Hugh 'the younger' le Despenser, 1st Lord Despenser (1286 - 1326) MP

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Nicknames: "the Younger", "the younger Despenser", "Hugh Despencer", "Hugh Spencer"
Birthplace: Barton, Gloucestershire, England
Death: Died in Hereford, Herefordshire, England
Cause of death: Hanged, drawn and quartered without trial (same year as father was executed)
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About Hugh 'the younger' le Despenser, 1st Lord Despenser

Hugh Despenser the Younger

Hugh Despenser, 1st Lord Despenser (c. 1286[1] – 24 November 1326), also referred to as "the younger Despenser",[2] was the son and heir of Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester (the elder Despenser), and Isabella daughter of William, 9th Earl of Warwick.[3] He rose to national prominence as royal chamberlain and a favourite of Edward II of England. A series of subsequent controversies eventually led to his being hanged, drawn and quartered.

Hugh Despenser the younger was knight of Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, King's Chamberlain, Constable of Odiham Castle, Keeper of the castle and town of Portchester, Keeper of the castle, town and barton of Bristol and, in Wales, Keeper of the castle and town of Dryslwyn, and the region of Cantref Mawr, Carmarthenshire.


Also in Wales, he was Lord of Glamorgan which gave him possession of Cardiff Castle.


He was also Keeper of the castles, manor, and lands of Brecknock, Hay, Cantref Selyf, etc., in County Brecon, and, in England of Huntington, Herefordshire.


He was given Wallingford Castle although this had previously been given to Queen Isabella for life.

In May 1306 Hugh Despenser the younger was knighted, and that summer he married Eleanor de Clare, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 9th Lord of Clare and 7th Earl of Hertford and Joan of Acre.


Eleanor's grandfather, Edward I, owed the elder Despenser 2,000 marks (£965 thousand at today's prices) and the marriage settled this debt, and was a reward for the elder Hugh's loyal service.


When Eleanor's brother, Gilbert, was killed in 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn, she unexpectedly became one of the three co-heiresses to the rich Gloucester earldom, and in her right Hugh inherited Glamorgan and other properties.[4] In just a few years Hugh went from a landless knight to one of the wealthiest magnates in the kingdom.


Eleanor was also the niece of the new king, Edward II of England, and this connection brought Despenser closer to the English royal court. He joined the baronial opposition to Piers Gaveston, the king's favourite (and Hugh's brother-in-law, as Gaveston was married to Eleanor's sister Margaret).


Eager for power and wealth, Despenser seized Tonbridge Castle in 1315, after his brother-in-law's death under the misapprehension that it belonged to his mother-in-law (he relinquished it on discovering that the rightful owner was the Archbishop of Canterbury).[5] In 1318 he murdered Llywelyn Bren, a Welsh hostage in his custody.


Eleanor and Hugh had nine children to survive infancy:


  • 1.Hugh le Despencer, 2nd Baron le Despencer (1308–1349), 2nd Baron Le Despencer, who was restored to his grandfather's title of Baron le Despencer in 1338. At his death without issue, his nephew Edward, son of Edward (below), was created Baron Le Despencer in a new creation of 1357.
  • 2.Gilbert le Despenser, (1309–1381).
  • 3.Edward le Despenser, (1310–1342), soldier, killed at the siege of Vannes;[6] father of Edward II le Despenser, Knight of the Garter, who became Baron Le Despencer in a new creation of 1357. His son was Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester and 2nd Baron Le Despencer of the 1357 creation, who was married to a daughter of Edmund of Langley, Duke of York, youngest son of Edward III, and was attainted and beheaded in 1400 for his attempts to restore Richard II, his wife's cousin, to the throne. His attainder was reversed in 1461, with the victory of Edward IV, and the barony of the first creation (1264/1295) was eventually awarded in 1604 to Dame Mary Fane, heiress of Thomas's daughter Isabel Le Despencer, who married two cousins. The barony is now held by the Viscounts Falmouth.
  • 4.Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Arundel (1312–1356), married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel
  • 5.John le Despenser, (1311 – June 1366).
  • 6.Eleanor le Despenser, (c. 1315–1351), nun at Sempringham Priory
  • 7.Joan le Despenser, (c. 1317–1384), nun at Shaftesbury Abbey
  • 8.Margaret le Despenser, (c. 1319–1337), nun at Whatton Priory
  • 9.Elizabeth le Despenser, born 1325, died 13 July 1389, married Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley.

