Hugh de Meschines de Kevelioc (de Cyfeiliog), 5th Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches (c.1147 - 1181) MP

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Nicknames: "Viscount d'Avranche", "Hugh Earl of Chester", "Hugh de Kevelioc", "Kevlioc", "Hugh de Meschines", "Hugh of /Chester/", "Hugh /de Meschine/", "Kevelioc//", "aka Hugh de Meschines", "Hugh /de Kevelioc/", "Sixth Earl of Chester", "Viscount of Avranches", "3rd Earl of Chester"
Birthplace: Kevelioc (Cyfeiliog), Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales
Death: Died in Leek, Staffordshire, England
Occupation: 5th Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches [Normandie], Earl of Chester, aka Hugh of Kevilloc, FIFTH EARL OF CHESTER, 3rd Earl of Chester, Earl of Chester/Viscount (D'Avra) Avranches, E. Chester, Succeeded as 3rd Earl of Chester 16.12.1153
Managed by: Terry Jackson (Switzer)
Last Updated:

About Hugh de Meschines de Kevelioc (de Cyfeiliog), 5th Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches

From Chesterwiki: http://www.chesterwiki.com/Hugh_of_Cyfeiliog

Hugh de Kevelioc (1153-1181: Third Earl - revolted against the king)

Summary

Hugh of Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester was also known as Hugh le Meschin. He succeeded to the titles of Vicomte d'Avranches and Earl of Chester on 16 December 1153. He joined the revolt against King Henry II in 1173, was captured and deprived of his Earldom, but was then restored in January 1177. He died in 1181, leaving a young heir (Ranulf of Blundeville) aged 9.

  • Parents: The 2nd Earl (Ranulf de Gernon) and Maud of Gloucester, daughter of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester (otherwise known as Robert de Caen, the illegitimate son of Henry I of England.
  • Spouse: In 1169 Hugh married Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, daughter of Simon III de Montfort. She was the cousin of King Henry II, who gave her away in marriage.
  • Children:

1. Ranulf of Blundeville, (born 1172) who succeeded as the 4th Earl of Chester

2. Maud of Chester (1171-1233), married David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon as featured in Walter Scott's "The Talisman", and grandfather of Robert Bruce

3. Mabel of Chester, married William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel

4. Agnes of Chester (died November 2, 1247), married William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby

5. Hawise of Chester (1180-1242), married Robert II de Quincy

6. A daughter, (whose name is unknown), whom some say was briefly married to Llywelyn the Great of Wales. There is some controversy here see: Joan of Wales;

Hugh also had a (some claim illegitimate) daughter, Amice of Chester, (there is some some complicated history here) who married Ralph de Mainwaring (Justice of Chester). The Cholmondeleys of Cholmondeley "trace their ancestry to William Le Belward, Lord of a moiety of the Barony of Malpas, who married Tanglust, the natural daughter of Hugh Kevelioc" - it isn't clear which daughter is meant. A mandate from King Henry the Second to Hugh Earl of Chester and "M the Countess" enjoins them without delay to give to the Abbot and Monks of Gloucester the rents which Ranulph Earl of Chester gave them in the mills of Oldney and of Tadwell:

  • H Rex Angt & Dux Norm & Aquil & Com Andeg H Com Cestf & M Comitisse sat pcipio qd sn diloe & juste faciatis hafee Abfei & Monachis de Gloec reddit q s Comes Ran eis dedit i molendinis de Oldneio & de Tadewella sic carta sua testaf Et displicet m qd hoc n fecistis sic pcepi p alia brevia mea Et n fecitis vie mei vt Justic faciat ne in clamore apli9 audia p penuria recti T Th Cane apd Wigorn

The original from which the above is transcribed is in good preservation with a fine impression of the Great Seal appended thereto a small part only having been broken off. Its date is certainly in the early part of King Henry's reign as is tested at Worcester by Thomas a Becket then Archdeacon of Canterbury the King's Chancellor. The date of the mandate is fixed somewhere between 1155 and 1163 - most probably sealed in the year 1158 when the King was at Worcester and there crowned. It is probable that the "M Comitissa" was Matilda the mother of the Earl who survived until 1189 and who might have had some interest in the Earl's lands in Oldney in right of her dower. If the Countess was not that Matilda but the wife of Hugh Earl of Chester it would supply evidence that Hugh Earl had a prior wife to Bertred - a point of considerable interest in reference to the well known controversy around the legitimacy of Amicia. The bastardy of Amicia was asserted by Sir Peter Leycester and her legitimacy maintained by Sir Thomas Mainwaring of Peover. Sir Peter Leycester denied that Earl Hugh had any other wife than Bertrade, mother of Ranulf of Blundeville and of the four daughters who became coheirs of their brother.

Hugh de Kevelioc, (1147 – June 30, 1181), was the 3rd Earl of the second creation of the Earldom (and so the fifth to hold the title). He is thought (by some) to have taken his name from Kevelioc in Monmouth as his birthplace. Cyfeiliog was a small territory (cantref) in medieval Wales. The river Dyfi intersected the northwestern corner of it and formed part of its western border. Machynlleth and Tarfolwern are nearby towns. Others think that he was born in, and took the name of, Cyfeiliog in Merionethshire or Meirionydd, Wales. Hugh's arms are: "Azure, six garbs, or, three, two, and one" - this is three golden bundles of corn (garbs) arranged in rows of three two and one on a blue (Azure) background.

History records the donation of lands at Ticknall:

  • Chief amongst their benefactors was Maud widow of Ranulph de Gernon. Between 1149 and 1161 with the consent of her son, Hugh, 5th Earl of Chester, she gave them the advowson of St Wystan, Repton, and the working of the quarry there, on condition that so soon as opportunity offered Calke should transfer its endowments to a new priory to be set up at Repton, and itself become simply a cell of its daughter house. About 1162 Hugh confirmed gifts by his father of the wood between Sceggebroc and Aldreboc and Little Geilberga, a culture between Aldreboc and Sudmude [south wood], the little mill of Repton and four bovates of land of Ticknall. He also confirmed gifts by Nicholas the priest of two bovates in Ticknall and the chapel of smisby, by Geva Ridel of s measure of land in Tamworth, and other gifts by his father of lands in Repton and fishing near Chester. The identity of Nicholas the priest is not known but Geva Ridal was the only daughter of Hugh d'Avranches, first Earl of the country palatine of Chester. There was a number of other mid twelfth century gifts to the church of land and the rights in the neighbourhood and in Sutton Bonnington, which Hugh did not confirm.

