Jacob (Yaacov) David Herzog (1921 - 1972) MP

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Death: Died
Occupation: Rabbi. Diplomat
Managed by: Joel יואל Gedalius גדאליאס
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About Jacob (Yaacov) David Herzog

Yaakov Herzog (Hebrew: יעקב הרצוג‎, 21 March 1921 – 9 March 1972) was an Israeli diplomat.

Biography

Yitzhak Herzog was born in Dublin, Ireland. His father was Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog, the second Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Israel, and his brother, Chaim Herzog, became the sixth President of Israel. The family immigrated to Mandate Palestine in 1937. After he was ordained as a rabbi in the Harry Fischel Seminary in Jerusalem, Herzog studied law at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and London University. He earned a doctorate in international law from McGill University in Montreal. Herzog served in Shai in the Haganah.

Diplomatic career

After the founding of the State of Israel, Herzog worked for the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 1948 to 1954 he counseled on issues relating to Jerusalem. From 1954 to 1957 he was the chief of the United States division. He advised Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion on policy from 1956 to 1957.

From 1957 to 1960 Herzog was an emissary for the Israeli embassy in Washington D. C., and from 1960 to 1963 he served in the Israeli embassy in Canada.

Herzog helped improve relations with the Vatican after the Six-Day War, and led diplomatic communications with King Hussein of Jordan. He held secret talks with Hussein in a London clinic that opened the way to peace between Jordan and Israel, established secret contacts with Lebanese Christians, helped the Imam of Yemen against his enemies, and became a personal friend to President Kennedy, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, Ireland’s leader Éamon de Valera and other world figures.

From 1965 until his death in 1972, he served as the chief of staff for the Prime Minister of Israel's office under the administrations of Levi Eshkol and Golda Meir. In January 1961, when was the Israeli emissary to Canada, he engaged in a famous public debate with the British historian Arnold J. Toynbee, who compared Israel's actions in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War to the actions of the Nazis against the Jews in the Holocaust.

Isaiah Berlin described him as "one of the best and wisest, most attractive and morally most impressive human beings I have ever known.”

Commemoration

Many educational institutions, especially in the Religious Zionism sector, perpetuate his memory: Kiryat Yaakov Herzog high school in Kfar Sava, Yaakov Herzog Jewish Studies College in Ein Tzurim, Herzog College for training of teachers in Alon Shvut, the Maalot Yaakov Yeshiva, and the law faculty at Bar-Ilan University, are all named for him.

Published works

  • A translation of Berakhot, Pe'ah and Demai was first printed in 1947 and reprinted in 1980.
  • About Israel and its land: an argument with Professor Arnold Toynbee. Jerusalem: Office of Education and Culture, 5735 (1974-1975).
  • A nation that lives alone. Tel Aviv: Maariv books, 1975.
  • The Anderson Mission
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Jacob (Yaacov) Herzog's Timeline

1921
December 11, 1921
Dublin, Ireland
1951
1951
Age 29
Tel Aviv, Israel
1972
March 8, 1972
Age 50
????
Sanheriya, Jerusalem, IS