James Hopkins Adams, Governor

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James Hopkins Adams, Gov.

Birthplace: Richland, South Carolina
Death: Died in South Carolina
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Walker Adams and Mary Howell Hart Goodwyn
Husband of Jane Margaret Scott
Father of Mary Goodwin Adams; Jane Margaret Brooks; Henry Walker Adams; John Randolph Adams; Warren Adams and 4 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About James Hopkins Adams, Governor



James Hopkins Adams (March 15, 1812 – July 13, 1861) was an American politician from South Carolina. He served in the South Carolina Legislature and was the 66th governor of the state.


Adams was born in Minervaville, South Carolina, in 1812 to Henry Walker Adams and Mary Goodwyn Adams. He graduated from Yale University in 1831. In 1832 he joined the South Carolina Nullification Convention which deliberated until 1833 on whether states could nullify federal laws. He was an opponent of nullification.

He was a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1834 to 1837, 1840 to 1841, and 1848 to 1849. In 1850, he was elected to the South Carolina Senate, where he stayed through 1853. He served as a brigadier general of the South Carolina Militia.

In 1854, Adams was elected the 66th Governor of South Carolina, a position he held through 1857. In 1856, he recommended a resumption of the foreign slave trade as a way of eliminating illicit trade. The legislature rejected this proposal.

He signed the articles of secession for South Carolina, and served as a member of the commission to the United States government to negotiate the transfer of United States property in South Carolina to the state government.

He married Jane Margaret Scott in April 1832, and they had 11 children. He died in Columbia, South Carolina, in 1861, and his remains were buried in Congaree, South Carolina.

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James Hopkins Adams, Governor's Timeline

March 15, 1812
Richland, South Carolina
April 10, 1832
Age 20
January 19, 1833
Age 20
April 13, 1834
Age 22
January 3, 1836
Age 23
Richland, SC, USA
November 28, 1838
Age 26
June 26, 1841
Age 29
January 4, 1843
Age 30
August 21, 1846
Age 34
November 8, 1848
Age 36