Hugues I d'Arles, King of Italy, Regent of Lower Burgundy

Is your surname d'Arles?

Research the d'Arles family

Hugues I d'Arles, King of Italy, Regent of Lower Burgundy's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Hugues d'Arles, comte de Vienne

Also Known As: "Ugo", "Hugh of Italy Hugh of Arles (or Hugh of Provence"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Arles, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence, France
Death: Died in Arles, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Place of Burial: Arles, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Théobald, comte d'Arles and Bertha de Aries
Husband of Willa, Queen of Upper Burgundy; Aude di Spoleto; Marozia and Bertha of Swabia
Father of Berta Eudocia; Boso episcopus Placentinus; Theobaldus canonicus Milanensis; Gotifredus abbas Nonantulanus; Uberto, marchese di Toscana and 2 others
Brother of Teutberga de Troyes; Boson d'Arles, margrave of Tuscany; Richilde of Tuscany; ? dei Bosonidi and Gisele of Tuscany
Half brother of Lamberto di Spoleto; Guido, marchese della Toscana; Lamberto, marchese di Toscana; Ermengarde Ivrea of Tuscany; Irmgard di Toscana and 2 others

Occupation: King of Italy 926-946, King of Provence 911-933, Count of Arles, Count of Vienne 898, Duke of Provence
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Hugues I d'Arles, King of Italy, Regent of Lower Burgundy

Hugh of Italy From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hugh of Arles or Hugh of Provence (before 887 – 10 April 948[1]) was King of Italy from 924 until his death. He was a Bosonid. During his reign, he empowered his relatives at the expense of the aristocracy and tried to establish a relationship with the Byzantine Empire. He had success in defending the realm from external enemies, but his domestic habits and policies, which showed some evidence of culture in an otherwise barbaric century, created many internal foes and he was removed from power before his death.

Early life

He was the son of Theobald of Arles and Bertha, illegitimate daughter of Lothair II, King of Lotharingia. By inheritance, he was Count of Arles and Vienne, which made him one of the most important and influential nobles in the Kingdom of Provence. After the Emperor Louis III, who was also King of Provence, was captured, blinded, and exiled from Italy in 905, Hugh became his chief adviser and regent. By 911, most of the royal prerogatives were exercised by Hugh and Louis ceded him the titles dux of Provence and marchio of the Viennois.[2] He moved the capital to his family's chief seat of Arles and married Louis's possible half-sister Willa, daughter of Boso of Provence and an unknown earlier wife. At an unknown date, a Provençal army led by Hugh, his brother Boso, and Hugh Taillefer invaded Lombardy with the support of Hugh's mother. On the basis of the account of Constantine Porphyrogenitus, this even has been dated to as late as 923–924, but the account of Liudprand of Cremona dates the event much earlier, between 917 and 920.[3] About 922, a sizable faction of Italian nobles revolted against the by-then Emperor Berengar and elected Rudolph II of Burgundy King of Italy. This started a civil war, which resulted in Berengar's assassination in 924. [edit]King

Rather than accept Rudolph, Berengar's partisans now elected Hugh as king (925).[4] Rudolph was ejected from Italy in 926 and Hugh crossed the Alps to be crowned. In his absence, Louis of Provence transferred his county of Vienne to Charles-Constantine. Louis died on 5 June 928 and Hugh returned to Provence to sort out a succession. For whatever reasons, neither Charles Constantine nor Hugh was elected king, but Hugh annexed the kingdom to Italy de facto, issuing diplomata concerning Provence from his Italian chancery in a royal style. He also took control of the right to grant fiefs in Provence. Hugh's reign started successfully enough. He somewhat improved the central administration of the kingdom, achieving rather more (though not total) success against the Magyar raids that had been plaguing Italy for several decade. In September 928, Hugh met with Rudolph of France and Herbert II of Vermandois in Burgundy. Hugh granted Herbert's son Odo Vienne in opposition to Charles Constantine. He was still in conflict with Rudolph of Burgundy and hoped to ally with the King of France against the Burgundian monarch. By 930, however, Charles was in complete control of Vienne and by 931, Rudolph of France was claiming suzerainty over the Viennois and Lyonnais. In light of these reverses in his transalpine policy, Hugh turned his attention towards securing his rule in Italy and receiving the imperial crown. He induced the Italian nobility to recognise his son Lothair as their next king and crowned him in April 931. That same year, he accused his half-brother Lambert of Tuscany of conspiring for the crown — perhaps with the support of a faction of nobles — and deposed him, bestowing the March of Tuscany on his brother Boso. Hugh, however, had other reasons for deposing Lambert, who presented an obstacle to his second marriage to Marozia. Lambert's supporters called in Rudolph of Burgundy, whom Hugh bribed off with the gift of the Viennois and Lyonnais, which Rudolph successfully occupied. In 933, Rudolph relinquished all his rights to Italy. In 936, Hugh replaced Boso of Tuscany with his own son Humbert. He granted Octavion in the Viennois to Hugh Taillefer and patched up his relations with Charles Constantine in a final effort to save influence in Provence. [edit]Second marriage

