Yolande "Isabella" de Brienne, Queen of Jerusalem (c.1212 - 1228) MP

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Nicknames: "Yolanda or Isabella II of Jerusalem"
Birthplace: Brienne-le-Château, Bar-sur-Aube, Champagne-Ardenne, France
Death: Died in Andria, Apulia, Italy
Occupation: Queen of Jerusalem
Managed by: Nathan De Graw
Last Updated:

About Yolande "Isabella" de Brienne, Queen of Jerusalem

Yolande of Jerusalem

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yolande of Brienne (b. 1212 - d. Andria, Italy, 25 April 1228), also known as Yolanda or Isabella II of Jerusalem, was a princess of French origin who became Queen of Jerusalem.

Infant Queen

Yolande was the only child of Maria of Montferrat, Queen of Jerusalem, and John of Brienne. Maria was the daughter of Queen Isabella of Jerusalem by her second husband Conrad I, and heiress, on her mother's death, of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Maria died shortly after giving birth to her in 1212, possibly by puerperal fever. Because of this, Yolande was proclamed Queen of Jerusalem when she was only a few days old. Because her father John did not have a direct claim on the throne, he ruled as regent.

[edit]Marriage with Frederick II

Frederick II, King of Germany and Sicily, had involved himself broadly in the Fifth Crusade, sending troops from Germany, but he failed to accompany the army directly, despite the encouragement of the Popes Honorius III and later Gregory IX, as he needed to consolidate his position in Germany and Italy before embarking on a crusade. However, Frederick again promised to go on a Crusade after his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor in 1220 by Honorius III.

During a meeting between John of Brienne, the Pope Honorius III and Frederick II in the city of Ferentino in 1223, Yolande's fate was decided: Frederick accepted to finally go to the Crusade, but only as the legitimate King of Jerusalem, and this was only possible if he take the young Queen Yolande as his wife (by this time, Frederick was a widower). This was planned by the Pope, who hoped by this bond to attach the Emperor firmly to the Sixth Crusade. The betrothal was confirmed, but the Emperor still delayed his departure until August 1225, when he and Yolande were married by proxy in the city of Acre. Days after, Yolande was crowned as Queen of Jerusalem.

The now Crowned Queen was sent to Italy and married in person with Frederick II in the cathedral of Brindisi, on 9 November 1225. In the ceremony, he declared himself King Frederick of Jerusalem. Immediately Frederick II saw to it that his new father-in-law John of Brienne, the current King-Regent of Jerusalem, was dispossessed and his rights transferred to him. Despite his new capacity as King of Jerusalem, Frederick II continued to take his time in setting off, and in 1227, he was excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX for failing to honor his crusading pledge.

Death

Since the wedding, Yolande was kept in seclusion by her husband. She spent her time in Frederick's harem in Palermo. In November 1226, she gave birth to her first child, a daughter (called by some sources as Margareta); the baby died in August 1227.

Frederick finally sailed from Brindisi on 8 September 1227 for Jerusalem but fell ill at Otranto, where the Landgrave Ludwig IV of Thuringia had been put ashore and postponed his journey while he recovered.

In the meanwhile Yolande died after giving birth to her second child, a son, Conrad, in Andria, Bari on 25 April 1228. She was buried in the Cathedral of Bari. Frederick finally embarked to Jerusalem on 28 June.

Although he crowned himself as King of Jerusalem in the Holy Sepulchre (18 March 1229), he ruled as regent on behalf of his son, settling a truce with the Muslims in 1229 during the Sixth Crusade.

References

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

-------------------- Après la mort de Constenza, Friedrich II von Hohenstaufen prend un nouveau parti en la personne d' Isabelle Yolande de Brienne.(1225)

Héritière de la maison de Jérusalem, Isabelle Yolande (1211-1228)est fille de Jean Ier de Brienne, Roi de Jérusalem, (ca 1147-1237) et de Maria de Montferrat, "Maria del Montferrato", Reine de Jérusalem (1191-1212)

.

Peu après sa naissance, sa mère contracte, une grave maladie, peut-être la fièvre puerpérale et meurt. Son père, qui n’était que roi à titre de prince consort, devient le bailli et le régent du royaume de Jérusalem au nom de sa fille[

Isabelle sera effectivement Reine de Jérusalem de 1225 à sa mort.

