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James Hamilton, I

Also Known As: "1st Lord /Hamilton/", "J /Hamilton/", "(Baron Hamilton)", "1st Duke of Hamilton", "6th Baron Cadzow", "Sir James Hamilton", "Baron of Cadzow", "lord james", "(L-McC 18x great uncle)", "6th of Cadzow"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Scotland
Place of Burial: Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir James Hamilton, 5th of Cadzow and Janet Livingstone
Husband of Eupheme Graham, Lady Hamilton and Mary Stewart, Countess of Arran
Partner of Janet Hamilton of Hageby
Father of John Hamilton of Broomhill; John Hamilton, 2nd Lord of Torrance; Elizabeth Hamilton; Elizabeth Hamilton of Hageby; John Hamilton of Cambuskeith and 5 others
Brother of Alexander Hamilton; John Hamilton; Gavin Hamilton, Provost of the Collegiate Church of Bothwell; King James Hamilton and Agnes Hamilton
Half brother of Sir Alexander Bruce of Airth and Stenhouse; Isabella Bruce and Helen Menteith

Occupation: Scottish nobleman, scholar and politician, nobleman, Lord 1 of Hamilton, Lord Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, 6th Lord of Cadzow, Baron of Larkenshire
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton

From Darryl Lundy's Peerage page on James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton:

http://thepeerage.com/p10212.htm#i102116

James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton [1]

  • M, #102116,
  • b. circa 1415,
  • d. 6 November 1479
  • Last Edited=20 Jan 2011

James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton was born circa 1415.[1]

He married, firstly, Lady Eupheme Graham, daughter of Patrick Graham, Earl of Strathearn and Eupheme Stewart, Countess of Caithness, after 25 February 1440/41.[4]

He married, secondly, Mary Stewart, Princess of Scotland, daughter of James II Stewart, King of Scotland and Marie von Geldern, between February 1474 and April 1474. Dispensation from the Pope was granted 25 April 1476, thereby legitimising the two children already born.[4]

He died on 6 November 1479.[5]

He was the son of Sir James Hamilton, 5th of Cadzow and Janet Livingston.[2],[3]

  • He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) [Scotland] in 1440.[2]
  • He was created 1st Lord Hamilton [Scotland] on 28 June 1445, or possibly on 3 July 1445.[1],[2]
  • In 1455 he joined the Douglas revolt against King James II of Scotland, then he went over to the King's side and helped to suppress it.[3]
  • He held the office of Sheriff of Lanarkshire on 1 July 1455.[3]
  • He was on various embassies to England between 1461 and 1472.[2]

Child of James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton and Lady Eupheme Graham

  • 1. Elizabeth Hamilton+[3] b. bt 1442 - 1443, d. a Mar 1517

Children of James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton and Mary Stewart, Princess of Scotland

  • 1. Hon. Elizabeth Hamilton+[6] d. a Apr 1531
  • 2. Hon. Robert Hamilton, Seigneur d'Aubigny [7] d. 1543
  • 3. James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran+[6] b. c 1475, d. bt 26 Mar 1529 - 21 Jul 1529

Child of James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton and Janet Calderwood

  • 1. John Hamilton of Broomhill+[8] b. b 1479, d. c 1550

Citations

  • 1. [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 224. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.
  • 2. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume VI, page 254. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • 3. [S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 4. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.
  • 4. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 255.
  • 5. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 256.
  • 6. [S323] Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's The Peerage of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland: David Douglas, 1904), volume I, page 19. Hereinafter cited as The Scots Peerage.
  • 7. [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 234.
  • 8. [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 326. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

---------------------

Mary STEWART.

  • Born BEF 16 MAY 1452, , , , Scotland.
  • Married first, FEB 1474, , , , Scotland, Sir_James HAMILTON, born ABT 1415, , , , Scotland, died 12 NOV 1479, , , , Scotland, son of James HAMILTON and Janet LIVINGSTON.
  • Married second, BEF 26 APR 1467, Thomas BOYD, born , , , Scotland, died ABT 1473, Antwerp, , , Belgium.
  • Died ABT MAY 1488, , , , Scotland.

