Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham
|Birthplace:||Stafford, Staffordshire, England|
|Death:||Died in Northampton, Northamptonshire, England|
|Place of Burial:||Grey Friars, Northampton, Northamptonshire, England|
Son of Earl Edmund de Stafford and Anne Stafford of Gloucester, Countess of Eu
|Occupation:||Duke of Buckingham|
|Managed by:||Ofir Friedman|
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About Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham KG (15 August 1402 – 10 July 1460) was an English nobleman. A great-grandson of King Edward III on his mother's side, he was a military commander in the Hundred Years' War and in the Wars of the Roses.
He was born at Stafford, Staffordshire, England, the son of Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford, and Anne of Gloucester, daughter of Edward III's youngest son Thomas of Woodstock.
When Humphrey was less than a year old, his father was killed fighting for the royalist forces at the Battle of Shrewsbury in July 1403. He became 6th Earl of Stafford, inheriting a large estate with lands in more than a dozen counties, although over two-thirds of his estate was still occupied by his mother and he only received a reduced income, less than £1260 a year, until he was sixteen. Humphrey was made a royal ward on his father's death, under the control of Henry IV's queen Joan of Navarre.
He was knighted by King Henry V on 22 April 1421. Following Henry V's death, he was part of the regency council, becoming a Privy Councillor in 1424. He was seen as a moderating influence over the power battles between Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, and Bishop Henry Beaufort. He was made a knight of the Order of the Garter in 1429.
Buckingham had been Lieutenant-General of Normandy between 1430 and 1432 and was created, in 1431, the Count of Perche, a province in English-occupied Normandy by King Henry VI. This title was one of many granted by Henry VI to his leading supporters during the English occupation of France.
With his mother's death in 1438, he received the remainder of his father's estates, worth £1500 plus her half of the Bohun inheritance, another £1200; this included the title of Earl of Buckingham, bringing a further £1000. On 14 September 1444, he was created Duke of Buckingham, making him one of the greatest landowners in England. In 1447, he was granted precedence over all English dukes not of royal blood. Despite his income, during his time in office as the Captain of the Calais garrison, he was heavily out of pocket. He was responsible for ensuring the garrison was paid, leaving him owed £19,395 by the Crown, which was only partially recovered by the time he left in 1451. Public office continued to push him to spend over his annual income, with household costs of over £2000, as well as all the public requirements he needed to fund.
Other offices he held included Seneschal of Halton (from 1439) and Lieutenant of the Marches from 1442 – 1451. Buckingham became Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports and Constable of Dover Castle, also Constable of Queensborough, on the Isle of Sheppey), in 1450. He represented the Crown during peace talks with the French in 1445 and 1446 and in roles such as an envoy to the insurgents with Jack Cade at Blackheath. Buckingham, as a Constable of England, was one of the lords who arrested Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, at Bury St Edmunds on 18 February 1447.
The Privy Council was controlled by Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, from around 1451. Buckingham supported Somerset, trying to maintain peace between him and Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York. However, from August 1453, the King Henry VI became catatonic and York was appointed Protector of the Realm; when the king recovered in 1455, reversing many of York's decisions, war broke out. Although loyal to Henry VI, Buckingham was reluctant to take up arms for Somerset, even though his son was married to Somerset's daughter. He seemed to be the ideal choice to negotiate and secured Somerset's release from prison in Feb 1455; he was still trying to get a compromise up to the eve of the First Battle of St. Albans on 22 May 1455. Buckingham commanded the king's army of 2,500; only about 50 people died in the battle, but this included Somerset. Buckingham himself was wounded and captured with the king when the Earl of Warwick scored a remarkable success. York now had the political upper hand, made himself Constable of England and kept the prisoner, returning to the role of Protector when the king became ill again. Throughout all of this, Buckingham kept an open mind and helped maintain a relative stability during York's second protectorate.