Chester castle was temporarily in royal hands during the minority of Earl Hugh (1153–62). In 1157, Henry II received the homage of Malcolm IV, king of Scots, in Chester before invading north Wales. The "Chester Annals" record that in 1164 "justice was done on the Welsh hostages". In 1165 Henry II used Shrewsbury as his base but after the campaign visited Chester to meet the ships which he had ordered to harry Gwynedd. Shortly afterwards Chester appears to have been involved in a further attack, for in 1170 (or 1169) Hugh II was reported in the Chester Annals to have built a mound at Boughton out of the heads of Welshmen killed at the 'bridge of Baldert', possibly Balderton (in Dodleston), south of Chester.

  • Hic natus Ranulphus III. filius Hugonis comes Cestrie. In hoc etiam anno interfecit Hugo comes Cestrie magnam multitudinem Walensium juxta pontem de Baldert de quorum capitibus factum unum de aggeribus apud Hospitalem infirmorum extra Cestriam.
  • This year Randle III., son of Hugh, earl of Chester, was born. In this year also Hugh, earl of Chester, slew a great multitude of Welshmen, near the bridge of Baldert, of whose heads one of the mounds at the hospital for the sick outside Chester is formed.

Revolt against the king

In 1173, (aged 26) Hugh stuck with family tradition and joined the baronial Revolt of 1173-1174 against Henry II. A leading figure in this revolt was Henry II's heir "Henry the Young King". Henry fell out with his father in 1173. Contemporary chroniclers allege that it was due to the young man's frustration that his father had given him no realm to rule, and that he felt starved of funds. The rebellion seems however to have drawn strength from much deeper discontent with his father's rule, and a formidable party of English and Norman magnates joined him.

  • ..many powerful and noble persons, as well in England as in foreign parts, either impelled by mere hatred, which until then they had dissembled, or solicited by promises of the vainest kind, began by degrees to desert the father for the son, and to make every preparation for the commencement of war. The earl of Leicester, for instance, the earl of Chester, Hugh Bigot, Ralph de Fougeres, and many others, formidable from the amount of their wealth and the strength of their fortresses.

The civil war (1173–74) came close to toppling the king, and he was narrowly saved by the loyalty of a party of English court aristocracy and the defeat and capture of the king of Scotland. Hugh had chosen the losing side and lost Chester Castle and the rest of his lands when captured and imprisoned. While shuttled about somewhat he was finally placed confinement at Caen after the Battle of Alnwick (1174) when William I of Scotland) was defeated.

The "Annales" records it as follows:

  • mclxxiij Hic cepit Henricus tercius Rex Anglie filius Henrici Regis Anglie inquictare patrem suum juncto sibi Rege Francie cujus filiam acceperat in uxorem et comite Flandrensi et eorum auxiliis necnon et duobus comitibus Anglie, videlicet Hugone comite Cestrensi et Roberto comite Leicestrie. In hoc etiam anno captus est Hugo comes Cestrie apud Dol in Britanniam a Rege Henrico cum Radulpho de Feugis et aliis multis, et Robertus comes Lecestrie cum sua comitissa captus non longe a monasterio Sancti Edmundi et omnes Flandrenses qui cum eo venerant ut in Angliam guerram facerent sunt a comitibus Angliæ interempti vel vivi capti et retenti.
  • 1173 At this time Henry III., king of England, son of Henry II., king of England, began to disquiet his father in concert with the king of France, whose daughter he had married, and the count of Flanders, and with their assistance, and that of two English earls, namely Hugh, earl of Chester, and Robert, earl of Leicester. In this year also Hugh, earl of Chester, was taken prisoner, at Dol in Brittany, by king Henry [II.] with Ralph de Feugeres and many others. And Robert, earl of Leicester, was taken prisoner with his countess not far from the monastery of S. Edmund, and all the Flemings who had accompanied him for the purpose of making war against England, were either killed by the English earls or captured alive and held prisoners.

The same events are recorded in the Chronicle Roger of Hoveden

  • On the following day, the king of England, the father, left Verneuil, and took the castle of Damville, which belonged to Gilbert de Tilieres, and captured with it a great number of knights and men-at-arms. After this, the king came to Rouen, and thence dispatched his Brabanters, in whom he placed more confidence than the rest, into Brittany, against Hugh, earl of Chester, and Ralph de Fougeres, who had now gained possession of nearly the whole of it. When these troops approached, earl of Chester and Ralph de Fougeres went forth to meet them. In consequence of this, preparations were made for battle; the troops were drawn out in battle array, and everything put in readiness for the combat. Accordingly, the engagement having commenced, the enemies of the king of England were routed, and the men of Brittany were laid pros. bate and utterly defeated. The earl, however, and Ralph de Fougeres, with many of the most powerful men of Brittany, shut themselves up in the fort of Dol, which they had taken by stratagem; on which, the Brabanters besieged them on every side, on the thirteenth day before the calends of September, being the second day of the week. In this battle there were taken by the Brabanters seventeen knights remarkable for their valour … . Besides these, many others were captured, both horse and foot, and more than fifteen hundred of the Bretons were slain.
  • Now, on the day after this capture and slaughter, "Rumor, than which nothing in speed more swift exists," reached the ears of the king of England, who, immediately setting out on his march towards Dol, arrived there on the fifth day of the week, and immediately ordered his stone-engines, and other engines of war, to be got in readiness. The earl of Chester, however, and those who were with him in the fort, being unable to defend it, surrendered it to the king, on the seventeenth day before the calends of September, being the Lord’s Day ; and, in like manner, the whole of Brittany, with all its fortresses, was restored to him, and its chief men were carried into captivity. In the fortress of Dol many knights and yeomen were taken prisoners … .

So captured at Dol, Hugh is now placed in prison in Falaise.

  • There fell in this battle more than ten thousand Flemings, while all the rest were taken prisoners, and being thrown into prison in irons, were there starved to death. As for the earl of Leicester and his wife and Hugh des Chateaux, and the rest of the more wealthy men who were captured with them, they were sent into Normandy to the king the father; on which the king placed them in confinement at Falaise, and Hugh, earl of Chester, with them.

Hugh was brought over to England...

  • Immediately on this, he embarked, and, on the following day, landed at Southampton, in England, on the eight day before the ides of July, being the second day of the week, bringing with him his wife, queen Eleanor, and queen Margaret, daughter of Louis, king of the Franks, and wife of his son Henry, with Robert, earl of Leicester, and Hugh, earl of Chester, whom he immediately placed in confinement.

...but later shipped back to France and placed in confinement, first at Caen, and afterwards at Falaise. Hugh is mentioned (as an exception) in the treaty which ended the 1173-1174 revolt.

  • ..But, as to the prisoners who have made a composition with our lord the king before this treaty was made with our lord the king, namely, the king of Scotland, the earl of Leicester, the earl of Chester and Ralph de Fougeres, and their pledges, and the pledges of the other prisoners whom he had before that time, they are to be excepted out of this treaty.

