James Montgomery Calhoun

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James Montgomery Calhoun

Birthplace: Long Cane Creek, Abbeville, South Carolina, United States
Death: Died in Atlanta, Fulton, Georgia, United States
Place of Burial: Atlanta, Fulton, Georgia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of William Calhoun and Rebecca Calhoun
Husband of Emma Elizabeth Calhoun
Father of William Lowndes Calhoun
Brother of Ezekiel Noble Calhoun, M.D.

Occupation: Politician
Managed by: Seth Wheatley, III
Last Updated:

About James Montgomery Calhoun

James M. Calhoun (February 12, 1811 – October 1, 1875) was the 16th Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia during the Civil War.

In 1863, he commissioned a volunteer militia to defend Atlanta. When Union troops under the command of William T. Sherman drew near during the Atlanta campaign, much of the population of Atlanta, including Calhoun's wife and children, fled the city, reducing the population of Atlanta from around 22,000 to less than 3,000 when the Confederate Army of Tennessee retreated from the city on September 1, 1864.

Calhoun surrendered the city on September 2, 1864, writing, "Sir: The fortune of war has placed Atlanta in your hands. As mayor of the city I ask protection of non-combatants and private property." A marker now stands at the corner of Peachtree Street and Alabama Street indicating where the surrender took place.

Sherman's troops occupied the city for two months and burned much of it on November 15, 1864, in preparation for the March to the Sea.


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James Montgomery Calhoun's Timeline

February 12, 1811
Abbeville, South Carolina, United States
August 9, 1832
Age 21
Jasper, Pickens, Georgia, United States
November 23, 1837
Age 26
Decatur, DeKalb, Georgia, United States
October 1, 1875
Age 64
Atlanta, Fulton, Georgia, United States
Age 63
Atlanta, Fulton, Georgia, United States