Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Herford

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Humphrey VIII de de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Pleshey Castle, Pleshey, Essex, England
Death: Died in Boroughbridge, North Yorkshire, England
Place of Burial: Church,Friars Preachers,Yorkshire,England
Immediate Family:

Son of Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Maude de Fiennes
Husband of Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, Countess of Hereford
Father of Margaret de Bohun; Humphrey IX de Bohun; Eleanor de Bohun, Countess of Ormonde; John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford; Agnes Ferrers and 6 others

Managed by: Terry Jackson (Switzer)
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About Humphrey VIII de de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_de_Bohun,_4th_Earl_of_Hereford

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10224.htm#i102234

http://www.stepneyrobarts.co.uk/6106.htm

http://www.royalist.info/execute/biog?person=1131

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Humphrey (VII) de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford (1276 – 16 March 1322) was a member of a powerful Anglo-Norman family of the Welsh Marches and was one of the Ordainers who opposed Edward II's excesses.

Humphrey de Bohun's birth year is uncertain although several contemporary sources indicate that it was 1276. His father was Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and his mother was Maud de Fiennes, daughter of Enguerrand II de Fiennes, chevalier, seigneur of Fiennes. He was born at Pleshey Castle, Essex.

His marriage to Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (Elizabeth Plantagenet), daughter of King Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile, on 14 November 1302, at Westminster gained him the lands of Berkshire.

Elizabeth had an unknown number of children, probably ten, by Humphrey de Bohun.

Until the earl's death the boys of the family, and possibly the girls, were given a classical education under the tutelage of a Sicilian Greek, Master "Digines" (Diogenes), who may have been Humphrey de Bohun's boyhood tutor.[citation needed] He was evidently well-educated, a book collector and scholar, interests his son Humphrey and daughter Margaret (Courtenay) inherited.

Mary or Margaret (the first-born Margaret) and the first-born Humphrey were lost in infancy and are buried in the same sarcophagus in Westminster Abbey. Since fraternal twins were known in the Castilian royal family of Elizabeth Bohun, who gave birth to a pair who lived to manhood, Mary (Margaret?) and Humphrey, see next names, may have been twins, but that is uncertain. The name of a possible lost third child, if any, is unknown—and unlikely.

   Hugh de Bohun? This name appears only in one medieval source, which gives Bohun names (see Flores Historiarum) and was a probably a copyist's error for "Humphrey". Hugh was never used by the main branch of the Bohuns in England.[4] Date unknown, but after 1302, since she and Humphrey did not marry until late in 1302.
   Eleanor de Bohun (17 October 1304 - 1363),[5] married James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde and Thomas Dagworth, 1st Baron Dagworth.
   Humphrey de Bohun (birth and death dates unknown. Buried in Westminster Abbey with Mary or Margaret) Infant.
   Mary or Margaret de Bohun (birth and death dates unknown. Buried in Westminster Abbey with Humphrey) Infant.
   John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (About 1307 – 1336)
   Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford (About 1309 to 1311 – 1361).
   Margaret de Bohun (3 April 1311 – 16 December 1391), married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon. Gave birth to about 16 to 18 children (including an Archbishop, a sea commander and pirate, and more than one Knight of the Garter) and died at the age of eighty.
   William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (About 1310-1312 –1360). Twin of Edward. Married Elizabeth de Badlesmere, daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare, by whom he had issue. 

Edward de Bohun (About 1310-1312 –1334). Twin of William. Married Margaret, daughter of William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros, but they had no children. He served in his ailing elder brother's stead as Constable of England. He was a close friend of young Edward III, and died a heroic death attempting to rescue a drowning man-at-arms from a Scottish river while on campaign. Eneas de Bohun, (Birth date unknown, died after 1322, when he's mentioned in his father's will). Nothing known of him. Isabel de Bohun (b. ? May 1316). Elizabeth died in childbirth, and this child died on that day or very soon after. Buried with her mother in Waltham Abbey, Essex. -------------------- Elizabeth Plantagenet, Princess of England Born: August 07, 1282 in Rhuddlan Castle Carnev, Flintshire, Wales Died: May 05, 1316 in Quendon, Essex Spouse: Earl Humphrey VIII de Bohun Born: 1276 in Westminster Died: March 16, 1320/21 in Boroughbridge, Yorkshire Marriage date: November 14, 1302 in Westminister, Middlesex, England

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Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Herford's Timeline

1280
1280
Pleshey Castle, Pleshey, Essex, England
1300
1300
Age 20

Humphrey was one of several earls and barons under Edward I who laid siege to Caerlaverock Castle. Being very close to the border with England, it had to be defended several times against English forces. One such occasion was the Siege of Caerlaverock of 1300 by Edward I of England who had eighty seven of the most illustrious Barons of England in his host, including knights of Bretagne and Lorraine. The Maxwells, under their gallant chief, made a vigorous defence, showering upon their assailants such heavy missiles that they retired time and again; but in the end the garrison were compelled to surrender, when it was found that there were only sixty men all told, and that they had defied the whole English army for a considerable period. In recent years, Historic Scotland has organised re-enactments of the Siege.

1302
November 14, 1302
Age 22
Westminster,,Middlesex,England
1303
1303
Age 23
Tynemouth, Northumberland, , England
1304
October 17, 1304
Age 24
Knaresborough, Yorkshire, , England
1304
Age 24
Pleshey Castle, Essex, England
1306
1306
Age 26
Essex, United Kingdom

Humphrey de Bohun received many of Robert Bruce's forfeited properties. It is unknown whether Humphrey was a long-time friend or enemy of Robert Bruce, but they were nearly the same age and the lands of the two families in Essex and Middlesex lay very close to each other. After Bruce's self-exile, Humphrey took Lochmaben, and Edward I awarded him Annandale and the castle. During this period of chaos, when Bruce's queen, Elizabeth de Burgh, daughter of the Earl of Ulster, was captured by Edward I and taken prisoner, Hereford and his wife Elizabeth became her custodians. Lochmaben was from time to time retaken by the Scots but remained in the Bohun family for many years, in the hands of Humphrey's son William, Earl of Northampton, who held and defended it until his death in 1360.

1307
November 23, 1307
Age 27
Pleshey Castle, Essex, England, St. Clements, Oxfordshire, England
1309
November 1309
Age 29
Caldecot, Northamptonshire, England
December 6, 1309
Age 29
Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England