James's Top Matches
About James Claypoole, Jr.
Timeline for James Claypoole, Jr. (c1743-1822), portrait painter, limner and Commissioner of the Supreme Court, Jamaica, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Kingston, Jamaica, West Indies.
1742 – James Claypoole of Philadelphia, Pa., married Rebecca White of Burlington, N.J., on 24 May, 1742, at Christ Church, Philadelphia. (Transcribed Christ Church marriage register, 1709-1800)
c1743 – James Claypoole, Jr., son of James and Rebecca Claypoole, probably born in Philadelphia, Pa. (Note: no record of birth or baptism found as at January 2008)
1754 – “I Joseph White Junior of the City and County of Burlington in the Western District of New Jersey…………..I Give, Devise and Bequeath unto my Nephew James Claypole the Son of James and Rebecca Claypole the Sum of Five pounds current money as aforesaid to be paid by the Executors hereafter names as Soon as Conveniently they Can after my Desease dated this eighth Day of August 1754” Will proved Dec 2, 1754. Other beneficiaries: Sister Mary Bryan and nephew Joseph Claypole. Witnesses: Isaac Heulings, Elizabeth Elton, William Heulings. (New Jersey Wills, 1670-1760. Lib. 8, p.184)
1761 - Pennsylvania Gazette. October 29, 1761 “JUST PUBLISHED. A Perspective View of the PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL, with the Buildings intended to be erected. Taken from the South-East, by JAMES CLAYPOOLE, junior, and to be sold by him, in Walnut-Street. Philadelphia; Also by *DAVID HALL. Price, One Shilling, plain; or Two, neatly coloured.” - (*Note: printer of the Pennsylvania Gazette)
The following are excerpts from a letter, from Charles Willson Peale* to his son, Rembrandt, dated Bellafield, October 28, 1812, now archived at the Library of the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA. "About this time (c1760) West must have made his beginning, his first essays at portraits were perhaps done at Lancaster and I believe encouraged by the Shippen family. About the same period or a little later young Claypoole attempted portrait painting, his father was a house painter and glazer. In 1762 on a visit to Philad. I went to see the paintings of Mr. James Claypoole. He was not at home. I see his pictures and one done by Miss Rench, whom, if I mistake not, he married. After her death he intended to go to London to visit Mr West** with whom he had been intimate---but meeting with a storm was drove into the West Indias. In the Island of Jamaica he married and settled there." and "Miss Polly Rench, sister to Mrs James Claypole, painted in miniature and had the merit of maintaining her mother and a young brother by the work of her pencil....."
- Note(i): Charles Willson Peale came to know James Claypoole Sr. and his family very well indeed - in 1782, Peale's brother James married Mary Claypoole, daughter of James Claypoole Sr. and Mary Chambers Claypoole; in 1782/3, James and/or Charles Peale painted individual portraits of James and Mary Chambers Claypoole and later, Septimus Claypoole, son of James Claypoole Sr. and Mary Chambers Claypoole, married the Peale brothers' niece, Elizabeth 'Betsy' Polk.
- Note(ii): Benjamin West, born 1738 at Swarthmore, Springfield Twp., Pennsylvania; lived in England from 1763 to 1820; co-founder of the Royal Academy of Arts with Sir Joshua Reynolds and from 1792, 2nd President of the Royal Academy).
Richardson (1970) p. 171, referring to Charles W. Peale’s above letter, said:- "James Claypoole, the elder, was in 1762 already married to his second wife, Mary Chambers, and both were well known to Peale, who afterwards painted their portraits. This account therefore refers to James, junior." Richardson, E. P. (1970) JAMES CLAYPOOLE, JUNIOR, RE-DISCOVERED, Art Quarterly, Vol 33, No.2 (Summer), ref. 10.
1764 - published early April to Aug. 10 - James Claypoole, Jr. is said to be the etcher of three political caricatures which attacked the Quaker leader Israel Pemberton and Benjamin Franklin. The caricatures were titled 'The German Bleeds and Bears the Furs', 'An Indian Squaw King Wampum Spies' and 'The Quakers and Franklin'. "These bitter etchings, with their acutely observed portraits are, I believe, all the work of James Claypoole, Jr., the only artist in Philadelphia with the command of the technique of etching, the skill as a portrait painter, and the political sympathies to be capable of them. The Claypoole family were followers of the Rev. William McClenachan of St. Paul's Church, who strongly sympathised with the Paxton (Paxtang) Boys." Richardson, E.P., The Birth of Political Caricature, pp 71-89, in Philadelphia Printmaking: American Prints before 1860, Editor: Looney, Robert, The Tinicum Press, West Chester, PA. 1977.