However, Hugh's attempt to strengthen his power further by a second marriage failed disastrously. His bride was Marozia, senatrix and effective ruler of Rome and widow first of Alberic I of Spoleto and then of Hugh's own half-brother Guy of Tuscany. This last fact, though, meant that the marriage was illegal under canon law, on grounds of consanguinity — a matter that Hugh tried to circumvent by disowning and eliminating the descendants of his mother's second marriage and giving Tuscany to a relative on his father's side of the family, Boso. This in turn, however, alarmed Alberic II, Marozia's teenaged son or stepson from her first marriage, who, appealing to Roman distrust of the foreign troops Hugh had brought with him, launched a coup d'état during the wedding festivities. Hugh managed to flee, but Marozia was imprisoned until her death a few years later. Hugh's power in Italy was damaged but not destroyed by these events. To strengthen his hand in the affairs of Milan, he tonsured his younger illegitimate son, Tebald, to groom him for the position of Archbishop of Milan; unfortunately the ancient cleric, Arderic, whom he installed pro tem lived another twenty-two years[5] He continued to organise the fight against the Magyars and the Andalusian pirates based at Fraxinet in Provence. Active, if sometimes dubious, diplomacy paid off. He concluded a treaty with Rudolph in 933 by which Rudolf abandoned his claims to Italy in return for being handed Provence over the heads of Louis the Blind's heirs and the marriage of Rudolph's daughter Adelaide to Hugh's son Lothair. Friendly relations were maintained with the Byzantine Empire and, in 942, Hugh even came to terms with Alberic, who married one of Hugh's daughters. Within the kingdom, Hugh intensified his existing habit of giving any available offices or lands to relations, including his numerous legitimate and illegitimate progeny, and a small circle of old and trusted friends. The effect this had on Italian nobles who saw this as threatening themselves eventually resulted in rebellion. In 941, Hugh expelled Berengar of Ivrea from Italy and abolished the March of Ivrea. In 945, Berengar returned from exile in Germany and defeated Hugh in battle. By a diet Berengar held at Milan, Hugh was deposed, though he managed to come to terms by which he nominally kept the crown and the title rex (king) but returned to Provence, leaving Lothair as nominal king, but with all real power in Berengar's hands. Hugh retired to Provence, but continued to carry the royal title until 947. [edit]Family

By four wives and at least four mistresses, he left eight children. With Willa, Hugh had no children. Hugh's only legitimate children were both from his second wife, Alda or Hilda, of German origin, whom he married before 924. Her children were Alda, who married Alberic II, and the aforementioned Lothair, Hugh's successor. By his third wife, Marozia, and his fourth, Bertha, daughter of Rudolph II, Hugh had not children. His son Humbert, to whom he gave Tuscany, was his eldest bastard son by a noblewoman named Wandelmoda. By another, low-born mistress named Pezola, and whom the people called Venerem, Hugh had a daughter, Bertha, who married the Byzantine Emperor Romanos II and took the name Eudokia. She inherited her father's lands in Provence and had a brother named Boso, who became Bishop of Piacenza and imperial chancellor. Hugh's third mistress was Rotrude or Rosa, called Iunonem by the people. She gave him a daughter, Rotlind or Rolend, who married Bernard, Count of Pavia. Tebald, whom Hugh tried to make Archbishop of Milan, was the product of liaison with a Roman woman named Stephanie, to whom the people gave the nickname Semelen. Hugh's youngest son, Geoffrey, Abbot of Nonantula, was of an unknown mistress. A young page educated at Hugh's court at the traditional Lombard capital, Pavia, grew up to be Liutprand, Bishop of Cremona, the liveliest chronicler of the 10th century; his loyalty to the memory of Hugh may have helped fuel some of his partisan bitterness in chronicling Hugh's heirs. [edit]Notes

