About Jacob Madsen
According to the Book, Conquerors of the West: Stalwart Mormon Pioneers, Volume 1, Jacob Madsen (Jacob Christensen), was orn December 18, 1805, Store Brondum, Aalborg, Denmark. His parents were Christen Madsen and Anne Nielsen Madsen. Jacob married Dorothea Christine Jensen, April 16, 1838, in Skibsted, Aalborg, Denmark. They arrived in the Great Salt Lake Valley, Setpember 13, 1857, with the Mathias Crowley Company. Jacob passed away June 10, 1879, Bloomington, Bear Lake, Idaho. He was known as Jacob Christensen in Denmark, following the patronymic system. His own children, while living in Denmark, followed the same system and went by the surname of Jacobsen. Upon arriving in the Valley, they all took the name of their paternal grandfather, Madsen.
Jacob and Dorothea heard the gospel and were baptized in 1855 in Denmark. They wanted to join the saints in the valley. They left their home and, after spending the winter of 1856-57 in Hurup, Als, Denmark, they left Denmark. Jacob and his family sailed from Liverpool, England, April 15, 1857, aboard the ship "Westmoreland" and arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, May 31, 1857. They are listed on the ship's roster as follows:
Jacob Christianson, age 50, Farmer
Dorothea Christianson, age 39, wife
Hans Christianson, age 18, Farmer
Annie Christianson, age 6
Neils Christianson, age 2
Eliza Christianson, age 7
Anton P. Christianson, age 4
Their son, Christian Madsen, born in Denmark in 1844, came to America in 1853 with friends of the family. They were given $500 to care for him in the new world until his parents could sell all of their worldly possessions and have enough money to take their entire family to America.
Travel conditions were so terrible on the way to Iowa that Jacob and Dorothea lost an infant son, Franklin during the trip. The balance of the way to the valley was difficult and heart rending. They arrived at the time of the coming of Johnston's army, so after several days, they were sent south with the other saints.
They remained in Nephi for the rest of the years 1857-58, and then moved to Ogden. Around 1863 they moved to Bloomington, Bear Lake, Idaho, where at the age of 73, Jacob passed away. His children stayed in the Bloomington area for at least 20 years or more, with some relocating to Safford, Arizona, in 1883 with other family members and in-laws.
Jacob and Dorothea's children were:
Christen, born June 19, 1838, Skibsted, Aalborg, Denmark, died in Denmark as a child
Hans, born January 30, 1840, Skibsted, Aalborg, Denmark
Anna, born May 22, 1842, Skibsted, Aalborg, Denmark
Christian, born November 14, 1844, Skibsted, Aalborg, Denmark
Niels, born December 4, 1846, Skibsted, Aalborg, Denmark
Eliza, b. April 22, 1849, Skibsted, Aalborg, Denmark
Anton Peter, born June 16, 1851, Skibsted, Aalborg, Demark
Inger Marie, born June 24, 1854, Skibsted, Aalborg, Denmark
Franklin, born December 1, 1856, Hurup, Als, Denmark. Died enroute to the Valley as an infant.
Jacob, born January 5, 1860, Ogden, Utah
Submitted by: Thais DeGrey
His headstone reads, "True to his trust. Honest and pure. A Father indeed and a friend to the poor."
"...Jacob Madson (1805-1879) and his family sailed from Liverpool, England April 25, 1857, aboard the ship "Westmoreland" and arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania May 31, 1857. They are listed on the ship's roster as follows:
- Jacob Christianson, age 50, farmer
- Dorothea Christianson, age 39, wife
- Hans Christianson, age 18, farmer
- Annie Christianson, age 6
- Neils Christianson, age 2
- Eliza Christianson, age 7
- Anton P. Christianson, age 4
- Inger, infant
- Franklin, infant
1857 (p. 120-122) On Friday, April 18, 1857, a company of emigrating Saints, numbering 536 souls, bound for Utah, sailed from Copenhagen on the steamer "L. N. Hvidt," in charge of Elder Hector C. Haight, who accompanied the emigrants to England. Among the emigrants was the late Simon Peter Eggertsen of Provo, Utah. After a successful voyage the ship arrived at Grimsby, England, April 21st in the afternoon, thence the journey was continued the following day by rail to Liverpool, where the emigrants, to "together with four returning Utah Elders from Great Britain, went on board the ship "Westmoreland" and sailed from Liverpool, April 25th. In the evening of the 24th, while the ship still lay at anchor in the River Mersey, five young couples were married, namely: Carl C. A. Christensen and Eliza Haarby, Johan F. F. Dorius and Karen Fransen, Carl C. N Dorius and Ellen G. Rolfsen, Lauritz Larsen and Anne M Thomsen and Jacob Bastian and Gertrud Petersen.
Matthias Cowley was appointed by the presidency in Liverpool to take charge of the company, with Henry Lunt and Ola N. Liljenquist as his counselors. The Saints were divided into four districts under the presidency of Elders George W. Thurston, Lorenzo D. Rudd, Chr. G. Larsen and Carl C. N. Dorius. The following discipline or order was observed during the voyage: The emigrants went to bed between 9 and 10 o'clock in the evening and arose about 5 o'clock in the morning. Prayers were held morning and evening, and, as far as possible, also at noon.
The Sundays were occupied with fasting, prayers and preaching. Schools were also organized in each district for the purpose of giving the Scandinavian Saints instructions in English. A musical company was organized and the Saints frequently enjoyed themselves in the dance and other innocent diversions.