Hugh Despenser the younger became royal chamberlain in 1318. As a royal courtier, Despenser .... etc.

Hugh Despenser the younger tried to starve himself before his trial,[9] but he did face trial on 24 November 1326, in Hereford, before Mortimer and the Queen. He was judged a traitor and a thief, and sentenced to public execution by hanging, as a thief, and drawing and quartering, as a traitor. Additionally, he was sentenced to be disembowelled for having procured discord between the King and Queen, and to be beheaded, for returning to England after having been banished.[citation needed] Treason had also been the grounds for Gaveston's execution; the belief was that these men had misled the King rather than the King himself being guilty of folly.[citation needed]


Immediately after the trial, Despenser was dragged behind four horses to his place of execution, where a great fire was lit. He was stripped naked, and Biblical verses denouncing arrogance and evil were carved into his skin. He was then hanged from a gallows 50 ft (15 m) high, but cut down before he could choke to death.[citation needed]


In Froissart's account of the execution, Despenser was then tied to a ladder, and —in full view of the crowd— had his genitals sliced off and burned (in his still-conscious sight) then his entrails slowly pulled out, and, finally, his heart cut out and thrown into the fire. Professor Clare Sponsler says that Froissart is the only source to describe castration, where all other contemporary accounts have Despenser quartered, hanged, and beheaded.[10]


Just before he died, it is recorded that he let out a "ghastly inhuman howl",[citation needed] much to the delight and merriment of the spectators.[citation needed] Finally, his corpse was beheaded, his body cut into four pieces, and his head mounted on the gates of London.[2] Mortimer and Isabella feasted with their chief supporters, as they watched the execution.[citation needed]

Four years later, in December 1330, his widow was given permission to gather and bury his remains at the family's Gloucestershire estate,[2] but only the head, a thigh bone and a few vertebrae were returned to her.[11]


What may be the body of Despenser was identified in February 2008 in the village of Abbey Hulton in Staffordshire, the former site of Hulton Abbey. The skeleton, which was first uncovered during archaeological work in the 1970s, appeared to be that of a victim of a drawing and quartering as it had been beheaded and chopped into several pieces with a sharp blade, suggesting a ritual killing. Furthermore, it lacked several body parts, including the ones given to Despenser's wife. Radiocarbon analysis dated the body to between 1050 and 1385, and later tests suggested it to be that of a man over 34 years old. Despenser was 40 at the time of his death. In addition, the Abbey is located on lands that belonged to Hugh Audley, Despenser's brother-in-law, at the time.[11] .... etc.

