Humphrey de Bohun, V,Earl of Hereford & Essex

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Humphrey de Bohun, V,Earl of Hereford & Essex

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Hungerford, Essex, England
Death: Died in Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire, , England
Place of Burial: Llanthony Priory, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry de Bohun, Fifth Baron, Surety for the Magna Carta
Husband of Maud Mathilda de Avebury and Mahaut de Lusignan
Father of Eleanor De Verdun, heiress of Debden; John de Bohun, of Haresfield; Countess Matilda de Bohun; Humphrey VI de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex; Alice (Cecilia) de Bohun and 1 other
Half brother of Ralph (de Bohun) de Bohun; Robert de Bohun and Margery of Hereford

Occupation: 2nd Earl of Hereford, Earl of essex, Constable of England
Managed by: Terry Jackson (Switzer)
Last Updated:

About Humphrey de Bohun, V,Earl of Hereford & Essex

Son of Humphrey de Bohun and Mathilda (Maud) de Mandeville)

married

(1) Maud (Mathilde) de Lusignan d'Eu, daughter of Raoul de Lusignan, Comte d'Eu.

Children:

--Humphrey, --Mathilda, m. Anselm Marshall and Roger de Quincy --Alice m. Roger V de Tosny/Toeni --two daughters (names not known).

(2) Maud (Mathilda) of Avenbury, possible daughter of Roger de Tosny.

Child:

--John de Bohun of Haresfield

----------------------------

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm:

HUMPHREY de Bohun (-24 Sep 1275, bur Lanthony Priory, Gloucester). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Matilidis filia sua, Humfredus filius suus primogenitus, Henricus et Radulfus fratres eius” as children of “Humfridum de Bohun filium domini Henrici de Bohun comitis Herefordiæ” and his wife “Matildi”[467]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” as sons of “Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam et hæredem domini Galfridi filii Petri comitis Essexiæ”[468]. He succeeded his father in 1220 as Earl of Hereford, hereditary Constable of England. He had livery of his mother's lands 9 Sep 1236, thereby succeeding as Earl of Essex. He supported Henry III King of England against the barons in 1263/64[469].

m firstly MATHILDE de Lusignan, daughter of RAOUL de Lusignan Comte d'Eu & his wife Alice d'Eu (-14 Aug 1241, bur Lanthony Priory, Gloucester). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ” married firstly “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia”, adding that she died “in vigilia assumptionis beatæ Mariæ” and was buried in Lanthony[470]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “circa Assumptionem beatæ Mariæ” in 1241 of “comitissa Herefordiæ” and her burial “apud Lentoniam juxta Gloucestriam”[471]. A manuscript in Aske´s collections names “…Matildae daughter of the Erle of Ewes in Normanni, first wiff of…Humfre de Bohum the vth…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[472]. The necrology of Ulterioris Portus monastery records the death "14 Aug" of "Mathildis comitissa de Herefort, filia...Aelidis comitissæ Augi"[473].

m secondly MATILDA de Avenbury, daughter of --- (-Sorges, Gascony 8 Oct 1273, bur Sorges, transferred 1290 to Lanthony Priory, Gloucester).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Humfredus quintus de Bohun” married secondly “Matildem de Avenbury”, adding that she died 8 Oct 1273 “apud Sorgee in Gasconia” where she was buried, her son transferring her body to Lanthony 17 years after her death[474].  A manuscript in Aske´s collections names “…Matildae of Avenburi Countes, wiff of the seid Humfre the second…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[475].  

Earl Humphrey & his first wife had five children:

a) HUMPHREY de Bohun (-Beeston Castle, Cheshire 27 Oct 1265, bur Combermere Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “dominus Humfredus sextus de Bohun, dominus de Brekenok” as the son of “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia”[476].

