James "Jimmy" Earl Carter, Jr
|Yaşadığı Yer::||Plains, Georgia, United States|
|Birthplace:||Plains, Georgia, United States|
Son of James Earl Carter, Sr. ve Bessie Lillian Gordy
|Occupation:||United States President & Peanut Farmer, United States President, Governor of Georgia, Georgia State Senator, Peanut farmer, 39th President of the United States, 39th President of US (1977-1981), President|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About James E. "Jimmy" Carter, 39th President of the USA
President Carter's birthdate is October 1, 1924. He was named for his father, but never used any name but Jimmy.
He served as the thirty-ninth President of the United States from 1977 to 1981, and was the recipient of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize. Prior to becoming president, Carter served two terms in the Georgia Senate and as the 76th Governor of Georgia, from 1971 to 1975.Jimmy Carter descended from a family that had lived in Georgia for several generations. His great-grandfather Private L.B. Walker Carter (1832–1874) served in the Confederate States Army.
He attended Georgia Tech and Georgia Southwestern State University before receiving an appointment to the United States Naval Academy where he received a generic Bachelor of Science degree in 1946 and is the only graduate of the Naval Academy to become President. Carter finished a high 59th out of his Academy class of 820. Carter served on surface ships and on diesel-electric submarines in the Atlantic and Pacific fleets. As a junior officer, he completed qualification for command of a diesel-electric submarine.
His mother and father were James Earl Carter, Sr. and Lillian "Bessie" Gordy. Rosalynn's mother was called Ms Allie -- a very sweet, dear lady. She was interesting. Mr. Carter died in 1953. Ms Lillian was born Aug 15, 1898 and died in the Americus, GA hospital on October 30, 1983.
Mr. and Mrs Carter had three other children besides Jimmy. They were Gloria (1926-1990), Ruth (1929-1983), and Billy (1937-1988)
Mrs. Lillian Carter's father's name was James Jackson Gordy.
Mr. James Earl Carter, Sr's parents were William A. Carter (1858-1903) and Nina Platt (1863-1939).
Jimmy Carter married Rosalyn Smith of Plain, GA. They were married in the Plains Methodist Church.
Jimmy and Rosalyn had four children: John William (called Jack), James Earl III (called Chip), Donnell Jeffrey (called Jeff), and Amy Lynn.
President Jimmy Earl Carter is Clifford Willard's 8th cousin five times removed.
Clifford Willard→Leon Willard, his father→Joseph Maybrey Willard, his father→Josephine Melissa Willard, his mother→Isaac Prickett, her father→Jane Prickett, his mother→ Nancy Ventioner, her mother→Sarah Thaxton, her mother→Yancey Bailey, her father→Roger Cocke Bailey, his father→Temperance Bailey, his mother→Sarah Cocke, her mother→ Katherine Perrin, her mother→ Katherine Royall, her mother→ Anne Eppes, her daughter and Katherine Royall's sister→ Elizabeth Randolph, Anne's daughter→Sarah Barksdale, her daughter→Lucy Burnley, her daughter→Elizabeth Seals, her daughter→William Archibald Seals, her son→Mary Ann Carter, his daughter→William Archibald Carter, her son→James Earl Carter, his son→President Jimmy Earl Carter, his son.
President James Earl Carter is Dorothy Willard's 8th cousin.
Dorothy Willard (Duncan)→John Henry Duncan, Dorothy’s father→Emma Jane Duncan (Whitman), John’s mother→Mary Jane Whitman (Stodghill), Emma’s mother→Joel Stodghill, Mary Jane’s father→Durette Stodghill, Joel’s father→Joel Stodghill, Durette’s father→James Stodghill, Joel’s father→Ann Stodghill (Madison), James mother→John Madison, Ann’s father→Catherine Gaines (Madison), John’s daughter and Ann’s sister→Richard Gaines, Catherine’s son→Mildred Brown (Gaines), Richard’s daughter→Hollinger Brown, Mildred’s son→Mary Marcus Dawson (Brown), Hollinger’s daughter→Mary Elizabeth Nicholson (Dawson), Mary Marcus Dawson’s daughter→Mary Ida Gordy(Nicholson), Mary Nicholson’s daughter→Bessie Lillian Carter (Gordy), Mary Ida’s daughter→President James Earl Carter, Bessie Lillian’s son and Dorothy Willard’s 8th cousin.