Unfortunately, his actions estranged him from Queen Margaret. He opposed her decision to dismiss his half-brothers, Henry and Thomas Bourchier, from office and she disliked his decision to support York in military situations. But at the end, he aligned himself with the queen, escorting her to the 'Loveday' reconciliation effort held between the factions on 2 March 1458. When hostilities started again, his presence at the Battle of Ludford Bridge led to the defeat of the Yorkist forces, and he was rewarded by Lancastrians with extensive grants from the estates of Sir William Oldhall.
Warwick regrouped and landed in Sandwich in June 1460. In the lead up to the Battle of Northampton, envoys were sent to negotiate, but Buckingham was no longer conciliatory. Buckingham informed them "The Earl of Warwick shall not come to the king's presence and if he comes he shall die" and told a group of Yorkist bishops that they were not men of peace, but men of war, and there could be no peace with Warwick. The battle was fought on 10 July 1460 and was shortened when Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent, turned traitor to the king and ordered his men to lay down arms, allowing the Yorkists access to the camp. In the ensuing fight, Buckingham, the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Egremont and John Beaumont, Viscount Beaumont, were killed by a group of Kentishmen. Buckingham was buried shortly after at Grey Friars, Northampton.
Humphrey Stafford married Lady Anne Neville, daughter of Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, and Lady Joan Beaufort, before 18 October 1424, They had the following children:
- Humphrey Stafford, Earl of Stafford (d. 1458). Married Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Stafford, daughter of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, and Eleanor Beauchamp. They were parents of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham.
- Sir Henry Stafford (c. 1425–1471). Third husband of Lady Margaret Beaufort, daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, and Margaret Beauchamp. Margaret Beaufort had previously been married to Edmund Tudor, the eldest half-brother of Henry VI, and had given birth to the future King Henry VII two months after Edmund's death. She and Henry Stafford had no children together.
- Edward Stafford
- Catherine Stafford (1437 – 26 December 1476). Married John Talbot, 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury.
- George Stafford (born 1439). Twin brother of William Stafford.
- William Stafford (born 1439). Twin brother of George Stafford.
- John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire (d. 8 May 1473. Married Constance Green. They were the parents of Edward Stafford, 2nd Earl of Wiltshire.
- Joan Stafford (1442–1484). Married first William Beaumont, and secondly William Knyvett.
- Anne Stafford (1446–1472). Married first Aubrey de Vere, son of John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford. She married secondly Thomas Cobham, 5th Baron Cobham.
- Margaret Stafford. Married Robert Dunham.
His eldest son having already died of plague, Humphrey was succeeded by his grandson Henry.
The era is recreated by the historical reenactment group Buckingham's Retinue, that attempts to portray the Stafford Household and the Duke of Buckingham's Riding Retinue. The group are considered by English Heritage and the BBC to be sufficiently authentic in their portrayals to have been employed by them in such a capacity.
- Sir Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke Buckingham, Earl of Buckingham, Hereford, Stafford, & Northampton, Count of Perche, 7th Lord Stafford1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13
- M, #22289, b. 15 August 1402, d. 10 July 1460
- Father Sir Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl Stafford, 6th Lord Stafford, Lord of Tonbridge & Caus14,15,16,17,18 b. 2 Mar 1378, d. 22 Jul 1403
- Mother Anne 'of Gloucester' Plantagenet14,15,16,17,18 b. Apr 1383, d. 16 Oct 1438
- Sir Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke Buckingham, Earl of Buckingham, Hereford, Stafford, & Northampton, Count of Perche, 7th Lord Stafford was born on 15 August 1402.7,12 He and Anne II Neville obtained a marriage license on 7 August 1408; Date of Dispensation for being related in the 3rd degree of kindred on both sides.3,7,12 Sir Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke Buckingham, Earl of Buckingham, Hereford, Stafford, & Northampton, Count of Perche, 7th Lord Stafford married Anne II Neville, daughter of Sir Ralph Neville, 1st Earl Westmoreland, 4th Baron Neville and Joan Beaufort, before 18 October 1424; They had 6 sons (Sir Humphrey, Earl of Stafford; Sir Henry; Edward; George; William; & Sir John, Earl of Wiltshire) and 3 daughters (Katherine, wife of Sir John Talbot, 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury; Anne, wife of Sir Aubrey de Very & of Sir Thomas, 5th Lord Cobham; & Joan/Jane, wife of Sir William, 2nd Viscount Beaumont, & of Sir William Knyvett). He also had an illegitimate son and an illegitimate daughter (Anne, wife of William Rouse, Esq.).2,19,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13 Sir Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke Buckingham, Earl of Buckingham, Hereford, Stafford, & Northampton, Count of Perche, 7th Lord Stafford died on 10 July 1460 at Battle of Northampton, Northamptonshire, England, at age 57; Buried at Grey Friars, Northampton.3,7,12 His estate was probated on 2 December 1460.7,12