b) MATILDA de Bohun (-Groby, Lincolnshire 20 Oct 1252, bur Brackley). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Matilidis filia sua, Humfredus filius suus primogenitus, Henricus et Radulfus fratres eius” as children of “Humfridum de Bohun filium domini Henrici de Bohun comitis Herefordiæ” and his wife “Matildi”[477]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Matildis..Alicia” as the first two of the four daughters of “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia”, adding that Matilda married “Ancelmo filio et hæredi Willielmi le Mareschall”[478]. A charter dated 19 Jan 1246 mandates the grant to "Matilda who was the wife of Anselm Marshall…[of] 60 librates of land in Ireland, for her maintenance until the king shall cause her dower to be assigned to her out of Anselm´s lands"[479]. m firstly ANSELM Marshal, son of WILLIAM Marshal Earl of Pembroke & his wife Isabel de Clare Ctss of Pembroke (-Chepstow [22/24] Dec 1245, bur Tintern Abbey). He succeeded his brother in 1245 as Earl of Pembroke. m secondly (before 5 Jun 1250) as his second wife, ROGER de Quincy Earl of Winchester, son of SAHER de Quincy Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester (-25 Apr 1264, bur [Brackley]).

c) ALICE (-bur Lanthony Priory). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Matildis..Alicia” as the first two of the four daughters of “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia”, adding that Alice married “domino de Thonye” and was buried at Lanthony[480]. A manuscript in Aske´s collections names “…the Ladi Alice of Tonny daughter of Humfre of Bohum the vth…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[481]. m as his first wife, ROGER [V] de Tosny, son of RAOUL [VI] de Tosny & his wife Pernel de Lacy (29 Sep 1235-[10 Jun 1263/14 May 1264]).

d) [daughter . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that the third of the four daughters of “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia” married “domino de Quincy”[482]. This may represent confusion with the second marriage of this supposed daughter´s sister Matilda to Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester (see above).]

e) [daughter . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia” had four daughters[483].]

Earl Humphrey & his second wife had one child:

f) JOHN de Bohun of Haresfield . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Johannem de Bohun, dominum de Haresfeld, patrem domini Edmundi de Bohun” as the son of “Humfredus quintus de Bohun” and his second wife “Matildem de Avenbury”[484]. He performed the office of Constable of England in 1282 when his nephew Humphrey was confined to Brecknock[485]. m ---. The name of John´s wife is not known. John & his wife had one child:

i) EDMUND de Bohun . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Johannem de Bohun, dominum de Haresfeld, patrem domini Edmundi de Bohun”[486]. m MATILDA de Segrave, daughter of NICHOLAS de Segrave Baron of Stowe, Staffordshire & his wife ---.

---------------

Excerpted from Les Seigneurs de Bohon by Jean LeMelletier, Coutances: Arnaud-Bellee, 1978. http://mahan.wonkwang.ac.kr/link/med/society/class/Bohun/bohon.html

Humphrey V

Humphrey V, second earl of Hereford, first earl of Essex, and constable of England, was also called the good earl of Hereford. He was a contemporary of Henry III and died 24 September 1274/5. Born before 1208, Humphrey married twice. His first wife was Maud (Mathilda), daughter of Ralph of Lusignan, count d'Eu (who died 1219). His second wife was Maud (Mathilda) of Avebury, daughter and heiress of Roger of Tosny (who died 1264).

The Tosny (Tony, Toeni) family was a very important one originating in France. Hugh de Tosny, archbishop of Rouen, was the source of their fortune. Roger I de Tosny fought the Muselmans in Catalogne. Robert de Toeni was on the list of companions of William the Conqueror at Hastings and was lord of Stafford with the possessions of seven earls. His brothers, Roger II and Beranger, also had considerable domains. The former (Roger II) was builder of Clifford castle (Herefordshire). Their sister, Alice, married William, son of Osborn. The following generation Ralph III married the daughter of Walthof, the sister of Baldwin, earl of Boulogne. In 1204, the Tosnys, like the Bohons, supported John and lost their lands in Normandy.

Humphrey succeeded his father on 1 June 1220, then came into possession of his lands and was confirmed earl of Hereford. After the death of his maternal uncle, William of Mandeville, he inherited the title of earl of Essex (28 April 1228).

In 1227 Humphrey V helped solve a quarrel between Henry III and his brother, Richard, earl of Cornwall (whom Humphrey supported). He declared his intentions to postpone the judgment of the king's court and royal lords. The king refused and ordered him to submit or give up his titles. With other important barons Humphrey took the side of Richard. The conspirators raised an army, and at Stamford (Lincoln) they demanded the reinstatement of the earl's duties, an apology, and the confirmation of the liberties guaranteed by the document. The king conceded.

