Hugh de Meschines de Kevelioc (de Cyfeiliog), 5th Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches
|Nicknames:||"Viscount d'Avranche", "Hugh Earl of Chester", "Hugh de Kevelioc", "Kevlioc", "Hugh de Meschines", "Hugh of /Chester/", "Hugh /de Meschine/", "Kevelioc//", "aka Hugh de Meschines", "Hugh /de Kevelioc/", "Sixth Earl of Chester", "Viscount of Avranches", "3rd Earl of Chester", "Hu..."|
|Birthplace:||Kevelioc (Cyfeiliog), Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales|
|Death:||Died in Leek, Staffordshire, England|
|Place of Burial:||Chester, Chestershire, England|
Son of Ranulf de Gernon, 2nd Earl of Chester and Maud FitzRobert, Countess of Chester
|Occupation:||5th Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches [Normandie], Earl of Chester, aka Hugh of Kevilloc, FIFTH EARL OF CHESTER, 3rd Earl of Chester, Earl of Chester/Viscount (D'Avra) Avranches, E. Chester, Succeeded as 3rd Earl of Chester 16.12.1153|
|Managed by:||Terry Jackson (Switzer)|
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About Hugh de Meschines de Kevelioc (de Cyfeiliog), 5th Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches
Hugh de Kevelioc
Hugh de Kevelioc m: BERTRADE de Montfort, daughter of SIMON de Montfort Comte d'Evreux & his wife Mahaut Issue:
Matilda m: David of Scotland
Ranulf m1: (3 Feb 1188, divorced 1199) as her second husband, CONSTANCE Dss of Brittany, widow of GEOFFREY of England Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond, daughter of CONAN IV Duke of Brittany & his wife Margaret of Scotland
m2: (before 7 Oct 1200) as her second husband, CLEMENCE de Fougères, widow of ALAIN de Vitré Seigneur de Dinan, daughter of GUILLAUME de Fougères & his wife Agatha du Hommet
Mabel m: WILLIAM d'Aubigny Earl of Sussex and Arundel, son of WILLIAM d'Aubigny Earl of Arundel and Sussex & his wife Matilda de Saint-Hilaire
Agnes (Alice) m: WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby, son of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his wife Sibyl de Briouse
Hawise m: ROBERT de Quincy, son of SAHER de Quincy, later Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester
AND Earl Hugh had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:
AMICIA . m: RALPH de Mesnilwarin [Mainwaring], Justice of Chester
NB: No mention of daughters Beatrix, Nichola or Geva
A site worth checking which points out some difficulties with sources:
HUGH "of Kevelioc"' (Kevelioc, co. Monmouth 1147-Leek, Staffordshire 30 Jun 1181, bur Chester, Abbey of St Werburgh). Robert of Torigny names "Hugonem filium suum" as successor of "Ranulfus comes Cestriæ". He succeeded his father in 1153 as Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches, as a minor coming of age in 1158. "Hugo comes Cestrie" confirmed a donation of land in Thoresby donated by "Willelmus filius Othuer" to Greenfield priory, Lincolnshire, for the soul of "patris mei Randulfi", by charter dated to  witnessed by "Matilla matre sua…". He joined the rebellion of Henry "the Young King" against Henry II King of England and was taken prisoner at Alnwick 13 Jul 1174. He was deprived of the earldom but restored in Jan 1177. A manuscript narrating the descent of Hugh Earl of Chester to Alice Ctss of Lincoln records the death “II Kal Jul” of “Hugo”, son of “Ranulfus de Gernons”, and his burial at St Werburgh´s, Chester. m (1169) BERTRADE de Montfort, daughter of SIMON de Montfort Comte d'Evreux & his wife Mahaut --- (-1227). Robert of Torigny records the marriage arranged by Henry II King of England in 1170 of "Hugoni comiti Cestriæ cognate suo" and "filiam comitis Ebroicensis cognatam suam ex parte patris sui". The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Beltesford et Hemmingebi et Dunintone” held by “Bertia comitissa, filia comitis de Evereros, uxor Hugonis comitis Cestrie”. The Annals of Burton record the death in 1227 of “Bertrudis comitissa Cestriæ”. Earl Hugh & his wife had six children:
a) MATILDA [Matilda] (1171-6 Jan 1233). The Annales Londonienses record that "Ranulphus comes Cestriæ" had four sisters, of whom "primogenita…Matilda" married "comiti David". Benedict of Peterborough records the marriage in 1190 of "David frater Willelmi regis Scotiæ" and "sororem Ranulfi comitem Cestriæ". "Comes David frater regis Scottorum" founded Lindores Abbey, for the souls of "…Matilde comitisse sponse mee et…David filii mei", by undated charter (dated to before 1203 from the names of the subscribers). The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "comes Cestrie" gave land "in Forthington et in Ulesbi" in Lincolnshire to "comiti Davidi in maritagium cum sorore ipsius comitis". m (26 Aug 1190) DAVID of Scotland Earl of Huntingdon, son of HENRY of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland & his wife Ada de Warenne (-Yardley, Northants 17 Jun 1219, bur Sawtrey Abbey, Hunts).
b) RANULF "de Blundeville" (Oswestry, Powys -Wallingford 28 Oct 1232, bur 3 Nov 1232 Chester, Abbey of St Werburgh). A manuscript narrating the descent of Hugh Earl of Chester to Alice Ctss of Lincoln records that “Ranulfus filius eius” succeeded on the death of “Hugo”, son of “Ranulfus de Gernons”. He succeeded his father in 1181 as Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches. Earl of Richmond, Duke of Brittany from 1189, de iure uxoris, until his divorce in 1199. He supported John King of England against the rebellious barons in 1215. He was created Earl of Lincoln 23 May 1217-1231. He left on crusade in May 1218 and fought at the siege of Damietta in 1219. He resigned the earldom of Lincoln [Apr 1231/1232] in favour of his sister Hawise. A manuscript narrating the descent of Hugh Earl of Chester to Alice Ctss of Lincoln records the death “VII Kal Nov” of “Ranulfus” and his burial at St Werburgh´s, Chester. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Ranulfus comes Cestriæ” died in 1232. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “VII Kal Nov apud Walingeford” in 1232 of “Randulfus comes Cestriæ” and his burial “apud Cestriam”. m firstly (3 Feb 1188, divorced 1199) as her second husband, CONSTANCE Dss of Brittany, widow of GEOFFREY of England Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond, daughter of CONAN IV Duke of Brittany & his wife Margaret of Scotland (-[Nantes] 3/4 Sep 1201, bur Villeneuve-les-Nantes, Abbaye de Notre-Dame). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Constantiam comitis Conani filia" as wife of "Gaufridus dux Britannie comes Richemontis filius Henrici regis Anglie natu tertius", specifying that she married [thirdly] "Guido frater vicecomitem de Tuart". She is named by Matthew Paris, who also gives her parentage, when he records her betrothal. The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Constantia filia Conani" married secondly "Ranulphus Comes Cestriæ", stating that he divorced her because of her adultery and that the marriage was childless. Living apart from her second husband, he captured her at Pontorson in 1196 and imprisoned her at his castle at Beuvron. She was liberated in Summer 1198, and repudiated her marriage. She married thirdly (Oct 1199) as his first wife, Guy de Thouars. The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Constantia filia Conani" married thirdly "Guidoni de Thoarcio". The Annals of Burton record the death in 1201 of “Constantia mater Arthuri comitis Britanniæ”. m secondly (before 7 Oct 1200) as her second husband, CLEMENCE de Fougères, widow of ALAIN de Vitré Seigneur de Dinan, daughter of GUILLAUME de Fougères & his wife Agatha du Hommet (-1252 after 25 Dec). The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified. King John confirmed "manerio de Belinton" made by "Gaufr de Fulgeriis" to "R. com Cestr…in maritagio cum Clementia sorore sua" by charter dated 29 May 1204. The Annals of Burton record the death “post Natale Domini” in 1252 of “Clementia comitissa de Rependun relicta…Ranulfi quondam comitis Cestriæ”. A writ of certiorari dated 26 Jan "55 Hen III", was issued by "Ralph de Krumbewell and Margaret his wife, John le Straunge and Joan his wife, Walter de Suly and Mabel his wife, and Henry de Erdington and Maud his wife" concerning lands of "Clemence sometime countess of Chester…taken into the king´s hands upon her death by reason of the minority of the said Ralph her heir, lately deceased, of whom the said Margaret, Joan, Mabel and Maud claim to be heirs". Earl Ranulf & his [second] wife had one child:
i) [MARGUERITE (- or before). Marguerite is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln as the daughter of Ranulf Earl of Chester and his first wife Constance Dss of Brittany, although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified. Assuming that Marguerite was the daughter of Earl Ranulf, it is more probable that she was his daughter by his second wife as no record has been found of her claiming the succession to Brittany, despite what would have been her superior claim to her younger half-sister Alix. In addition, the Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that the second marriage of "Constantia filia Conani" and "Ranulphus Comes Cestriæ" was childless. The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. m as his first wife, GEOFFROY [I] Vicomte de Rohan, son of ALAIN [IV] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Mabile de Fougères (-15 Sep 1221).]
c) RICHARD (-before 1181). He is named in Domesday Descendants as the son of Earl Hugh.
d) MABEL (-after 1232). The Annales Londonienses record that "Ranulphus comes Cestriæ" had four sisters, of whom "secunda…Mabillia" married "comiti Arundelle". The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "comes Cestrie" gave land "in Calswah" in Lincolnshire to "comiti de Arundell in maritagium cum sorore sua". m WILLIAM d'Aubigny Earl of Sussex and Arundel, son of WILLIAM d'Aubigny Earl of Arundel and Sussex & his wife Matilda de Saint-Hilaire (-Cainell, near Rome before 30 Mar 1221, bur Wymondham Priory).
e) AGNES [Alice] (-2 Nov 1247). The Annales Londonienses record that "Ranulphus comes Cestriæ" had four sisters, of whom "tertia…Agnes" married "comiti de Ferrariis, id est Derby, Willelmo seniori". Lady of Chartley, Staffordshire, and Bugbrooke, Northamptonshire, following her brother's death in 1232. The Annals of Burton record the death “X Kal Oct” in 1247 of “Willelmus de Ferrariis…comes Derbeiæ” and “IV Non Nov” of “Agnes comitissa uxor eius”. m (1192) WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby, son of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his wife Sibyl de Briouse (-22 Sep 1247).
f) HAWISE ([1175/81]-[6 Jun 1241/3 Mar 1243]). The Annales Londonienses record that "Ranulphus comes Cestriæ" had four sisters, of whom "quarta…Hawisia" married "Roberto de Quenci". Ctss of Lincoln [Apr 1231/1232] on the resignation of her brother of this Earldom in her favour. m (before 1208) ROBERT de Quincy, son of SAHER de Quincy, later Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester ([1187/90]-London 1217).
Earl Hugh had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:
g) AMICIA . The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. m RALPH de Mesnilwarin [Mainwaring], Justice of Chester, son of ---.
Hugh de Kevelioc (1153-1181: Third Earl - revolted against the king)
Hugh of Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester was also known as Hugh le Meschin. He succeeded to the titles of Vicomte d'Avranches and Earl of Chester on 16 December 1153. He joined the revolt against King Henry II in 1173, was captured and deprived of his Earldom, but was then restored in January 1177. He died in 1181, leaving a young heir (Ranulf of Blundeville) aged 9.
- Parents: The 2nd Earl (Ranulf de Gernon) and Maud of Gloucester, daughter of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester (otherwise known as Robert de Caen, the illegitimate son of Henry I of England.