References:

  • 1. Calhoun; Hamilton; Baskin and Related Families; Page 115; No 17 on Chart; FHL film 0896933 !GENEALOGY: IMPRINTS 1608-1980; Hamilton; Allied Families; Page 1; Sister Mary Louise Donnelly; Copy in possession of Charlotte Maness
  • 2. Calhoun; Hamilton; Baskin and Related Families; Page 116; FHL Ms. Charlotte Maness, 757 Oak St, Apartment B, Lakewood, CO 80215 Stewart - Hamilton - Maness Family History 18 March 1992 film 0896933
  • 3. The Complete Peerage of England; Scotland; Ireland; Great Britian and The United Kingdon; Page 219; 255; 256; G929.72; G35p; Denver Public Library; Genealogy
  • 4. Royal Ancestors of Magna Charta Barons; Page 225; G929.72; C6943ra; Denver Public Library; Genealogy
  • 5. The Scots Peerage; Page 353; G929.72; P291sc; Denver Public Library; Geneallgy

Children of Mary STEWART and Sir_James HAMILTON:

  • 1. 52 i Sir_James HAMILTON_II, b. 1475, Scotland, d. 1529, Scotland
  • 2. ii Elizabeth (secunda) HAMILTON. Died AFT APR 1531. !GENEALOGY: The Scots Peerage; Page 353; G929.72; P291sc; Denver Public Library; Genealogy
  • 3. iii James (natural) HAMILTON. Died BEF 1473.
    • The Scots Peerage; Page 353; G929.72; P291sc; Denver Public Library; Genealogy
  • 4. iv John (natural) HAMILTON. Died BEF 1540.
    • The Scots Peerage; Page 353; G929.72; P291sc; Denver Public Library; Genealogy
  • 5. v Patrick (natural) HAMILTON. Married Margaret STEWART, died AFT 5 JUL 1542. Died 30 APR 1520, Edinburgh, , , Scotland.
    • The Scots Peerage; Page 353; G929.72; P291sc; Denver Public Library; Genealogy
  • 6. vi David (natural) HAMILTON. Died 1523.
    • The Scots Peerage; Page 354; G929.72; P291sc; Denver Public Library; Genealogy

Mary STEWART and Thomas BOYD had no children.

--------------------

  • Born in 1423 in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
  • He died on 6 Nov 1479 in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
  • He was buried on 12 Nov 1479 in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
  • He married Mary Stewart Princess of Scotland. James was born in 1415.
  • He died in 1479.
  • Baron of Hamilton.

Note:

  • Calhoun; Hamilton; Baskin and Related Families; Page 115; No 17 on Chart; FHL film 0896933
  • IMPRINTS 1608-1980; Hamilton; Allied Families; Page 1; Sister Mary Louise Donnelly; Copy in possession of Charlotte Maness
  • Calhoun; Hamilton; Baskin and Related Families; Page 116; FHL film 0896933
  • The Complete Peerage of England; Scotland; Ireland; Great Britian and The United Kingdon; Page 219; 255; 256; G929.72; G35p; Denver Public Library; Genealogy
  • Royal Ancestors of Magna Charta Barons; Page 225; G929.72; C6943ra; Denver Public Library; Genealogy
  • The Scots Peerage; Page 353; G929.72; P291sc; Denver Public Library; Geneallgy

--------------------

SOURCES:

  • 1) GENEALOGY: Calhoun; Hamilton; Baskin and Related Families; Page 115; No 17; Page 116; FHL film 0896933
  • 2) GENEALOGY: IMPRINTS 1608-1980; Hamilton; Allied Families; Page 1; Sister Mary Louise Donnelly; Copy in possession of Charlotte Maness
  • 3) GENEALOGY: The Complete Peerage of England; Scotland; Ireland; Great Britian and the United Kingdom; Page 220; 254; G929.72; G35p; Denver Public Library; Genealogy

Re: Above Note; By this illustrious alliance (the Princess having had, by her former husband, no male issue which survived after 1484) the heir of the house of Hamilton was for above a century the heir presumptive to the Throne [S.], though sometimes subject to the life of an infant child of one of the reigning monarchs, none of whom, till about 1600, had more than one child who survived infancy.

  • 4) GENEALOGY: Royal Ancestors of Magna Charta Barons; Page 134; G929.72; C6943ra; Denver Public Library; Genealogy
  • 5) GENEALOGY: The Scots Peerage; G929.72; P291sc; Vol 4; Page 349; 350; 351; Denver Public Library; Genealogy

James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, 6th Lord of Cadzow (c. 1415- November 6, 1479) was a Scottish nobleman, scholar and politician.