De son Union avec Friedrich II naîtra Konrad IV, (1228-1254), futur Empereur des Romains , Roi de Germanie , Re di Sicilia ...

Isabelle Yolande de Brienne s'éteind en 1228. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_II_of_Jerusalem

Yolande/Isabella II

Holy Roman Empress; Queen consort of the Romans and Sicily; Queen regnant of Jerusalem

Reign

Consort 1212 – 25 April 1228

1225 – 25 April 1228

Predecessor John and Maria

Successor Conrad II of Jerusalem

Spouse Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Issue

Conrad II of Jerusalem

Father John of Brienne

Mother Maria of Montferrat

Born 1212

Died 25 April 1228

Andria, Italy

Burial Andria Cathedral

Isabella II (1212 – 25 April 1228 Andria, Italy) also known as Yolande of Brienne, was a princess of French origin who became monarch of Jerusalem.

Infant Queen

Isabella II was the only child of Maria of Montferrat, Queen of Jerusalem, and John of Brienne. Maria was the daughter of Queen Isabella I of Jerusalem by her second husband Conrad I, and heiress, on her mother's death, of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Maria died shortly after giving birth to her in 1212, possibly by puerperal fever. Because of this, Isabella II was proclaimed Queen of Jerusalem when she was only a few days old. Because her father John did not have a direct claim on the throne, he ruled as regent.

Marriage with Frederick II

Frederick II, King of Germany and Sicily, had involved himself broadly in the Fifth Crusade, sending troops from Germany, but he failed to accompany the army directly, despite the encouragement of the Popes Honorius III and later Gregory IX, as he needed to consolidate his position in Germany and Italy before embarking on a crusade. However, Frederick again promised to go on a Crusade after his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor in 1220 by Honorius III.

During a meeting between John of Brienne, the Pope Honorius III and Frederick II in the city of Ferentino in 1223, Yolande's fate was decided: Frederick accepted to finally go to the Crusade, but only as the legitimate King of Jerusalem, and this was only possible if he agreed to take the young Queen Isabella II as his wife (by this time, Frederick was a widower). This was planned by the Pope, who hoped by this bond to attach the Emperor firmly to the Sixth Crusade. The betrothal was confirmed, but the Emperor still delayed his departure until August 1225, when he and Isabella were married by proxy in the City of Acre. Days after, Isabella II was crowned as Queen of Jerusalem.

The now crowned Queen was sent to Italy and married in person to Frederick II in the cathedral of Brindisi, on 9 November 1225. In the ceremony, he declared himself King Frederick of Jerusalem. Immediately Frederick II saw to it that his new father-in-law John of Brienne, the current Regent of Jerusalem, was dispossessed and his rights transferred to him. Despite his new capacity as King of Jerusalem, Frederick II continued to take his time in setting off, and in 1227, he was excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX for failing to honour his crusading pledge.

Death

After the wedding, Isabella was kept in seclusion by her husband. She spent her time in Frederick's harem in Palermo. In November 1226, she gave birth to her first child, a daughter (referred to by some sources as Margaret); the baby died in August 1227. Frederick finally sailed from Brindisi on 8 September 1227 for Jerusalem but fell ill at Otranto, where Louis IV, Landgrave of Thuringia, had been put ashore. Frederick postponed the journey while he recovered. In the meantime Isabella died after giving birth to her second child, a son, Conrad, in Andria, Bari, on 25 April 1228. She is buried in Andria Cathedral. Frederick finally embarked to Jerusalem on 28 June. Although he crowned himself as King of Jerusalem in the Holy Sepulchre on 18 March 1229, he ruled as regent on behalf of his son, settling a truce with the Muslims in 1229 during the Sixth Crusade.

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Isabelle II, Queen of Jerusalem's Timeline

1212
1212
Brienne-le-Château, Bar-sur-Aube, Champagne-Ardenne, France
1225
November 9, 1225
Age 13
Brindisi, Apulia, Italy
1226
November, 1226
Age 14
Italy
1228
April 25, 1228
Age 16
cathedral of Vác
April 25, 1228
Age 16
Andria, Apulia, Italy
1228
Age 16
Andria, Apulia, Italy