Hlöðvir Þorfinnsson, I, Earl of Orkney (c.945 - c.988) MP

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Nicknames: "Hlöðvir Þorfinnsson", "Lodve", "Hlodvir", "Lodvar", "Lodver", "The Viking", "Hlodver"
Birthplace: Orkney Islands, UK
Death: Died in Orkney Islands, UK
Occupation: Jarl av Orknøyene, Comte, d'Orkney, Earl of Orkney
Managed by: Bianca May Evelyn Brennan
Last Updated:

About Hlöðvir Þorfinnsson, I, Earl of Orkney

Hlöðvir Þorfinnsson, Thorfinnarson

Parents: Thorfinn Orkneyjarl & Grelaug (Grelod)

Spouse: Eadna

Children:

1. Sigurd Hlodvasson

2. Svanlaug (married Gille, Earl of the Hebrides)

3. (unknown) married Hávard, Steward of Caithness

LINKS

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#EinarIJarlOrkneyB

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hlodvir_Thorfinnsson#Norse_Earls_of_Orkney

MEDIEVAL LANDS

EINAR & his wife had [three] children:

1. ARNKEL (-killed Stainmore, Westmoreland 954).

2. ERLEND (-killed Stainmore, Westmoreland 954).

3. THORFINN "Hausakliffer/Skullcleaver" ([910/20]-[soon after 977], bur Hoxa, North Ronaldsway). Orkneyinga Saga names “ArnkelErlend and…Thorfinn Skull-Splitter” as the three sons of Einar[820]. Snorre names "Thorfin Hausakljufer, a son of Torfeinar" when recording that he was Jarl in Orkney when the islands were invaded by the sons of King Eirik "Blodøks" [821]. Joint Jarl of Orkney with his brothers. Sole Jarl of Orkney 954, and 955-976. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Earl Thorfinn Skull-Splitter…died in his bed” and was “laid in a burial mound at Hoxa in North Ronaldsway”[822]. The Complete Peerage estimates Thorfinn´s death to “soon after 977” which appears broadly consistent with the events in which his children are reported as involved[823].

m ([941]) GRELAD of Caithness, daughter of DUNGAD [Duncan] Mormaer of Caithness & his wife Groa. Snorre names "Grelad, a daughter of Earl Dungad of Caithness…[and of] Groa, a daughter of Thorstein Raud" as mother of the five sons of Thorfin "Hausakljufer"[824].]

Thorfinn & [his wife] had [seven] children: (Cawley's Medlands)

a) daughter . If the reports of the plots involving her son are correct, she was probably older than her brothers. m ---. One child:] (Cawley's Medlands)

b) daughter. If the reports of the plots involving her son are correct, she was probably older than her brothers. m ---. One child:] (Cawley's Medlands)

c) ARNFINN Torfinnsson (-murdered Murkle, Caithness ----). Orkneyinga Saga names (in order) “Arnfinn…Havard the Fecund…Hlodvir…Ljot…Skuli” as the five sons of Thorfinn[827]. Snorre names "the Earls Hlodver, Arnfid, Ljot and Skule, the sons of Thorfin Hausakljufer" as rulers in Orkney when Queen Gunhild [mother of Ragnhild] and her sons returned to Orkney[828]. In a later saga, Snorre names (in order) "Arnfin, Havard, Hlodver, Liot and Skule" as sons of Thorfin "Hausakljufer"[829]. He succeeded his father in [976] as Jarl of Orkney [and Caithness]. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Ragnhild Eirik´s daughter plotted the death of her husband Arnfinn at Murkle in Caithness” before marrying “his brother Havard the Fecund who succeeded to the earldom”[830].

