ). Han tog som sin hustru Herodias , hustrun till hans halvbror Philip. Han avsattes av kejsaren Caligula och förvisades till Lugdunum i Gallien , AD 39 . Philip gjorde Cesarea Filippi (tidigare Panias ) sitt kapital , och förblev i besittning av hans tetrarchy fram till sin död i AD 33 . Hans område blev sedan en del av provinsen Syrien, men i AD 37 var från Caligula , tillsammans med Abilene (den tetrarchy av Lysanias ), till Agrippa , som fick ta titeln kung . Om nedfallet av Antipas han fått tetrarchy i Galileen, i AD 41 , om anslutning av kejsar Claudius , fick han Judeen , och Samarien också, och så blev härskare över hela det område som regleras av sin farfar . Han bodde i Jerusalem och var angelägen att betrakta som en ortodox Judisk . Han började en förföljelse av kyrkan och sätta James till döden , Peter flyr genom ett mirakel (Apg 12 : 1-23) . Hans död beskrivs i Apostlagärningarna 12 : 20-23 . Hans son Agrippa II , fick av kejsar Claudius att lyckas att endast en liten del av hans far? rike ar . Han nämns i Apostlagärningarna 25 : 13 . Han var den sista av de Herods .

•Född: 73 f.Kr.

•Death : 4 f.Kr.

Pappa: Antipater ( Antipatros ) ( II, Procurator ) i Judeen

Mor : Cypros den Nabataean

Äktenskap 1 Mariamne i Judeen

Barn

1. Aristobulus ( Aristobulos ) i Judeen

2. Alexander av JUDEEN

3. Salampsio i Judeen

Äktenskap 2 Mariamne

Barn

1. Herodes Philip i Judeen

Äktenskap 3 Malthace en samarit

Barn

1. Herodes Antipas den tetrarken KING i Judeen

2. Archelaios i Judeen

Äktenskap 4 Cleopatra

Barn

1. Philip i Itureen

--------------------

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rohlspur&id=I43534

•ID: I43534

•Name: Herod the Great

•Sex: M

•Birth: 0073 BC in Ashdod, Edom, South Palestine

•Death: 0004 BC in Jericho, Judea

•Note: army commander, overthrew Maccabee dynasty;established himself as King of Palestine (confirmed by MarkAnthony and crowned in Rome by Augustus Caesar), ruled 37 - 4BC;

•Change Date: 17 FEB 2008

Father: Antipater II, Procurator of Judea

Mother: Cypros of Nabathea b: in Nabathea

Marriage 1 Doris of Jerusalem

•Married: 0047 BC

Children

1. Antipater III b: ABT 0050 BC

Marriage 2 Mariamne I b: 0048 BC

•Married: 0037 BC

Children

1. Aristobulus IV b: in Italy

2. Alexander III of Judea

3. Salampsio

4. Cyprus

5. (son)

Marriage 3 (unknown niece)

•Married: 0037 BC

Marriage 4 (unknown cousin)

•Married: 0034/33 BC

Marriage 5 Mariamne II b: ABT 0045 BC

•Married: 0023 BC

•Divorced: 0007/0006 BC

Children

1. Herod Philip I

2. Salome

3. Phaesalis

Marriage 6 Malthrace VI

•Married: 0028 BC

Children

1. Archelaus b: 0023 BC

2. Herod Antipas

3. Olympius

Marriage 7 Cleopatra of Jerusalem b: ABT 0050 BC

•Married: 0020 BC

Children

1. Herod Philip II b: ABT 0019 BC

Marriage 8 Pallas

•Married: 0016 BC

Children

1. Phasaelus

Marriage 9 Phaedra

•Married: 0016 BC

Children

1. Roxane

Marriage 10 Elpis

•Married: 0016 BC

Children

1. Salome

http://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%91%D7%99%D7%AA_%D7%94%D7%95%D7%A8%D7%93%D7%95%D7%A1

Death date is disputed; The 1 March 4BCE is from Wagner, Sir Anthony Richard; ‘Pedigree and Progress: Essays in the Genealogical Interpretation of History’

About הורדוס המלך (עברית)

בית הורדוס

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Herod "The Great", King of Judea's Timeline

-73
-73
Edom, Dead Sea Valley, (now Jordan)
-47
-47
Age 25
-46
-46
Age 26
-42
-42
Age 30

After the death of her father for insurrection against Rome, Mariamme found herself associated with her mother’s house—the pro-Roman house of Hyrcanus. In 42 B.C.E., when she was just twelve, she was betrothed to Herod, heir to Antipater’s house.

-40
-40
Age 32

In 40 B.C.E., her uncle Antigonus (her father’s brother), last surviving scion of the house of Aristobulus, allied himself with Rome’s enemies the Parthians, and invaded Palestine. Herod was put to flight and Mariamme, together with the rest of her family and that of her fiancé, were placed on Masada for safekeeping while Herod hastened to Rome

-37
-37
Age 35
Judea, Israel

Herod returned to Judaea a king, with Rome’s favor and Roman might, retook Judaea and in 37 B.C.E. married Mariamme, who was by then seventeen years old.

-36
-36
Age 36

Jonathan Aristobulus III (53 BC – 36 BC) was the last scion of the Hasmonean royal house, brother of Herod the Great's wife Mariamne, and paternal grandson of Aristobulus II. He was a favorite of the people on account of his noble descent and handsome presence, and thus became an object of fear to Herod, who at first sought to ignore him entirely by debarring him from the high priesthood. But his mother Alexandra Maccabeus (63 BC – 28 BC), through intercession with Cleopatra and Mark Antony, compelled Herod to remove Hananel from the office of High Priest and appoint Aristobulus instead. To secure himself against danger from Aristobulus, Herod instituted a system of espionage against him and his mother. This surveillance proved so onerous that they sought to gain their freedom by taking refuge with Cleopatra. Their plans were betrayed, however, and the disclosure had the effect of greatly increasing Herod's suspicions against his brother-in-law. As he dared not resort to open violence, he caused him to be drowned while he was bathing in Jericho. This article was taken from the Jewish Encyclopedia (1903). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristobulus_III_of_Israel

-35
-35
Age 37
Israel
-35
Age 37

Alexandra, Mariamne's mother, blamed Herod, for her son, Aristobulus' death. Alexandra wrote to Cleopatra, begging her assistance in avenging the boy's murder. Cleopatra in turn urged Marc Antony to punish Herod for the crime and Antony sent for him to make his defense. Herod left his young wife in the care of his uncle Joseph, along with the instructions that if Antony should kill him, Joseph should kill Mariamne. Herod believed his wife to be so beautiful that she would become engaged to another man after his death and that his great love for Mariamne prevented him from enduring a separation from her, even in death. Joseph became familiar with the Queen and eventually divulged this information to her and the other women of the household, which did not have the hoped-for effect of proving Herod's devotion to his wife. Rumors soon circulated that Herod had been killed by Antony, and Alexandra persuaded Joseph to take Mariamne and her to the Roman legions for protection. However, Herod was released by Antony and returned home, only to be informed of Alexandra's plan by his mother and sister, Salome. Salome also accused Mariamne of committing adultery with Joseph, a charge which Herod initially dismissed after discussing it with his wife. After Herod forgave her, Mariamne inquired about the order given to Joseph to kill her should Herod be killed, and Herod then became convinced of her infidelity, saying that Joseph would only have confided that to her were the two of them intimate. He gave orders for Joseph to be executed and for Alexandra to be confined, but did not punish his wife.

-33
-33
Age 39
Judea, Israel