However, he had his estates restored in 1177.

Propaganda

After his release from prison in 1177, Hugh may still have harboured ambitions to make Chester the centre of an independent principality. During Hugh's time stories arose that hermits living in the Hermitage (Anchorite Cell) had claimed to be Harold II of England and the German Emperor Henry V. In both cases this is most unlikely, but, in both cases, such claims would cast doubt on Angevin legitimacy:

  • Harold II for obvious reasons - if he had lived then the Norman claim would be weakened as the succession passed through William's granddaughter Matilda,
  • Henry V because his survival - (he was the first husband of William's grand-daughter Matilda) - would have bastardized the king, Henry II.

Hugh died 30 June 1181 (aged 34) at Leek, Staffordshire, England. There was another revolt around Henry the following year, but, on 11th June 1183, Henry the Young King died and that uprising, which had been built around the Prince, quickly collapsed and the remaining brothers returned to the their individual lands.

Sources - Kevilioc

  • Paul Meyer, L'Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal (Paris: Société de l'histoire de France, 1891–1901), with partial translation of the original sources into Modern French. Edition and English translation, History of William Marshal, ed. A.J. Holden and D. Crouch, trans. S. Gregory (3 vols, Anglo-Norman Text Society, Occasional Publication Series, 4-6, 2002-2007).
  • Sidney Painter, William Marshal, Knight-Errant, Baron, and Regent of England (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1933; reprint Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982).
  • Georges Duby, William Marshal, the Flower of Chivalry (New York: Pantheon, 1985).
  • David Crouch, William Marshal: Knighthood, War and Chivalry, 1147–1219 (2n edn, London: Longman, 2002). A healthy corrective to Duby's excessive reliance on the Histoire.
  • John Gillingham, 'War and Chivalry in the History of William the Marshal' in Thirteenth Century England II ed. P.R. Cross and S.D. Lloyd (Woodbridge, 1988) 1–13
  • Larry D. Benson, 'The Tournament in the romances of Chrétien de Troyes and L'Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal' in Studies in Medieval Culture XIV 1980 1–24
  • more on the Marshals
  • Sidney Painter, "The House of Quency, 1136-1264", Medievalia et Humanistica, 11 (1957) 3-9; reprinted in his book Feudalism and Liberty
  • Grant G. Simpson, “An Anglo-Scottish Baron of the Thirteenth century: the Acts of Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester and Constable of Scotland” (Unpublished PhD Thesis, Edinburgh 1963).
  • Charles Crane's website
  • Robert Bartlett, England Under The Norman and Angevin Kings 1075-1225 (2000)
  • Richard Barber, The Devil's Crown: A History of Henry II and His Sons (Conshohocken, PA, 1996)
  • J. Boussard, Le government d'Henry II Plantagênêt (Paris, 1956)
  • John D. Hosler Henry II: A Medieval Soldier at War, 1147–1189 (History of Warfare; 44). Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2007 (hardcover, ISBN 90-04-15724-7).
  • W.L. Warren, Henry II (London, 1973)
  • John Harvey, "The Plantagenets"

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_de_Kevelioc,_5th_Earl_of_Chester

Hugh de Kevelioc, Earl of Chester (1147 – 30 June 1181) was the son of Ranulf de Gernon and Maud of Gloucester, daughter of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester (otherwise known as Robert de Caen, the illegitimate son of Henry I of England, making her Henry's granddaughter).

He is thought by some to have taken his name from Kevelioc in Monmouth as his birthplace, but others think that instead he was born in, and took the name of, the cwmwd of Cyfeiliog (in modern Powys) in the southern part of the Kingdom of Powys, Wales.

He was underage when his father's death in 1153 made him heir to his family's estates on both sides of the channel. He joined the baronial Revolt of 1173-1174 against King Henry II of England, and was influential in convincing the Bretons to revolt. After being captured and imprisoned after the Battle of Alnwick, he finally got his estates restored in 1177, and served in King Henry's Irish campaigns.

In 1169 he married Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, daughter of Simon III de Montfort. She was the cousin of King Henry, who gave her away in marriage.

Their children were:

1. Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester

2. Maud of Chester (1171-1233), married David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon

3. Mabel of Chester, married William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel

4. Agnes of Chester (died 2 November 1247), married William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby

5. Hawise of Chester (1180-1242), married Robert II de Quincy

6. A daughter, name unknown, who was briefly married to Llywelyn Fawr

He also had an illegitimate daughter, Amice of Chester, who married Ralph de Mainwaring.

Hugh of Kevelioc died 30 June 1181 at Leek, Staffordshire, England.

Sources

  • Chronicle of the Abbey of St. Werburg at Chester (Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society)
  • Chester, 3rd Earl, Hugh de Kevelioc, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

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Hugh of Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester1,2

M, #116473, b. circa 1147, d. 30 June 1181

Hugh of Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester|b. c 1147\nd. 30 Jun 1181|p11648.htm#i116473|Ranulph de Gernon, 2nd Earl of Chester|b. b 1100\nd. 16 Dec 1153|p407.htm#i4069|Maud FitzRobert|d. 29 Jul 1189|p10472.htm#i104718|Ranulph le Meschin, 1st Earl of Chester|b. c 1070\nd. 17 Jan 1128/29|p4895.htm#i48941|Lucy (?)||p15842.htm#i158412|Robert d. M. de Caen, 1st Earl of Gloucester|b. c 1090\nd. 31 Oct 1147|p10204.htm#i102035|Mabel FitzHamon|b. c 1085\nd. 1157|p10472.htm#i104713|

Last Edited=12 Mar 2007

Consanguinity Index=0.2%

Hugh of Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester was born circa 1147 at Kevelioc, Merionethshire, Wales.2 He was the son of Ranulph de Gernon, 2nd Earl of Chester and Maud FitzRobert.2 He married Bertrada de Montfort, daughter of Simon de Montfort, Comte d'Evreux and Maud (?), in 1169.2 He died on 30 June 1181 at Leek, Staffordshire, England.2,3 He was buried at St. Werburg's, Chester, Cheshire, England.3

Hugh of Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester was also known as Hugh le Meschin.4 He succeeded to the title of Vicomte d'Avranches [Normandy] on 16 December 1153.2 He succeeded to the title of 3rd Earl of Chester [E., 1071] on 16 December 1153.2 He fought in the Battle of Alnwick on 13 July 1174, where he was taken prisoner by King Henry II.2 He was deprived of his Earldom, but was then restored in January 1177.2

Child of Hugh of Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester

unknown daughter of Chester+ 5

Children of Hugh of Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester and Bertrada de Montfort

Hawise of Chester, Countess of Lincoln+ d. c 12426

Matilda of Chester+ b. 1171, d. 6 Jan 12336

Mabel of Chester+ b. a 11714

Ranulf de Blundeville, 4th Earl of Chester b. c 1172, d. c 27 Oct 12322

Alice of Chester+ b. c 1174, d. 2 Nov 12476

Citations

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 193. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 167. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 170. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 236.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 784. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 169.