^ Previté Orton, 347. ^ McKitterick, 267. ^ Previté Orton, 340. ^ Ibid. ^ Arnulf of Milan, Liber gestorum recentium, I.2. Arderic died 13 October 948. [edit]References

Llewellyn, Peter (1971). Rome in the Dark Ages. Constable. ISBN 0-09-472150-5. McKitterick, Rosamond. The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians, 751–987. London: Longman, 1983. ISBN 0 582 49005 7. Previté Orton, C. W. "Italy and Provence, 900-950." The English Historical Review, Vol. 32, No. 127. (Jul., 1917), pp 335-347. Riché, Pierre (1993). The Carolingians: a family who forged Europe. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1342-4. -------------------- Hugh of Italy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hugh of Arles or Hugh of Provence (before 887 – 10 April 948[1]) was King of Italy from 924 until his death. He was a Bosonid. During his reign, he empowered his relatives at the expense of the aristocracy and tried to establish a relationship with the Byzantine Empire. He had success in defending the realm from external enemies, but his domestic habits and policies, which showed some evidence of culture in an otherwise barbaric century, created many internal foes and he was removed from power before his death.

Contents [hide]

1 Early life

2 King

3 Second marriage

4 Family

5 Notes

6 References

[edit]Early life

He was the son of Theobald of Arles and Bertha, illegitimate daughter of Lothair II, King of Lotharingia. By inheritance, he was Count of Arles and Vienne, which made him one of the most important and influential nobles in the Kingdom of Provence. After the Emperor Louis III, who was also King of Provence, was captured, blinded, and exiled from Italy in 905, Hugh became his chief adviser and regent. By 911, most of the royal prerogatives were exercised by Hugh and Louis ceded him the titles dux of Provence and marchio of the Viennois.[2] He moved the capital to his family's chief seat of Arles and married Louis's possible half-sister Willa, daughter of Boso of Provence and an unknown earlier wife.

At an unknown date, a Provençal army led by Hugh, his brother Boso, and Hugh Taillefer invaded Lombardy with the support of Hugh's mother. On the basis of the account of Constantine Porphyrogenitus, this even has been dated to as late as 923–924, but the account of Liudprand of Cremona dates the event much earlier, between 917 and 920.[3]

About 922, a sizable faction of Italian nobles revolted against the by-then Emperor Berengar and elected Rudolph II of Burgundy King of Italy. This started a civil war, which resulted in Berengar's assassination in 924.

[edit]King

Rather than accept Rudolph, Berengar's partisans now elected Hugh as king (925).[4] Rudolph was ejected from Italy in 926 and Hugh crossed the Alps to be crowned. In his absence, Louis of Provence transferred his county of Vienne to Charles-Constantine. Louis died on 5 June 928 and Hugh returned to Provence to sort out a succession.

For whatever reasons, neither Charles Constantine nor Hugh was elected king, but Hugh annexed the kingdom to Italy de facto, issuing diplomata concerning Provence from his Italian chancery in a royal style. He also took control of the right to grant fiefs in Provence.

Hugh's reign started successfully enough. He somewhat improved the central administration of the kingdom, achieving rather more (though not total) success against the Magyar raids that had been plaguing Italy for several decade.

In September 928, Hugh met with Rudolph of France and Herbert II of Vermandois in Burgundy. Hugh granted Herbert's son Odo Vienne in opposition to Charles Constantine. He was still in conflict with Rudolph of Burgundy and hoped to ally with the King of France against the Burgundian monarch. By 930, however, Charles was in complete control of Vienne and by 931, Rudolph of France was claiming suzerainty over the Viennois and Lyonnais. In light of these reverses in his transalpine policy, Hugh turned his attention towards securing his rule in Italy and receiving the imperial crown. He induced the Italian nobility to recognise his son Lothair as their next king and crowned him in April 931. That same year, he accused his half-brother Lambert of Tuscany of conspiring for the crown — perhaps with the support of a faction of nobles — and deposed him, bestowing the March of Tuscany on his brother Boso. Hugh, however, had other reasons for deposing Lambert, who presented an obstacle to his second marriage to Marozia. Lambert's supporters called in Rudolph of Burgundy, whom Hugh bribed off with the gift of the Viennois and Lyonnais, which Rudolph successfully occupied. In 933, Rudolph relinquished all his rights to Italy.

