Isabella of Atholl, Countess of Atholl, Queen of Scotland

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Isabella of Atholl, Countess of Atholl, Queen of Scotland

Nicknames: "having married KING Alexander II of Scotland"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Scotland
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Atholl and Margaret Comyn, Countess of Atholl
Wife of Alexander II, King of Scots and Tomás mac Uchtraigh, Mormaer Of Atholl
Mother of Marjory of Scotland; Devorguilla Darnell, of Scotland; Princess Lora Durward, of Scotland and Padraig, 5th Earl of Atholl
Sister of Forbhlaith, Countess of Atholl
Half sister of Conan / Constantine of Atholl

Managed by: Brandt Joseph Gibson
Last Updated:

About Isabella of Atholl, Countess of Atholl, Queen of Scotland

ID: I13423 Isabel 4th Countess of ATHOLL

IV. Isabella, eldest daughter of Earl Henry and of his Countess Margaret, succeeded to her father as Countess of Atholl, in her own right. A claim was, however, made by her sister which was decided against by King Alexander II. in Parliament, who adjudged the earldom to Isabella as the eldest daughter.(7-419) Little is known of her apart from her husband, Thomas of Galloway, who was son of Roland, Lord of Galloway, and brother of Allan of Galloway, both Constables of Scotland, and who through her was styled Earl of Atholl. When she actually succeeded to the earldom is uncertain, but her husband, as Thomas, Earl of Atholl, is a witness to a charter by William the Lion, which must, from internal evidence, be dated not later than January 1210-11, confirming a charter by Alan Fitz-Roland, the Constable, of the lands of Sipland.(1-420) He must therefore have been the Earl of Atholl who was appointed one of the leaders of the expedition against Gothred MacWilliam in 1211.(2-420) He is also styled Earl of Atholl in an English writ, of date 3 August 1212,(3-420) and he took part in the coronation of King Alexander II. at Scone, on 6 December 1214.(4-420) It is, however, in the English records that we learn most about him. He appears first in the beginning of 1205, a few years before his father's death, as in alliance with King John, and aiding that King, from whom he had a present of armour and various grants of land, with a fleet of galleys, apparently for service against Ireland. He held lands in the counties of Northumberland, Hereford, Worcester, and Warwick. He also received from King John a considerable tract of land in Ireland, near the river Bann in Ulster, and in 1215 was appointed Keeper of the Castle of Antrim. In 1219 he had a safe-conduct to come to the King, now King Henry III., to do homage, and in June of that year was confirmed in his Irish possessions. In July 1222 he was directed to give up the Castle of Antrim to the Justiciary of Ireland, but, in the following year, he received directions that, if he were in Ireland, he was to guard that fortress carefully against the attacks of Hugh de Lacy, and if not, he was to go to Ireland for the purpose. Failing his doing so, the Justiciary of Ireland was to take the Castle into the King's hand, and the Earl was to deliver it only to him. Later, the Earl, on finding that Hugh de Lacy had made agreement with King Henry, wrote to Ralph Neville, Bishop of Chichester, for his interest regarding the lands in Ulster of which he had received grants, and in 1226 his rights over de Lacy's lands were preserved. The last notice of Thomas of Galloway in the English records is apparently in the year 1230, when he was fitting out four ships to go beyond seas.(1-421) The notices of this Earl of Atholl in Scottish records are extremely meagre. He is witness to a charter by King Alexander II., relieving the monks of Cupar of certain privileges due annually to the King's falconers, which must be dated before 1220; and he and his wife, Isabella, Countess of Atholl, confirmed former grants of the church of Moulin and other lands to the monks of Dunfermline by a writ, dated in or about 1227.(2-421) Both these are periods during which the English records are silent concerning him. The Earl also about the same date confirmed a charter by William Olifard or Oliphant to the Monks of Cupar, which was again confirmed by Countess Isabella after her husband's death.(3-421) According to the _Chronicle of Melrose_, Thomas, Earl of Atholl, died in 1231, and was buried in the Abbey of Cupar.(4-421) He certainly was dead before 9 August 1232,(5-421) when his widow, Isabella, Countess of Atholl, appeared before a council of her friends, including her mother, Margaret, Countess of Earl Henry, and Walter Comyn, Earl of Menteith, who declared that she, the lawful heir of Atholl, had free power after the death of her lord, Thomas, Earl of Atholl, to grant the lands of Murthly to the Monks of Cupar, a proceeding necessary to defend her against objections by her heirs. It is not known when Countess Isabella died, but she was apparently dead before 1237, when her son is called Earl of Atholl.(6-421) According to a recent writer, the Countess Isabella married, secondly, Alan Durward, who was Earl of Atholl in 1233-35, as formerly noted. It is assumed that he was Earl in her right until her death in 1236. It is further stated that by him she had a daughter Lora, who is said to have disputed the earldom in 1242 with her aunt Forflissa.(1-422) A ' Lora, Countess of Athole,' is stated to have died in 1269, and to have been buried at Melrose.(2-422) But no other evidence on these points has been found.