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Hugh of Kevelioc de Meschines was born in 1147 in Kevelioc, Merionethshire, Wales.

His father, Ranulph de Meschines (surnamed de Gernons, from being born in Gernon Castle, in Normandy), Viscount Bayeaux, was a leading military character. In 1139, King Stephen made Henry the son of King David of Scotland Earl of Northumberland and gave him Carlisle and Cumberland. This so incensed Ranulph that he took up arms against King Stephen along with the Empress Maud, and the young Prince Henry

In alliance with his father-in-law Robert, Earl of Gloucester, the king was defeated made prisoner at the battle of Lincoln on Candlemas day 1141. They committed him to the castle of Bristol where he remained until 1143.

Ranulph subsequently however changed sides and fought with the King. This rebounded on him and finally, distrusted by all, he died under excommunication on 16 Dec 1153. It is suspected that he was poisoned by William Peverell, Lord of Nottingham, who, in turn is said to have turned monk in order to avoid punishment. His body was interred at St Werburgh Abbey in Chester (now Chester Cathedral)

In 1141, the earl married Maude, daughter of Robert, surnamed the Consul, Earl of Gloucester, natural son of King Henry I. They had three children : Hugh , Richard and Beatrix. Maude survived him and died on 29 July 1189

Hugh Kevelioc de Meschines, Earl of Chester, was surnamed from the place of his birth. He joined in the rebellion of the Earl of Leicester and the King of Scots, against King Henry II, and in support of that monarch's son, Prince Henry's pretensions to the crown. He was taken prisoner, with the Earl of Leicester, at Alnwick, but obtained his freedom soon afterwards upon the king's reconciliation with the young prince.

Again, however, hoisting the banner of revolt, both in England and in Normandy, with as little success. he was again seized, and then detained a prisoner for some years. He eventually, however, obtained his liberty and restoration of his lands, when public tranquillity became completely re-established some time about the 23rd year of the king's reign.

Hugh married Bertred of Evereux, daughter of Simon, Earl of Evereux, in Normandy. They had the following children :

   * Ranulph (Randle) Keveliok, his successor. He died without issue and his inheritance was shared between his sisters
   * Maud Keveliok, who married David, Earl of Huntingdon, brother of William, King of Scotland. He took the title for her issue and held title to her brother’s lands in North Wales.
   * My wife Margaret’s ancestor, Mabel Keveliok, who married William de Albini, Earl of Arundel. Hugh de Albany, Earl of Arundel, son of Mabel and William, inherited from his late uncle, Ranulph, Coventry, as his chief seat, with the manors of Campden, in Gloucestershire; Diney, in Buckinghamshire; and Leeds, in Yorkshire. Mabel inherited the manor of Barow in Leicestershire from her brother
   * My ancestor, Agnes Keveliok, Countess of Derby, married William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby. She and her husband had the castle and manor of Chartley, in Staffordshire, and inherited from her late brother all the lands which lay between the rivers Ribble and Merse, together with a manor in Northamptonshire, and another in Lincolnshire. She also inherited the county of Powys
   * Hawise Keveliok, who married Robert de Quincy, son of Saier de Quincy, Earl of Winchester. She and her husband had the castle and manor of Bolingbroke, co. Lincoln, and other large estates in that shire. Their relative Margaret de Quincy subsequently married William Ferrers in 1258. I am also descended from them. Hawise subsequently gave the Earldom of Lincoln to John Lacy

The Earl had another daughter, Amicia, whose legitimacy is questioned. She married Ralph de Mesnilwarin, justice of Chester, "a person," says Dugdale, "of very ancient family," from which union the Mainwarings, of Over Peover, in the co. Chester, derive. Dugdale considers Amicia to be a dau. of the earl by a former wife. But Sir Peter Leicester, in his Antiquities of Chester, totally denies her legitimacy. "I cannot but mislike," says he, "the boldness and ignorance of that herald who gave to Mainwaring (late of Peover), the elder, the quartering of the Earl of Chester's arms; for if he ought of right to quarter that coat, then must the be descended from a co-heir to the Earl of Chester; but he was not; for the co-heirs of Earl Hugh married four of the greatest peers in the kingdom." My wife is also descended from Amicia via another line.

Hugh died at Leeke, in Staffordshire, in 1181.

St. Mary's Nunnery :

The earliest charter connected with the nunnery we know of dates from about the year 1150, though it is known the nuns were in Chester before that date, possibly at another site. It says:

"Randulph, Earl of Chester, etc., grants to God and St. Mary and the nuns of Chester, those crofts which Hugh, son of Oliver, held of the demesne of the grantor, with the goodwill of the said Hugh, who has quit-claimed them before grantor and his Countess, etc., towards the building there of a church in honour of God and Saint Mary, for the remission of grantor's sins, etc., and for the founding of their building. Witnesses: John and Roger, chaplains, Matilda the Countess, Hugh the Earl's son, Fulk de Brichsard, Ralph Mansell, Richard the butler; at Chester."

The walls of Chester at Newgate In 1069, Chester was the last remaining great town in England to fall to the Conqueror's sword during the final stages of the Harrying of the North in 1069-70, fully three years after the Battle of Hastings. Numerous rumours had long been circulating about the difficult roads, the position of the city (surrounded as it was by marshes and great forests), of its numerous inhabitants- and of their obstinate courage: "Locorum asperitatum et hostium terribilem ferocitatem". Many of William's nobles, worn out by the struggles in the North, and alarmed at these rumours, demanded their discharge. Some actually retired to Normandy, abandoning the lands with which they had already been rewarded; but the persuasive powers of Duke William prevailed- he promised them great rewards, and, as the conquest of Chester was the last of his projects, they would find rest after their victory. As it turned out, as the Norman army drew near, the city (whose citizens had doubtless heard equally terrifying rumours regarding the approaching foe) surrendered without opposition. William granted the Earldom of Chester first to Walter de Gherbaud- who, however soon returned to Normandy- and then to his nephew, Hugh of Avranches- know as 'Lupus' (the wolf) and, in later life, 'Hugh the Fat'- "To hold to him and his heirs as freely by the sword as the King holds the Crown of England". The Earldom became very powerful and virtually independent of the Crown, the Earl having his own Parliament consisting of eight of his chosen Barons and their tenants, and they were in no way bound by any laws passed by the English Parliament with the exception of treason. The Castle was rebuilt and greatly enlarged and strengthened (becoming the 'caput' of the Earldom)- as were the City Walls.