In 936, Hugh replaced Boso of Tuscany with his own son Humbert. He granted Octavion in the Viennois to Hugh Taillefer and patched up his relations with Charles Constantine in a final effort to save influence in Provence.

Engraving depicting the wedding of Hugh and Marozia, from Francisco Bertolini, Historia de Roma.

[edit]Second marriage

However, Hugh's attempt to strengthen his power further by a second marriage failed disastrously. His bride was Marozia, senatrix and effective ruler of Rome and widow first of Alberic I of Spoleto and then of Hugh's own half-brother Guy of Tuscany. This last fact, though, meant that the marriage was illegal under canon law, on grounds of consanguinity — a matter that Hugh tried to circumvent by disowning and eliminating the descendants of his mother's second marriage and giving Tuscany to a relative on his father's side of the family, Boso. This in turn, however, alarmed Alberic II, Marozia's teenaged son or stepson from her first marriage, who, appealing to Roman distrust of the foreign troops Hugh had brought with him, launched a coup d'état during the wedding festivities. Hugh managed to flee, but Marozia was imprisoned until her death a few years later.

Hugh's power in Italy was damaged but not destroyed by these events. To strengthen his hand in the affairs of Milan, he tonsured his younger illegitimate son, Tebald, to groom him for the position of Archbishop of Milan; unfortunately the ancient cleric, Arderic, whom he installed pro tem lived another twenty-two years[5] He continued to organise the fight against the Magyars and the Andalusian pirates based at Fraxinet in Provence. Active, if sometimes dubious, diplomacy paid off. He concluded a treaty with Rudolph in 933 by which Rudolf abandoned his claims to Italy in return for being handed Provence over the heads of Louis the Blind's heirs and the marriage of Rudolph's daughter Adelaide to Hugh's son Lothair. Friendly relations were maintained with the Byzantine Empire and, in 942, Hugh even came to terms with Alberic, who married one of Hugh's daughters.

Within the kingdom, Hugh intensified his existing habit of giving any available offices or lands to relations, including his numerous legitimate and illegitimate progeny, and a small circle of old and trusted friends. The effect this had on Italian nobles who saw this as threatening themselves eventually resulted in rebellion. In 941, Hugh expelled Berengar of Ivrea from Italy and abolished the March of Ivrea. In 945, Berengar returned from exile in Germany and defeated Hugh in battle. By a diet Berengar held at Milan, Hugh was deposed, though he managed to come to terms by which he nominally kept the crown and the title rex (king) but returned to Provence, leaving Lothair as nominal king, but with all real power in Berengar's hands.

Hugh retired to Provence, but continued to carry the royal title until 947.

[edit]Family

By four wives and at least four mistresses, he left eight children. With Willa, Hugh had no children. Hugh's only legitimate children were both from his second wife, Alda or Hilda, of German origin, whom he married before 924. Her children were Alda, who married Alberic II, and the aforementioned Lothair, Hugh's successor. By his third wife, Marozia, and his fourth, Bertha, daughter of Rudolph II, Hugh had no children. His son Humbert, to whom he gave Tuscany, was his eldest bastard son by a noblewoman named Wandelmoda. By another, low-born mistress named Pezola, and whom the people called Venerem, Hugh had a daughter, Bertha, who married the Byzantine Emperor Romanos II and took the name Eudokia. She inherited her father's lands in Provence and had a brother named Boso, who became Bishop of Piacenza and imperial chancellor. Hugh's third mistress was Rotrude or Rosa, called Iunonem by the people. She gave him a daughter, Rotlind or Rolend, who married Bernard, Count of Pavia. Tebald, whom Hugh tried to make Archbishop of Milan, was the product of liaison with a Roman woman named Stephanie, to whom the people gave the nickname Semelen. Hugh's youngest son, Geoffrey, Abbot of Nonantola, was of an unknown mistress.