m ([954/55]) as her first husband, RAGNHILD Eiriksdatter, daughter of ERIK I "Blodøks/Blood-axe" King of Norway & his wife Queen Gunhild Gormsdatter. Orkneyinga Saga records that Gunnhild, widow of ex-King Eirik of Norway, arranged the marriage of their daughter Ragnhild to “Earl Thorfinn Skull-Splitter” before she and her sons left Orkney[831], which can probably be dated to [955] or soon after. Snorre records the marriage of "King Eirik's daughter, Ragnhild" and "Arnfin, a son of Thorfin Hausakljufer" at the time the ex-king's sons left Orkney[832]. She married secondly her brother-in-law, Havard Jarl of Orkney. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Ragnhild Eirik´s daughter plotted the death of her husband Arnfinn at Murkle in Caithness” before marrying “his brother Havard the Fecund who succeeded to the earldom”, but that she plotted her second husband´s death with his “nephew…Einar Buttered-Bread” (whom she promised to marry), that she then plotted with “Einar Hardmouth, the son of another of Havard´s sisters” to kill Einar Buttered-Bread, but that she finally married “Ljot the brother of Arnfinn and Havard”[833]. She married thirdly her brother-in-law, Ljot Jarl of Orkney.] (Cawley's Medlands)

d) HAVARD Torfinnsson "Season-prosperous" (-murdered, bur Stennis, Hrossey). Orkneyinga Saga names (in order) “Arnfinn…Havard the Fecund…Hlodvir…Ljot…Skuli” as the five sons of Thorfinn[834]. Snorre names "the Earls Hlodver, Arnfid, Ljot and Skule, the sons of Thorfin Hausakljufer" as rulers in Orkney when Queen Gunhild and her sons returned to Orkney[835]. In a later saga, Snorre names (in order) "Arnfin, Havard, Hlodver, Liot and Skule" as sons of Thorfin "Hausakljufer"[836]. He succeeded his brother as Jarl of Orkney. Orkneyinga Saga records that Havard was killed by his “nephew…Einar Buttered-Bread” at “Stenness on Mainland”[837].

m as her second husband, RAGNHILD Eiriksdatter, widow of ARNFINN Torfinnsson Jarl of Orkney, daughter of ERIK I "Blodøks/Blood-axe" King of Norway & his wife Gunhild Gormsdatter. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Ragnhild Eirik´s daughter plotted the death of her husband Arnfinn at Murkle in Caithness” before marrying “his brother Havard the Fecund who succeeded to the earldom”, but that she plotted her second husband´s death with his “nephew…Einar Buttered-Bread” (whom she promised to marry), that she then plotted with “Einar Hardmouth, the son of another of Havard´s sisters” to kill Einar Buttered-Bread, but that she finally married “Ljot the brother of Arnfinn and Havard”[838]. She married thirdly her brother-in-law, Ljot Jarl of Orkney.] (Cawley's Medlands)

e) LJOT Torfinnsson (-killed in battle). Orkneyinga Saga names (in order) “Arnfinn…Havard the Fecund…Hlodvir…Ljot…Skuli” as the five sons of Thorfinn[839]. Snorre names "the Earls Hlodver, Arnfid, Ljot and Skule, the sons of Thorfin Hausakljufer" as rulers in Orkney when Queen Gunhild and her sons returned to Orkney[840]. In a later saga, Snorre names (in order) "Arnfin, Havard, Hlodver, Liot and Skule" as sons of Thorfin "Hausakljufer"[841]. He succeeded his brother as Jarl of Orkney. Orkneyinga Saga records that, after the death of “Skuli, Ljot´s brother” whose invasion of Orkney was repelled, “Earl Ljot took over in Caithness” and defeated “Earl Macbeth [who] came north from Scotland with a large army…at Skitten in Caithness” but died from his wounds after returning to Orkney[842]. It is assumed that “Earl Macbeth” was not the future Scottish King Macbeth, who was Mormaer of Moray in the early 1030s, but an earlier earl of the same name who has not yet been identified in other primary sources. Otherwise the chronology of Orkneyinga Saga must be even more shaky than appears, and the family relationships of the Jarls of Orkney as described therein even less likely to be correct.