1765 - PORTRAITS signed by/or attributed to James Claypoole, Jr. by the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Art Catalogue.
• Mrs John Young (Mary Ann Bedford) - Owner: Henry Francis du Pont
Winterthur Museum, DE.
• Robert Shewell (1740-1825) - Owner: Allentown Art Museum, PA
( Note: Dr. Benjamin Rush’s Ledger ‘A’- 1770 “Capt: Robert Shewell <Steph: Shewell’s Brother>”)
• Mrs. Robert Shewell (Sarah Sallows) - Owner: Allentown Art Museum, PA
(Note: The Shewell paintings may have been commissioned to mark the couple’s marriage, which took place on Jan.15, 1764)
Historical note: About 1760, Elizabeth 'Betsy' Shewell and Benjamin West became engaged to be married, and later that year, Benjamin West sailed for Europe. Elizabeth's brother, the wealthy Stephen Shewell, who is said to have opposed her marriage to West, kept Elizabeth (she had lived with him since the deaths of their parents) under lock and key in her room(s) until West's ship had sailed. In 1765, having established himself as an artist of repute in London and secured Royal patronage, West sent for Betsy and arranged for his father to be her chaperone on the long voyage to England. Stephen Shewell got wind of the plan and took action yet again. He sent Elizabeth to Pen Ryn, his wife's Bickley family estate on the Delaware River about 14 miles from Philadelphia, with orders that she be kept under tight security. It is said that late one night, three friends of West, Benjamin Franklin, then about 54 years of age; 18 year-old 'Billy' White and Francis Hopkinson, a future signer of the Declaration of Independence, rescued Betsy by means of a rope ladder from her bedroom window. As soon as she and West's father had boarded the waiting ship, it cast off, dropped down the Delaware River, and set a course for England where Betsy and Benjamin were married without delay. There are three 'Claypoole' connections here - i) Matthew Pratt accompanied Betsy and John West on the voyage to London and became Benjamin West's first American pupil. Pratt, son of Henry Pratt and Rebecca Claypoole Pratt, had been apprenticed to his uncle, James Claypoole Sr., who, in turn, had been apprenticed to Gustavus Hesselius. ii) James Claypoole, Jr., Pratt's 1st cousin, painted the portraits of Betsy West's brother and sister-in-law, Robert Shewell and Sarah Sallows Shewell - the portraits are owned by Allentown Art Museum, PA. iii) 'Billy' White, later the Reverend William White D.D., chaplain to George Washington and Bishop of Pennsylvania, was the son of Col. Thomas White and Esther Heulings White. Esther was a cousin of Mary Heulings White, mother of Rebecca White who married James Claypoole Sr. on 24 May 1742 at Christ Church, Philadelphia.
1765 – John Beveridge, A.M., Professor of Languages in the College and Academy of Philadelphia, self published his 88 page book of verse(s), Epistolae Familiares…The list of the first 500 subscribers (pp.vii-ix) included “James Claypoole, Junior." Beveridge, J. (1765). Epistolae familiares et alia quaedam miscellanea. Familiar epistles, and other miscellaneous pieces. Philadelphia: Printed for the Author by William Bradford. (“at the London Coffee House, at the corner of Market and front Streets”) (Early American Imprints, 1st series, no. 9912, Evans)
1765 – 1768: July 25, 1765 was the date of the last marriage recorded as conducted by the Reverend William MacClenachan at St. Paul’s Church, Philadelphia. The next marriage record for St. Paul’s was dated Sept. 8th, 1768. (Pennsylvania Archives. Second Series. Vol. IX., 1880. Marriage Record of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia. 1759-1806; pages 441-494.) It is probable that the three year gap in St. Paul’s marriage records is why the marriage of James Claypoole and Sarah Rench cannot be found.
1767 – Taxables in Chestnut, Walnut and Lower Delaware Wards, Philadelphia “We the Subscribers Overseers of the poor have Laid the following Tax of three pence in the Pound and Nine Shillings prhead on the Estates and Inhabitants of the City of Philadelphia To be Applied Toward the Maintenance of the poor of the Said City the ensuing year – Assessed the 20th day April 1767 By Abrm Masson Benjn Loxley Nathaniel Browne William Savery Chas Jervis George Hitner Jr.”………. Walnut Ward “(29) James Claypole junr £10 pd £0-2-6” Roach, Hannah Benner (1999) Colonial Philadelphians ('Philadelphia’s Colonial Poor Laws and Taxables, 1767') The Genealogical Society Of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia page: 161.