James Hamilton was the son of James Hamilton of Cadzow, 5th Laird of Cadzow. He was born at Cadzow Castle, South Lanarkshire. He first appears on record on a charter of 1426, granting him the rights to the lands of Dalserf, which had been alienated by his father.

Hamilton was intimately connected with the powerful House of Douglas: his mother was a daughter of the Douglas Lord of Dalkeith, and also through his marriage in 1439/1440 with Lady Euphemia Graham, the youthful widow of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas and daughter of Euphemia Stewart, Countess of Strathearn. Hamilton became stepfather to the young 6th Earl of Douglas, his brother David, both who would be murdered in November 1440 at the 'Black Dinner' at Edinburgh Castle in the presence of James II. Furthermore he was the stepfather of Margaret Douglas, known as the "Fair Maid of Galloway", who was to marry her cousins William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas, and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas.

Prior to 1440 he achieved the status of Knighthood, and circa. 1440/1441 he inherited his father's estates. In 1445, Hamilton received a charter creating him a Lord of Parliament. This charter raised all his estates into the entail of that rank, with its Capital Messuage at the Orchard, (later Hamilton Palace), at Cadzow. Furthermore the charter stated that henceforth the lands would be known as Hamilton as they are today.

Hamilton accompanied his stepson in law, the 8th Earl of Douglas, to Rome in 1450, and there obtained permission from the Holy See to convert the Parish Church at the new burgh of Hamilton into a Collegiate Establishment, with endowments for a Provost and six Canons.

Hamilton is thought to have accompanied the Earl of Douglas to his fatal meeting with James II at Stirling Castle in 1452. He was certainly with the 9th Earl of Douglas, a month after the murder and following the King's ravaging of Douglasdale and Hamilton's lands in Clydesdale. A concord was reached between the King and the Douglas faction at Douglas Castle, in August 1452 that was to last until 1455. In 1453, Hamilton was in England, again with the 9th Earl of Douglas, arranging the release of his Brother in law,Malise Graham, Earl of Strathearn. For this action Strathearn granted Hamilton the lands of Elliestoun in Linlithgowshire. Hamilton was again in London the following year, but was back in Scotland by February 1455.

In March of 1455, King James took to the field against Douglas, sacking his properties and burning his crops. Hamilton's lands, he being a partisan of the Douglases, were also particularly devastated. James turned his attention to the mighty Douglas stronghold of Abercorn Castle, and set about besieging it. Douglas mustered his men from Douglasdale, Galloway and the Forest; Hamilton, his levies from Clydesdale. The troops marched to raise the siege, but the Earl of Douglas' indecision on a plan of attack is said to have perplexed Hamilton, and cause him to withdraw his support for the Douglas cause. Hamilton changed sides and became a partisan of the Royal party. There is evidence to suggest that Hamilton's uncle, James Livingstone, 1st Lord Livingston had a part in this change of heart. Douglas fled to England, his Castle of Abercorn was slighted, two of his brothers died at and following the Battle of Arkinholm; finally Douglas' great fortalice of Threave Castle fell and Douglas was attainted, all his enormous patrimony forfeit.

Following the collapse of the Douglas rebellion, Hamilton was warded at Roslin Castle, in Midlothian for a short while. As recompense for his Volte-Face, Hamilton was created Sheriff of Lanark, in July of 1455, and certain of the Earl of Douglas' forfeited lands were made over to him. These, and his existing lands, being confirmed in Royal charters of October that year. The Barony of Hamilton was increased to include the lands of Drumsergard, Cessford, Kinneil etc., and carefully entailed to whosoever might bear the name and Chief arms of Hamilton. Hamilton was made Bailie of the Priory of Lesmahagow, a Douglas foundation, and was granted the privilege of the lands of Finnart. Hamilton's new patron was the new Lord of Douglas, George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus, the head of the "Red line" of the House of Douglas, and a supporter of the King.

---

Hamilton married first, Lady Euphemia Graham, by whom he had a daughter:

  • 1. Elizabeth Hamilton (c.1442-c.1517)

He married secondly, Princess Mary Stewart of Scotland, daughter of James II of Scotland, and widow of Thomas Boyd, Earl of Arran. By Princess Mary, Hamilton had three children:

  • 1. Elizabeth Stewart - married Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox
  • 2. James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran
  • 3. Robert Hamilton, Seigneur d'Aubigny

--------------------

James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton was born circa 1415. He was the son of Sir James Hamilton, 5th of Cadzow and Janet Livingston.

