Hugh Gunnison (1610 - 1658)

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Birthplace: Sweden
Death: Died in Kittery, York, Maine, United States
Occupation: came to Boston in 1634, sold his "King's Arms" inn in 1651, moved to Kittery. ME
Managed by: Christopher Garland
Last Updated:

About Hugh Gunnison

A genealogy of the descendants of Hugh Gunnison of Boston, Mass., covering the period from 1610-1876. One hundred and twenty-seven families bearing the name of Gunnison; one thousand five hundred of his descendants in the United States (1880)

Author: Gunnison, George W., 1823-1878
Subject: Gunnison family; Gunnison family (Hugh Gunnison, ca.1610-1658)
Publisher: Boston, Pub. for the Gunnison family, by G. A. Foxcroft
http://www.archive.org/details/genealogyofdesce00gunn
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There is much info in "Old Kittery and Her Families Hugh Gunnison was a tavern-keeper and leased a tavern at Kittery Point near the cemetary and church which stands today. There is an old walled-in private cemetary bordering the prominent one that is presumed to contain his and his family's remains.

After his death, his wife Sarah continued to run taverns. A cove nearby carried the name Brew House Cove for many years.

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Hugh Gunnison

Family Information

Hugh Gunnison was born ABT 1610. He died AFT 21 SEP 1658.

Hugh Gunnison's wife was Sarah Lynn. They were married 23 MAY 1647 in Boston, MA. They had one known child named Elihu Gunnison (1650-?).

Notes

Genealogy Of The Descendants Of Hugh Gunnison,

OF BOSTON, MASS.

COVERING THE PERIOD FROM 1610-1876.

One Hundred And Twenty-seven Families Bearing The Name Of Gunnison.

One Thousand Five Hundred Of His Descendants In The United States.

Compiled By

GEORGE W. GUNNISON, A.M.

Tradition informs us that Hugh Gunnison was born in Sweden, but came to America a single man, with an English Colony composed of five families, named respectively Scammons, Frost, Bryar and Raynes, two of the families bearing the same name. They reached Piscataqua harbor before there was any house in Portsmouth ; i. e., before 1631, and when there were but two small huts on Great Island, now New Castle. He first settled at Dover Neck, N. H. My father had this direct from his grandfather, who was born in 1713. I have derived the same intelligence, substantially, from other independent sources.


Public Records show that Hugh Gunnison was in Boston in 1634, and how much earlier cannot now be ascertained. On the occasion of his admission to the church that year, he was entitled " Servant to our Bro. Richard Bellingham." Now Richard Bellingham came to Boston in New England from Boston in old Engladd, where he was " Recorder," with his wife and son in 1634. He was subsequently Governor of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay.


May 25, 1636, Hugh Gunnison was made Freeman and took the usual oath, with sixty-eight others, including Mr. Richard Bellingham, Mr. John Winthrop, Sen., Mr. John Humfrey, Mr. Thomas Dudley, Will. Coddington, Simon Bradstreet, Robert Kaine, Thomas Savage, and John Higginson.


Jan. 9, 1637. In the distribution of land to the residents of Boston, there was allotted to " Brother Hugh Gunnison at the Mount, for three heads," implying that he had a wife and also a child born before 1637. (Vide Drake, p. 233.)


Nov. 30, 1637. With fifty-seven others of the best citizens of Boston, he was disarmed for the Hutchinson Heresy.


Feb. 28, 1642. He proposed "to keep an Ordinary with a Cooke's Shop."

June 14, 1642. " Hugh Gunnison haveing set up a Cooke's shop is alowed to sell beare to his guestes some at 2d a quart, some at \d a quart, being al ways to have small beare for such as desire it."


May 14, 1645. "Hugh Gunnison and Susan Hudson were denied to draw wine."

Jan. 25, 1646. His first wife, Elizabeth, died in Boston.

May 22, 1646. "At a session of ye General Court the Deputes haveing bene comfortably pvided for and \vth due attendance ye Corte hath voted y1 Hugh Gunnison shalbe paid w,h ye first, either out of ye custome of wines, or ye wampum from ye Narragansett when those bill wch are charged thereupon are satisfied and y1 his servants be alowed out of ye treasury 20 S. for their service."


In 1646 he was duly enrolled as a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company.


Nov. 4, 1646. He was licensed for Boston.

May 23, 1647. For n1s second wife he married Sarah, the widow of Henry Lynn. (See Drake.)


Dec. 11, 1648. He was again licensed for Boston.

Jan. 29, 1649. "Hugh Gunnison may payle in for 40 S. six foot of ground in width and twelve in length down to his sign post."