- Spouse: In 1169 Hugh married Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, daughter of Simon III de Montfort. She was the cousin of King Henry II, who gave her away in marriage.
1. Ranulf of Blundeville, (born 1172) who succeeded as the 4th Earl of Chester
2. Maud of Chester (1171-1233), married David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon as featured in Walter Scott's "The Talisman", and grandfather of Robert Bruce
3. Mabel of Chester, married William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel
4. Agnes of Chester (died November 2, 1247), married William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby
5. Hawise of Chester (1180-1242), married Robert II de Quincy
6. A daughter, (whose name is unknown), whom some say was briefly married to Llywelyn the Great of Wales. There is some controversy here see: Joan of Wales;
Hugh also had a (some claim illegitimate) daughter, Amice of Chester, (there is some some complicated history here) who married Ralph de Mainwaring (Justice of Chester). The Cholmondeleys of Cholmondeley "trace their ancestry to William Le Belward, Lord of a moiety of the Barony of Malpas, who married Tanglust, the natural daughter of Hugh Kevelioc" - it isn't clear which daughter is meant. A mandate from King Henry the Second to Hugh Earl of Chester and "M the Countess" enjoins them without delay to give to the Abbot and Monks of Gloucester the rents which Ranulph Earl of Chester gave them in the mills of Oldney and of Tadwell:
- H Rex Angt & Dux Norm & Aquil & Com Andeg H Com Cestf & M Comitisse sat pcipio qd sn diloe & juste faciatis hafee Abfei & Monachis de Gloec reddit q s Comes Ran eis dedit i molendinis de Oldneio & de Tadewella sic carta sua testaf Et displicet m qd hoc n fecistis sic pcepi p alia brevia mea Et n fecitis vie mei vt Justic faciat ne in clamore apli9 audia p penuria recti T Th Cane apd Wigorn
The original from which the above is transcribed is in good preservation with a fine impression of the Great Seal appended thereto a small part only having been broken off. Its date is certainly in the early part of King Henry's reign as is tested at Worcester by Thomas a Becket then Archdeacon of Canterbury the King's Chancellor. The date of the mandate is fixed somewhere between 1155 and 1163 - most probably sealed in the year 1158 when the King was at Worcester and there crowned. It is probable that the "M Comitissa" was Matilda the mother of the Earl who survived until 1189 and who might have had some interest in the Earl's lands in Oldney in right of her dower. If the Countess was not that Matilda but the wife of Hugh Earl of Chester it would supply evidence that Hugh Earl had a prior wife to Bertred - a point of considerable interest in reference to the well known controversy around the legitimacy of Amicia. The bastardy of Amicia was asserted by Sir Peter Leycester and her legitimacy maintained by Sir Thomas Mainwaring of Peover. Sir Peter Leycester denied that Earl Hugh had any other wife than Bertrade, mother of Ranulf of Blundeville and of the four daughters who became coheirs of their brother.
Hugh de Kevelioc, (1147 – June 30, 1181), was the 3rd Earl of the second creation of the Earldom (and so the fifth to hold the title). He is thought (by some) to have taken his name from Kevelioc in Monmouth as his birthplace. Cyfeiliog was a small territory (cantref) in medieval Wales. The river Dyfi intersected the northwestern corner of it and formed part of its western border. Machynlleth and Tarfolwern are nearby towns. Others think that he was born in, and took the name of, Cyfeiliog in Merionethshire or Meirionydd, Wales. Hugh's arms are: "Azure, six garbs, or, three, two, and one" - this is three golden bundles of corn (garbs) arranged in rows of three two and one on a blue (Azure) background.