He married, firstly, Lady Eupheme Graham, daughter of Sir Patrick Graham, Earl of Strathearn and Eupheme Stewart, Countess of Caithness, after 25 February 1440/41.

He married, secondly, Mary Stewart, Princess of Scotland, daughter of James II Stewart, King of Scotland and Marie von Geldern, between February 1474 and April 1474. Dispensation from the Pope was granted 25 April 1476, thereby legitimising the two children already born. He died on 6 November 1479.

James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton gained the title of 6th of Cadzow. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) [Scotland] in 1440. He gained the title of 1st Lord Hamilton [Scotland] on 28 June 1445, or possibly on 3 July 1445.

In 1455 he joined the Douglas revolt against King James II of Scotland, then he went over to the King's side and helped to suppress it. He held the office of Sheriff of Lanarkshire on 1 July 1455. He was on various embassies to England between 1461 and 1472.

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10212.htm#i102116

--------------------

From the English Wikipedia page for James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Hamilton,_1st_Lord_Hamilton

James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, 6th Lord of Cadzow (c. 1415- November 6, 1479) was a Scottish nobleman, scholar and politician.

Early life

James Hamilton was the son of James Hamilton of Cadzow, 5th Laird of Cadzow. He was born at Cadzow Castle, South Lanarkshire. He first appears on record on a charter of 1426, granting him the rights to the lands of Dalserf, which had been alienated by his father.

Douglas connection

Hamilton was intimately connected with the powerful House of Douglas: his mother was a daughter of the Douglas Lord of Dalkeith, and also through his marriage in 1439/1440 with Lady Euphemia Graham, the youthful widow of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas and daughter of Euphemia Stewart, Countess of Strathearn. Hamilton became stepfather to the young 6th Earl of Douglas, his brother David, both who would be murdered in November 1440 at the 'Black Dinner' at Edinburgh Castle in the presence of James II. Furthermore he was the stepfather of Margaret Douglas, known as the "Fair Maid of Galloway", who was to marry her cousins William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas, and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas.

Laird o' Cadzow to Lord Hamilton

Prior to 1440 he achieved the status of Knighthood, and circa. 1440/1441 he inherited his father's estates. In 1445, Hamilton received a charter creating him a Lord of Parliament. This charter raised all his estates into the entail of that rank, with its Capital Messuage at the Orchard, (later Hamilton Palace), at Cadzow. Furthermore the charter stated that henceforth the lands would be known as Hamilton as they are today.

Hamilton accompanied his stepson in law, the 8th Earl of Douglas, to Rome in 1450, and there obtained permission from the Holy See to convert the Parish Church at the new burgh of Hamilton into a Collegiate Establishment, with endowments for a Provost and six Canons.

Royal displeasure

Hamilton is thought to have accompanied the Earl of Douglas to his fatal meeting with James II at Stirling Castle in 1452. He was certainly with the 9th Earl of Douglas, a month after the murder and following the King's ravaging of Douglasdale and Hamilton's lands in Clydesdale. A concord was reached between the King and the Douglas faction at Douglas Castle, in August 1452 that was to last until 1455. In 1453, Hamilton was in England, again with the 9th Earl of Douglas, arranging the release of his Brother in law,Malise Graham, Earl of Strathearn. For this action Strathearn granted Hamilton the lands of Elliestoun in Linlithgowshire. Hamilton was again in London the following year, but was back in Scotland by February 1455.

Siege of Abercorn and fall of the Black Douglas

In March of 1455, King James took to the field against Douglas, sacking his propeties and burning his crops. Hamilton's lands, he being a partisan of the Douglases, were also particularly devastated. James turned his attention to the mighty Douglas stronghold of Abercorn Castle, and set about besieging it. Douglas mustered his men from Douglasdale, Galloway and the Forest; Hamilton, his levies from Clydesdale. The troops marched to raise the siege, but the Earl of Douglas' indecision on a plan of attack is said to have perplexed Hamilton, and cause him to withdraw his support for the Douglas cause. Hamilton changed sides and became a partisan of the Royal party. There is evidence to suggest that Hamilton's uncle, James Livingstone, 1st Lord Livingston had a part in this change of heart. Douglas fled to England, his Castle of Abercorn was slighted, two of his brothers died at and following the Battle of Arkinholm; finally Douglas' great fortalice of Threave Castle fell and Douglas was attainted, all his enormous patrimony forfeit.