Splendid health as a rule existed among the emigrants and only two small children and an old man (82 years of age) died during the voyage. A child was born May 3, 1857, which was named Decan Westmoreland, after the captain and the ship. After a successful voyage, which lasted 36 days, the company arrived in Philadelphia, Pa., May 31, 1857. Here they were received by Elder Angus M. Cannon, who, during the absence of Pres. John Taylor, acted as emigration agent. He made the necessary arrangements for the journey of the company through the States.
On the 2nd of June, the emigrants continued by rail from Philadelphia, and, traveling via Baltimore and Wheeling, they arrived safely in Iowa City, Iowa, July 9, 1857. This place was the outfitting point for the Saints who crossed the Plains in 1857 the same as in 1856. During the railroad journey, a Brother Hammer from Bornholm and three children died. About the 15th of June, a part of the company commenced the journey toward the Valley from Iowa City with an ox-train, under the captaincy of Elder Matthias Cowley, while another fraction of the company, about the same time, commenced the journey across the Plains with handcarts under the leadership of Elder James P. Park.
Several of the emigrants who had not sufficient means to continue the journey to the Valley that year, remained in the States for the purpose of earning money with which to continue the journey later. The ox-train, which consisted of 198 souls, 31 wagons, 122 oxen and 28 cows, arrived at Florence, Nebraska, July 2,1857, in pretty good health; but when the handcart company reached that place the following day a number of the handcart emigrants were sick, owing to the change of food and climate, and also because of over-exertion.
Consequently, a council was called for the purpose of considering their condition, and, after some discussion, it was decided by unanimous vote that the company should continue the journey at once and that all who were not strong enough to stand the journey should remain behind, so as not to become a burden to the company.
The ox-train rolled out of Florence, July 6th, and the handcart company, which consisted of 330 souls, with 68 handcarts, 3 wagons and 10 mules, continued the journey from Florence, July 7th, under the leadership of Elder Chr. Christiansen, who returned home from a mission to the Western States. Both companies arrived safe and well in Salt Lake City, Sept. 13, 1857.
The second division of the season's emigration from Scandinavia, consisting of 286 souls, sailed from Copenhagen, May 20, 1857, en route for Utah. The company arrived at Liverpool, England, on the 24th, being accompanied that far by Pres. Hector C. Haight. Together with a large number of emigrating Saints from the British Mission, the Scandinavian emigrants sailed from Liverpool, on the ship "Tuscarora," early on the morning of May 30, 1857, under the leadership of Richard Harper. After a pleasant voyage of about five weeks, the "Tuscarora" arrived in Philadelphia, July 3, 1857.
From that city the journey was continued by railroad westward to Burlington, Iowa, from which place the emigrants scattered in their endeavors to find employment and earn means wherewith to continue their journey to Utah as soon as possible. At the April conference held at. Louis, Mo., that year, it was decided that the Scandinavian Saints who were stopping temporarily in the States, should be advised to move from St. Louis, Mo., and Alton, Illinois, to Omaha and Florence, Nebraska, which places at that time were being built up with great energy, and the brethren stood a good chance to fine remunerative employment there until they could travel further west.
This move was carried out almost immediately, and in a remarkable short time all the Scandinavians hat left Missouri and Iowa for Nebraska. About the same time a number of temporary settlements were founded by the Saints west of Florence or the route to Utah, according to instructions from President Brigham Young. After the departure of the two companies of emigrants, the Elders who were left in the different Scandinavian conferences continued their missionary labors with renewed zeal and soon new converts took the places of the many who had emigrated to Zion.
SOURCE: Scandinavian Mission 1852-1868 immigration notes from excerpts of the History of the Scandinavian Mission, by Andrew Jenson.
Mormon Pioneers of the Overland Trail:
- Christensen, Jacob
- Birth Date: 18 Dec. 1805
- Death Date: 10 June 1879
- Gender: Male
- Age: 51
- Company: Unidentified Companies (1857)
- Christensen, Dorthea Christen Jensen (40)
- Christensen, Jacob (51)
- Madsen, Annie (15)
- Madsen, Anton Peter (6)
- Madsen, Eliza (8)
- Madsen, Franklin (infant)
- Madsen, Hans (17)
- Madsen, Marie Inger (3)
Evidence from emigration and genealogical records proves the Christensen family traveled to Utah in 1857.
NOTE: Per written records from the daughter of Christian Madsen, son of Jacob (Christensen) Madsen, Christian, born in 1844, Christian did not come to America with his family in 1857, but rather came earlier in 1853, when he was only 9 years old, along with friends of the Madsen family who were immigrating to the USA at that time. Some of the diary of Christian's daughter can be found on her profile page, Dortha Roxana Madsen Rollins McKinney, born 1869 in Bloomington, Bear Lake, Idaho, and died in 1953 either in Simi Valley, California, or in Safford, Arizona. Dortha said the reason Jacob Madsen and his wife Dorthea could not come to America sooner than 1857 is because they were trying to dispose of their worldly possessions before leaving Denmark.
Jacob Madsen's Timeline
December 18, 1805
Aalborg, Nordjylland, Denmark
January 26, 1806
Brøndum, Rostrup, North Denmark Region, Denmark
April 16, 1838
Skibsted, North Denmark Region, Denmark
June 19, 1838
January 30, 1840
Rostrup, Aalborg, Nordjylland, Danmark
May 22, 1842
Rostrup, Syddanmark, Danmark
November 14, 1844
December 4, 1846
April 22, 1849
Rostrup, Aalborg, Nordjylland, Danmark
June 16, 1851
Aalborg, Nordjylland, Denmark