- Family Anne II Neville d. 20 Sep 1480
- Sir Humphrey Stafford, Earl Stafford+3,7,12 d. 22 May 1455
- Joan Stafford+20,3,5,7,10,12 d. 1484
- Sir Henry Stafford21,3,22,7,8,12,13 d. 4 Oct 1471
- Edward Stafford23,3
- George Stafford23,3
- William Stafford23,3
- Sir John Stafford, 9th Earl of Wiltshire, Chief Butler of England+23,24,3,7,12 d. 8 May 1473
- Anne Stafford+25,3 d. Apr 1472
- Katherine Stafford+3 d. 26 Dec 1476
- [S6889] Unknown author, The Complete Peerage, by Cokayne, Vol. II, p. 388/9; Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles by Gerald Paget, Vol. II, p. 424.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 140.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 674.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 282.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 318-319.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 249.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 77-78.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 222-223.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 482.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 175-176.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 236.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 15-16.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 202-203.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 673-674.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 280-281.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 76.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 481-482.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 13-14.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 540-544.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 367.
- [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. X, p. 827.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 726.
- [S11581] Burke's Dormant & Extinct Peerages, p. 500.
- [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. XII/2, p. 737.
- [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. III, p. 355.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p742.htm#i22289
- Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham1
- M, #107423, b. 15 August 1402, d. 10 July 1460
- Last Edited=27 Jan 2013
- Consanguinity Index=0.59%
- Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham was born on 15 August 1402.2 He was the son of Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford and Anne of Woodstock, Countess of Buckingham.3 He married Lady Anne Neville, daughter of Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and Lady Joan de Beaufort, before 18 October 1424.4 He died on 10 July 1460 at age 57 at Northamptonshire, England, killed in action.3 He was buried at Grey Friars, Northampton, Northamptonshire, England.1
- He succeeded to the title of 6th Earl of Stafford on 21 July 1403.5 He was invested as a Knight on 22 April 1421.1 He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) in 1424.1 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 22 April 1429.1 He held the office of Lieutenant-General of Normandy between 1430 and 1432.1 He was created 1st Count of Perche [Normandy] in 1431.1 He succeeded to the title of 3rd Earl of Buckingham [E., 1377] on 16 October 1438, inheriting this title somehow, in right of his mother.1 He held the office of Seneschal of Halton in 1439.1 He held the office of Captain of Calais between 1442 and 1451.1 He held the office of Lieutenant of the Marches between 1442 and 1451.1 He was created 1st Duke of Buckingham [England] on 14 September 1444.1 He held the office of Ambassador to France in 1446.1 On 22 May 1447 he had a grant of special precedence, ranking him ahead of all other Dukes except issue of the body of the King.1 He held the office of Constable of Dover Castle on 16 July 1450.1 He held the office of Constable of Queenborough Castle on 16 July 1450.1 He held the office of Warden of the Cinque Ports on 16 July 1450.1 He lived at Grafton, Worcestershire, England. He fought in the Battle of Northampton on 10 July 1460, on the Lancastrian side.1
- Children of Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Lady Anne Neville
- Catherine Stafford+ d. 26 Dec 1476
- Lady Joan Stafford6
- Sir Henry Stafford7 d. 4 Oct 1471
- Humphrey Stafford, Earl of Stafford+1 d. 17 Dec 1457
- Anne Stafford+8 d. c 14 Apr 1472
- Katharine Stafford9
- John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire+9 b. 24 Nov 1420, d. 8 May 1473
- [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 388. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- [S37] BP2003 volume 3, page 3707. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
- [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 114. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.
