Hjalmar-Fritjof Pöhl (1908 - 1964) MP

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Nicknames: "Fritiof", "Poel", "Poell", "Poëll", "Pöel", "Pöell", "Pöhl", "Põell"
Birthplace: Tallinn, Harju, Estonia
Death: Died in Mariehamn, Åland Islands, Finland
Cause of death: vaata Vaba Eesti Sõna 25/6-1964
Occupation: Vicar / kyrkoherde, rural dean / kontraktsprost
Managed by: Olav Linno Poëll
Last Updated:

About Hjalmar-Fritjof Pöhl

Hjalmar-Fritjof Pöhl (24 February 1908 – 12 June 1964) was an Estonian Swedish ecclesiastic and a rural dean (Swedish: kontraktsprost).

Hjalmar graduated from the Tallinna Linna Poeglaste Reaalgümnaasium in 1928. Between 1928–1933 he was at the Faculty of Theology, University of Tartu in Estonia, with continued studies at Uppsala University in Sweden. Hjalmar was ordained 5 June 1933 in Skara Cathedral in the spirit of Nathan Söderblom.

In 1933, he served at the Swedish contract, and by 1934 in the Swedish-Finnish congregation at the Swedish St Michael's Church in Tallinn. When Karl Nilsson left the Vormsi Püha Olavi congregation the same year, Hjalmar filled the position. Hjalmar was also the acting director at the Swedish Mission to Seafarers in Tallinn, and from 1937 onward he also came to fill the vacancy as provost at the Swedish deanery.

Class IV of 'The Order of the Estonian Red Cross' with the serial no. 929 was awarded to Hjalmar-Fritiof Pöhl at 1938-02-24 in the position of 'Vormsi koguduse ajut õp, Rootsi praosti kt'. - (Estonian: Eesti Punase Risti IV klassi teenetemärk, serial 929; French: Ordre de la Croix-Rouge Estonienne). "The Order of the Estonian Red Cross was instituted in 1920 by the Estonian Red Cross Society. The Order of the Estonian Red Cross is bestowed in order to give recognition for humanitarian services rendered in the interests of the Estonian people and for the saving of life. The Order of the Estonian Red Cross comprises six classes."

