زايدة de Sevilla, الأسد الملكة (c.1071 - c.1093) MP

‹ Back to de Sevilla surname

Is your surname de Sevilla?

Research the de Sevilla family

Isabel (Zaida) de Sevilla, reina consorte de León's Geni Profile

Records for زايدة de Sevilla

120,862 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Related Projects

Nicknames: "Isabel", "Princess of Denia", "Alicante"
Birthplace: Denia, Alicante, Pais Valenciano, Spain
Death: Died in Spain
Managed by: Victar (on hiatus)
Last Updated:

About زايدة de Sevilla, الأسد الملكة

Zaida of Seville (c. 1071 – ? ) was a refugee Muslim princess who was a mistress and perhaps later queen of Alfonso VI of Castile.

The name Zaïda is from the Arabic "Sayyida," the female form of Sayyid ("Master"). She is said to have been a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad, but at least one generation in the chain was a 16th century invention. Her tombstone, erected long after her death, says, "Aqui descansa la reina Isabel, mujer del rey Alfonso, hija de Aben-Abeth, rey de Sevilla; que antes se llamaba Zayda," which translates as "here lies Queen Elizabeth, wife of King Alfonso, daughter of Aben-abeth, king of Seville; previously called Zaïda."

Zaïda was a daughter-in-law (and probably also niece) of al-Mutamid, ruler of the taifa of Seville. Her first husband was her cousin Fath al-Ma'mum, the ruler of Córdoba and son of the Emir of Seville. He was killed in 1091 while trying to leave Córdoba, which was being beseiged by a group of radical Islamists led by Yusuf ibn Tasufin. Zaïda had been sent to the castle at Almodovar del Rio for safety, and thus escaped. After the death of her first husband, she took refuge with her uncle in Seville. The Almoravides invested Seville in June and took it in September. At some point in the year, perhaps when Alvar Fanez was in Andalusia vainly trying to relieve the city, Zaïda made her way as a refugee to the court of Alfonso VI. He was already mature (age 51), married to a queen who was ill, and was lacking a male heir. Zaïda became his concubine, converted to Christianity, and took the Christian name Isabel. She bore Alfonso his only surviving son Sancho. It is not clear whether Alfonso subsequently married her.

She might have been identical with Alfonso's wife Elisabeth, who bore him two daughters, and died in 1107. She died on 12 or 13 September in childbirth, but the year is not known. If she died during the birth of her son Sancho, then she died in 1093. Other dates proposed by scholars are 1099 and 1101.

--------------------

She is said by Iberian Muslim sources to have been the daughter of Al Mutamid, the Muslim King of Seville. She was the mother of Alfonso VI of Castile's only son, Sancho, who, though illegitimate, was named his father's heir (but was killed in the Battle of Ucles of 1108, during his father's lifetime).

Zaida converted from Christianity to Islam. She was not the wife and then widow of the son of Al Mutamid, as few said, but was the daughter of Al Mutamid, some said that the motive for which was removed Al Mutamid from teh Al Moravid was that the Scholar of Islam, Al Tartushi issued a fatwa, (Islamic opinion) to remove Al Mutamid for the marriage of the daughter with a Christian.

She's buried in Sahagun under the inscription "H.R. Regina Elisabeth, uxor regis Adefonsi, filia Benabet Regis Sevillae, quae prius Zayda, fuit vocata" (cited by Marin Guzman) In Spanish: "Aqui descansa la reina Isabel, mujer del rey Alfonso, hija de Aben-Abeth, rey de Sevilla; que antes se llamaba Zayda". In English: "here lies Queen Elizabeth, wife of King Alfonso, daughter of Aben-abeth, king of Seville; previously called Zayda. Zayda was originally buried at the monastery in Sahagun but later moved to Leon where her sepulchre and inscription can be found.

The old iscription are already proof that Zayda was daughter of Al Mutamid, Muhammad bin Abbad Al-Mutamid, of the Bani Abbad.

Zaida/Isabel died in childbirth, but the date is unknown, and it is unclear whether the child being delivered was Sancho, Sancha (if she were indeed identical to Queen Isabel), or an additional child, otherwise unknown.

Sources in Morocco are convinced she was the daughter of the Emir. They claim that the Christians in Spain removed and altered records that indicated a Muslim ancestory for their Royal houses. The Emir was exiled in Morocco after being expelled from Spain, and it is claimed records from this time are still in Morocco.

The Spanish Reconquista was completed in 1492, with the final conquest of Granada by the armies of Ferdinand V. Ironically, Ferdinand (husband of Queen Isabella, who sent Christopher Columbus on his mission) was a descendant of Isabella of Denia, who had been born Zaida, daughter of Mu'tamid. When Seville was conquered by Alfonso VI, Zaida was forcibly converted to Catholicism and equally forcibly married to her city's conqueror. The great irony of this is that the Abbadids could claim direct descent from the Prophet Muhammad. Through this forced marriage, the bloodline of the Prophet entered the dynastic intermixture of European royalty and nobility, ensuring that most European nobles - and all the currently ruling monarchs of Europe, are descendants of the Prophet Muhammad.