- [S8] BP1999 volume 1, page 17. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S8]
- [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families, page 109.
- [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 63.
- [S8] BP1999. [S8]
- [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 355.
- [S37] BP2003. [S37]
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10743.htm#i107423
- Humphrey STAFFORD (1° D. Buckingham)
- Born: 15 Aug 1402, Stafford, Staffordshire, England
- Died: 10 Jul 1460, Battle of Northampton, England
- Notes: Knight of the Garter. Created 14 Sep 1444, as also earlier 1431 Count of Perche, Normandy (part of Henry VI's policy of conferring native fiefs on his leading supporters in English-occupied France), having apparently already been recognized as Earl of Buckingham in right of his mother, KG (1429), PC (1424); knight 1421, Lt-General of Normandy 1430-32; Seneschal of Halton 1439, Captain of Calais and Lt of the Marches 1442-51, Ambassador to France 1446, Warden of the Cinque Ports and Constable of Dover and Queensborough Castles 1450; was killed fighting on the Lancastrian side at the Battle of Northampton. [Burke's Peerage]
- Father: Edmund STAFFORD (5º E. Stafford)
- Mother: Anne PLANTAGENET (C. Stafford and Eu)
- Married: Anne NEVILLE (D. Buckingham) BEF 18 Oct 1424, Raby, Durham, England
- 1. Humphrey STAFFORD (7º E. Stafford)
- 2. Henry STAFFORD
- 3. Edward STAFFORD
- 4. Catherine STAFFORD (C. Shrewsbury)
- 5. George STAFFORD
- 6. William STAFFORD
- 7. John STAFFORD (1° E. Wiltshire)
- 8. Joan STAFFORD
- 9. Anne STAFFORD
- 10. Margaret STAFFORD
- From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/STAFFORD1.htm#Humphrey STAFFORD (1° D. Buckingham)
- Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 53
- Stafford, Humphrey (1402-1460) by James Tait
- STAFFORD, HUMPHREY, first Duke of Buckingham (1402–1460), was son of Edmund, fifth earl of Stafford [see under Stafford, Ralph de, first Earl]. His mother, Anne (d. 1438), was daughter and eventually sole heir of Thomas, duke of Gloucester [see Thomas, (d. 1397)], youngest son of Edward III, and his wife Eleanor, coheir of the last Bohun, earl of Hereford, Northampton, and Essex. Born in 1402, Stafford was only a year old when his father's early death in the battle of Shrewsbury made him Earl of Stafford. He served in France in 1420–1, and was knighted by Henry V in the latter year (Gesta Henrici V, pp. 144, 279). In December 1422 he received livery of his lands (Fœdera, x. 259). Young as he was, Stafford appears in the council of Henry VI as early as February 1424, and became one of its more prominent members (Ordinances of the Privy Council, iii. 143). He had a hand in reconciling Beaufort and Humphrey of Gloucester in 1426. Three years later Stafford became knight of the Garter, and in 1430 accompanied the young king abroad, and was made constable of France with the governorship of Paris. The day after his arrival (1 Sept.) there he made a dash into Brie and recovered some strongholds (Journal d'un Bourgeois de Paris, p. 259; Wavrin, pp. 373–374, 393; Monstrelet, ed. Douet d'Arcq, iv. 405; Chron. London, pp. 170–1). Turning back from Sens, he was in Paris again on 9 Oct., and lodged in the Hôtel des Tournelles (Paris pendant la domination anglaise, p. 317). Bedford soon after relieved him, and Stafford became lieutenant-general of Normandy, an office which he retained until 1432, when he returned to England. In the previous year he had been created by Henry VI Count of Perche, a title in which he succeeded Thomas Beaufort (Revue des Questions historiques, xviii. 510). On his return he seems to have opposed Gloucester's ambitious schemes (Ordinances, iv. 113).