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Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester1,2

b. 1147, d. 1181

Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester|b. 1147

d. 1181|p376.htm#i6940|Ranulph de Gernon, 5th Earl of Chester|b. b 1100

d. 16 Dec 1153|p369.htm#i6795|Maud of Gloucester|b. c 1124

d. 29 Jul 1189|p378.htm#i6796|Ranulph "le Meschin", 4th Earl of Chester|b. c 1068

d. c 1129|p362.htm#i14644|Lucy "the Countess" of Lincoln|b. c 1066|p62.htm#i14645|Robert f. R. de Caen, 1st Earl of Gloucester|b. c 1090

d. 31 Oct 1147|p367.htm#i6831|Mabel FitzHamon|b. c 1094

d. 1157|p370.htm#i6832|

Father Ranulph de Gernon, 5th Earl of Chester3,2 b. before 1100, d. 16 December 1153

Mother Maud of Gloucester3 b. circa 1124, d. 29 July 1189

    Arms: Azure, six garbs, or, three, two, and one.4 Burke's Dormant (correctly) says Hugh married "Bertred, dau. of Simon, Earl of Evereux, in Normandy."3,5 Harleian Visitation (wrongly) says Hugh married "Beatrix daughter to Richard Lord Lucy Justice of England."2,5 Also called de Meschines. Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester was a witness where Countess of Huntindon Maud de Meschines daughter and in her issue co-heir of Hugh de Kevilioc, Earl of Chester.6 Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester was the successor of Ranulph de Gernon, 5th Earl of Chester; Viscount of Avranches.7 Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester was the successor of Ranulph de Gernon, 5th Earl of Chester; 5th Earl of Chester.7 Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester was born in 1147 at Kevelioc, Merionethshire, Wales.3,8 He was the son of Ranulph de Gernon, 5th Earl of Chester and Maud of Gloucester.3,2 Viscount of Avranches at Normandy, France, between 1153 and 1181.8 6th Earl of Chester at England between 1153 and 1181.8 Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester associated with N. N. (?) circa 1167; 1st or mistress?3 Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester married Bertrade de Montfort, daughter of Simon III de Montfort, comte de Évreux and Maud, in 1169 at Montfort, Normandy, France.3,8 The Great Rebellion: Henry II versus his heir, Henry "the Young King", his two older brothers, the Earl of Leicester, the King of Scots, the King of France, and the Count of Flanders. In 1172/73 at 19 Henry II.9,3 Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester joined in the rebellion of the Earl of Leicester and the King of Scots against King Henry II, and in support of the monarch's son, Prince Henry, and taken prisoner, along with the Earl, at Alnwick in 1172/73 at 19 Henry II, Northumberland, England.3,8 He was taken prisoner at Alnwick on 13 July 1174.8 He was deprived of his earldom between July 1174 and January 1177.8 He was rebelled against the king yet again, and was again pardoned and restored to his lands in 1176/77 at 23 Henry II.3 He was restored to his earldom in January 1177.8 He died in 1181 at midsummer, Leek, Staffordshire, England, at age 34 years.10,11 He was the predecessor of Ranulph de Blundevil, 7th Earl of Chester; Viscount of Avranches.8 Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester was the predecessor of Ranulph de Blundevil, 7th Earl of Chester; 7th Earl of Chester.12

Family 1

N. N. (?) b. circa 1147

Child

   * Amicia de Meschines+ b. c 1171?

Family 2

Bertrade de Montfort b. 1155, d. 1227

Children

   * Countess of Huntindon Maud de Meschines+ b. 1171, d. 6 Jan 12336,3,13,14
   * Ranulph de Blundevil, 7th Earl of Chester b. c 1172, d. 28 Oct 12323,2
   * Mabel de Meschines+ b. c 1173, d. b 123215
   * Alice of Chester+ b. c 1174, d. 2 Nov 12474
   * Hawise of Chester, Countess of Lincoln+ b. 1180, d. bt 6 Jun 1241 - 3 Mar 12434,2

Citations

  1. [S206] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. and assisted by David Faris Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis: AR 7th ed., 125-28.
  2. [S842] Harleian Society, "Visitiation Cheshire 1580: Chester Earls".
  3. [S603] C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, B:xP, pg. 365.
  4. [S603] C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, B:xP, pg. 367.
  5. [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne CP, III:167 - says Bertrade was daughter of Count Simon of Evreux by Maud, his 1st wife..
  6. [S484] Peter Townend, B:P, 105th, Kings of Scotland, pgs. lxx-lxxv.
  7. [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne CP, III:166.
  8. [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne CP, III:167.
  9. [S418] Christopher Tyerman, WW Early Medieval, pg. 225.
 10. [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne CP, III:167, footnote (d).
 11. [S842] Harleian Society, "Visitiation Cheshire 1580: Chester Earls", "obijt 1181".
 12. [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne CP, III:167-168.
 13. [S841] Somerset Herald Robert Glover, Visitation Cheshire, 1580, The Genealogy of the Earles of Chester, pg. 4-5.
 14. [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne CP, VI:647.
 15. [S576] Jr. Aileen Lewers Langston and J. Orton Buck, Pedigrees of Charlemagne Descendants, Vol II, Chapter LXXII - Wright-Townsend-Bowman-Rosenmiller, pg. 316.

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from Foundation for Medieval Genealogy:

HUGH "of Kevelioc" (Kevelioc, co. Monmouth 1147-Leek, Staffordshire 30 Jun 1181, bur Chester, Abbey of St Werburgh). Robert of Torigny names "Hugonem filium suum" as successor of "Ranulfus comes Cestriæ"[100]. He succeeded his father in 1153 as Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches, as a minor coming of age in 1158. He joined the rebellion of Henry "the Young King" against Henry II King of England and was taken prisoner at Alnwick 13 Jul 1174. He was deprived of the earldom but restored in Jan 1177[101]. A manuscript narrating the descent of Hugh Earl of Chester to Alice Ctss of Lincoln records the death “II Kal Jul” of “Hugo”, son of “Ranulfus de Gernons”, and his burial at St Werburgh´s, Chester[102]. m (1169) BERTRADE de Montfort, daughter of SIMON de Montfort Comte d'Evreux & his wife Mahaut --- ([1155]-1227). Robert of Torigny records the marriage arranged by Henry II King of England in 1170 of "Hugoni comiti Cestriæ cognate suo" and "filiam comitis Ebroicensis cognatam suam ex parte patris sui"[103]. The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Beltesford et Hemmingebi et Dunintone” held by “Bertia comitissa, filia comitis de Evereros, uxor Hugonis comitis Cestrie”[104]. The Annals of Burton record the death in 1227 of “Bertrudis comitissa Cestriæ”[105]. Earl Hugh & his wife had five children:

a) MATILDA [Maud] (1171-6 Jan 1233). The Annales Londonienses record that "Ranulphus comes Cestriæ" had four sisters, of whom "primogenita…Matilda" married "comiti David"[106]. Benedict of Peterborough records the marriage in 1190 of "David frater Willelmi regis Scotiæ" and "sororem Ranulfi comitem Cestriæ"[107]. m (26 Aug 1190[108]) DAVID of Scotland Earl of Huntingdon, son of HENRY of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland & his wife Ada de Warenne ([1144]-Yardley, Northants 17 Jun 1219, bur Sawtrey Abbey, Hunts).