1767 – Burial: “1767, May 10. Sarah, daughter of James Claypoole, Jun.” – Records of Christ Church, Philadelphia. Burials, 1700-1785. Transcript in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
1767 – Birth & baptism: “Jul 11, 1767 – Walter Rench, son of James and Sarah Claypoole, born Apr 28, 1767”. Records of Christ Church, Philadelphia. Baptisms, 1709-1768. Baptised by the Rev. Richard Peters D.D.
1768 - June 14th, 1768: Mr James Claypoole, Jun. petitioned the Lodge (no. 2, F. and A. M. of Philadelphia) to become a member was ordered to pay on the Books till the next Lodge Night.
July 12th, 1768: Jas. Claypoole jun: Petition was unanimously accepted and he received the Degree of an Entered Apprentice, Had the benefit of an enterd apprentice Lecture. August 9th, 1768: Bro. James Claypoole, Jr. received the degree of a Fellow Craft. September 13th, 1768: Brother Claypoole having passed the degrees of an Entered Apprentice & Fellow Craft and on Due examination being found worthy was admitted to the Degree of a Master Mason.
1769 – Brother James Claypool(e) attended Lodge Nights on January 16th, 24th and 30th; February 7th and 28th; March 14th and 28th and then April 11th. On August 8th: “Brother Claypoole inform’d the Lodge that Mr. Zachariah Nieman requests to become a member of the Lodge ordered to remain on the Books till the next Lodge Night of which every Member is to have Notice.” James Claypoole attended the September 12th Lodge Night, at which Mr. Nieman’s application for membership was rejected. The last Lodge Night attended by James Claypoole, Jr. was October 10th, 1769.
November 14th, 1769 – “Lodge in due form.” Absent members fineable: Danl. Montgomery, Messrs Rutherford – James Claypoole, John Dunlap, Alex Bartram. There is no further mention of James Claypoole, Jr. nor record of any resignation from Lodge no. 2 by James Claypoole. But, on November 27th, 1771, recorded is Visiting Brother: James Claypoole and on December 1st, 1773, amongst Visiting Brethren: Bro James Claypoole No 7 (Lodge No. 7, Chestertown, Kent Co., Maryland; warrant granted in 1766). Freemasonry in Pennsylvania, 1727-1907, as shown by the Records of Lodge no. 2, F.(ree) and A.(ccepted) M.(asons) of Philadelphia, from the year A.L. 5757, A.D. 1757 by Norris Stanley Barratt and Julius Friedrich Sachse. Philadelphia, 1908. (Note: in December, 2007, the Librarian of The Masonic Library and Museum of Pennsylvania confirmed the above Minutes of Lodge No. 2, by electronic mail, to Barry Chapman, Tasmania, Australia)
1769 – PROPRIETARY TAX, CITY OF PHILADELPHIA – 1769
Walnut Ward – Assessor: William Allison Acres Horses Cattle Servants Tax James Claypoole - - - - - (Pennsylvania Archives, Series 3, Volume XIV, page 163) (Note: Not James Sr. – see Dock Ward & not James, son of Nathaniel Jr. – see Southwark, East)
1768/69 - PORTRAITS • Ann Galloway Pemberton (1750-1798) - Owner: Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, PA. • Joseph Pemberton (1745-1782) - Owner: Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, PA. • Lydia Irons (Mrs. Eleazer McComb) - Owner: H. Rodney Sharp, DE.
(Note: Eleazer McComb became a Delaware delegate to Continental Congress)
c1760 to c1770 - PORTRAITS Eleven other portraits, of Claypoole family members and unrelated British American subjects, are attributed to “James Claypoole, Jr.” by the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Note: these eleven portraits include those of Rebecca and Martha Doz, daughters of Andrew Doz. With James Claypoole, Sr., Doz was a founding member of St. Paul’s Church, Philadelphia and a Vestryman of St. Paul’s 1762-1764. Barratt, Norris Stanley (1917) Outline of The History of Old St. Paul’s Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1760-1898. The Colonial Society of Pennsylvania Philadelphia.