- In August 1436 he took part in a short campaign in Flanders, and two years later there was again some talk of his going to France. He acted as one of the English representatives in the peace negotiations of June 1439 at Calais (ib. v. 98, 334; Stevenson, vol. ii. p. xlix). After his mother's death, in October 1438, Stafford was known as Earl of Buckingham (Ordinances, v. 209). He was appointed in 1442 captain of the town of Calais, an office which he held for some years, but frequently performed its duties by deputy. He took a leading part in the peace negotiations of 1445 and 1446, and was created Duke of Buckingham on the very day (14 Sept. 1444) that Gloucester's great enemy, Suffolk, was made a marquis (Rot. Parl. vi. 128; cf. Ordinances, vi. 33, 39; Engl. Chron. ed. Davies, p. 61). The creation of Henry de Beauchamp as Duke of Warwick in the following April, with precedence over him, drew from him a protest, which parliament met (1445) by decreeing that the two dukes should have precedence of each other year and year about. The death of the Duke of Warwick on 11 June following, however, soon supplied a more radical solution of the difficulty. Buckingham took the precaution to secure in 1447 a grant of special precedence before all dukes of subsequent creation not of royal blood. This doubtless was the reward of his prominent share in the arrest of Gloucester at Bury St. Edmunds in February of that year (ib. pp. 63, 117). He was also granted Penshurst and other of Gloucester's Kentish estates (Rot. Parl. v. 309). In June 1450 he was employed in a vain attempt to make terms with Cade's insurgents, and after the collapse of the rebellion was one of the commissioners who sat at Rochester for the trial of the rebels. In the same year he became warden of the Cinque ports and constable of Dover and Queenborough castles, and in the autumn he provided a strong guard for the king at Kenilworth and Coventry (Issue Roll, p. 478). His wages as captain of Calais had by November 1449 fallen into arrears to the extent of over 19,000l., but parliament then gave him a lien on the customs and subsidies (Rot. Parl. v. 206). He seems to have resigned this unprofitable post to Edmund Beaufort, second duke of Somerset [q. v.], in 1451. In February 1455 he helped to bail out Somerset, and to arbitrate between him and Richard, duke of York (Fœdera, xi. 361–2). He had shown his dislike of York's ambition a year before by consenting to act as lord steward at the Earl of Devonshire's trial (Rot. Parl. v. 249). He it was, too, who had presented the infant prince Edward to the mad king without succeeding in making him understand that a son and heir had been born to him (Paston Letters, i. 263). About the same time (January 1454) Buckingham was reported to have had two thousand Stafford knots (his badge of livery) made ‘to what intent men may construe as their wits will give them’ (ib. i. 265). He consistently supported the queen against York, and on Henry's recovery accompanied him against the duke. He vainly endeavoured to make an arrangement with York on the eve of the battle of St. Albans (Whethamstede, Annals, i. 167). He was wounded in the face at the battle (Paston Letters, i. 327, 330–3). But he soon recognised the accomplished fact, and ‘swore to be ruled and draw the line’ with York and his friends (ib. i. 335). He and his half-brothers, the Bourchiers, were bound in very heavy recognisances. The act of resumption passed by the Yorkist parliament contained an express exception in favour of his crown grants, and he was placed on various committees (Rot. Parl. v. 279, 287). Entrusted with the ungrateful task of investigating a riot between the Londoners and some Italians, he was put in fear of his life, and in May 1456 fled to Writtle, near Chelmsford, ‘nothing well pleased’ (Fabyan, p. 630; Paston Letters, i. 386). Before the end of the year Queen Margaret temporarily estranged him by the abrupt dismissal of Archbishop Bourchier and Viscount Bourchier from their offices. But on the whole his sympathies were with the royal party; possibly he had ideas of holding the balance between Margaret and the Duke of York. Sir James Ramsay thus explains the incident (which he thinks occurred on this occasion) of Buckingham reminding York that he ‘had nothing to lean to but the king's grace’ (Rot. Parl. v. 347). In April 1457 Buckingham was with the court at Hereford, and a year later accompanied the queen to London for the famous ‘loveday’ between the two rival parties (Paston Letters, i. 416, 426). He remained loyal on the reopening of the struggle in 1459, and in the February following received a grant in recognition of his services against the rebels in Kent (Fœdera, xi. 443). A few months later he sent away the bishops, who appeared with an armed retinue just before the battle of Northampton (10 July 1460) to demand a royal audience for the Yorkist peers. ‘Ye come,’ said Buckingham, ‘not as bishops to treat for peace, but as men of arms’ (English Chron. ed. Davies, p. 96). In the combat that ensued he was slain by the Kentish men beside the king's tent (ib. p. 97). His remains were laid in the church of the Greyfriars at Northampton (Dugdale, i. 166). In his will he left gifts to the canons of Maxstoke (Maxstoke Castle in Warwickshire being a favourite residence) and to the college of Pleshey in Essex, which he had inherited from Thomas of Gloucester (ib.) He was perhaps the greatest landowner in England; his estates lay all over central England, from Holderness to Brecknock, and from Stafford to Tunbridge.