Humphrey was reinstated as marshall of the king's house. He served at the marriage of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence (1236), and was one of nine godfathers at the christening of the future Edward I (1239).

From 1239-1241 Humphrey was sheriff of Kent and constable of Dover castle. He also distinguished himself in the Welsh and French wars.

In 1242 Henry II led an expedition to reconquer Poitou, which was occupied by Louis VIII of France. Humphrey accompanied him in Gascogny, but became irritated by the influence of the strangers/counselors under the king. He returned to England with the duke of Cornwall. The expedition later ended as a loss.

Two years later with the earl of Clare, Humphrey took part in the suppression of a Welsh revolt. After an initial success, they were defeated, partly because the earl had been accused of embezzling part of the inheritance of his sister-in-law, Isabelle (wife of David who was son of Llewelyn).

In 1246 Humphrey joined in a letter to Pope Innocent IV denouncing the oppression exercised over England by the court of Rome.

In 1248 Humphrey was presented to Parliament. In 1250 he took the cross and went to the Holy Land.

In the meantime the queen was lavishing favors on the French in her entourage and the king increased his spending, causing discontent among the barons. In 1253 Humphrey participated in a grand remonstrance made to the king at Westminster Hall with the "bell, book, and candle" for violations against the Magna Carta, a prelude to the revolt.

The same year he founded the church of the Augustin Brothers on Broad Street in London. In 1254 he was in Gascogny with the king.

From 1256-1258 "Mr. Humphrey de Boun" participated in many battles with the Welsh. In 1259 he was one of the barons who worked to re-establish a truce between King Henry III and Llewelyn, Prince of Wales. But the following year there were again hostilities between the two. The king summoned Richard of Clare and Humphrey de Bohon to the army with other lords, Humphrey de Boun Jr. and Frank de Boun.

Humphrey was one of the councillors to draw up the Provisions of Oxford in 1258 which affirmed the Magna Carta and reformed its misuse. He was one of the Council of Fifteen that advised the king. The next year he was commissioner to ratify a treaty between France and England. In 1260 Humphrey was a traveling judge for the counties of Hereford, Gloucester, and Worcester. In 1262, he negotiated peace with Llewelyn of Wales.

Humphrey V's attitude toward the new conflicts between the king and the barons has been confused with that of his son. When the barons divided their confederation Humphrey sided with Simon de Montfort. In 1263 he was one of the important barons who supported the king while his son was on the opposite side. Humphrey was taken prisoner at the Battle of Lewes.

Humphrey V was chosen one of 12 arbitrators to bring peace between the king and Simon. He died 24 September 1275 on the way to Kenilworth (Warwick). There the king stated the principles he was willing to compromise on to end the revolt surrounding Kenilworth Castle. Humphrey was buried with his ancestors at Lanthony.

He had one son from his first wife, Humphrey VI, his successor, and four daughters: Mathilda (Maud) who married Anselme Marshall, earl of Pembroke (died 1245); Cecilia or Alicia, who married Ralph de Toni; a third who married Roger de Quincy, earl of Winchester; and a fourth.

From his second marriage he had one son, John, lord of Haresfield, who participated in the Battle of Evesham as one of the rebels. John then reconciled with the king and was the father of Edmond de Bohon.

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Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_de_Bohun,_2nd_Earl_of_Hereford

Humphrey de Bohun (1208 or bef. 1208 – Warwickshire, 24 September 1275) was 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex, as well as Constable of England. He was the son of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford and Maud of Essex.

Career

He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward, later to be Edward I of England.

After returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, he was one of the writers of the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.

Marriage and children

He married c. 1236 Mahaut or Maud de Lusignan (c. 1210 – 14 August 1241, buried at Llanthony, Gloucester), daughter of Raoul I of Lusignan, Comte d'Eu by marriage, and second wife Alix d'Eu, 8th Comtesse d'Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings, and had issue. Their children were:

  1. Humphrey de Bohun, predeceased his father in 1265.
  2. Alice de Bohun, married Roger V de Toeni
  3. Maud de Bohun, married (1) Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke; (2) Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester

Death & burial

He died in 1275 and was buried at Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester.