39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981 and was the recipient of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize. Prior to becoming president, Carter served two terms in the Georgia Senate and as the 76th Governor of Georgia, from 1971 to 1975.
Jimmy Carter descended from a family that had lived in Georgia for several generations. His great-grandfather Private L.B. Walker Carter (1832–1874) served in the Confederate States Army.
Jimmy Carter, the first president born in a hospital, was the eldest of four children of James Earl Carter and Bessie Lillian Gordy. He was born and grew up in the tiny southwest Georgia hamlet of Plains near the larger town of Americus. Carter's father was a prominent business owner in the community and his mother was a registered nurse. He was a gifted student from an early age who always had a fondness for reading. By the time he attended Plains High School, he was also a star in basketball. He was greatly influenced by one of his high school teachers, Julia Coleman (1889-1973). While he was in high school he participated in the Future Farmers of America (Now the National FFA Organization).
He then took over and expanded his family business in Plains. There he was involved in a peanut farming accident that left him with a permanently bent finger. His farming business was successful, and during the 1970 gubernatorial campaign, he was considered a wealthy peanut farmer.
From a young age, Carter showed a deep commitment to Christianity, serving as a Sunday School teacher throughout his life. Even as President, Carter prayed several times a day, and professed that Jesus Christ was the driving force in his life. Carter had been greatly influenced by a sermon he had heard as a young man, called, "If you were arrested for being a Christian, would there be enough evidence to convict you?"
James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is the thirty-ninth President of the United States, serving from 1977 to 1981, and the recipient of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize. Prior to becoming president, Carter served two terms in the Georgia Senate and as the 76th Governor of Georgia, from 1971 to 1975.
As president, Carter created two new cabinet-level departments: the Department of Energy and the Department of Education. He established a national energy policy that included conservation, price decontrol, and new technology. Foreign oil imports were reduced by 50% from 1977 to 1982.  In foreign affairs, Carter pursued the Camp David Accords, the Panama Canal Treaties and the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT). Carter sought to put a stronger emphasis on human rights; he negotiated a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt in 1979. His return of the Panama Canal Zone to Panama was seen as a major concession of U.S. influence in Latin America, and Carter came under heavy criticism for it. The final year of his presidential tenure was marked by several major crises, including the 1979 takeover of the American embassy in Iran and holding of hostages by Iranian students, a failed rescue attempt of the hostages, serious fuel shortages, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. By 1980, Carter's disapproval ratings were significantly higher than his approval, and he was challenged by Ted Kennedy for the Democratic Party nomination in the 1980 election. Carter defeated Kennedy for the nomination, but lost the election to Republican Ronald Reagan.
After leaving office, Carter and his wife Rosalynn founded The Carter Center, a nongovernmental, not-for-profit organization that works to advance human rights. He has traveled extensively to conduct peace negotiations, observe elections, and advance disease prevention and eradication of developing nations. He is also a key figure in the Habitat for Humanity project. Carter also remains particularly vocal on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. As of 2008, Carter is the second-oldest living former president, three months and 19 days younger than George H. W. Bush.
39th President of the United States
Jimmy Carter aspired to make Government "competent and compassionate," responsive to the American people and their expectations. His achievements were notable, but in an era of rising energy costs, mounting inflation, and continuing tensions, it was impossible for his administration to meet these high expectations.
Carter, who has rarely used his full name--James Earl Carter, Jr.--was born October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia. Peanut farming, talk of politics, and devotion to the Baptist faith were mainstays of his upbringing. Upon graduation in 1946 from the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, Carter married Rosalynn Smith. The Carters have three sons, John William (Jack), James Earl III (Chip), Donnel Jeffrey (Jeff), and a daughter, Amy Lynn.
After seven years' service as a naval officer, Carter returned to Plains. In 1962 he entered state politics, and eight years later he was elected Governor of Georgia. Among the new young southern governors, he attracted attention by emphasizing ecology, efficiency in government, and the removal of racial barriers.