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_Despenser_the_Younger

  • ____________________
  • Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser1
  • M, #1943, b. circa 1290, d. 29 November 1326
  • Last Edited=16 Aug 2011
  • Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser was born circa 1290. He was the son of Hugh le Despenser, 1st and last Earl of Winchester and Isabella de Beauchamp.1 He married Lady Eleanor de Clare, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester and Joan of Acre, in 1306.1 He died on 29 November 1326, by hanging as a traitor.2 He was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.
  • Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser also went by the nick-name of Hugh 'the Younger'.1 He was created 1st Lord le Despenser [England by writ] on 29 July 1314.1 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Bath (K.B.).1 In August 1321 he was disinherited and exiled in perpetuity for his alleged misgovernment and malign influence of King Edward II.1 He was attainted. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.3
  • Children of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser and Lady Eleanor de Clare
    • 1.Elizabeth le Despencer+4 d. 13 Jul 1389
    • 2.Sir Edward le Despenser+1 d. 30 Sep 1342
    • 3.Eleanor le Despenser+
    • 4.Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser1 b. c 1308, d. 8 Feb 1348/49
    • 5.Isabel le Despenser+5 b. c 1313, d. 1375
  • Citations
  • 1.[S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 1385. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • 2.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 83. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.
  • 3.[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
  • 4.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 130. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • 5.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 243.
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p195.htm#i1943
  • _________________
  • Sir Hugh le Despenser, 2nd Lord le Despenser, Constable of Oldham Castle1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14
  • M, #10570, b. circa 1290, d. 24 November 1326
  • Father Sir Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester, Constable of Devizes, Marlborough, Odiham, St. Briavel's, & Striguil Castles3,15,16 b. 1 Mar 1261, d. 27 Oct 1326
  • Mother Isabel de Beauchamp3,15,9,16 b. c 1268, d. c 30 May 1306
  • Sir Hugh le Despenser, 2nd Lord le Despenser, Constable of Oldham Castle Powerful boyfriend of King Edward II. He was born circa 1290 at of Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, England.3 He married Alianore de Clare, daughter of Sir Gilbert de Clare, 9th Earl of Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, 3rd Earl of Gloucester and Joan Plantagenet, circa 14 June 1306 at Westminster, London, Middlesex, England; They had 5 sons (Sir Hugh, 3rd Lord le Despenser; Sir Edward; Sir Gilbert; John; & Philip) & 5 daughters (Isabel, wife of Sir Richard, 10th Earl of Arundel; Joan, a nun at Shaftesbury Abbey; Eleanor, a nun at Sempringham Priory; Margaret; a nun at Whaton Priory; & Elizabeth, wife of Sir Maurice, 4th Lord Berkeley, & of Sir Maurice Wythe).2,3,17,18,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14 Sir Hugh le Despenser, 2nd Lord le Despenser, Constable of Oldham Castle died on 24 November 1326 at Hereford, Herefordshire, England; Hanged; then, his head was set up on London Bridge, his quarters were hung up at Dover, Bristol, York, and Newcastle. His parts were eventually collected and buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire.3,8,13
  • Family Alianore de Clare b. c 23 Nov 1292, d. 30 Jun 1337
  • Children
    • Philip le Despenser19
    • John le Despenser19 d. c 10 Jun 1366
    • Sir Gilbert le Despenser19 d. 23 Apr 1381
    • Sir Hugh le Despenser, 3rd Lord le Despenser4,8,10,13 b. c 1308, d. 8 Feb 1349
    • Isabel le Despenser+20,5,8,9,13,14 b. c 1313, d. a 1356
    • Sir Edward le Despenser+8,13 b. c 1315, d. 30 Sep 1342
    • Joan le Despenser8,13 b. c 1316, d. 1384
    • Elizabeth le Despenser+2,20,6,8,21,13 b. c 1327, d. 13 Jul 1389
  • Citations
  • 1.[S2605] Unknown author, Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, by F. L. Weis, 4th Ed., p. 15; Burke's Peerage, 1938, p. 983.
  • 2.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 99.
  • 3.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 267.
  • 4.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 92-93.
  • 5.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 157-158.
  • 6.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 178.
  • 7.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 474.
  • 8.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 67-68.
  • 9.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 185-187.
  • 10.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 222.
  • 11.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 287-289.
  • 12.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 204.
  • 13.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 443-445.
  • 14.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 605-607.
  • 15.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 64-65.
  • 16.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 440-442.
  • 17.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 505-507.