Return to Favour

Following the collapse of the Douglas rebellion, Hamilton was warded at Roslin Castle, in Midlothian for a short while. As recompense for his Volte-Face, Hamilton was created Sheriff of Lanark, in July of 1455, and certain of the Earl of Douglas' forfeited lands were made over to him. These, and his existing lands, being confirmed in Royal charters of October that year. The Barony of Hamilton was increased to include the lands of Drumsergard, Cessford, Kinneil etc., and carefully entailed to whosoever might bear the name and Chief arms of Hamilton. Hamilton was made Bailie of the Priory of Lesmahagow, a Douglas foundation, and was granted the privilege of the lands of Finnart. Hamilton's new patron was the new Lord of Douglas, George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus, the head of the "Red line" of the House of Douglas, and a supporter of the King.

Marriage and Issue

Hamilton married first, Lady Euphemia Graham, by whom he had a daughter:

  • 1. Elizabeth Hamilton (c.1442-c.1517)

He married secondly, Princess Mary Stewart of Scotland, daughter of James II of Scotland, and widow of Thomas Boyd, Earl of Arran. By Princess Mary, Hamilton had three children:

  • 1. Elizabeth Stewart - married Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox
  • 2. James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran
  • 3. Robert Hamilton, Seigneur d'Aubigny

Peerage of Scotland

  • Lord Hamilton (1445 – 1479)
  • New title
  • Succeeded by James Hamilton

References

  • Balfour Paul, Sir James, The Scots Peerage Vol IV. Edinburgh 1907 [1]
  • The Peerage.com

--------------------

Enobled 1445

--------------------

Scholar, Politician, Sheriff of Lanark, Bailie of the Priory of Lesmahagow

--------------------

6th Lord of Cadzow -------------------- James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton Birth: 1415 Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland, (Present UK) Death: November 6, 1479 (64) Scotland, (Present UK) Immediate Family: Son of Sir James Hamilton, 5th of Cadzow and Janet Bruce Husband of Janet Calderwood; Eupheme Graham, Lady Hamilton and Princess Mary of Scotland Father of John Hamilton of Broomhill; Elizabeth Lindsay (Hamilton); James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran; Hon. Elizabeth Hamilton; Sir Robert Hamilton, 1480; and Patrick Hamilton, of Kincavil « less Brother of Alexander Hamilton; John Hamilton; Gavin Hamilton, Provost of the Collegiate Church of Bothwell and Sir James Hamilton, Baron of Cadzow Half brother of sir james ll hamilton -baron; Sir Alexander Bruce of Airth and Stenhouse; Isabella Bruce and Helen Menteith


-------------------- James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, 6th Lord of Cadzow (c. 1415 – 6 November 1479) was a Scottish nobleman, scholar and politician.

James Hamilton was the son of James Hamilton of Cadzow, 5th Laird of Cadzow. He was born at Cadzow Castle, South Lanarkshire. He first appears on record on a charter of 1426, granting him the rights to the lands of Dalserf, which had been alienated by his father.

Douglas connection[edit]

Hamilton was intimately connected with the powerful House of Douglas: his mother was a daughter of the Douglas Lord of Dalkeith, and also through his marriage in 1439/1440 with Lady Euphemia Graham, the youthful widow of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas and daughter of Euphemia Stewart, Countess of Strathearn. Hamilton became stepfather to the young 6th Earl of Douglas, his brother David, both who would be murdered in November 1440 at the 'Black Dinner' at Edinburgh Castle in the presence of James II. Furthermore he was the stepfather of Margaret Douglas, known as the "Fair Maid of Galloway", who was to marry her cousins William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas, and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas.

Laird o' Cadzow to Lord Hamilton[edit]

Prior to 1440 he achieved the status of Knighthood, and c. 1440/1441 he inherited his father's estates. In 1445, Hamilton received letters patent creating him a Lord of Parliament. This charter raised all his estates into the entail of that rank, with its Capital Messuage at the Orchard, (later Hamilton Palace), at Cadzow. Furthermore the charter stated that henceforth the lands would be known as Hamilton as they are today.

Hamilton accompanied his stepson in law, the 8th Earl of Douglas, to Rome in 1450, and there obtained permission from the Holy See to convert the Parish Church at the new burgh of Hamilton into a Collegiate Establishment, with endowments for a Provost and six Canons.