Carter announced his candidacy for President in December 1974 and began a two-year campaign that gradually gained momentum. At the Democratic Convention, he was nominated on the first ballot. He chose Senator Walter F. Mondale of Minnesota as his running mate. Carter campaigned hard against President Gerald R. Ford, debating with him three times. Carter won by 297 electoral votes to 241 for Ford.
Carter worked hard to combat the continuing economic woes of inflation and unemployment. By the end of his administration, he could claim an increase of nearly eight million jobs and a decrease in the budget deficit, measured in percentage of the gross national product. Unfortunately, inflation and interest rates were at near record highs, and efforts to reduce them caused a short recession.
Carter could point to a number of achievements in domestic affairs. He dealt with the energy shortage by establishing a national energy policy and by decontrolling domestic petroleum prices to stimulate production. He prompted Government efficiency through civil service reform and proceeded with deregulation of the trucking and airline industries. He sought to improve the environment. His expansion of the national park system included protection of 103 million acres of Alaskan lands. To increase human and social services, he created the Department of Education, bolstered the Social Security system, and appointed record numbers of women, blacks, and Hispanics to Government jobs.
In foreign affairs, Carter set his own style. His championing of human rights was coldly received by the Soviet Union and some other nations. In the Middle East, through the Camp David agreement of 1978, he helped bring amity between Egypt and Israel. He succeeded in obtaining ratification of the Panama Canal treaties. Building upon the work of predecessors, he established full diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China and completed negotiation of the SALT II nuclear limitation treaty with the Soviet Union.
There were serious setbacks, however. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan caused the suspension of plans for ratification of the SALT II pact. The seizure as hostages of the U. S. embassy staff in Iran dominated the news during the last 14 months of the administration. The consequences of Iran's holding Americans captive, together with continuing inflation at home, contributed to Carter's defeat in 1980. Even then, he continued the difficult negotiations over the hostages. Iran finally released the 52 Americans the same day Carter left office.
James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. (born October 1, 1924) served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981 and was the recipient of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize, the only U.S. President to have received the Prize after leaving office. Before he became President, Carter served two terms as a Georgia State Senator and one as Governor of Georgia, from 1971 to 1975, and was a peanut farmer and naval officer.
As president, Carter created two new cabinet-level departments: the Department of Energy and the Department of Education. He established a national energy policy that included conservation, price control, and new technology. In foreign affairs, Carter pursued the Camp David Accords, the Panama Canal Treaties, the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT II), and returned the Panama Canal Zone to Panama.
Throughout his career, Carter strongly emphasized human rights. He took office during a period of international stagflation, which persisted throughout his term. The final year of his presidential tenure was marked by the 1979 takeover of the American embassy in Iran and holding of hostages by Iranian students, an unsuccessful rescue attempt of the hostages, fuel shortages, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
By 1980, Carter's popularity had eroded. He survived a primary challenge against Ted Kennedy for the Democratic Party nomination in the 1980 election, but lost the election to Republican candidate Ronald Reagan. On January 20, 1981, minutes after Carter's term in office ended, the 52 U.S. captives held at the U.S. embassy in Iran were released, ending the 444-day Iran hostage crisis.
After leaving office, Carter and his wife Rosalynn founded the Carter Center in 1982, a nongovernmental, not-for-profit organization that works to advance human rights. He has traveled extensively to conduct peace negotiations, observe elections, and advance disease prevention and eradication in developing nations. Carter is a key figure in the Habitat for Humanity project, and also remains particularly vocal on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
- Fun Fact*
Despite his wellspring of genetic greatness, researchers seem to have found only one American president related to Presley. And no, despite his supposed Secret Service nickname, it's not Bill Clinton-- it's Jimmy Carter, a sixth cousin once removed, descended from the same German immigrant. Howard Dean, a tenth cousin, washed up in the '04 race after failing to publicize his Presley kinship.
James E. "Jimmy" Carter, 39th President of the USA's Timeline
1 Ekim 1924
Plains, Georgia, United States
19 Ekim 1967
Plains, GA, USA