Hubert de Burgh
|Birthplace:||Kent, , England|
|Death:||Died in Banstead, Surrey, England|
|Place of Burial:||Blackfriars, London, Middlesex, England|
Son of Walter de Burgh and Alice de Burgh (unknown)
|Occupation:||Earl of Kent|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent
Hubert de Burgh
Betrothed (agreement confirmed 28 Apr 1200) to JOAN de Vernon, daughter of WILLIAM de Vernon [Reviers] Earl of Devon & his wife Mabile de Meulan
m firstly (after 1205) as her third husband, BEATRICE de Warenne
m secondly ([Sep] 1217) as her third husband, ISABEL [Avise] Countess of Gloucester Please note that this Isabel is
NOT Isabel d'Angouleme
HUBERT de Burgh (-Banstead, Surrey 12 May 1243, bur London, Church of the Black Friars). He was appointed Chamberlain to John Comte de Mortain (the future John King of England) in or before 1198, holding the office until 1205 except for a brief interlude after the return of King Richard I and before the latter's death. He was seriously wounded at the siege of castle of Chinon in Normandy in 1205, which may account for the loss of his public offices and his temporary disappearance from the records. The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hubertus de Burgo" holding 15 knights´ fees in Dorset, Somerset in [1210/12]. The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hubertus de Burgo" holding 17 knights´ fees "cum hærede R. de Bello Campo" in Dorset, Somerset in [1210/12]. The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Hubertus de Burgo" held "Stok de domino rege cum herede Roberti de Bello Campo per servicium ii militum de feodo Moretonie…hundredum de Tinterell" in Somerset. As Hubert at that date still appears to have been married to Beatrice de Warenne, it is assumed that he was holding these knights´ fees by virtue of the right to arrange the marriage of the heiress, not that he was married to her himself. He remained a powerful supporter of King John, siding with the king against the barons at the signing of Magna Carta in 1215. He successfully defended Dover Castle against Louis de France who had invaded England in 1216, and was a party to the treaty of peace made with Louis 11 Sep 1217 before he left England. Hubert became the most powerful official in England during the minority of King Henry III and was created Earl of Kent 19 Feb 1227 immediately after the king came of age. His downfall came in 1232, when he was deprived of his earldom and imprisoned in the Tower. He was pardoned and restored in 1234, but thereafter took little part in public life. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death "III Id Mai" of "Hubertus de Burgo comes Cantiæ". The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in 1243 of “Hubertus de Burgo apud Banstude, comes de Kent”. Betrothed (agreement confirmed 28 Apr 1200) to JOAN de Vernon, daughter of WILLIAM de Vernon [Reviers] Earl of Devon & his wife Mabile de Meulan (-after 1233). "Hubertus Camarerius" paid a fine for his agreement with "com Devon de maritanda sui Joha fil ipsius comitis", dated 1200. A charter dated 28 Apr 1200 confirmed the marriage contract between "Willm de Vernon comes Devon…Johe filie ipsius comitis junioris" and "Hub de Burgo dni Regis camerarium", confirming that "honoris sui in Devon cum castello de Plinton" had been allocated to "filie sue priori natu" while "insula de Wicth et Cristeschirche" were assigned to the younger daughter. m firstly (after 1205) as her third husband, BEATRICE de Warenne, widow firstly of RALPH, and secondly of DOON Bardolf Lord of Shelford, daughter of WILLIAM de Warenne of Wormegay, Norfolk & his first wife Beatrix de Pierrepont (-before 12 Dec 1214). Her second and third marriages are confirmed by a receipt dated 22 Jul 1227 for payment of a fine by Hubert de Burgh for "Beatrice de Warenna late his wife, by whom he had children" to have the lands of "William de Warenna her father and…her dower of the lands of Dodo Bardolf, formerly her husband". Her third marriage is suggested by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 recording that "Gaufridus de Merlai" held "quoddam feodum in Illington" in Norfolk "de Huberto de Burgo per heredum Willelmi de Warenne uxorem suam", adding that Henry II King of England had granted the property to "Reginaldo de Warrenn". m secondly ([Sep] 1217) as her third husband, ISABEL [Avise] Countess of Gloucester, divorced wife (firstly) of JOHN King of England and widow (secondly) of GEOFFREY de Mandeville Earl of Essex, daughter of WILLIAM FitzRobert 2nd Earl of Gloucester & his wife Avise de Beaumont ([before 1176]-14 Oct or [18 Nov] 1217, bur Canterbury Cathedral Church). The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the second marriage of “Isabellam” and “Galfrido de Mandevile comiti Essexiæ”, and her third marriage to “Huberto de Burgo justiciario Angliæ”. Her lands and title were confiscated on the death of her second husband, who died a rebel. The Annals of Waverley record the death in 1217 of “Isabel comitissa Gloucestriæ”. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Johannam comitissam Gloucestriæ” died “paucos dies” after her marriage to “Hubertus de Burgo justiciarius Angliæ” and was buried “apud Cantuarium”. m thirdly (Berwick 1 Aug or York Jun 1221, divorced 1232) MARGARET of Scotland, daughter of WILLIAM "the Lion" King of Scotland & his wife Ermengarde de Beaumont (1193-1259, bur London, Church of the Black Friars). The Annales Londonienses record the marriage in 1221 of "Hubertus de Burgo, justiciarius Angliæ" and "sororem regis Scotiæ apud Sanctum Trinitatum Londoniis". The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records the marriage "in die Sancti Petri ad vincula apud Bereuicum" of "Marioriam sororem suam Alexander rex" and "comiti de Pendburghe, marescallo Anglie". The Annals of Dunstable record that “Hubertus de Burgo justiciarius domini regis” married “filiam regis [Scotiæ]” in 1222. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Hubertus de Burgo justiciarius Angliæ” divorced his third wife in 1232, because she was “consanguinea” of his second wife “comitissæ Gloverniæ”, in a prolonged and difficult lawsuit. A writ dated 25 Nov "44 Hen III", after the death of "Margaret countess of Kent" names "Sir John de Burgo alias de Burk of full age is her heir". An undated writ, after the death of "Margaret countess of Kent", clarifies that "she died without heir of her body and…manors ought to revert to John de Burgo aged 40 and more, son and heir of Hubert de Burgo sometime her husband…".