  • 18.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 714.
  • 19.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 447.
  • 20.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 268.
  • 21.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 334.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p352.htm#i10570
  • ________________________
  • Our New England ancestors and their descendants, 1620-1900: historical ... By Henry Whittemore
  • http://archive.org/details/ournewenglandanc00whit
  • http://archive.org/stream/ournewenglandanc00whit#page/98/mode/1up
  • Pg.50
    • Spencer.
  • Collins states further: This family (the Spencers) claim a descent from the ancient Baronial family of De Spenser, of whom Robert de Spenser came over with the Conqueror and was, as his name imports, steward to that monarch. At the time of the Domesday Book he had four lordships in Warwickshire, one in Gloucestershire, fifteen in Lincolnshire and seventeen in Leicestershire.
  • Robert Le De Spenser was father of
    • William De Spenser, after whom was
  • Thurston Le De Spenser, the King's steward, a powerful man, father of Americus le Despenser de Stanley, who married Eldai Blewett.
  • Thurston Spencer, Sheriff of Gloucestershire, 19th, 20th, 22d, Henry III, who died before 1249, who by Lucia __ left
  • Sir Jeffrey (or Galfridus) Spencer, who died about 1251, leaving two sons, Sir Hugh and Jeffrey. Sir Hugh, the eldest, was a great Baron and father of Hugh, Earl of Winchester, and grandfather of Hugh, Earl of Gloucester.
  • Geoffrey Le De Spenser, second son, is stated to have been Lord of Marchley in Worcestershire, and to have died 1242. he was father of John Le De Spenser, who, with others of the family, took part with the Barons in the wars against Henry III, and was taken prisoner at the battle of Northampton. By Ann, his second wife, he had two sons: Adam, who died young, and William.
  • ________________________
  • The Visitation of the county of Warwick in the year 1619. Taken by William Camden, Clarenceaux king of arms (1877) Vol. 12
  • http://archive.org/details/visitationcount01britgoog
    • Spencer - CHART Pg.282-285
  • http://archive.org/stream/visitationcount01britgoog#page/n309/mode/1up
  • Pg.283
  • Thurstanus le Despensor. = ch: Almericus (m. Eldae' Blewett), Walterus le Despensor.
  • Almericus fil. et haer. Dn's de Stanley nupsit Eldae' Blewett.; ch: Phillippus (m. Isabella de Euens), Thurstanus le Despensor.
  • Thurstanus le Despensor filius Almerici. = ch: Galfridus le Despensor.
  • Galfridus le Despensor miles ob. 1251 et 36 H. 3. = ch: Hugo (m. Alicia Basset), Galfridus (m. Emma _) le Despensor.
  • Hugo le Despensor Capitalis Justiciarius Angliae 49 H. 3. occisus apud Euersham. = Alicia filia et haer Phillippi Basset Baronis de Widcombe et relict Rog. Bigot.; ch: Hugo (m. Isabella Beauchamp) le Despensor.
  • Hugo le Despensor Comes Wintoniae 18 E. 2 decollatus 19 E. 2. = Isabella fil. Willi Beauchamp Com. Warw.(= Patrick de Cadurcis al's Chaworth primus maritus.); ch: Hugo (m. Elianor de Clare), Isabella (m. Joh'is Hastinges & Rad'i Monthermer), Ada (m. _ St. Amon & Rad'i Camois), Elinor (m. Hugonis Courtney), Elizab. (m. Edm. Burnell) le Despensor.
  • Hugo le Despensor Com. Gloucest. creat's 20 E. 2 iure uxoris, decollatus 1326. = Elianor fil. et heres Gilb'ti de Clare Comitis. Glou' et Hertford.; ch: Hugo, Edw. (m. Anna Ferrers), Gilb'tus, Phillipus le Despensor.
  • ____________________________
  • le Despencer, Baron (E, 1295 with precedency from 1264)
    • Creation: writ sum. 24 Jun 1295 with precedency from 24 Dec 1264
    • Family name: le Despencer later Nevill later Fane later Dashwood later Stapleton later Boscawen
  • Thomas le Despencer, mar., and had issue:
    • 1. Thomas le Despencer
    • 2. Sir Hugh le Despencer, of Loughborough, Burton, Hugglescote, Freeby and Arnesby, co. Leicester, Parlington and Hillam, co. York, Sibsey and Aukborough, co. Lincoln, and Ryhall and Belmesthorp, co. Rutland (d. c. 23 Feb 1238), mar. ..... ....., and had issue:
      • 1a. Sir Hugh le Despencer, of Loughborough, co. Leicester, etc.: respite of knighthood 1244; Constable of Horston Castle 1255-60; accompanied Richard, Earl of Cornwall, to Aachen for his coronation as King of the Romans 1257; at the Parliament of Oxford 1258 one of the 12 elected by the Barons to redress grievances and one of the 12 to treat with the King's Council in Parliament; appointed Justiciar of England 1260 as the nominee of the Barons but dismissed by King Henry III the next year; attended Simon de Montfort's Parliament at Oxford 1263; Justiciar of England and Constable of the Tower of London 1263; was at the Battle of Lewes 1264; Constable of Devizes Castle, Oxford Castle, Orford Castle and Nottingham Castle 1264; appointed one of the arbiters to broker a peace between King Henry III and the Barons 1264; sum. by writ to Parliament 24 Dec 1264; one of the arbiters between the Earls of Leicester and Gloucester 1265; joined Simon [de Montfort], 1st Earl of Leicester, in his last campaign against King Henry III and was slain with him at the Battle of Evesham 1265; after his death all his lands were forfeited (b. in or before 1223; d. 4 Aug 1265; bur. in Evesham Abbey), mar. in or bef. 1260 Aline Bassett (mar. (2) bef. 29 Oct 1271 as his first wife Roger [le Bigod], 5th Earl of Norfolk and Marshal of England; d. bef. 11 Apr 1281), dau. and hrss. of Sir Philip Bassett, of Wycombe, co. Buckingham, and Compton Bassett and Wotton Bassett, co. Wiltshire, Justiciar of England, by his first wife Hawise de Lovaine, dau. of Sir Matthew de Lovaine, of Little Easton, co. Essex, and had issue:
        • 1b. Sir Hugh le Despencer the Elder, later 1st Baron le Despencer later 1st Earl of Winchester
        • 1b. Eleanor le Despencer (d. 11 Oct 1328), mar. Sir Hugh de Courtenay, of Okehampton, co. Devon (d. 28 Feb 1291), 1st son and heir of John de Courtenay, of Okehampton, co. Devon, by his wife Lady Isabel de Vere, 3rd dau. of Hugh [de Vere], 4th Earl of Oxford, and had issue
        • 1b. Joan le Despencer (d. bef. 1322), mar. bef. Jan 1272/3 as his first wife Thomas [de Furnivall], 1st Baron Furnivall, and had issue
      • 1a. Pernell le Despencer, mar. Geoffrey le Sauvage, of Hintes (d. 1230)
      • 2a. ..... le Despencer, mar. Sir Roger de St John (d. 4 Aug 1265 at the Battle of Evesham), and had issue
    • 3. Geoffrey le Despencer, of Martley, co. Worcester (d. 1251), mar. Emma de Harcourt (d. after 1265), dau. of Richard de Harcourt, and had issue:
      • 1a. John le Despencer, of Martley, co. Worcester (dsp. 1275), mar. Joan le Lou (d. 1266), dau .and hrss. of Robert le Lou, of Castle Carlton
    • 1. Rohese le Despencer, mar. as his first wife Stephen de Segrave, of Segrave, co. Leicester (d. 1241), and had issue
  • The award of the Barony of le Despencer to Lady Fane in 1604 as a consolation prize for her unsuccessful claim to the Barony of Bergavenny was with the precedence of 24 Dec 1264. The meeting to which Sir Hugh le Despencer was summoned in 1264 is not now considered a bona fide Parliament. It was convened by a rebel, Simon [de Montfort], 1st Earl of Leicester, and the writs issued in King Henry III's name were made out under duress and to what we would nowadays call a "packed" body of designated "Lords of Parliament". The modern view is that the meeting of 24 Dec 1264 cannot be taken to be a proper Parliament for the purpose of creating baronies by writs of summons. This was not the interpretation adopted in 1604 and so we have the rather strange situation where a barony created by writ of summons in 1295 has been credited with a precedency dating back over 30 years before its creation.
  • Hugh "the Elder" [le Despencer], 1st Baron le Despencer later 1st Earl of Winchester
  • born 1 Mar 1260/1
  • mar. in or bef. 1286 Lady Isabel de Chaworth (widow of Sir Patrick de Chaworth, of Kidwelly, co. Carmarthen, and Kempsford, co. Gloucester; d. bef. 30 May 1306), 1st dau. of William [de Beauchamp], 9th Earl of Warwick, by his wife Maud de Furnivall, widow of Sir Gerard de Furnivall, of Sheffield, co. York, and Worksop, co. Nottingham, and sister and cohrss. of Richard [FitzJohn], 1st Baron FitzJohn, and 1st dau. of Sir John FitzGeoffrey, of Shere, co. Surrey, and Fambridge, co. Essex, Justiciar of Ireland
  • children
    • 1. Sir Hugh le Despencer the Younger, later 1st and de jure 2nd Baron le Despencer
    • 1. Philip le Despencer, of Parlington, co. York (dvp. 24 Sep 1313), mar. Margaret de Goushill (b. 12 May 1294; d. 29 Jul 1349), only dau. and hrss. of Ralph de Goushill, of Goxhill, co. Lincoln, by his wife Hawise FitzWarin, dau. of Fulk [FitzWarin], 1st Baron FitzWarin, and had issue:
      • 1a. Sir Philip le Despencer, of Camoys Manor in Toppesfield, co. Essex (b. 6 Apr 1313; d. 22 Aug 1349), mar. Joan de Cobham, dau. of John [de Cobham], 2nd Baron Cobham of Kent, by his first wife Joan Beauchamp, dau. of John [Beauchamp], 1st Baron Beauchamp of Hache, and had issue:
        • 1b. Sir Philip le Despencer, later 1st Baron Despencer
    • 1. Lady Isabel le Despencer (d. 4 Dec 1334), mar. (1) bef. 1308 as his second wife John [de Hastings], 1st Baron Hastings, and (2) c. 1313 Ralph [de Monthermer], 1st Baron Monthermer
    • 2. Lady Aline le Despencer, Constable of Conway Castle 1325/6 (dsp. shortly bef. 28 Nov 1353), mar. after 3 May 1302 Edward [Burnell], 1st Baron Burnell
    • 3. Lady Margaret le Despencer, mar. in or after Dec 1313 John [de St Amand], 1st Baron St Amand, and had issue
  • died 27 Oct 1326
  • created by writ of summons 24 Jun 1295 Baron le Despencer 10 May 1322 Earl of Winchester
  • suc. by son
  • note
  • given administration of his father's forfeited lands and livery of his mother's lands 1281; had livery of the Manor of Martley, co. Worcester, as heir of his father's cousin, John le Despencer 1281/2; was with King Edward I in Gascony 1287; Constable of Odiham Castle 1294; envoy to treat with the King of the Romans 1294, with the King of France 1295/6 and with the King of the Romans and the King of France 1296; was with King Edward I in Scotland 1296; Justice of the Forests South of Trent 1296/7-1307; instructed to threaten the Clergy 1296/7; a member of the King's Council in 1297; was with the King in Flanders 1297 and in Scotland 1300, 1303, 1304 and 1306 ; envoy to the Pope 1300 and 1305; a Commissioner to deal with the Scots 1305; Constable of the Castle of Devizes and Marlborough 1307/8-08; Constable of the Castle of Strigoil and Keeper of the Town of Chepstow 1307/8-10; Justice of the Forests South of Trent for life 1309; he alone took the side of King Edward II and Piers [Gaveston], 1st Earl of Cornwall, against the Barons 1308; signed the Barons' letter to the Pope 1309; Keeper of the Forests South of Trent 1312-1314/5; was