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References / Notes

  • Deland, Mats. (2010). “Skriftserie 9: En godtycklig historia – Om Sveriges behandling av tyska och svenska krigsförbrytare efter andra världskriget.” [An arbitrary history – About Sweden's treatment of German and Swedish war criminals after World War II.] [In Swedish]. (PDF), s.v. “Pöhl.” Forum för levande historia. Also in Purgatorium – Sverige och andra världskrigets krigsförbrytare. Stockholm: Atlas. ISBN10 9173893544, ISBN13 9789173893541. (accessed June 23, 2012).
  • Estonian War Museum (EWM), General Laidoner Museum. KGB documents — Images. ENSV Ministrite Nõukogu juures asuva Riikliku Julgeoleku Komitee 2. vastuluureosakonna tööst 1955. aastal. [Activities of the 2nd Counterintelligence Division, National Security Committee at the Council of Ministers of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic during 1955.] [In Estonian]. s.v. “Pöhl” (accessed June 21, 2012).
  • Estonian War Museum (EWM), General Laidoner Museum. KGB documents — Report. ENSV Ministrite Nõukogu juures asuva Riikliku Julgeoleku Komitee 2. vastuluureosakonna tööst ajavahemikul 1. IV 1954–1. IV 1955. [Activities of the 2nd Counterintelligence Division, National Security Committee at the Council of Ministers of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic during 1. IV 1954–1. IV 1955.] [In Estonian]. s.v. “Pöhl” (accessed June 21, 2012).
  • Jumalateenistuse laulud Eesti Vabariigi 40. aastapäeval ja EELK Lõuna-Rootsi koguduse õpetajale, praost teol. ja fil. lic. Hjalmar Pöhl'ile 50. aasta sünnipäeva puhul kuldristi annetamisel Lundi kloostri kirikus, 22. veebruaril 1958. a. Lund: Skånska Centraltryckeriet, 1958. permalink. (accessed June 23, 2012).
  • Järvelaid, Peeter. (2009). "Jüri Uluotsa teekond Rootsi kuningriiki (1) : Põgenemine Rootsi ja eksiil (aastad 1944-1945)." Estonian World Review [Eesti Elu / Estonian Life]. (accessed June 21, 2012).
  • Pöhl, Hjalmar. (1938). “Die Estlandschweden.” Nation und Staat 11 (1937/8), Jg. 11, (1938) H. 10/11, S. 596-600. Index Scriptorium Estoniae [ise], permalink. (accessed June 23, 2012).
  • Pöhl, Hjalmar. (1942). “Estlandssvenskarna,” Kontraktsprosten Hjalmar Pöhl, 1942. loffe.net. (accessed June 13, 2012).
  • Pöhl, Hjalmar. (1954). “Contenu théologique de la critique de Berdiaeff sur le marxisme et le communisme,” in Charisteria Iohanni Kõpp [Johan Kõpp]; Octogenario Oblata, Holmiae. [Papers of the Estonian Theological Society in Exile / Eesti Usuteadlaste Selts Paguluses].
  • Saaga TLA.239.2.17:105; 1920–1928; Matricula, Swedish St Michael’s congregation in Reval. “Kyrkbok, Svenska St. Mikaelsförsamlingen i Reval, Åren 1920–1928 (delvis 1929)”, p. 95, frame 105. Fond: Tallinn's Finnish-Swedish St Michael’s congregation, series 1 (accessed image: fond 239, inventory 2, record 17, image 105). Estonian Historical Archives, National Archives of Estonia & Tallinn City Archives, Tartu & Tallinn, Estonia. (accessed June 3, 2012). — birth 1908, confirmation 1925, parents & siblings
  • Schönberg, Alar. (2002). “On Estonian Swedes and assimilation campaign of the Republic of Estonia.” in Lives, Histories and Identities. Studies on Oral Histories, Life- and Family StoriesI. Nationality. Homeland. Self-identification, ed. Tiiu Jaago in collaboration with Mare Kõiva and Kairika Kärsna, translated by Kait Realo. Tartu: University of Tartu; The Department of Folkloristics (FD) of the Estonian Literary Museum. ISBN 9985-4-0268-5. Publisher e-pub base URL at en.folklore.ee + content source URL at lepo.it.da.ut.ee (accessed June 13, 2012).
  • “Smuggling in connection with refugee movements during the final stages of the war.” pp. 20, 21. In To the Minister for Foreign Affairs. (PDF). Stockholm, 3rd March 1999. Government of Sweden, Regeringskansliet. (accessed June 23, 2012).
  • SOU 1999:20 Rövade tillgångar 287, 288, 289. Statens offentliga utredningar. Sveriges Riksdag. (Web / PDF), s.v. “Pöhl.” (accessed June 23, 2012).
  • Steffensson, Jakob. (1972). Runöborna och deras invandring till Sverige. [The Ruhnu residents and their immigration to Sweden.] [in Swedish] 2nd ed. with a foreword by Peder Hård af Segerstad. Uppsala: Verdandi. Fulltext PDF. (accessed June 13, 2012).
  • Systrarna Österbloms fotoalbum från resan till Ormsö 1937 och 1938. Vol. 2 - De första åren i Sverige. s.v. “Prosten Hjalmar Pöhl.” p. 19. N.B. Vol. 1 & Vol. 2 PDF's available at Estlandssvenskarnas kulturförening SOV. s.v. “Systrarna Österbloms album.” (accessed June 23, 2012).
  • Wikipedia, s.v. “Eesti Evangeeliumi Luteriusu Kiriku koosseis 1943 : Rootsi praostkond,” et. (accessed June 13, 2012).
  • Wikipedia, s.v. “Meie maa : II köide. Lääne-Eesti, Läänemaa–Hiiumaa autorid,” et. (accessed June 13, 2012).
  • Sändh, Bengt. (2010). “Svensk krigsdagbok 1889–2008” [Swedish war diary 1889–2008] [PDF in Swedish], s.v. “19/10 1941”. (accessed August 14, 2012).
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Hjalmar-Fritjof Pöhl's Timeline

1908
February 24, 1908
Tallinn, Harju, Estonia
1928
1928
Age 19
Estonia

Today: Tallinn Secondary Science School - http://www.real.edu.ee. Founded in 1882 as the second gymnasium in the capital of Estonia with the aim to educate science and technology specialists.

1932
1932
Age 23
Tartu/Dorpat, Estonia

Bachelor's degree in Theology.

1933
June 5, 1933
Age 25
Uppsala University & Skara Cathedral, Sweden
1935
1935
- 1944
Age 26
1937
1937
Age 28
Estonia

Became provost for the Swedish contract in Estonia.

1939
1939
Age 30
Birkas, Estonia

Representative on behalf of Vormsi county & vice chairman.

1940
July 26, 1940
Age 32
Tallinn, Estonia
1964
June 12, 1964
Age 56
Mariehamn, Åland Islands, Finland
June 22, 1964
Age 56
Lund, Skåne, Sweden