Preceded by

Henry de Bohun Earl of Hereford

1220–1275 Succeeded by

Humphrey de Bohun

Preceded by

William Fitzpeter Earl of Essex

1239–1275

Sources

   * Complete Peerage

--------------------

Humphrey V de BOHUN E of Hereford

   * Death: 24 SEP 1275 
   * Reference: 3637 

Father: Henry de BOHUN E of Hereford

Mother: Maud of Essex

Family 1: Maud de LUSIGNAN

  1. Humphrey VI de BOHUN
  2. Maud de BOHUN*
  3. Alice de BOHUN* 

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_de_Bohun,_2nd_Earl_of_Hereford

--------------------

Humphrey de Bohun (1208 or bef. 1208 – Warwickshire, 24 September 1275) was 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex, as well as Constable of England. He was the son of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford and Maud of Essex.

Contents [hide]

1 Career

2 Marriage and children

3 Death & burial

4 References


[edit] Career

He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward, later to be Edward I of England.

After returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, he was one of the writers of the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.

[edit] Marriage and children

He married c. 1236 Mahaut or Maud de Lusignan (c. 1210 – 14 August 1241, buried at Llanthony, Gloucester), daughter of Raoul I of Lusignan, Comte d'Eu by marriage, and second wife Alix d'Eu, 8th Comtesse d'Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings, and had issue. Their children were:

1.Humphrey de Bohun, predeceased his father in 1265.

2.Alice de Bohun, married Roger V de Toeni

3.Maud de Bohun, married (1) Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke; (2) Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester

[edit] Death & burial

He died in 1275 and was buried at Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester.

[edit] References

Complete Peerage

Peerage of England

Preceded by

Henry de Bohun Earl of Hereford

1220 – 1275 Succeeded by

Humphrey de Bohun

Preceded by

William Fitzpeter Earl of Essex

1239 – 1275

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_de_Bohun,_2nd_Earl_of_Hereford"

Categories: 1208 births | 1275 deaths | Earls in the Peerage of England | Earls of Hereford | 13th-century English people

--------------------

Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Humphrey de Bohun (1208 or bef. 1208 – Warwickshire, September 24, 1275) was 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex, as well as Constable of England. He was the son of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford and Maud of Essex.

Career

He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward, later to be Edward I of England.

After returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, he was one of the writers of the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.

[edit]Marriage and children

He married c. 1236 Mahaut or Maud de Lusignan (c. 1210 – August 14, 1241, buried at Llanthony, Gloucester), daughter of Raoul I of Lusignan, Comte d'Eu by marriage, and second wife Alix d'Eu, 8th Comtesse d'Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings, and had issue. Their children were:

Humphrey de Bohun, predeceased his father in 1265.

Alice de Bohun, married Roger V de Toeni

Maud de Bohun, married (1) Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke; (2) Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester

[edit]Death & burial

He died in 1275 and was buried at Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester.

Humphrey de Bohun - was born before 1208 in Hungerford, Essex, England and died on 24 Sep 1275 . He was the son of Henry de Bohun and Maud Fitzgeoffrey.

Humphrey married Maud de Lusignan in 1236 in France. Maud was born about 1208 in La Marche, Poictou, France. She died on 12 Aug 1241 .

Maud - - Poictou is also known as Poitou or Pictavia. It takes its name from the Pictones or Pictavi, a Gallic nation mentioned by Caesar. Strabo and Ptolemy.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)

i. Humphrey de Bohun was born about 1220 in Hereford, Herfordshire, England and died on 27 Oct 1265 . See #5. below.

ii. Eleanor de Bohun was born about 1225 and died on 20 Feb 1312/1313 .

Eleanor married Robert de Ferrers on 26 Jun 1269. Robert was born about 1239. He was the son of William de Ferrers. He died in 1279 .

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Signed the Magna Carta, 1215 -------------------- 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_de_Bohun,_2nd_Earl_of_Hereford

view all 42

Humphrey de Bohun, V,Earl of Hereford & Essex's Timeline

1205
1205
Herefordshire, England
1208
1208
Hungerford, Essex, England
1221
1221
Age 13
Hereford, Herefordshire, England
1227
1227
Age 19
England
1242
September 1242
Age 34
Flamsted, Hertfordshire, England
1242
Age 34
1265
October 27, 1265
Age 57
Beeston Castle, Chestershire, England
1275
September 24, 1275
Age 67
Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire, , England
1930
November 1, 1930
Age 67
November 1, 1930
Age 67