with the King in Pontoise 1313; was excluded from the peace that was arranged between the King and the discontented Barons 1313; fought at the Battle of Bannockburn 1314 and following the Scots' victory accompanied King Edward II in his flight to Dunbar and then by sea to Berwick-upon-Tweed; the Earl of Lancaster and his supporters persuaded the King to remove le Despencer from Court and to dismiss him from the Council 1314/5; with the King in Scotland 1317; an envoy to the Pope and the King of France 1320; Constable of Marlborough Castle 1321; the lands of both himself and his son were ravaged by his rivals 1321; both father and son were accused in Parliament of taking upon themselves some of the Royal power, giving bad advice to the King, replacing good ministers with bad ones, etc., and in 1321 had their lands taken away from them and were both exiled; this was annulled in the Parliament of York 1322; with the King in Scotland 1322; Keeper of the Forests South of Trent for life 1324; a Commissioner to make peace with the Scots 1324; when King Edward fled to Wales in 1326 le Despencer was sent to defend Bristol; he surrendered this to Queen Isabella and was immediately tried, condemned to death as a traitor and hanged; on his death all his honours were forfeited and the sentence of exile passed on him in 1321 was re-affirmed by Parliament.
  • Hugh "the Younger" [le Despencer], 1st and de jure 2nd Baron le Despencer
  • born
  • mar. after 14 Jun 1306 Lady Eleanor de Clare (b. Oct 1292; mar. (2) c. Jan 1328/9 as his second wife William [de Mortimer later la Zouche], 1st Baron Zouche; d. 30 Jun 1337), sister of the whole blood and cohrss. of Gilbert [de Clare], 7th Earl of Gloucester, and 1st dau. of Gilbert [de Clare], 6th Earl of Gloucester, by his second wife the Princess Joan "of Acre", 2nd surv. dau. of King Edward I by his first wife Eleanor of Castile, dau. of Ferdinand III, King of Castile
  • children
    • 1. Sir Hugh le Despencer, later 1st Baron le Despencer and de jure 2nd and 3rd Baron le Despencer
    • 2. Sir Edward le Despencer, of Buckland, co. Buckingham, Eyworth, co. Bedford, West Winterslow, co. Wiltshire, Essendine, co. Rutland, etc., (d. 30 Sep 1342), mar. 20 Apr 1335 Ann de Ferrers (d. 8 Aug 1367), only dau. of William [de Ferrers], 1st Baron Ferrers of Groby, by his wife Ellen de Segrave, dau. of John [de Segrave], 2nd Baron Segrave, and had issue:
      • 1a. Sir Edward le Despencer, later 1st Baron le Despencer and de jure 3rd and 4th Baron le Despencer
    • 3. Gilbert le Despencer, of Melton Mowbray, co. Leicester
    • 1. Elizabeth la Despencere (d. 13 Jul 1389; bur. at St Botolph's Church, London), mar. Aug 1338 Maurice [de Berkeley], 4th Baron Berkeley, and had issue
    • 2. Isabel la Despencere, mar. 9 Feb 1320/21 (div. 1345) as his first wife Richard [FitzAlan], 10th or 3rd Earl of Arundel, and had issue
  • died 24 Nov 1326 (bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey)
  • created by writ of summons v.p. 29 Jul 1314 Baron le Despencer
  • suc. by son
  • note
  • knighted 1306; was with King Edward II in Pontoise 1313; Chamberlain 1313; Constable of Odiham Castle 1317-18; Keeper of the Castles and Towns of Dryslwyn and Cantref Mawr, co. Carmarthen 1317; reappointed Chamberlain at the Parliament of York 1318; a Commissioner to treat with the Scots 1319; Constable of Odiham Castle 1319/20-21; with the King in France 1320; Keeper of the Castle and Town of Porchester 1320-24; Keeper of the Castle, Town and Barton of Bristol 1320-21; the lands of both himself and his father were ravaged by his rivals 1321; both father and son were accused in Parliament of taking upon themselves some of the Royal power, giving bad advice to the King, replacing good ministers with bad ones, etc., and in 1321 had their lands taken away from them and were both exiled; this was annulled in the Parliament of York 1322; accompanied the King against the discontented Barons 1322; after the Battle of Boroughbridge he had large grants of land forfeited by the rebels; Keeper of the Castle, Town and Barton of Bristol during the King's pleasure 1322 and for life 1325; Keeper of the Castles. Manors and Lands of Brecknock, Hay, Cantref Selyf, Talgarth, Blaen Llyfni and Pencelly, co. Brecon, and Huntington, co. Hereford 1322; accompanied the King against the Scots1322, and with him fled from Rievaulx to Bridlington following the Battle of Byland Abbey; Keeper of the Castle, Town and Barton of Gloucester, the Castle of St Briavels and the Forest of Dean 1322; appointed a Commissioner to make peace with the Scots 1324; accompanied King Edward on his flight to Wales in 1326; both he and the King were captured by Queen Isabella's forces near Llantrisant, co. Glamorgan; he was taken to Hereford, tried and condemned to death as a traitor; on his death all his honours were forfeited and the sentence of exile passed on him in 1321 was re-affirmed by Parliament; his wife had been committed to the Tower of London shortly before his death; she was released in 1328 and some of her lands restored to her; she and her second husband besieged her Castle of Caerphilly in 1329 ; she was arrested and imprisoned first in the Tower of London and then in Devizes Castle, finally being released in 1330
  • From: http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/despencer1295.htm?zoom_highlight=thomas+despencer
  • ___________________________________

Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_le_Despenser_the_Younger

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=84236536

https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I9745&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I604&tree=Nixon

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I4309&tree=PagetHeraldicBaronag

https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I116317&tree=Welsh

https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I265769&tree=Welsh

http://www.mathematical.com/despencerhugh.html

http://www.oxforddnb.com/templates/article.jsp?articleid=7554&back=

http://thepeerage.com/p195.htm#i1943

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Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 243, volume II, page 130. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S20] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 2 p. 67-68.

[S25] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 1 p. 88, 204. vol. 2 p. 270: "Sir Hugh le Despenser, junior, 2nd Lord le Despenser; Constable of Odiham Castle; disinherited and exiled with his father 1321; accompanied Edward II in his flight to Wales; was hanged at Hereford 24 November 1326, his head being set up on London Bridge, and his quarters hung up at Dover, Bristol, York, and Newcastle."

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1385. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S39] Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets (filmed 1996), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Department. Medieval Family History Unit, (Manuscript. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1996), FHL film 1553977-1553985..

[S51] #739 The Visitation of Yorkshire, Made in the Years 1584-85: to Which Is Added the Subsequent Visitation Made in 1612, by Richard St. George, Norry King of Arms: with Several Additional Pedigrees Edited by Joseph Foster (1875), Glover, Robert, (London: Robert Glover, 1875), FHL microfilm 990,320 item 1., p. 372.

[S58] English Ancestry of Anne Marbury Hutchinson, Colket, Meredith B., Jr., (The Magee Press, Philadelphia, 1986.), 929.242 H971c., p. 38.