m1. Beatrice de Warenne of Wormegay. widow of Ralph, widow of Doon Randolph.
one son - John de Burgh. Earldom descended through children of third marriage.
m2. Isabel of Gloucester, divorced from John, King of England, widow of Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex.
m3. Margaret of Scotland, dau. of William I of Scotland and Ermengarde de Beaumont
daughter: Margaret de Burgh m. Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester
Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hubert de Burgh (before 1180 – before 5 May 1243) was Earl of Kent, Justiciar of England and Ireland, and one of the most influential men in England during the reigns of John and Henry III.
Birth and family
De Burgh came from a minor gentry family about which little is known. He was a brother of William de Burgh, Governor of Limerick. The relationship between Hubert de Burgh and the later de Burghs Earl of Ulster and Lords of Connaught is not clear. They descend from William de Burgh (c. 1160?–1204) but the relationship between Hubert and William has never been clearly verified; it is possible that they were full or half brothers, but may have been cousins.
He was a minor official in the household of Prince John in 1197, and became John's chamberlain the next year. He continued as John's chamberlain when the latter became king in 1199.
Honours from John
In the early years of John's reign de Burgh was greatly enriched by royal favour, receiving the honour of Corfe in 1199 and three important castles in the Welsh Marches in 1201 (Grosmont Castle, Skenfrith Castle, and Llantilio Castle). He was also high sheriff of Dorset, Somerset, Herefordshire and Berkshire, and castellan of Launceston and Wallingford castles.
The next year de Burgh was appointed Constable of Dover Castle, and also given charge of Falaise, in Normandy. He is cited as having been appointed a Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports by 1215, and although the co-joint position of this office to that of the constableship of Dover Castle was not fully established until after the Baron's War, a rather long period seems to have elasped between the two appointments. (White and Black books of the Cinque Ports Vol XIX 1966)
Captor of Arthur
After John captured his nephew Arthur of Brittany, niece Eleanor and their allies in 1202, de Burgh was made their jailor.
There are several accounts of de Burgh's actions as jailor, including complicity in Arthur's death and an account that the king ordered de Burgh to blind Arthur, but that de Burgh refused. This account was used by Shakespeare in his play King John. The truth of these accounts has not been verified, however.
In any case de Burgh retained the king's trust, and in 1203 was given charge of the great castles at Falaise in Normandy and Chinon, in Touraine. The latter was a key to the defence of the Loire valley. After the fall of Falaise de Burgh held out while the rest of the English possessions fell to the French. Chinon was besieged for a year, and finally fell in June, 1205, Hubert being badly wounded while trying to evade capture.
During the year he was trapped in Chinon, and the two following years when he was a prisoner of the French, de Burgh lost most of his estates and posts. The reasons are much debated. After his return to England in 1207, he acquired new and different lands and offices. These included the castles of Lafford and Sleaford, and the shrievalty of Lincolnshire. Probably, however, de Burgh spent most of his time in the English holdings in France, where he was seneschal of Poitou.
De Burgh remained loyal to the king during the barons' rebellions at the end of John's reign. The Magna Carta mentions him as one of those who advised the king to sign the charter, and he was one of the twenty-five sureties of its execution. John named him Chief Justiciar in June 1215.
De Burgh played a prominent role in the defence of England from the invasion of Louis of France, the son of Philippe II who later became Louis VIII. Louis' first objective was to take Dover Castle, which was in de Burgh's charge. The castle withstood a lengthy siege in the summer and fall of 1216, and Louis withdrew. The next summer Louis could not continue without reinforcements from France. De Burgh gathered a small fleet which defeated a larger French force at the Battle of Dover and Battle of Sandwich, and ultimately led to the complete withdrawal of the French from England.