The " Book of Possessions" in Boston (see Drake), contains the following :

" Gunnison, Hugh. 1 House and Garden the St. S. E. Geo. Burden, N. E. Wm. Hudson, Jr., N. W., Wm. Ting W'd 10 (4) 1650." (June 10, 1650, probable date of his Deed.) Robert Saltonstall, gr. Hugh G. 50 A, in Salem near Mr. Downing's Farm, late the land of Richd. Walker of Salem : Deed 25 (5) 1647. In pres. of Rich. Stileman, John Bushnell and Wm. Aspinwall."


Oct. 29, 1650. " Hugh Gunnison of Boston granted unto Mr. Anthony Stoddard and Henry Shrimpton all that his dwelling house called by ye name of the King's Armes, with all that land, brewhouse, barnes, stables, yards, thereto belonging, with all his furniture therein, as beds, bedding, linnen and woollen, curtains, vallence, pewter, brass, copper, tables, stooles, with his horse, cows and fifteen swine, and all his brewing vessels. And this was for considerable summes to them due. Provided, that if the said considerable summes of money due to them be paid at or before the 28th of October, 1650, and then his Deed to be void, otherwise to remain in force. Acknowledged with the consent of his wife, Oct. 29, 1650, before William Hibbins."


April"], 1691, above Mortgage satisfied and ordered to be taken off. (Suffolk Rec., Lib. \.f. 128.)


April "j, 1651. Deed from Hugh Gunnison of Boston in New England, Vintner, and Sarah his wife to John Sampson, Henry Shrimpton, and William Brenton, all of Boston, Merchants, in consideration of ^"600 Sterling, for the above property, and the goods specified in an Inventory annexed in eighteen rooms, halls and closets. On record in Suffolk Records, Lib. 1, folios 135, 136, and copied here in Appendix.


" The King's Arms Tavern formerly as early as two centuries ago was the principal place of entertainment in the town, at the corner of Col. Shrimpton's Lane, now called Exchange St. Afterwards called States Arms Tavern, in State Street, then known as Water St." " The ordinary where the magistrates used to diet, 1653. Owned by Henry Shrimpton, 1666." (Shurtleff, pp. 396, 641.)


Hugh Gunnison must have gone directly from Boston to Kittery, Me., in 1651, for in that year, we find him noticed by the Grand Jury at Kittery, as follows :


" We present Hugh Gunnison for neglect of enclosing up his copper or Furnace, after notice given him of the danger, whereby a man fell and was scalded and died the next day ensuing, by means whereof he was buried without a coroner's inquest."


He is mentioned in Genealogical Register, VIII., 61, as being in Kittery on Sept. 22, 1652.


Nov. 16, 1652. Hugh Gunnison and forty others, including Wm. Hilton, Charles Frost, Nicholas Shapleigh, Humfrey Chadbourne, and Thomas Withers (early settlers of Dover, N. H.), appeared before the Commissioners at Kittery and submitted to the Government of Massachusetts Bay in New England. (Gen. Reg. III., 192.)


Nov. 20, 1652. The Town Commissioners in Kittery were Hugh Gunnison, Bryan Pendleton, and Thomas Withers. The licensed Innholder or Ordinaries were John Davis of York, and Hugh Gunnison of Kittery. The latter was " required to pay only 20 S. the butt for his license to sell wine and Strong water.


Dec. 16, 1652. " Three Hundred Acres of Land were granted to Mr. Hugh Gunnison."


May 18, 1653. Hugh Gunnison was appointed Judge of Common Pleas with Brian Pendleton and Thomas Withers. He was also this year Representative to the General Court for Kittery.


Aug. 24, 1653. "Granted to Mr. Hugh Gunnison a little island within Spruce Creek on the West side, Ram Island, excepting any former grant." (Kittery Town Records.)


In 1654, he was Representative to the General Court for Wells. (Date, May 3, 1654.)


May 3, 1654. " In answer to a petition of Hugh Gunnison, and the case respecting him and Capt. Shapleigh, and the late Court held at York, it is ordered, and hereby declared that all Hugh Gunnison's goods shall be returned to him, taken away by execution or replevin at Capt. Shapleigh's sute and the damage and costs shall be made good according to the Judgment of Capt. Richard Walden and Mr. Valentine Hill, and if they cannot agree, they are to choose a third man, and then to determine it," &c.


Aug. 12, 1656. With others he petitions Oliver Cromwell for relief from Royal Exactions.


May 6, 1657. " Hugh Gunnison being returned by the Constable of Kittery to serve as a Deputy for y' towne upon information against him, was judged unmeet for y' service and so dismist ye Court and discharged from what employments he hath had, both in Military and Judiciary affayres." (Mass. Col. Records, III., 431.)