m as her third husband, RAGNHILD Eiriksdatter, widow firstly of ARNFINN Torfinnsson Jarl of Orkney and secondly of HAVARD Torfinnsson Jarl of Orkney, daughter of ERIK I "Blodøks/Blood-axe" King of Norway & his wife Gunhild Gormsdatter. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Ragnhild Eirik´s daughter plotted the death of her husband Arnfinn at Murkle in Caithness” before marrying “his brother Havard the Fecund who succeeded to the earldom”, but that she plotted her second husband´s death with his “nephew…Einar Buttered-Bread” (whom she promised to marry), that she then plotted with “Einar Hardmouth, the son of another of Havard´s sisters” to kill Einar Buttered-Bread, but that she finally married “Ljot the brother of Arnfinn and Havard”[843].] (Cawley's Medlands)

f) HLODVIR Torfinnsson ([945/50]-[988], bur Hofn, Caithness). Orkneyinga Saga names (in order) “Arnfinn…Havard the Fecund…Hlodvir…Ljot…Skuli” as the five sons of Thorfinn[844]. Snorre names "the Earls Hlodver, Arnfid, Ljot and Skule, the sons of Thorfin Hausakljufer" as rulers in Orkney when Queen Gunhild and her sons returned to Orkney[845]. In a later saga, Snorre names (in order) "Arnfin, Havard, Hlodver, Liot and Skule" as sons of Thorfin "Hausakljufer"[846]. Orkneyinga Saga records that “after Ljot´s death, Hlodvir took charge of the earldom”, presumably indicating Ljot´s brother but this is not explicitly stated in the text, recording that “he died in his bed” and was buried “in a burial mound at Ham in Caithness”[847]. Ross, David: (‘Ancient Scotland’, Geddes & Grosset, Scotland 2004) places his death at c 980

m EITHNE, daughter of KIARVAL King of Ireland & his wife ---. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Hlodvir” married “Eithne, the daughter of King Kjarval of Ireland”, adding in a later passage that “Sigurd´s mother was a sorceress”[848]. Hlodve´s supposed father-in-law has not been identified among known Irish kings.

Hlodve & his wife had [three] children: (Cawley's Medlands)

i) SIGURD "Digri/the Stout", son of [HLODVIR Torfinnsson Jarl of Orkney & his wife Eithne of Ireland] ([965/70]-killed in battle Clontarf 23 Apr 1014). Orkneyinga Saga names “Sigurd the Stout” as the son of Hlodvir and his wife, adding that he “took over the earldom” after his father died[856]. Snorre names "Sigurd the Thick" as the son of Hlodver[857]. His birth date is estimated from the fact that his older sons were already sufficiently mature in 1014 to be placed in charge of Orkney by their father when he left for war in Ireland. He succeeded his father in [988] as Jarl of Orkney and Caithness. He defeated Findlaech Mormaer of Moray before 995 at the second battle of Skidmoor in Caithness, consolidating his power on the Scottish mainland. Orkneyinga Saga records Sigurd´s battle against “a Scottish earl called Finnleik”[858]. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Olaf Tryggvason” pressured Sigurd to accept baptism and returned to Norway with Sigurd´s son as a hostage[859]. Orkneyinga Saga records that Sigurd went to Ireland “five years after the Battle of Svoldur” to support “King Sigtrygg Silk-Beard” against “King Brian of Ireland”, and left “his elder sons in charge of the earldom”, but was killed in the battle in which King Brian was killed[860]. Snorre records that "Sigurd the Thick" went to Ireland and fell "in Brian's battle"[861]. (Cawley's Medlands)

m firstly ---. The name of Sigurd´s first wife is not known. Sigurd & his [first wife] had four children:

1. SOMERLED (-[1015/20]).

2. BRUSI (-[1030/35]).

a) RAGNVALD Brusason ([1010/15]-Dec 1046, bur Papa Westray).

3. EINA "Rangmund/Wrymouth" (-murdered Sandwick [1023/25]).

4. HUNDI [Hlodvir] ([990]-[996/1000]).

m ([1005 or after]) --- of Scotland, daughter of MALCOLM II

Sigurd & his second wife had one child:

5. THORFINN "the Black" ([1009]-[1060/65], bur Birsay, Christchurch).

ii) SVANLAUG or Nereid m (Orkney 990) GILLI Jarl of the Hebrides 988-1014.] (Cawley's Medlands)

iii) daughter m HAVARD (-winter 988/89). Steward of Caithness for Jarl Sigurd. Killed by Jarls Melsnati and Hundi, who were defeated when Jarl Sigurd attacked them in revenge.](Cawley's Medlands)

g) SKULI Torfinnsson (-killed in battle).