- A portrait at Penshurst has no claim to be a likeness; it was painted by Lucas Cornelisz [q. v.] under Henry VIII, as one of a series representing constables of Queenborough (cf. Walpole, Letters, ed. Cunningham, ii. 302). Probably more trustworthy is the head on the tomb of Richard Beauchamp (d. 1454) at Warwick, engraved in Doyle's ‘Official Baronage.’
- Buckingham married Anne, daughter of Ralph Neville, first earl of Westmorland [q. v.] She was godmother of the unfortunate Prince Edward (Henry VI's son), and did not die until 20 Sept. 1480, surviving a second husband, Walter Blount, lord Mountjoy (Rot. Parl. vi. 128; English Chron. ed. Davies, p. 109; Testamenta Vetusta, p. 356). By her Buckingham had seven sons (four of whom died young) and five daughters. Of the sons who reached manhood, Humphrey was ‘gretly hurt’ in the battle of St. Albans (1455), and died not long after (Paston Letters, i. 333; Rot. Parl. v. 308), leaving by his wife Margaret, daughter of Edmund Beaufort, second duke of Somerset [q. v.], a son, Henry Stafford, second duke of Buckingham [q. v.] Henry, apparently the second son of the first duke, married, before 1464, the better known Margaret Beaufort, daughter of John, first duke of Somerset, and mother of Henry VII by her first husband, Edmund Tudor, earl of Richmond; he died in 1481 (Stafford MSS. vol. i. f. 346b; Test. Vet. p. 324; cf. State Papers, Venetian, i. 103). The first duke's third surviving son was John, K.G. and earl of Wiltshire, who died 8 May 1473.
- The five daughters were: 1. Anne, who married, first, Aubrey de Vere, heir-apparent of the Lancastrian earl of Oxford, who was executed with his father in 1462; secondly, Sir Thomas Cobham of Sterborough (d. 1471); she died in 1472. 2. Joanna, married, before 1461, to William, viscount Beaumont, from whom she was separated before 1477, and married, secondly, Sir William Knyvet of Buckenham in Norfolk; she was living in 1480. 3. Elizabeth. 4. Margaret. 5. Catherine, married, before 1467, to John Talbot, third earl of Shrewsbury (d. 1473); she died 26 Dec. 1476.
- About 1450 there was some talk of marrying one of Buckingham's daughters, probably the eldest, to the dauphin, afterwards Louis XI (Beaucourt, Hist. de Charles VII, v. 137).
- [Many details of the Stafford family history are contained in Lord Bagot's Stafford MSS. described in Hist. MSS. Comm. 4th Rep. App. pp. 325 et seq. See also Rotuli Parliamentorum; Proceedings and Ordinances of Privy Council, ed. Nicolas; Inquisitiones post mortem (Record Comm.) and Rymer's Fœdera (orig. ed.); Issue Roll of the Exchequer, ed. Devon; Gesta Henrici V (English Hist. Soc.); Chron. of London and Fabyan's Chron., ed. Ellis; Wavrin's Chron. and Stevenson's Wars in France (Rolls Ser.); English Chron., ed. Davies (Camden Soc.); Journal d'un Bourgeois de Paris and Paris pendant la Domination Anglaise, publ. by the Société de l'Histoire de Paris; Paston Letters, ed. Gairdner; Nicolas's Testamenta Vetusta; Dugdale's Baronage; G. E. C[okayne]'s Complete Peerage.]