Notwithstanding he had been disarmed for Heresy in Boston, and had been driven away by oppression, the tyranny of the " Lords Brethren," it seems, reached Hugh Gunnison even in his retreat at Kittery. Although he had the popular vote, he was not allowed to discharge the duties of the office to which he was elected, or to exercise any office of trust or authority in the colony.


The inuendo of Bourne in his " History of Wells and Kennebunk," p. 96, that the General Court refused to admit him as a member when elected to that position by the Town of Kittery, on the ground that he was a " licensed rum-seller," is not justified by the facts, and is unworthy a place in serious history.


The latest notice of Hugh Gunnison that I can find, is under date of Sept. 21, 1658. ((Sen. Reg.


VIL, 3S4-)

One of Hugh Gunnison's daughters married a man named Tucker. For on Nov. 4, 1718, one Richard Tucker took out Letters of Administration, filed his bond, and an Inventory, on the Estate of Hugh Gunnison, late of Kittery, deceased, his Grandfather. (See Probate Records, Alfred, York Co., Me.)


His son, Joseph, (b. Mar. 31, 1659) was never married. On the old Gunnison place (granted Dec. 16, 1652), was a Garrison House erected by Hugh the year previous. One evening in the fall of 1707, while a violent snow storm was raging, the above Joseph was stationed as a sentinel at this house, as hostile Indians were in the neighborhood. His instructions were to hail any person approaching, three times, and if no answer was returned, to fire. Now it happened that a boatload of persons from Portsmouth landed near by, among whom was Grace, the wife of William YVentworth, who had left a young child at home, and was hurrying on, in advance of the rest of the company, past the Garrison house, muffled up in her cloak, facing the driving snow storm. She was hailed, and not replying, was fired upon by Joseph Gunnison, and mortally wounded. Before she died, she acquitted him of all blame in the matter, but his own conscience refused to pronounce him guiltless. Although he was put on trial for the homicide and legally aquitted, he was himself always under the impression that he was guilty of murder. During the rest of his life he was melancholv, and at times deranged.


Tradition by Mrs. Saml. Gunnison (Sally Norton.) The following from the York County, Me. Records, confirms the tradition :


"Joseph Gunnison tried at Kittery Court for killing Grace, the wife of Wm. Wentworth, on 27th day of Sept. 1707. He was acquitted."


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Tradition informs us that Hugh Gunnison was

born in Sweden, but came to America a single

man, with an English Colony composed of five

families, named respectively Scammons, Frost,

f Br}'ar and Raynes, two of the families bearing the

same name. They reached Piscataqua harbor

before there was any house in Portsmouth ; i. e.,

before 1631, and when there were but two small

huts on Great Island, now New Castle. He first

settled at Dover Neck, N. H. My father had this

direct from his grandfather, who was born in 1713.

May 25, 1636, Hugh Gunnison was made Freeman

and took the usual oath, with sixty-eight others,

including Mr. Richard Bellingham, Mr. John Win-

throp, Sen., Mr. John Humfrey, Mr. Thomas Dud-

ley, Will. Coddington, Simon Bradstreet, Robert

Kaine, Thomas Savage, and John Higginson.

Jan. 9, 1637. I^"^ ^^ distribution of land to the

residents of Boston, there was allotted to " Brother

Hugh Gunnison at the ISIount, for three heads,"

implying that he had a wife and also a child born

before 1637. O'ide Drake, p. 233.)

N'ov. 30, 1637. With fifty-seven others of the

^best citizens of Boston, he was disarmed for the

Hutchinson Heresy.

Feb, 28, 1642. He proposed "to keep an Ordin-

ary with a Cooke's Shop."

Jime 14, 1642. " Hugh Gunnison haveing set up

Gunnisoti Family. 15

a Cooke's shop is alowed to 'sell beare to his guestes

some at 2^ a quart, some at \d a quart, being al

wa\ s to have small beare for such as desire it."

Alay 14, 1645. " Hugh Gunnison and Susan

Hudson were denied to draw wine."

Jan. 25, 1646. His first wife, Elizabeth, died in

Boston.

646 he was duly enrolled as a member of

the Ancient and Honorable Artiller}' Company.

N'ov. 4, 1646. He was licensed for Boston.

May 23, 1647. For his second wife he married

Sarah, the widow of Henr)- Lynn. (See Drake.)

Dec. II, 1648. He was again licensed for Boston.

Jan. 29, 1649. "Hugh Gunnison may payle in

for 40 S. six foot of ground in width and twelve in

length down to his sign post."

The " Book of Possessions " in Boston (see

Drake), contains the following :

Oct. 29, 1650. " Hugh Gunnison of Boston (

granted unto Mr. Anthony Stoddard and Henr}- 1

Shrimpton all that his dwelling house called by y^ \

name of the King's Amies, with all that land, brew- ^<

house, barnes, stables, yards, thereto belonging,}

with all his furniture therein, as beds, bedding,

linnen and woollen, curtains, vallence, pewter,

brass, copper, tables, stooles, with his horse, cows

and fifteen swine, and all his brewing vessels.