[S59] #765 The Hundred of Launditch and Deanery of Brisley in the County of Norfolk: Evidences and Topographical Notes from Public Records, Heralds Visitations, Wills, Court Rolls (1877-1879), Carthew, George Alfred, (3 volumes. Norwich: [s.n.], 1877-79 (Norwich: Miller and Leavins)), FHL book 942.61 H2c; FHL microfilm 990,425 item 1., vol. 1 p. 85.

[S67] #205 Baronagium Genealogicum, Or, the Pedigrees of the English Peers, Deduced from the Earliest Times, of Which There Are Any Attested Accountes Including, as Well Collateral as Lineal Descents (1764-1784), Segar, Sir William, (6 volumes. [London]: Engraved and printed for the author, [1764-1784].), Volumes 1-4 FHL microfilm 164,680; volume 5 FHL mi., vol. 1 p. 39.

[S77] #33 An Official Genealogical and Heraldic Baronage of England (filmed 1957), Paget, Gerald, (Typescript, filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1957), FHL microfilm 170,063-170,067., vol. 1 #130 - Clare.

[S80] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 171.

[S93] #246 The Baronage of England (1675-1676), Dugdale, Sir William, (2 volumes. London: T. Newcomb, 1675-1676), FHL microfilms 599,816 item 3, 599,863 item 3., vol. 1 pedigree chart after p. 348.

[S124] #240 Collins's Peerage of England, Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical, Greatly Augmented, and Continued to the Present Time (1812), Brydges, Sir Egerton,, (9 volumes. London: [T. Bensley], 1812), FHL book 942 D22be., vol. 6 p. 500, 504.

"Hugh, Lord le Despenser, of full age, anno Edward I. [1281-82] who with Hugh le Despenser, his son are those whom our historians largely treat of; differencing them, by Hugh Despenser senior, and Hugh Despenser, junior; the one, Earl of Winchester, anno 15 Edward II. [1321-22] and the other (in right of his wife Eleanor, eldest daughter of Gilbert Earl of Clare, Gloucester, and Hertford, and of Joan his wife, one of the daughters of Edward I.) styled Earl of Gloucester."

[S125] #971 The Victoria History of the County of Gloucester (1907-1988), Page, William, (The Victoria history of the Counties of England [Series]. London: A. Constable, 1907-1988), FHL book Q 942 H2vg., vol. 8 p. 191.

[S177] #929 The History and Antiquities of the County of Surrey: Compiled from the Best and Most Authentic Historians, Valuable Records, and Manuscripts in the Public Offices and Libraries, and in Private Hands.. (1804-1814), Manning, Owen, (Three volumes. London: J. Nichols, 1804-1814), FHL book Q 942.21 H2ma., vol. 2 p. 299.

[S183] #1016 [1887 edition] The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families: Together with Their Paternal Ancestry, Foster, Joseph, (2 volumes. [S.l.: s.n., 1985?]), FHL book 942 D5f 1887., vol. 1 p. 144.

[S190] #11050 The English ancestry of Peter Bulkeley, Grace Chetwood, and Sarah Chauncy : a compilation of ancestral tables, Ayers, Frank Wayne, (Walnut Creek, California : F.W. Ayers, c1988), 929.242 B872a., p. 289.

[S333] #773 The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland: Compiled from the Works of the Most Approved Historians, National Records and Other Authentic Documents, Public and Private (1811), Blore, Thomas, (Stanford: R. Newcomb, [1811]), FHL book 942.545 H2b (British X Large Folio)., p. 19.

[S547] #1848 The Visitation of the County of Warwick in the Year 1619 (1877), Camden, William, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 12. London: [Harleian Society], 1877), FHL book 942 B4h volume 12; FHL microfilm 162,048 ., p. 283.

[S2221] #244 The History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton (1822-1841), Baker, George, (2 volumes. London: J. B. Nichols and Son, 1822-1841), FHL book Q 942.55 H2bal; FHL microfilm 962,237 ite., vol. 2 p. 219.

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Hugh Despenser the Younger's Timeline

1286
March 1, 1286
Barton, Gloucestershire, England
1306
May 1306
Age 20
Westminster, Middlesex, England
1306
Age 19
Stoke, Gloucestershire, England
1309
1309
Age 22
Mowbray, Leicestershire, England
1310
1310
Age 23
Buckland, Buckingham, England
1310
Age 23
Stoke, Gloucestershire, , England
1311
1311
Age 24
1312
1312
Age 25
Stoke, Gloucestershire, England
1316
1316
Age 29
Stoke, Gloucestershire, England
1322
1322
Age 35
Stoke , Gloucestershire, England