------------------------

ORKNEY SAGA

Orkneysagaen forteller:

"Orknøyane kristna igjen

I Orknøy-soga får Kong Olav Tryggvason æra for å ha kristna Orknøy og Shetland. Det heiter:

     "Olav kom siglande vestfrå med fem skip. Først drog han til Orknøy. Der trefte han Sigurd Jarl, som nett då akta seg på tokt med tre skip. Dei møttes i Osmundsvåg på Rognvaldsøy. Olav fekk jarlen kalla over til sitt skip og sa:
     "Det er min vilje at du let deg døype - du og alle mennene dine. Elles skal du dø her med det same, og etter det vil eg fare over øyane med eld og brann."
     Jarlen innsåg at han ikkje hadde noe val. Han bøygde seg for Olavs krav og let seg døype. Olav tok sonen til jarlen med seg som gissel. Han heitte Hundi, men kongen gav ham namnet Lodver i dåpen.
     No blei heile Orknøy kristna. Men Olav sigla til Noreg og hadde Lodver med seg."

http://oaks.nvg.org/orkneying.html

"Earl Thorfin died on a bed of sickness, and his sons after him ruled over the country, and there are many stories concerning them. Hlodver lived the longest of them, and ruled alone over this country. His son was Sigurd the Thick, who took the earldom after him, and became a powerful man and a great warrior."

from Heimskringla

-------------------- Kilde: Fossmo/Berglund - slekta. Birger Nytrøen 1995 -------------------- ORKNEY SAGA

Orkneysagaen forteller:

"Orknøyane kristna igjen

I Orknøy-soga får Kong Olav Tryggvason æra for å ha kristna Orknøy og Shetland. Det heiter:

"Olav kom siglande vestfrå med fem skip. Først drog han til Orknøy. Der trefte han Sigurd Jarl, som nett då akta seg på tokt med tre skip. Dei møttes i Osmundsvåg på Rognvaldsøy. Olav fekk jarlen kalla over til sitt skip og sa:
"Det er min vilje at du let deg døype - du og alle mennene dine. Elles skal du dø her med det same, og etter det vil eg fare over øyane med eld og brann."
Jarlen innsåg at han ikkje hadde noe val. Han bøygde seg for Olavs krav og let seg døype. Olav tok sonen til jarlen med seg som gissel. Han heitte Hundi, men kongen gav ham namnet Lodver i dåpen.
No blei heile Orknøy kristna. Men Olav sigla til Noreg og hadde Lodver med seg."

http://oaks.nvg.org/orkneying.html

"Earl Thorfin died on a bed of sickness, and his sons after him ruled over the country, and there are many stories concerning them. Hlodver lived the longest of them, and ruled alone over this country. His son was Sigurd the Thick, who took the earldom after him, and became a powerful man and a great warrior."

from Heimskringla

___________

-------------------- He was the last surviving son (of 5) of Thorfinn Skull-Splitter. We know little of his reing, but had 2 daughters and a son, Sigurd, who succeeded him. Lofve's wife, Eithne was a daughter of Cerball Kjarvall, King of Ossory. -------------------- http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/4/24978.htm Born: Abt 924, Orkney, Scotland Married: Abt 959, Orkney, Scotland Buried: 980-988, Hofn, Caithness, Scotland Spouses/Children: Audna (Ethne) (Edna)

Sigurdr II "Digri" HLÖDVERSSON Mormaer of Caithness, Earl of Orkney+ Hvarflad (Svanlaug/ Nereid) HLÖDVERSDÓTTIR+

  Ancestral File Number: 91WW-6W.
  Events:

1. Alternate Birth; Abt 946. 5285

  Marriage Information:

Hlödver married Audna (Ethne) (Edna) about 959 in Orkney, Scotland. (Audna (Ethne) (Edna) was born about 928 in Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland.)

view all 14

Hlodver Thorfinnsson's Timeline

945
945
Orkney Islands, UK
959
959
Age 14
Orkney, Scotland
960
960
Age 15
Orkney Islands, Scotland
962
962
Age 17
(Norse) Orkney Islands
964
964
Age 19
(Norse) Orkney Islands, Scotland
980
980
- 991
Age 35
Orkney Islands
980
Age 35
buried at Hofu in Caithness
988
988
Age 43
Orkney Islands, UK
????
????