And this was for considerable summes to them

due. Provided, that if the said considerable sum-

mes of money due to them be paid at or before the

28th of October, 1650, and then his Deed to be

void, otherwise to remain in force. Acknowledged

with the consent of his wife, Oct. 29, 1650, before

William Hibbins."

April'], 1 69 1, above Mortgage satisfied and or-

dered to be taken off. (Suffolk Rec, Lib. \.f. 128.)

Ap^'il'j, 1 65 1. Deed from Hugh Gunnison of

Boston in New England, Vintner, and Sarah his

wife to John Sampson, Henry Shrimpton, and Wil-

liam Brenton, all of Boston, Merchants, in consid-

eration of ;!^6oo Sterling, for the above property,

and the goods specified in an Inventory annexed

Hugh Gunnison must have gone directly from

Boston to Kittery, Me., in 165 1, for in that year,

we find him noticed by the Grand Juiy at Kitter}',

as follows :

" We present Hugh Gunnison for neglect of en-

closing up his copper or Furnace, after notice given

him of the dan2;er, wherebv a man fell and was

scalded and died the next day ensuing, by means

whereof he was buried without a coroner's inquest."

Nov. 20, 1652. The Town Commissioners in

Kittery were Hugh Gunnison, Br^^an Pendleton,

and Thomas Withers. The licensed Innholder or

Ordinaries were John Davis of York, and Hugh

Gunnison of Kittery. The latter was " required to

pay only 20 S. the butt for his license to sell wine

and Strong water."'

Dec. 16, 1652. "Three Hundred Acres of Land

were granted to Mr. Hugh Gunnison."

May 18, 1653. Hugh Gunnison was appointed

Judge of Common Pleas with Brian Pendleton

and Thomas Withers. He was also this year Rep-^

resentative to the General Court for Kitter}-.

Aug. 24, 1653. "Granted to Mr. Hugh Gunni-

son a little island within Spruce Creek on the

West side. Ram Island, excepting any former

grant." (Kitter)^ Town Records.)

/;/ 1654, he was Representative to the General

Court for Wells. (Date, May 3, 1654.)

Alay 3, 1654. " In answer to a petition of Hugh

Gunnison, and the case respecting him and Capt.

Shapleigh, and the late Court held at York, it is

ordered, and hereby declared that all Hugh Gun-

nison's goods shall be returned to him, taken away

by execution or replevin at Capt. Shapleigh's sute

and the damage and cost's shall be made good

according to the Judgment of Capt. Richard Wal-

den and Mr. Valentine Hill, and if they cannot'

agree, they are to choose a third man, and then

to determine it." &:c.

Aug. 12, 1656. With others he petitions Oliver

Cromwell for relief from Royal Exactions.

Aug. 12, 1656. With others he petitions Oliver

Cromwell for relief from Royal Exactions.

-------------------------- From: History of the Military Company of the Massachusetts, Now Called, the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts, 1637-1888 by Oliver Ayer Roberts

Hugh Gunnison (1646), of Boston in 1634, was admitted to the First Church March 22, 1635, when he is called "servant to our brother Richard Bellingham," and became a freeman May 25, 1636. He was one of the persons disarmed in 1637, and the same year had a grant of land at Mount Wollaston. Feb. 28, 1642, Hugh Gunnison (1646) applied to the selectmen for permission to keep an "Ordinary with a cook's shop," and in 1649 reference is made to his " signe post." In 1650, Hugh Gunnison (1646) was called "a vintner." He was licensed by the selectmen, and kept a tavern called King's Arms, on Dock Square, " facing to the head of the Dock." He sold this tavern, with barns, brew-house, etc., and removed to Kittery about 1652. May 18, 1653, he was licensed by the General Court to keep an ordinary, and to sell wine and strong water. The same day the General Court appointed him an associate commissioner in the court holden at Kittery. He represented Wells in the General Court in 1654, and was returned as re-elected in 1657, but for some reason he was considered by the court "vnmeete " for that trust, and was discharged therefrom.

view all 15

Hugh Gunnison's Timeline

1610
1610
Sweden
1635
1635
Age 25
1637
December 14, 1637
Age 27
1640
February 25, 1640
Age 30
1642
July 25, 1642
Age 32
Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
1647
May 23, 1647
Age 37
Boston, MA, USA
December 20, 1647
Age 37
of Kittery, York, ME
1649
January 31, 1649
Age 39
of Kittery, York, ME
1650
February 12, 1650
Age 40
Boston, MA, USA
1658
September 21, 1658
Age 48
Kittery, York, Maine, United States