When Alfonso took Toledo, Spain in 1085, Abbad called in Yusuf ibn Tashfin , the Almoravides ruler. During the six years which preceded his deposition in 1091, Abbad behaved with valour on the field, but with much meanness and political folly. He endeavoured to curry favour with Yusuf by betraying the other Muslim princes to him, and intrigued to secure the alliance of Alfonso against the Almoravides. Probably during this period his beautiful daughter Zaida married the Christian king, who made her his concubine — some authorities suggest he married her after she bore him a son, Sancho. The vacillations and submissions of Abbad did not save him from the fate which overtook his fellow-princes. Their scepticism and extortion had tired their subjects, and the mullah s gave Yusuf a fatwa authorizing him to remove them in the interest of religion. In 1091 the Almoravides stormed Seville. Muhammad, who had fought bravely, weakly ordered his sons to surrender the fortresses they still held, in order to save his own life. He died in prison in Africa in 1095.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zaida_of_Seville

A line of descent from Muhammad, through Zaida, to the royal houses of Europe:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_to_Edward_III

--------------------

Zaida of Seville

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Princess Zaida Of Seville (c. 1071 – c. 1107) was a refugee Muslim princess who was a mistress and then wife and queen of Alfonso VI of Castile.

She is said by Iberian Muslim sources to have been the daughter of Al Mutamid, the Muslim King of Seville. She was the mother of Alfonso VI of Castile's only son, Sancho, who, though illegitimate, was named his father's heir (but was killed in the Battle of Ucles of 1108, during his father's lifetime).

Zaida converted from Christianity to Islam. She was not the wife of the son of Al Mutamid, as few said, but was the daughter of Al Mutamid, some said that the motive for which was removed Al Mutamid from teh Al Moravid was that the Scholar of Islam, Al Tartushi issued a fatwa, (Islamic opinion) to remove Al Mutamid for the marriage of the daughter with a Christian.

She's buried in Sahagun under the inscription "H.R. Regina Elisabeth, uxor regis Adefonsi, filia Benabet Regis Sevillae, quae prius Zayda, fuit vocata" (cited by marin guzman) In Spanish: "Aqui descansa la reina Isabel, mujer del rey Alfonso, hija de Aben-Abeth, rey de Sevilla; que antes se llamaba Zayda". In English: "here lies Queen Elizabeth, wife of King Alfonso, daughter of Aben-abeth, king of Seville; previously called Zayda. Zayda was originally buried at the monastery in Sahagun but later moved to Leon where her sepulchre and inscription can be found.

The old iscription are already proof that Zayda was daughter of Al Mutamid, Muhammad bin Abbad Al-Mutamid, of the Bani Abbad.

Zaida/Isabel died in childbirth, but the date is unknown, and it is unclear whether the child being delivered was Sancho, Sancha (if she were indeed identical to Queen Isabel), or an additional child, otherwise unknown.

Sources in Morocco are convinced she was the daughter of the Emir. They claim that the Christians in Spain removed and altered records that indicated a Muslim ancestory for their Royal houses. The Emir was exiled in Morocco after being expelled from Spain, and it is claimed records from this time are still in Morocco.

The Spanish Reconquista was completed in 1492, with the final conquest of Granada by the armies of Ferdinand V. Ironically, Ferdinand (husband of Queen Isabella, who sent Christopher Columbus on his mission) was a descendant of Isabella of Denia, who had been born Zaida, daughter of Mu'tamid. When Seville was conquered by Alfonso VI, Zaida was forcibly converted to Catholicism and equally forcibly married to her city's conqueror. The great irony of this is that the Abbadids could claim direct descent from the Prophet Muhammad. Through this forced marriage, the bloodline of the Prophet entered the dynastic intermixture of European royalty and nobility, ensuring that most European nobles - and all the currently ruling monarchs of Europe, are descendants of the Prophet Muhammad.

When Alfonso took Toledo, Spain in 1085, Abbad called in Yusuf ibn Tashfin , the Almoravides ruler. During the six years which preceded his deposition in 1091, Abbad behaved with valour on the field, but with much meanness and political folly. He endeavoured to curry favour with Yusuf by betraying the other Muslim princes to him, and intrigued to secure the alliance of Alfonso against the Almoravides. Probably during this period his beautiful daughter Zaida married the Christian king, who made her his concubine — some authorities suggest he married her after she bore him a son, Sancho. The vacillations and submissions of Abbad did not save him from the fate which overtook his fellow-princes. Their scepticism and extortion had tired their subjects, and the mullah s gave Yusuf a fatwa authorizing him to remove them in the interest of religion. In 1091 the Almoravides stormed Seville. Muhammad, who had fought bravely, weakly ordered his sons to surrender the fortresses they still held, in order to save his own life. He died in prison in Africa in 1095. -------------------- Within months, by May 1100, Alfonso again remarried, to Isabel, having by her two daughters, Sancha, (wife of Rodrigo González de Lara), and Elvira, (who married Roger II of Sicily). A non-contemporary tomb inscription says she was daughter of a "king Louis of France", but this is chronologically impossible. It has been speculated that she was of Burgundian origin, but others conclude that Alfonso married his former mistress, Zaida, who had been baptized as Isabel. (In a novel twist, Reilly suggested that there were two successive queens named Isabel: first the French (Burgundian) Isabel, mother of Sancha and Elvira, with Alfonso only later marrying his mistress Zaida (Isabel), after the death of or divorce from the first Isabel.) Alfonso was again widowed in mid-1107. -------------------- Initially a Moslem and later baptised as a Christian (Catholic - believed to be by force), and renamed Isabel

view all

Isabel (Zaida) de Sevilla, reina consorte de León's Timeline

1071
1071
Denia, Alicante, Pais Valenciano, Spain
1093
September 13, 1093
Age 22
Spain
1093
Age 22
Of, Toledo, Castile
1106
March 1106
Age 22
????
????
San Isodoro de Leon