History records the donation of lands at Ticknall:
- Chief amongst their benefactors was Maud widow of Ranulph de Gernon. Between 1149 and 1161 with the consent of her son, Hugh, 5th Earl of Chester, she gave them the advowson of St Wystan, Repton, and the working of the quarry there, on condition that so soon as opportunity offered Calke should transfer its endowments to a new priory to be set up at Repton, and itself become simply a cell of its daughter house. About 1162 Hugh confirmed gifts by his father of the wood between Sceggebroc and Aldreboc and Little Geilberga, a culture between Aldreboc and Sudmude [south wood], the little mill of Repton and four bovates of land of Ticknall. He also confirmed gifts by Nicholas the priest of two bovates in Ticknall and the chapel of smisby, by Geva Ridel of s measure of land in Tamworth, and other gifts by his father of lands in Repton and fishing near Chester. The identity of Nicholas the priest is not known but Geva Ridal was the only daughter of Hugh d'Avranches, first Earl of the country palatine of Chester. There was a number of other mid twelfth century gifts to the church of land and the rights in the neighbourhood and in Sutton Bonnington, which Hugh did not confirm.
Chester castle was temporarily in royal hands during the minority of Earl Hugh (1153–62). In 1157, Henry II received the homage of Malcolm IV, king of Scots, in Chester before invading north Wales. The "Chester Annals" record that in 1164 "justice was done on the Welsh hostages". In 1165 Henry II used Shrewsbury as his base but after the campaign visited Chester to meet the ships which he had ordered to harry Gwynedd. Shortly afterwards Chester appears to have been involved in a further attack, for in 1170 (or 1169) Hugh II was reported in the Chester Annals to have built a mound at Boughton out of the heads of Welshmen killed at the 'bridge of Baldert', possibly Balderton (in Dodleston), south of Chester.
- Hic natus Ranulphus III. filius Hugonis comes Cestrie. In hoc etiam anno interfecit Hugo comes Cestrie magnam multitudinem Walensium juxta pontem de Baldert de quorum capitibus factum unum de aggeribus apud Hospitalem infirmorum extra Cestriam.
- This year Randle III., son of Hugh, earl of Chester, was born. In this year also Hugh, earl of Chester, slew a great multitude of Welshmen, near the bridge of Baldert, of whose heads one of the mounds at the hospital for the sick outside Chester is formed.
Revolt against the king
In 1173, (aged 26) Hugh stuck with family tradition and joined the baronial Revolt of 1173-1174 against Henry II. A leading figure in this revolt was Henry II's heir "Henry the Young King". Henry fell out with his father in 1173. Contemporary chroniclers allege that it was due to the young man's frustration that his father had given him no realm to rule, and that he felt starved of funds. The rebellion seems however to have drawn strength from much deeper discontent with his father's rule, and a formidable party of English and Norman magnates joined him.
- ..many powerful and noble persons, as well in England as in foreign parts, either impelled by mere hatred, which until then they had dissembled, or solicited by promises of the vainest kind, began by degrees to desert the father for the son, and to make every preparation for the commencement of war. The earl of Leicester, for instance, the earl of Chester, Hugh Bigot, Ralph de Fougeres, and many others, formidable from the amount of their wealth and the strength of their fortresses.
The civil war (1173–74) came close to toppling the king, and he was narrowly saved by the loyalty of a party of English court aristocracy and the defeat and capture of the king of Scotland. Hugh had chosen the losing side and lost Chester Castle and the rest of his lands when captured and imprisoned. While shuttled about somewhat he was finally placed confinement at Caen after the Battle of Alnwick (1174) when William I of Scotland) was defeated.
The "Annales" records it as follows:
- mclxxiij Hic cepit Henricus tercius Rex Anglie filius Henrici Regis Anglie inquictare patrem suum juncto sibi Rege Francie cujus filiam acceperat in uxorem et comite Flandrensi et eorum auxiliis necnon et duobus comitibus Anglie, videlicet Hugone comite Cestrensi et Roberto comite Leicestrie. In hoc etiam anno captus est Hugo comes Cestrie apud Dol in Britanniam a Rege Henrico cum Radulpho de Feugis et aliis multis, et Robertus comes Lecestrie cum sua comitissa captus non longe a monasterio Sancti Edmundi et omnes Flandrenses qui cum eo venerant ut in Angliam guerram facerent sunt a comitibus Angliæ interempti vel vivi capti et retenti.