- From: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Stafford,_Humphrey_(1402-1460)_(DNB00)
- Sir Humphrey de Stafford
- Birth: Aug. 15, 1402 Stafford, Staffordshire, England
- Death: Jul. 10, 1460 Northampton, Northamptonshire, England
- 1st Duke of Buckingham, 1444
- 6th Lord Stafford
- Knight of Hereford, Stafford and Northampton, 1421
- Knight of the Garter, 1429
- Lord of Tonbridge, Kent and Caus, Shropshire
- Privy Councillor, 1424
- Constable of France, Lt General of Normandy, 1430
- Count of Perche, 1431
- Seneschal of Halton and Captain of Calais, 1439
- Lieutenant of the Marches, 1442
- Warden of the Cinque Ports, 1450
- Constable of Dover and Queenborough Castles, 1450
- Son of Sir Edmund de Stafford and Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Stafford. Grandson of Sir Hugh de Stafford and Philippe de Beauchamp, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, Thomas of Woodstock son of Edward III and Eleanor de Bohun, daughter of the Earl of Hereford.
- Humphrey was the husband of Anne de Neville, the daughter of Sir Ralph de Neville Earl of Westmorland and Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt. They were married before 18 Oct 1424 at Raby, Durham by dispensation dated 07 Aug 1408 as they were related on two sides in the 3rd degree of kindred. They had six sons and three daughters:
- Catherine Stafford, wife of John Talbot
- Lady Joan Stafford, wife of William Beaumont
- Sir Henry Stafford, husband of Lady Margaret Beaufort, he died of the plague
- Humphrey Stafford, husband of Margaret Beaufort
- Anne Stafford, wife of Aubrey de Vere
- Edward Stafford
- George Stafford, twin of William
- William Stafford, twin of George
- John Stafford, husband of Constance Green
- Margaret Stafford, wife of Robert Dunham
- Some sources list another daughter, Margaret, who married Robert Durham.
- Besides his strength, power and positions, he was best known as a military commander in the Hundred Years' War and in the Wars of the Roses.
- Humphrey became the 6th Earl of Hereford at the death of his father in 1403, an infant inheriting a large estate with lands in more than a dozen counties. Humphrey was made a royal ward under the control of Henry IV's queen, Joanna, until he was sixteen. He was knighted by Henry V, and inherited his mother's estates and the remainder of his father's at her death in 1438. He was awarded the manor and castle of Penshurst, Kent in 1447.
- He died in the Battle of Northampton on July 10, 1460 fighting against the Yorkists. Anne would remarry to Sir Walter Blount, Lord Mountjoy.
- Family links:
- Edmund de Stafford (1377 - 1403)
- Anne Plantagenet Stafford Bourchier (1383 - 1438)
- Anne de Neville Stafford (1411 - 1480)*
- Anne de Stafford Cobham (1446 - 1472)*
- Anne Stafford Holand (____ - 1457)*
- Humphrey de Stafford (1402 - 1460)
- Henry Bourchier (1404 - 1483)**
- Thomas Bourchier (1404 - 1486)**
- William Bourchier (1412 - 1471)**
- John Bourchier (1415 - 1474)**
- *Calculated relationship
- Burial: Grey Friars, Northampton, Northampton Borough, Northamptonshire, England
- Find A Grave Memorial# 71719327
- From: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=71719327
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham's Timeline
August 15, 1402
Stafford, Staffordshire, England
Staffordshire, England, United Kingdom
Stafford, Staffordshire, England
of, Stafford, Staffordshire, England
of, Stafford, Staffordshire, England