Regent to Henry III
After the death of William Marshal in 1219, de Burgh effectively became regent of England. In this position de Burgh acquired a number of enemies and rivals.
When Henry III came of age in 1227 de Burgh was made lord of Montgomery Castle in the Welsh Marches and Earl of Kent. He remained one of the most influential people at court. On 27 April 1228 he was named Justiciar for life. But in 1232 the plottings of his enemies finally succeeded and he was removed from office and soon was in prison. He escaped from Devizes Castle and joined the rebellion of Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke in 1233. In 1234, Edmund Rich, Archbishop of Canterbury effected a reconciliation. He officially resigned the Justiciarship about 28 May 1234, but had not exercised the power of the office after September 1232 . His judgment was reversed by William Raleigh also known as William de Raley in 1234, which for a time, restored his earlship. He again faced forfeiture in 1239, but retained some standing by granting several castles to the king, including the Trilateral in Wales.
Trouble with the King
The marriage of Hubert de Burgh's daughter Margaret (or Megotta as she was also known) to Richard of Clare, the young Earl of Gloucester, brought de Burgh into some trouble in 1236, for the earl was as yet a minor and in the king's wardship, and the marriage had been celebrated without the royal license. Hubert, however, protested that the match was not of his making, and promised to pay the king some money, so the matter passed by for the time. Eventually the marriage came to an end, through either annulment or Margaret's death.
He died in 1243 in Banstead, Surrey, England and was buried at the church of the Black Friars in Holborn.
Marriages and issue
De Burgh married three times:
(1) Beatrice de Warrenne, by whom he had two sons, John and Hubert. The former inherited de Burgh's estates but not his earldom or other titles.
(2) Isabel of Gloucester, widow of King John of England (c. 1217)
(3) Princess Margaret of Scotland, daughter of King William I of Scotland and Ermengarde de Beaumont (1221), by whom he had a daughter, Margaret (c. 1222-1237), called "Megotta", who married Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester.
Before all these marriages he had a marriage contract with Joan, daughter of William de Reviers, 5th Earl of Devon, but that engagement was broken off in 1200.
A 20th century descendant is Chris de Burgh.
Hubert is a character in the play King John by William Shakespeare. On screen he has been portrayed by Franklyn McLeay in the silent short King John (1899), which recreates John's death scene at the end of the Shakespeare play, Jonathan Adams in the BBC TV drama series The Devil's Crown (1978), and John Thaw in the BBC Shakespeare version of The Life and Death of King John (1984).
^ British History Online: Launceston Parish accessed on September 7, 2007
^ Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 70
^ Powicke, ibid.
^ Powicke, ibid.
^ Plucknett, T., "A Concise History of the Common Law", Little, Brown and Co. 1956, p 170
^ Dictionary of National Biography Vol. 7 Sir Stephen Leslie
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Burgh, Hubert de.
British History Online: Launceston Parish accessed on September 7, 2007
Burke, Eamon "Burke People and Places", Dublin, 1995.
Carpenter, D. A. "The Fall of Hubert De Burgh", Journal of British Studies, vol. 19 (1980)
Ellis, C. Hubert de Burgh, A Study in Constancy (1952)
Johnston, S.H.F. "The Lands of Hubert de Burgh", English Historical Review, vol. 50 (1935)
Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961
Weiss, Michael "The Castellan: The Early Career of Hubert de Burgh", Viator, vol. 5 (1974)
Remfry, P.M., Grosmont Castle and the families of Fitz Osbern, Ballon, Fitz Count, Burgh and Braose (ISBN 1-899376-56-9)
Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent1
M, #104864, b. circa 1170, d. 12 May 1243
Last Edited=12 Jun 2009
Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent was born circa 1170. He was the son of unknown de Burgh and Alice (?). He married Beatrice de Warenne, daughter of William de Warenne and Beatrix de Pierrepont.2 He married, firstly, Isabella de Clare, Countess of Gloucester, daughter of William FitzRobert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Hawise de Beaumont, in September 1217.1 He married, secondly, Margaret of Scotland, daughter of William I 'the Lion', King of Scotland and Ermengarde de Beaumont, on 19 June 1221 at York, Yorkshire, England.3 He died on 12 May 1243 at Banstead, Surrey, England. He was buried at Church of the Black Friars, London, England.
Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent gained the title of 1st Earl of Kent.1
Child of Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent and Beatrice de Warenne
Sir John de Burgh+ d. c 1274
Child of Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent and Margaret of Scotland
Margaret de Burgh3 b. c 1222, d. 1237
[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 66. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.
[S22] Sir Bernard Burke, C.B. LL.D., A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, new edition (1883; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1978), page 569. Hereinafter cited as Burkes Extinct Peerage.
[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 197.
Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent's Timeline
Kent, , England
Of, Wormegay, Norfolk, England
June 19, 1221
May 12, 1243
Banstead, Surrey, England
Blackfriars, London, Middlesex, England