- 1173 At this time Henry III., king of England, son of Henry II., king of England, began to disquiet his father in concert with the king of France, whose daughter he had married, and the count of Flanders, and with their assistance, and that of two English earls, namely Hugh, earl of Chester, and Robert, earl of Leicester. In this year also Hugh, earl of Chester, was taken prisoner, at Dol in Brittany, by king Henry [II.] with Ralph de Feugeres and many others. And Robert, earl of Leicester, was taken prisoner with his countess not far from the monastery of S. Edmund, and all the Flemings who had accompanied him for the purpose of making war against England, were either killed by the English earls or captured alive and held prisoners.
The same events are recorded in the Chronicle Roger of Hoveden
- On the following day, the king of England, the father, left Verneuil, and took the castle of Damville, which belonged to Gilbert de Tilieres, and captured with it a great number of knights and men-at-arms. After this, the king came to Rouen, and thence dispatched his Brabanters, in whom he placed more confidence than the rest, into Brittany, against Hugh, earl of Chester, and Ralph de Fougeres, who had now gained possession of nearly the whole of it. When these troops approached, earl of Chester and Ralph de Fougeres went forth to meet them. In consequence of this, preparations were made for battle; the troops were drawn out in battle array, and everything put in readiness for the combat. Accordingly, the engagement having commenced, the enemies of the king of England were routed, and the men of Brittany were laid pros. bate and utterly defeated. The earl, however, and Ralph de Fougeres, with many of the most powerful men of Brittany, shut themselves up in the fort of Dol, which they had taken by stratagem; on which, the Brabanters besieged them on every side, on the thirteenth day before the calends of September, being the second day of the week. In this battle there were taken by the Brabanters seventeen knights remarkable for their valour … . Besides these, many others were captured, both horse and foot, and more than fifteen hundred of the Bretons were slain.
- Now, on the day after this capture and slaughter, "Rumor, than which nothing in speed more swift exists," reached the ears of the king of England, who, immediately setting out on his march towards Dol, arrived there on the fifth day of the week, and immediately ordered his stone-engines, and other engines of war, to be got in readiness. The earl of Chester, however, and those who were with him in the fort, being unable to defend it, surrendered it to the king, on the seventeenth day before the calends of September, being the Lord’s Day ; and, in like manner, the whole of Brittany, with all its fortresses, was restored to him, and its chief men were carried into captivity. In the fortress of Dol many knights and yeomen were taken prisoners … .
So captured at Dol, Hugh is now placed in prison in Falaise.
- There fell in this battle more than ten thousand Flemings, while all the rest were taken prisoners, and being thrown into prison in irons, were there starved to death. As for the earl of Leicester and his wife and Hugh des Chateaux, and the rest of the more wealthy men who were captured with them, they were sent into Normandy to the king the father; on which the king placed them in confinement at Falaise, and Hugh, earl of Chester, with them.
Hugh was brought over to England...
- Immediately on this, he embarked, and, on the following day, landed at Southampton, in England, on the eight day before the ides of July, being the second day of the week, bringing with him his wife, queen Eleanor, and queen Margaret, daughter of Louis, king of the Franks, and wife of his son Henry, with Robert, earl of Leicester, and Hugh, earl of Chester, whom he immediately placed in confinement.
...but later shipped back to France and placed in confinement, first at Caen, and afterwards at Falaise. Hugh is mentioned (as an exception) in the treaty which ended the 1173-1174 revolt.
- ..But, as to the prisoners who have made a composition with our lord the king before this treaty was made with our lord the king, namely, the king of Scotland, the earl of Leicester, the earl of Chester and Ralph de Fougeres, and their pledges, and the pledges of the other prisoners whom he had before that time, they are to be excepted out of this treaty.