1769 – “James Claypool – Painter in Walnut St.” (Note: unlikely to be James Claypoole, Sr., as the 1769 Proprietary Tax List has James Sr. living in Dock Ward). Roach, Hannah Benner (1999) Colonial Philadelphians ('Genealogical Gleanings from from Dr. Rush's Ledger A') The Genealogical Society Of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia page: 176
1769 – April 3. No. 1226. James Claypoole Jun’r. 200 acres. “On the West side of the North East Branch of Susquehanna about 2 miles above the mouth of Waphallapan Creek whereon is an Old Indian Field and a small stream of water running thr’o it.” This entry marked “See return in the Rejected files of Luzerne County”
1771 – “James Claypoole of the parish of Kingston portrait painter and Helen Frazier of the same parish Spinster were joined together in the holy state of matrimony on the 8th of May 1771. John Poole Rector of St. Andrew’s” St Andrews Parish Register, Vol 1 at page 45. LDS FHL 1291698 (Note: despite extensive research, no earlier mention of James Claypoole, nor of any other person named Claypoole/Claypole/Claypool/Cleypole et al could be found in Jamaican BMD records, almanacs etc.)
1772 - Subscribers to a book of poems included “Mr. James Claypoole, Jamaica” Evans, Nathaniel A.M. (1772) Poems on Several Occasions: With Some Other Compositions. Philadelphia. Printed by John Dunlap in Market-Street, M. DCC. LXXII. (Note: Mr. Evans was born in Philadelphia in June 1742 and was destined for a career in commerce by his father, Mr. Edward Evans. But after completing his apprenticeship, he entered the College (University) of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1765 as Master of Arts. Immediately following his graduation, he travelled to England, where, on 21st and 22nd September, 1765 respectively, he was ordained a Deacon and a Priest by the Right Rev. Richard Terrick, Bishop of London. He was appointed a missionary to Gloucester County, New Jersey by the Society for Propogating the Gospel, but after just two years, he died in October 1767, aged 25 years.)
1774 – January 5. A daughter, Dorothy, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 8th January, 1774 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page 239 - LDS FHL 1291763 – this is microfilm held by the Church of Jesus Christ and Latter Day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.) Note: Dorothy must have died before 1822, as she isn’t mentioned in her father’s will.
1774 - PAINTING. Memorial to E.R. Owner: New Orleans Museum of Arts, LA. Note: this painting was signed & dated Jamaica, 1774 & said to have been purchased by Felix H. Kuntz, of New Orleans, from a Louisiana antiquary who obtained the picture in London, England. Richardson, E.P. (1970) JAMES CLAYPOOLE, JUNIOR, RE-DISCOVERED, Art Quarterly, Vol 33, No.2 (Summer), p. 161.
1775 – February 6. A son, James Alexander, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 2nd November, 1775 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page 253 - LDS FHL 1291763). On 3rd August, 1801, he married Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. Edward Frearson of Kingston, Jamaica, at Kingston. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page 166 - LDS FHL 1291763). James A. and Elizabeth Claypoole had at least 8 children before James Alexander Claypoole died in Jamaica in 1829-1830. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 2 and Vol 1, folio 26 - LDS FHL 1291763)
1775 - Kingston, Jamaica. James Claypoole and Mrs Helena Claypoole listed as subscribers to Jonah, an oratorio by Samuel Felsted. In Benjamin West's Jonah: A Previously Overlooked Illustration for the First Oratorio Composed in the New World, The American Art Journal, Vol. XXVIII, No's. 1 and 2 (1997), pp. 122-137, by Arthur S. Marks, Professor of Art History at the University of North Carolina, Marks states that Samuel Felsted, the organist at St. Andrews, Kingston, Jamaica composed the oratorio Jonah and to embellish Felsted's score (published in London in 1775), the title page was an engraving of a scene by Benjamin West, the Philadelphia born, Italian trained, London based painter, whose patron was King George III. In his article, Prof. Marks proposes that James Claypoole, Jr., who knew both men, was the intermediary between Felsted and West, who previously hadn't known each other.
1777 – October 7. A daughter, Elisabeth Anglin, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 6th February, 1779 at Hanover, Jamaica. (Hanover Parish Register, Vol 1, folio 47 - LDS FHL 1224327) In James Claypoole of Jamaica’s 1822 will, she is named as “Eliza Anglin Denniss” and therefore, she died after 1822.
1778 – November 24. A son, Joseph, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 6th February, 1779 at Hanover, Jamaica. (Hanover Parish Register, Vol 1, folio 47 - LDS FHL 122432) He died aged 2 years and was buried 28th November 1780 at Kingston. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 2, folio 45 - LDS FHL 1291763)
1780 - Kingston, Jamaica. James Claypoole advertised in The Royal Gazette of June 24, 1780.