b) RANULF "de Blundeville"[109] (Oswestry, Powys [1172]-Wallingford 28 Oct 1232, bur 3 Nov 1232 Chester, Abbey of St Werburgh). A manuscript narrating the descent of Hugh Earl of Chester to Alice Ctss of Lincoln records that “Ranulfus filius eius” succeeded on the death of “Hugo”, son of “Ranulfus de Gernons”[110]. He succeeded his father in 1181 as Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches. Earl of Richmond, Duke of Brittany from 1189, de iure uxoris, until his divorce in 1199. He supported John King of England against the rebellious barons in 1215. He was created Earl of Lincoln 23 May 1217-1231. He left on crusade in May 1218 and fought at the siege of Damietta in 1219. He resigned the earldom of Lincoln [Apr 1231/1232] in favour of his sister Hawise[111]. A manuscript narrating the descent of Hugh Earl of Chester to Alice Ctss of Lincoln records the death “VII Kal Nov” of “Ranulfus” and his burial at St Werburgh´s, Chester[112]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Ranulfus comes Cestriæ” died in 1232[113]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “VII Kal Nov apud Walingeford” in 1232 of “Randulfus comes Cestriæ” and his burial “apud Cestriam”[114]. m firstly (3 Feb 1188, divorced 1199) as her second husband, CONSTANCE Dss of Brittany, widow of GEOFFREY of England Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond, daughter of CONAN IV Duke of Brittany & his wife Margaret of Scotland ([1161]-[Nantes] 3/4 Sep 1201, bur Villeneuve-les-Nantes, Abbaye de Notre-Dame). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Constantiam comitis Conani filia" as wife of "Gaufridus dux Britannie comes Richemontis filius Henrici regis Anglie natu tertius", specifying that she married [thirdly] "Guido frater vicecomitem de Tuart"[115]. She is named by Matthew of Paris, who also gives her parentage, when he records her betrothal[116]. The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Constantia filia Conani" married secondly "Ranulphus Comes Cestriæ", stating that he divorced her because of her adultery and that the marriage was childless[117]. Living apart from her second husband, he captured her at Pontorson in 1196 and imprisoned her at his castle at Beuvron. She was liberated in Summer 1198, and repudiated her marriage. She married thirdly (Oct 1199) as his first wife, Guy de Thouars. The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Constantia filia Conani" married thirdly "Guidoni de Thoarcio"[118]. The Annals of Burton record the death in 1201 of “Constantia mater Arthuri comitis Britanniæ”[119]. m secondly (before 7 Oct 1200) as her second husband, CLEMENCE de Fougères, widow of ALAIN de Vitré Seigneur de Dinan, daughter of GUILLAUME de Fougères & his wife Agatha du Hommet (-1252 after 25 Dec). The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not yet been identified. The Annals of Burton record the death “post Natale Domini” in 1252 of “Clementia comitissa de Rependun relicta…Ranulfi quondam comitis Cestriæ”[120]. Earl Ranulf & his [second] wife had one child:

i) [MARGUERITE (-[1220] or before). Marguerite is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[121] as the daughter of Ranulf Earl of Chester and his first wife Constance Dss of Brittany, although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified. Assuming that Marguerite was the daughter of Earl Ranulf, it is more probable that she was his daughter by his second wife as no record has been found of her claiming the succession to Brittany, despite what would have been her superior claim to her younger half-sister Alix. In addition, the Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records the second marriage of "Constantia filia Conani" and "Ranulphus Comes Cestriæ" was childless[122]. The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. m as his first wife, GEOFFROY [I] Vicomte de Rohan, son of ALAIN [IV] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Mabile de Fougères (-15 Sep 1221).]

c) [123]RICHARD (-before 1181).

d) MABEL (-after 1232). The Annales Londonienses record that "Ranulphus comes Cestriæ" had four sisters, of whom "secunda…Mabillia" married "comiti Arundelle"[124]. m WILLIAM d'Aubigny Earl of Sussex and Arundel, son of WILLIAM d'Aubigny Earl of Arundel and Sussex & his wife Maud de Saint-Hilaire (-Cainell, near Rome before 30 Mar 1221, bur Wymondham Priory).

e) AGNES [Alice] (-2 Nov 1247). The Annales Londonienses record that "Ranulphus comes Cestriæ" had four sisters, of whom "tertia…Agnes" married "comiti de Ferrariis, id est Derby, Willelmo seniori"[125]. Lady of Chartley, Staffordshire, and Bugbrooke, Northamptonshire, following her brother's death in 1232[126]. The Annals of Burton record the death “X Kal Oct” in 1247 of “Willelmus de Ferrariis…comes Derbeiæ” and “IV Non Nov” of “Agnes comitissa uxor eius”[127]. m (1192) WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby, son of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his wife Sibyl de Briouse (-22 Sep 1247).

f) HAWISE ([1175/81][128]-[6 Jun 1241/3 Mar 1243]). The Annales Londonienses record that "Ranulphus comes Cestriæ" had four sisters, of whom "quarta…Hawisia" married "Roberto de Quenci"[129]. Ctss of Lincoln [Apr 1231/1232] on the resignation of her brother of this Earldom in her favour[130]. m (before 1208) ROBERT de Quincy, son of SAHER de Quincy, later Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester ([1187/90][131]-London 1217).

Earl Hugh had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

g) AMICIA . The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. m RALPH de Mesnilwarin [Mainwaring], Justice of Chester.

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Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester (1147 – June 30, 1181) was the son of Ranulph de Gernon, 2nd Earl of Chester and Maud of Gloucester, daughter of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester (otherwise known as Robert de Caen, the illegitimate son of Henry I of England, making her Henry's granddaughter).

He is thought by some to have taken his name from Kevelioc in Monmouth as his birthplace, but others think that instead he was born in, and took the name of, the cwmwd of Cyfeiliog (in modern Powys) in the southern part of the Kingdom of Powys, Wales.

He was underage when his father's death in 1153 made him heir to his family's estates on both sides of the channel. He joined the baronial Revolt of 1173-1174 against King Henry II of England, and was influential in convincing the Bretons to revolt. After being captured and imprisoned after the Battle of Alnwick, he finally got his estates restored in 1177, and served in King Henry's Irish campaigns.