However, he had his estates restored in 1177.
After his release from prison in 1177, Hugh may still have harboured ambitions to make Chester the centre of an independent principality. During Hugh's time stories arose that hermits living in the Hermitage (Anchorite Cell) had claimed to be Harold II of England and the German Emperor Henry V. In both cases this is most unlikely, but, in both cases, such claims would cast doubt on Angevin legitimacy:
- Harold II for obvious reasons - if he had lived then the Norman claim would be weakened as the succession passed through William's granddaughter Matilda,
- Henry V because his survival - (he was the first husband of William's grand-daughter Matilda) - would have bastardized the king, Henry II.
Hugh died 30 June 1181 (aged 34) at Leek, Staffordshire, England. There was another revolt around Henry the following year, but, on 11th June 1183, Henry the Young King died and that uprising, which had been built around the Prince, quickly collapsed and the remaining brothers returned to the their individual lands.
Sources - Kevilioc
- Paul Meyer, L'Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal (Paris: Société de l'histoire de France, 1891–1901), with partial translation of the original sources into Modern French. Edition and English translation, History of William Marshal, ed. A.J. Holden and D. Crouch, trans. S. Gregory (3 vols, Anglo-Norman Text Society, Occasional Publication Series, 4-6, 2002-2007).
- Sidney Painter, William Marshal, Knight-Errant, Baron, and Regent of England (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1933; reprint Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982).
- Georges Duby, William Marshal, the Flower of Chivalry (New York: Pantheon, 1985).
- David Crouch, William Marshal: Knighthood, War and Chivalry, 1147–1219 (2n edn, London: Longman, 2002). A healthy corrective to Duby's excessive reliance on the Histoire.
- John Gillingham, 'War and Chivalry in the History of William the Marshal' in Thirteenth Century England II ed. P.R. Cross and S.D. Lloyd (Woodbridge, 1988) 1–13
- Larry D. Benson, 'The Tournament in the romances of Chrétien de Troyes and L'Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal' in Studies in Medieval Culture XIV 1980 1–24
- more on the Marshals
- Sidney Painter, "The House of Quency, 1136-1264", Medievalia et Humanistica, 11 (1957) 3-9; reprinted in his book Feudalism and Liberty
- Grant G. Simpson, “An Anglo-Scottish Baron of the Thirteenth century: the Acts of Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester and Constable of Scotland” (Unpublished PhD Thesis, Edinburgh 1963).
- Charles Crane's website
- Robert Bartlett, England Under The Norman and Angevin Kings 1075-1225 (2000)
- Richard Barber, The Devil's Crown: A History of Henry II and His Sons (Conshohocken, PA, 1996)
- J. Boussard, Le government d'Henry II Plantagênêt (Paris, 1956)
- John D. Hosler Henry II: A Medieval Soldier at War, 1147–1189 (History of Warfare; 44). Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2007 (hardcover, ISBN 90-04-15724-7).
- W.L. Warren, Henry II (London, 1973)
- John Harvey, "The Plantagenets"
Hugh de Kevelioc, Earl of Chester (1147 – 30 June 1181) was the son of Ranulf de Gernon and Maud of Gloucester, daughter of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester (otherwise known as Robert de Caen, the illegitimate son of Henry I of England, making her Henry's granddaughter).
He is thought by some to have taken his name from Kevelioc in Monmouth as his birthplace, but others think that instead he was born in, and took the name of, the cwmwd of Cyfeiliog (in modern Powys) in the southern part of the Kingdom of Powys, Wales.
He was underage when his father's death in 1153 made him heir to his family's estates on both sides of the channel. He joined the baronial Revolt of 1173-1174 against King Henry II of England, and was influential in convincing the Bretons to revolt. After being captured and imprisoned after the Battle of Alnwick, he finally got his estates restored in 1177, and served in King Henry's Irish campaigns.