Royal displeasure[edit]

Hamilton is thought to have accompanied the Earl of Douglas to his fatal meeting with James II at Stirling Castle in 1452. He was certainly with the 9th Earl of Douglas, a month after the murder and following the King's ravaging of Douglasdale and Hamilton's lands in Clydesdale. A concord was reached between the King and the Douglas faction at Douglas Castle, in August 1452 that was to last until 1455. In 1453, Hamilton was in England, again with the 9th Earl of Douglas, arranging the release of his brother in law, Malise Graham, Earl of Strathearn. For this action Strathearn granted Hamilton the lands of Elliestoun in Linlithgowshire. Hamilton was again in London the following year, but was back in Scotland by February 1455.

Siege of Abercorn and fall of the Black Douglas[edit]

In March 1455, King James took to the field against Douglas, sacking his properties and burning his crops. Hamilton's lands, he being a partisan of the Douglases, were also particularly devastated. James turned his attention to the mighty Douglas stronghold of Abercorn Castle, and set about besieging it. Douglas mustered his men from Douglasdale, Galloway and the Forest; Hamilton, his levies from Clydesdale. The troops marched to raise the siege, but the Earl of Douglas' indecision on a plan of attack is said to have perplexed Hamilton, and cause him to withdraw his support for the Douglas cause. Hamilton changed sides and became a partisan of the Royal party. There is evidence to suggest that Hamilton's uncle, James Livingstone, 1st Lord Livingston had a part in this change of heart. Douglas fled to England, his Castle of Abercorn was slighted, two of his brothers died at and following the Battle of Arkinholm; finally Douglas' great fortalice of Threave Castle fell and Douglas was attainted, all his enormous patrimony forfeit.

Return to Favour[edit]

Following the collapse of the Douglas rebellion, Hamilton was warded at Roslin Castle, in Midlothian for a short while. As recompense for his Volte-Face, Hamilton was created Sheriff of Lanark, in July 1455, and certain of the Earl of Douglas' forfeited lands were made over to him. These, and his existing lands, being confirmed in Royal charters of October that year. The Barony of Hamilton was increased to include the lands of Drumsergard, Cessford, Kinneil etc., and carefully entailed to whosoever might bear the name and Chief arms of Hamilton. Hamilton was made Bailie of the Priory of Lesmahagow, a Douglas foundation, and was granted the privilege of the lands of Finnart. Hamilton's new patron was the new Lord of Douglas, George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus, the head of the "Red line" of the House of Douglas, and a supporter of the King.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Hamilton married first, Lady Euphemia Graham, daughter of Patrick Graham, de jure Earl of Strathearn and Euphemia Stewart, Countess of Strathearn and widow of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas. They had a daughter: Elizabeth Hamilton (c. 1442 – c. 1517), who married David Lindsay, 1st Duke of Montrose

He married secondly, Princess Mary Stewart of Scotland, daughter of James II of Scotland, and widow of Thomas Boyd, Earl of Arran. By Princess Mary, Hamilton had three children: Elizabeth Stewart - married Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox. Her descendants included James I of England & VI of Scotland. James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran

Illegitimate children included Sir Patrick Hamilton of Kincavil, father of Master Patrick Hamilton, burnt for heresy in 1528 and a Protestant martyr.[1] Lord Hamilton also had a daughter who married Sir John MacFarlane, 11th chief of Clan MacFarlane.[2] John Hamilton of Broomhill (d. c. 1550), another illegitimate child of James, 1st Lord Hamilton, was by Janet Calderwood. In 1512 John's birth was legitimized. His grandson, James Hamilton, notably served as Sheriff of Perthshire, and his descendants became the Lords Belhaven and Stenton. Another illegitimate child by Janet Calderwood was David Hamilton, Bishop of Argyll and commendator of Dryburgh Abbey.

Peerage of Scotland

New title Lord Hamilton

1445–1479 Succeeded by

James Hamilton

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

view all 19

James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton's Timeline

1415
November 6, 1415
Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland
1440
1440
Age 24
1441
February 25, 1441
Age 25
Scotland, (Present UK)
1442
1442
Age 26
Lanarkshire, Scotland
1442
Age 26
1450
1450
Age 34
Cambuskeith, Ayrshire, Scotland, (Present UK)
1474
April 1474
Age 58
Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland, (Present UK)
1475
1475
Age 59
1475
Age 59
Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland

born in 1473 in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland

1479
November 6, 1479
Age 64
Scotland

He died on 6 Nov 1479 in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland. He was buried on 12 Nov 1479 in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland. He married Mary Stewart Princess of Scotland. James was born in 1415. He died in 1479.