"James Claypoole, limner, having taken the house, and purchased the stock of colours, varnishes, etc, late in the possession of Mr Humphreys, deceased, begs leave to inform his friends and the public, that with their favour he continues painting portraits in oils and in crayons, as well as miniature: he proposes also to carry on the business of coach painting in every particular. He likewise paints and ornaments rooms, with grotesques, festoons, and figures in Chiara Oscura; and in each of these respective branches hopes he shall be so fortunate as to merit the encouragement he may be honoured with."
1781 - August 14. A son, William, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 26th February, 1782 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page 309 - LDS FHL 1291763) He died aged 2 years and was buried 22nd December, 1783 at Kingston. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 2, folio 74 - LDS FHL 1291763)
1783 – November 23. A son, Thomas, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 16th April, 1785 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page 350 - LDS FHL 1291763) He died just before his 37th birthday and was buried 7th November, 1820 ‘CS’ at Kingston. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 2, folio 437 - LDS FHL 1291763)
1785 – October 8. A son, Richard, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 30th March, 1786 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page 363 - LDS FHL 1291763) He died an infant and was buried 31st March , 1786 at Kingston. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 2, folio 88 - LDS FHL 1291763)
1787 – January 26. A daughter, Helena, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 17th, December 1786 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page 382 - LDS FHL 1291763) She died after 1822 and was buried at Kingston? (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, folio 52 - LDS FHL 1291763)
1788 – April 25. A son, Abraham George, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 1st March, 1791 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page 426 - LDS FHL 1291763) He died aged 12 years and was buried 20th June, 1800 at Kingston. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 2, folio 235 - LDS FHL 1291763)
1789 – December 12. A daughter, Christiana Sarah, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 1st March, 1791 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page 426 - LDS FHL 1291763) She died an infant and was buried 16th May, 1791 at Kingston. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 2, folio 122 - LDS FHL 1291763)
1791 – May 22. A son, Edward, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 18th April, 1792 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page 444 - LDS FHL 1291763) He died an infant and was buried 28th May , 1792 at Kingston. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 2, folio 130 - LDS FHL 1291763)
1792 – October 26. A daughter, Mary Denniss, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 23rd December, 1792 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page 455 - LDS FHL 1291763) She died after 1822.
1794 – April 28. A son, Frazier, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 8th September, 1795 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 1, page ??? - LDS FHL 1291763) He died an infant and was buried 1st October, 1795 at Kingston. The Burial Register spelled his name as “Fraser” (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 2, folio 184 - LDS FHL 1291763)
1796 – July 4. A daughter, Anna, was born to James and Helena Claypoole and was baptised on 7th August, 1797 at Kingston, Jamaica. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 2, page 53 - LDS FHL 1291763) She died an infant and was buried 8th August, 1797 at Kingston. (Kingston Parish Register, Vol 2, folio 205 – LDS FHL 1291763)
Date of birth unknown – “my daughter named Frances Claypoole” mentioned by James Claypoole of Jamaica in his 1822 will.
1796 - Militia of Jamaica. Commander in Chief, Right Hon. Alexander, Earl of Balcarres Eastern Division, Regiment of Horse, Machioneal Troop. Staff: Mustermaster James Claypoole. (1796 Jamaica Almanac)
1802 - Militia of Jamaica, (One regiment of Horse, four regiments of Foot), Horse, County of Surry(sic), Machioneal Troop, STAFF - Mustermaster James Claypoole, Esq. (1802 Jamaican Almanac.)
1802 - Jamaican Almanac. County of Surry, (sic) Kingston Magistrates, Coroner, James Claypoole, Esq.
1805 - Jamaican Almanac. Kingston, County of Surrey, Coroner, James Claypoole, Esq.
1805 - Jamaican Almanac. James Claypoole, Esquire, Commissioner (one of six) of the Supreme Court, Kingston.
1808 - Jamaican Almanac. Kingston, County of Surrey, Coroner, James Claypoole, Esq.
1808 - Jamaican Almanac. James Claypoole, Esquire, Commissioner (one of seven) of the Supreme Court, Kingston.
1822 – On 23 Mar 1822, James Claypoole was buried at Kingston, Jamaica. Parish Register Transcripts, 1664-1880; Kingston Parish Burial Index (v.1-4) 1722-1825; Reference: 1816-1825 Volume 2 Folio 453. (LDS FHL INTL Film 1291762) Copyright: Barry M. Chapman, Tasmania, Australia 2004-2008
James Claypoole, Jr.'s Timeline
Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, America
Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, America
April 28, 1767
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, America
May 8, 1771
Kingston, Surrey, Jamaica
March 20, 1822
Kingston, St Andrew Parish, Jamaica
March 22, 1822
Kingston, St Andrew Parish, Jamaica