In 1169 he married Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, daughter of Simon III de Montfort. She was the cousin of King Henry, who gave her away in marriage. Their children were:

Ranulph de Blondeville de Meschines, 4th Earl of Chester

Maud of Chester (1171-1233), married David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon

Mabel of Chester, married William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel

Agnes of Chester (died November 2, 1247), married William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby

Hawise of Chester (1180-1242), married Robert II de Quincy

A daughter, name unknown, who was briefly married to Llywelyn Fawr

He also had an illegitimate daughter, Amice of Chester, who married Ralph de Mainwaring.

Hugh of Kevelioc died 30 June 1181 at Leek, Staffordshire, England.

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Hugh of Kevelioc 3rd Earl of Chester

Hugh was born about 1147 in Kevelioc, Merionethshire, Wales. Hugh's father was Ranulph de Gernon, 2nd Earl of Chester and his mother was Maud FitzRobert. His paternal grandparents were Ranulph III de Meschines and Lucy; his maternal grandparents were Robert de Mellent de Caen, 1st Earl of Gloucester and Mabel FitzHamon. He was an only child. He died on June 30th, 1181 in Leek, Staffordshire, England. He was buried in St. Werburg's, Chester, Cheshire, England.

General Notes

He fought in the Battle of Alnwick on 13 July 1174, where he was taken prisoner by King Henry II. He was deprived of his Earldom, but was then restored in January 1177.

Children of Hugh of Kevelioc and Bertrada de Montfort

   * Hawise of Chester, Countess of Lincoln+ d. c 1242
   * Matilda of Chester+ b. 1171, d. 6 Jan 1233
   * Mabel of Chester+ b. a 1171
   * Sir Ranulf de Blundeville, 4th Earl of Chester b. c 1172, d. c 27 Oct 1232
   * Alice of Chester+ b. c 1174, d. 2 Nov 1247

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Hugh Of Kevelioc was born in 1147 in Kevelioc, , Merionethshire, Wales. Hugh Of Kevelioc's father was Ranulph (De Gernon) De Meschines and his mother was Maud Fitzrobert Countess Of Chester. His paternal grandparents were Ranulph (De Briquessart) De Meschines and Lucy; his maternal grandparents were Robert de Caen and Mabel Fitzhamon. He was an only child. He died at the age of 34 on June 30th, 1181 in Leek, Staffordshire, England. His burial was in Chester, Chestershire, England.

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Event(s)

Birth:  1147 

 of Kevelioc (Cyveiliog), Merioneth, Wales  
Birth:  1147 

 Keveliok, Monmouth, Wales  
Death:  1181 

 Leeke, Staffordshire, England  
Death:  30 Jun 1181 

 Leek, Stafford, England  
Burial:   

 Chester, Cheshire, England 

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arrow

Earl Ranulph "De Briquessart"> Le Meschin Of Chester-[10297]

(1060-1128)

Countess Lucy> Taillebois Of Chester-[10088]

(1054-1136)

Earl Robert De Caen Of Caen-[4313]

(Abt 1090-1147)

Maud (Mabel) (Sibyl) Fitzhammon-[4314]

(Abt 1094-1157)

Earl Ranulph> Des Gernons Iv Of Meschines-[10054]

(1100-1153)

Maud> Fitzrobert-[10055]

(1106-1189)

Earl Hugh De Keveliock>* De Meschines V Of Kevelioc, Of Chester-[10089]

(1122-1181)


Family Links

Spouses/Children::

Bertrade De Montfort> D'evereux-[9472]

   * Matilda De Keveliock-[10148]
   * Hawise De Meschines-[4289]
   * Maud> De Meschines-[4290]+
   * Beatrix De Keveliock-[9497]
   * Amicia De Meschines-[4287]+
   * Earl Ranulph De Meschines Of Chester-[4299]
   * Agnes De Meschines-[4284]
   * Helga De Meschines-[4282]
   * Nichola De Meschines-[4283]

Earl Hugh De Keveliock>* De Meschines V Of Kevelioc, Of Chester-[10089] 1

   * Born: 1122, Kevelioc, Monmouth, Wales
   * Marriage: Bertrade De Montfort> D'evereux-[9472] 1169, Montfort, Normandy, France
   * Died: 30 Jun 1181, Leeke, Stafford, England, at age 59
   * Buried: , Chester, Chestershire, England

picture

bullet Another name for Hugh was Hugh Of Kevelioc De Meschines Earl Of Chester.

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3rd Earl of Chester

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Hugh Kyveliock was the Earl of Chester

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She was married to Earl Hugh de Keveliock V (son of Ranulf de Guernan and Maud de Caen) in 1169. Earl Hugh de Keveliock V was born in 1147 in Kevelioc, Monmouth, England. He died on 30 Jun 1181 in Leeke, Stafford, England. Hugh II, 5th Earl of Chester, surnamed Keveliock or Cyveliok, because he was born 1147 at Kevelioc, Co. Merioneth, Wales. He succeeded his father in the Earldom of Chester. This nobleman joined in the rebellion with Robert, Earl of Leicester, and the King of Scots against King Henry II, and in support of that monarch's son, Prince Henry's pretentions to the crown. In which proceeding he was taken prisoner with the Earl of Leicester at Almwick, but obtained his freedom soon afterwards, upon the reconciliation of the king with the young prince. During troublesome times following his lands were taken from him, but they were restored when public tranquility was restored. He died at Leeks, Co. Stafford, in 1181, aged about 34. His lordship married Bertred, daughter of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Evereaux in Normandy. They were married 1169 when Bertred was just 14 years old. She died in 1227, aged about 71. They had a son, Randle III, who succeeded his father as Earl of Chester, but he died sine prole 1232. He had the Earldom of Lincoln from his great-grandmother Lucia, and he resigned this Earldom to his sister Hawise about 1230-1. She was the widow of Robert de Quincey, and their daughter Margaret married John de Lacy, to whom the Earldom of Lincoln was confirmed Nov. 22, 1232. He was Surety for Magna Charta and his daughter Maud married Richard de Clare, son of Gilbert son of Richard de Clare, last two Sureties, and from whom you descend through Robert Abell and John Whitney. Beside Randle III and Hawise, Hugh and Bertred had Mabil, married Hugh de Albini, died sine prole.He was the Earl of Chester. Also known as Hugh le Meschin; Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches in Normandy. He joined in the rebellion against King Henry II, was taken prisoner at Alnwick on July 13, 1174, and deprived of his Earldom. Though he was again in rebellion both in England and Normandy, his Earldom was restored January 1177 (Complete Peerage, Vol III:167).