A young page educated at Hugh's court at the traditional Lombard capital, Pavia, grew up to be Liutprand, Bishop of Cremona, the liveliest chronicler of the 10th century; his loyalty to the memory of Hugh may have helped fuel some of his partisan bitterness in chronicling Hugh's heirs.

[edit]Notes

^ Previté Orton, 347.

^ McKitterick, 267.

^ Previté Orton, 340.

^ Ibid.

^ Arnulf of Milan, Liber gestorum recentium, I.2. Arderic died 13 October 948.

[edit]References

Llewellyn, Peter (1971). Rome in the Dark Ages. Constable. ISBN 0-09-472150-5.

McKitterick, Rosamond. The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians, 751–987. London: Longman, 1983. ISBN 0 582 49005 7.

Previté Orton, C. W. "Italy and Provence, 900-950." The English Historical Review, Vol. 32, No. 127. (Jul., 1917), pp 335–347.

Riché, Pierre (1993). The Carolingians: a family who forged Europe. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1342-4.

Regnal titles

Preceded by

Rudolph King of Italy

924–947 Succeeded by

Lothair II

--------------------

  1. Name: Hugues D'arles King Of ITALY
  2. Given Name: Hugues D'arles King Of
  3. Surname: Italy
  4. Sex: M
  5. Birth: Abt 880 in Arles, Bouches Du Rhone, Provence, France
  6. Death: 10 Apr 947 in Lucca, Tuscany, Italy

Father: Theobald I Count Of ARLES b: 854 in Arles, Bouches Du Rhone, Provence, France

Mother: Bertha Princess Of LORRAINE b: 863 in Lorraine, France

Marriage 1 Willa Of VIENNE b: Abt 878 in Vienne, Isere, Rhone Alpes, France

   * Married: Aft 911 in 2ND Husband 

Marriage 3 Vandelmodis UNKNOWN b: in Italy

Children

  1. Has Children Umberto Humbert Marquis Of TUSCANY b: in Lucca, Tuscany, Italy
  2. Has Children Wandelmodis DE SALINS b: Abt 915 in Salins Les Bains, Jura, Franche Comte, France

Notes:

He took the titl e Kin g o f Italy, w hich he beque athed to hi s son(n ot

by

Ma rozia) Lothair II, the hus band of Adelhei d of Bu rgundy an d thefat

her

of Emma, wife of Lothair of Fr a nce and mother of Louis V. It was Lothair

II's m u rder by B erengar II, wh o t hen tried to fo rce Adelh eid to ma

rry

his s on, Ada lbert, that drew upon I ta ly the first in vasion of O t to

the

Great of Germany. A widower (of Edi th o f Wessex), h e the n married

Adelhei d him self; they were the parents of O tt o II. Adalbert fled to

Macon , where he m arried the heire ss, Gerberga, and b ec ame the father

of

Count Ott o-W illia m

Sources:

TITL The P lantagenet Ancestry, b y William Henry Turto n, 1968

ABBR The Plan tagenet Anc estry, by William Henry Turton, 1968 -------------------- re d'Italia dal 925 al 947

Fu proposto per l'incoronazione ad imperatore da Marozia sfruttando la sua influenza sul figlio papa Giovanni XI, ma Alberico II 1° figlio legittimo della stessa lo cacciò con i suoi armati da Roma.

Mise sotto assedio Roma nel tentativo di liberare la moglie che era stata relegata in un convento romano da parte di suo figlio Alberico.

Il matrimonio con marozia era contro legge essendo i due coniugi cognati, ma Ugo con un giuramento falso affermò di essere figlio illegittimo del proprio padre e dunque di non avere legami di sangue con il fratello uterino Guido di Toscana.

Sepolto in un monastero ad Arles 10 Aprile 947.

Ugo sconfisse a Verona il 7 aprile 925 il re d'Italia Berengario.

view all 18

Hugues I d'Arles, King of Italy, Regent of Lower Burgundy's Timeline

880
880
Arles, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence, France
895
895
- August 905
Age 15
Arles, Provenza
900
900
Age 20
Italy
905
August 905
- 933
Age 25
Arles, Provenza
905
- August 948
Age 25
Vienne, Borgogna
912
912
Age 32
920
920
Age 40
924
924
Age 44
925
925
Age 45
Vienne, Austria
926
June 9, 926
- April 10, 948
Age 46
Pavia, Lombardia, Italy