Hirohito, 昭和天皇 (Shōwa tennō, Emperor of Japan)

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裕仁 昭和

Birthplace: Aoyama-gosho 青山御所, Akasaka, Tokyo, Japan
Death: Died in Tokyo, Japan
Cause of death: Cancer
Place of Burial: Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan
Immediate Family:

Son of Yoshihito, 大正天皇 Taishō-tennō (Emperor of Japan) and Sadako, Teimei-kōgō (Kujō)
Husband of Nagako, Kōjun-kōgō
Father of Shigeko Higashikuni (Terunomiya); Sachiko Hisanomiya (Terunomiya); Kazuko Takatsukasa (Takanomiya); <private> 池田 (順宮); Akihito, 今上天皇 Emperor of Japan and 3 others
Brother of Yasuhito Chichibunomiya; Nobuhito Takamatsunomiya and <private> 三笠宮

Occupation: 124th emperor of Japan, Emperor of Japan
Managed by: Jason Scott Wills
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Hirohito, 昭和天皇 (Shōwa tennō, Emperor of Japan)

  • 昭和天皇 - Hirohito.... - en.wikipedia ;
  • Hirohito (裕仁?) [çiɽoꜜçito], posthumously in Japan officially called Emperor Shōwa or the Shōwa Emperor (昭和天皇 Shōwa tennō?), (April 29, 1901 – January 7, 1989) was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order, reigning from December 25, 1926, until his death in 1989. Although better known outside of Japan by his personal name Hirohito, in Japan he is now referred to exclusively by his posthumous name Emperor Shōwa. The word Shōwa is the name of the era that corresponded with the Emperor's reign, and was made the Emperor's own name upon his death.[1]
  • At the start of his reign, Japan was already one of the great powers—the ninth largest economy in the world after Italy, the third largest naval country, and one of the five permanent members of the council of the League of Nations. He was the head of state under the limitation of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan during Japan's imperial expansion, militarization, and involvement in World War II. After the war, he was not prosecuted for war crimes as many other leading government figures were. During the postwar period, he became the symbol of the new state.

Early life

  • Born in the Aoyama Palace in Tokyo, Prince Hirohito was the first son of Crown Prince Yoshihito (the future Emperor Taishō) and Crown Princess Sadako (the future Empress Teimei).[2] His childhood title was Prince Michi (迪宮 Michi no miya?). In 1908, he began elementary studies at the Gakushūin (Peers School).
  • Upon the death of his grandfather, Emperor Meiji, on July 30, 1912, Hirohito's father, Yoshihito succeeded him on the throne, he thus became the heir apparent. At the same time, he was formally commissioned in both the army and in the navy as a second lieutenant and ensign, respectively, and was also decorated with the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum. In 1914, he was promoted to the ranks of lieutenant in the army and sub-lieutenant in the navy, then to captain and lieutenant in 1916. He was formally proclaimed Crown Prince and heir apparent on November 2, 1916; but an investiture ceremony was not strictly necessary to confirm this status as heir to the throne.[3]
  • Prince Hirohito attended the Y.M.C.A. of Gakushūin Peers' School from 1908 to 1914 and then a special institute for the crown prince (Tōgū-gogakumonsho) from 1914 to 1921.
  • In 1920, Prince Hirohito was promoted to the rank of Major in the army and Lieutenant Commander in the navy. In 1921, Prince Hirohito took a six month tour of Europe, including the United Kingdom, France, Italy, the Netherlands and Belgium, becoming the first Japanese crown prince to travel abroad. After his return to Japan, he became Regent of Japan (Sesshō) on November 29, 1921, in place of his ailing father who was affected by a mental illness.

During Prince Hirohito's regency, a number of important events occurred:

  • In the Four-Power Treaty on Insular Possessions signed on December 13, 1921, Japan, the United States, Britain and France agreed to recognize the status quo in the Pacific, and Japan and Britain agreed to terminate formally the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. The Washington Naval Treaty was signed on February 6, 1922. Japan completed withdrawal of troops from the Siberian Intervention on August 28, 1922. The Great Kantō earthquake devastated Tokyo on September 1, 1923. On December 27, 1923, communist Daisuke Namba attempted to assassinate him in the Toranomon Incident but his attempt failed and he was executed. The General Election Law was passed on May 5, 1925, giving all men above age 25 the right to vote.
  • In 1923, he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the army and Commander in the navy, and to army Colonel and Navy Captain in 1925.

Marriage and issue

  • Prince Hirohito married his distant cousin Princess Nagako Kuni (the future Empress Kōjun), the eldest daughter of Prince Kuni Kuniyoshi, on January 26, 1924. They had two sons and five daughters:
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Hirohito, 昭和天皇 (Shōwa tennō, Emperor of Japan)'s Timeline

April 29, 1901
Akasaka, Tokyo, Japan
December 6, 1925
Age 24
Tokyo, Japan
September 10, 1927
Age 26
September 30, 1929
Age 28
December 23, 1933
Age 32
Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
January 7, 1989
Age 87
Tokyo, Japan