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_de_Kevelioc%2C_3rd_Earl_of_Chester

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More info at http://www.stepneyrobarts.co.uk/14586.htm

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Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester, joined in the rebellion of the Earl of Leicester and the King of Scots against King Henry II, and in support of the monarch's son, Prince Henry. He was taken prisoner, along with the Earl, at Alnwick in 1172/73 in Northumberland. He was deprived of his earldom between July 1174 and January 1177.

He again rebelled against the king and was again pardoned and restored to his lands in 1176/77.

Hugh died in 1181 at midsummer, Leek, Staffordshire, England, at the age of 34 years.

Hugh was our ancestor through two distinct descent lines--through his daughter Alice and through his daughter Mabel, each of whom was independently our ancestor.

See "My Lines"

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p376.htm#i6940 )

from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm ) -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_de_Kevelioc,_3rd_Earl_of_Chester -------------------- Harleian Visitation (wrongly) says Hugh married "Beatrix daughter to Richard Lord Lucy Justice of England [Harleian Society, "The Genealogy of the Earls of Chester," in The Visitation of Cheshire in the Year 1580, F.S.A. John Paul Rylands, editor. (London: Harleian Society, 1882) and George Edward Cokayne The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant, I-XIII (in 6) (Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire, GL5 2BU: Sutton Publishing Limited, 2000), III:167 - says Bertrade was daughter of Count Simon of Evreux by Maud, his 1st wife].

Burke's Dormant (correctly) says Hugh married "Bertred, dau. of Simon, Earl of Evereux, in Normandy." [C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, compiler, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996), pg. 365 and George Edward Cokayne The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant, I-XIII (in 6) (Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire, GL5 2BU: Sutton Publishing Limited, 2000), III:167].

Arms: Azure, six garbs, or, three, two, and one [C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, compiler, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996), pg. 367].

Also called de Meschines. Hugh de Kevelioc, 6th Earl of Chester was born in 1147 in Kevelioc, Merionethshire, Wales [C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, compiler, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996), pg. 365 and George Edward Cokayne CP, III:167].

He was the son of Ranulph de Gernon, 5th Earl of Chester and Maud of Gloucester [C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, compiler, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996), pg. 365 and Harleian Society, "The Genealogy of the Earls of Chester," in The Visitation of Cheshire in the Year 1580, F.S.A. John Paul Rylands, editor. (London: Harleian Society, 1882)].

6th Earl of Chester, England, between 1153 and 1181. Viscount of Avranches, Normandy, France, between 1153 and 1181. [George Edward Cokayne CP, III:167].

He associated with N. N. (?) circa 1167; 1st or mistress? [C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, compiler, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996), pg. 365].

He married Bertrade de Montfort, daughter of Simon III de Montfort, Comte de Évreux and Maud, in 1169 in Montfort, Normandy, France. He joined in the rebellion of the Earl of Leicester and the King of Scots against King Henry II, and in support of the monarch's son, Prince Henry, and taken prisoner, along with the Earl, at Alnwick in 1172/73 in 19 Henry II, Northumberland, England. [C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, compiler, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996), pg. 365 and George Edward Cokayne CP, III:167].

He was taken prisoner at Alnwick on 13 July 1174. He was deprived of his earldom between July 1174 and January 1177. He was restored to his earldom in January 1177 [George Edward Cokayne CP, III:167].

He was rebelled against the king yet again, and was again pardoned and restored to his lands in 1176/77 in 23 Henry II [C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, compiler, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996), pg. 365].

He died in 1181 in midsummer, Leek, Staffordshire, England, at age 34 years [George Edward Cokayne CP, III:167, footnote (d) and Harleian Society, "Visitiation Cheshire 1580: Chester Earls", "obijt 1181"]. -------------------- Earl Chester, Viscount Avranches -------------------- Hugh de Meschines, Earl Chester, Viscount Avranches was born in 1147 at Kevelioc, Monmouthshire, Wales. He married Bertrade de Montfort, daughter of Simon III de Montfort, Comte d'Evreux, de Rochefort and Maud, in 1169. Hugh de Meschines, Earl Chester, Viscount Avranches died on 30 June 1181 at Leike, Staffordshire, England. -------------------- Hugh married Bertrade De Montfort /D' Evreux/, daughter of Simon De /Evreux/ and Maud De /Montfort/, in 1164 in Montfort, Normandy, France. (Bertrade De Montfort /D' Evreux/ was born in 1138 in Montfort, Eure, France and died on 12 Jul 1189 in Evreux, Eure, France.) -------------------- He is thought to have been born Kevelioc in Monmouth. But he may have taken the name of, the cwmwd of Cyfeiliog (in modern Powys) in the southern part of the Kingdom of Powys, Wales.


He was underage when his father's death in 1153 made him heir to his family's estates on both sides of the channel. He joined the baronial Revolt of 1173–1174 against King Henry II of England, and was influential in convincing the Bretons to revolt. After being captured and imprisoned after the Battle of Alnwick, he finally got his estates restored in 1177, and served in King Henry's Irish campaigns.

In 1169 he married Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, daughter of Simon III de Montfort. She was the cousin of King Henry, who gave her away in marriage. Their children were[1][2]:

1.Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester
2.Matilda (Maud) of Chester (1171–1233), married David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon
3.Mabel of Chester, married William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel
4.Agnes of Chester (died 2 November 1247), married William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby
5.Hawise of Chester (1180–1242), married Robert II de Quincy
6.Beatrix of Chester, married Lord William Belward of Malpas

Hugh also had another daughter, Amice of Chester, who married Ralph de Mainwaring. There is no record of Amice's mother or whether she was Hugh's wife or mistress. The issue of Amice's legitimacy has been subject to a longstanding dispute.[3]


One letter from the Pope suggests that Llywelyn Fawr may have been married to an unnamed sister of Earl Ranulph of Chester in about 1192, but there appears to be no confirmation of this.[4] If this was the case it could have been either Mabel or Hawise, or perhaps Amice, and the marriage would have had to have been annulled before any subsequent marriages.


Hugh of Kevelioc died 30 June 1181 at Leek, Staffordshire, England. He was succeeded by his son, Ranulf.

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Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester's Timeline

1147
1147
Kevelioc (Cyfeiliog), Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales
1167
1167
Age 20
Kevelioc, Merionethshire, Wales
1169
1169
Age 22
Of, Montfort, Normandy, France
1170
1170
Age 23
Kevelioc, Monmouthshire, Wales
1171
1171
Age 24
Chester, Cheshire, England
1171
Age 24
Chester, Cheshire, England, (Present UK)
1172
1172
Age 25
Oswestry, Powis, Wales
1174
1174
Age 27
Tutbury Castle, Tutbury, Staffordshire / Chester, Cheshire, England
1176
1176
Age 29
Chester, Cheshire, England
1181
June 30, 1181
Age 34
Leek, Staffordshire, England