(7-419) Palgrave's ) _Documents_, etc., 40, 41.

(1-420) Original Charter _penes_ C. S. Romanes, Esq., C.A., copy in Gen. Reg. Ho.

(2-420) Fordun à Goodall, i. 531, 532.

(3-420) _Cat. Doc. Scot._, i. No. 581.

(4-420) Fordun à Goodall, ii. 3, 4. King Alexander's decision as to the earldom referred to above must have been given after 1214, but Isabella and her husband had already assumed the title.

(1-421) _Cal. Doc. Scot._, i. Nos. 357-1067 _passim_.

(2-421) _Register of Cupar Abbey_, i. 329; _Regislrum de Dunfermelyn_, 86.

(3-421) _Register of Cupar_, i. 331, 332.

(4-421) _Chron. de Mailros_, 142.

(5-421) It may be doubted whether Chalmers and other genealogists have not confounded Thomas of Galloway with Thomas of Lundin, the Durward, whom they also represented as dying in 1231, and being buried at Cupar. It would appear that Thomas of Galloway did not die naturally, but that he was killed, as a Patrick, son of Constantine of Goswyck was, in 1252, pardoned the outlawry against him for the death of Thomas. The pardon was granted at the instance of Alexander III. _Cal. Doc. Scot._, i. No. 1894.

(6-421) Thomas, Earl of Atholl, had also, by a lady of good birth, a natural son, Alan, who, in 1243, attacked the house of John Biset in Ireland, and slew some of his men. He also was charged with seizing goods, wine, and grain, at the siege of Dunaverty in Cantyre. He was pardoned in 1252 at the desire of the Queen of Scotland. Fordun à Goodall, ii. 75; _Cal. Doc. Scot._ i. No. 1865.

(1-422) _Celtic Earls of Athole_, by Sir Noel Paton. The alleged dispute between Lora and Forflissa may be a misdating of the decision between the latter and her sister Isabella.

(2-422) _Chron. de Mailros_, 217. [Ref: SP I:419-422, sub THE CELTIC EARLS OF ATHOLL]

Name: Isabel 4th Countess of ATHOLL 1 2

Sex: F

ALIA: 04th Countess of /Atholl/, Isabel

Birth: ABT 1200 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland

Death: AFT 1246

Death: AFT 1235 3

Note:

EARLDOM of ATHOLL (IV) 1210?

ISABEL, suo jure Countess of Atholl [Scotland], 1st daughter and heir. She married, before January 1210/1, Thomas of Galloway [brother to the well-known Alan, Lord of Galloway], who in her right is then called Earl of Atholl. They jointly made a grant to the Abbey of Dunfermline. he died 1231. She seems to have married 2ndly, Alan de Lundin, "Ostiarius Regis," who is designated Earl of Atholl in 1233 and 1235, but as his signature appears afterwads without that designation, he probably held the Earldom in wardship [only] during the minoroty of his step-son. [Complete Peerage I:305, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

Father: Henry 3rd Earl of ATHOLL b: ABT 1163 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland

Mother: Margaret b: ABT 1175 in Mentieth, Perthshire, Scotland

Marriage 1 Alexander II King of SCOTLAND b: 24 AUG 1198 in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland

Married: in No Marriage

Children

Marjorie of SCOTLAND b: ABT 1215 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
Dernell (Darnell\Darvogiloda) of SCOTLAND b: ABT 1217 in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland

Marriage 2 Thomas of GALLOWAY , Earl of Atholl b: ABT 1190 in Galloway, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland

Married: BEF JAN 1210/11 in 1st husband 2

Children

Patrick of GALLOWAY , 5th Earl of Atholl b: ABT 1218 in Galloway, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland

Marriage 3 Alan DURWARD , of Hawick, Sir b: ABT 1202 in Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland

Married: BEF 1246 in 2nd husband 2nd wife 4 5

Children

Anne DURWARD b: ABT 1246 in Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland

Sources:

Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com

Page: John Ravilious, 11 Sep 2002

Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000

Page: I:305

Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000

Page: I:305

Text: probably long after.

Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000

Page: I:305

Text: no date, 2nd husband

Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com

Page: Robert S Baxter, 30 Oct 2000

Text: no date, 2nd wife

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Isabella of Atholl, Countess of Atholl, Queen of Scotland's Timeline

1190
1190
Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
1213
1213
Age 23
Scotland
1215
1215
Age 25
Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland
1220
1220
Age 30
Of,Carrick,Ayrshire,Scotland
1236
1236
Age 46
Scotland
1245
1245
Age 46
????
Atholl (Perthshire) Scotland
????