In 1169 he married Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, daughter of Simon III de Montfort. She was the cousin of King Henry, who gave her away in marriage.
Their children were:
1. Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester
2. Maud of Chester (1171-1233), married David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon
3. Mabel of Chester, married William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel
4. Agnes of Chester (died 2 November 1247), married William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby
5. Hawise of Chester (1180-1242), married Robert II de Quincy
6. A daughter, name unknown, who was briefly married to Llywelyn Fawr
He also had an illegitimate daughter, Amice of Chester, who married Ralph de Mainwaring.
Hugh of Kevelioc died 30 June 1181 at Leek, Staffordshire, England.
- Chronicle of the Abbey of St. Werburg at Chester (Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society)
- Chester, 3rd Earl, Hugh de Kevelioc, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 193. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.
[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 167. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
[S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 170. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.
[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 236.
[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 784. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 169.
-------------------- Hugh "Le Meschin", Earl of Chester
Hugh II de Kevelioc 5th Earl The 5th earl was Ranulf’s son Hugh II de Kevelioc who was born in Wales. His father's northern lands were given to King David of Scotland, known as the Earldom of Huntingdon. Scotland had been divided into two and ruled by David and his brother William. William died in 1124 without issue so David succeeded to the whole of Scotland. He had received a Norman education and Anglo-Saxon culture influenced him. He granted lands to Anglo-Saxon friends and later to Anglo-Normans. David became Earl of Nottingham and Huntingdon through marriage to Maud the daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc. Their son John was to become the 7th and last Earl of Chester. Hugh II held lands in England and Normandy, where he spent most of his time overseeing his lordships of Avranches and Bayeux. In 1169 he married Beatrice de Montford daughter of Simon III de Montford and cousin to Henry II who gave her away in marriage. Her father later became the leader in the baronial revolt against Henry II in 1173/4. Hughe's son Ranulf III de Blunderville later became the 6th earl.
His daughters made good marriages with important leaders of the 12th century. Maud married David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon Mabel married William de Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel Agnes married William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby Hawise, Countess of Lincoln, married Robert II de Quincy Another daughter married a Welsh prince and an illegitimate daughter Amice married Ralph de Mainwaring. Hugh II was aware of the problems between Henry and Thomas Becket in 1170. Hugh died in 1181 at Leek in Staffordshire and was buried in St. Werburgh Abbey.
Individual Ancestors Descendants Relationship Timeline GEDCOM Suggest Personal Information | Sources | All | PDF
Suffix Earl of Chester Nickname Le Meschin Born of, , Cheshire, England Gender Male Name AKA Hugh Cyfeiliog  Name AKA Hugh of Kevelioc _UID 8DE00ACD010811DA9E6E0060089E3769EA40 Died of, Cyfeiliog commote, Montgomeryshire, Wales Notes TITLES: Count Palatine of Chester. (Lloyd, History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, vol. 5 p. 413) Person ID I173455 Wales. Welsh Medieval Database Primarily of Nobility and Gentry. Last Modified 19 Jun 2010
1. Maud of Chester, Countess of Huntingdon, of, , Cheshire, England , d. Yes, date unknown
Last Modified 16 Sep 2004 Family ID F93222 Group Sheet
Sources [S1800] #771 The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fodog and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen and Meirionydd (1881-1887), Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, (6 volumes. London: T. Richards, 1881-1887), FHL book 942.9 D2L; FHL microfilms 990,213-990,214., vol. 3 p. 92; vol. 5 p. 413.
Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester's Timeline
Kevelioc (Cyfeiliog), Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales
Kevelioc, Merionethshire, Wales
Of, Montfort, Normandy, France
Kevelioc, Monmouthshire, Wales
Chester, Cheshire, England
Chester, Cheshire, England, (Present UK)
Oswestry, Powis, Wales
Tutbury Castle, Tutbury, Staffordshire / Chester, Cheshire, England
Chester, Cheshire, England
June 30, 1181
Leek, Staffordshire, England