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James Hutton

Birthplace: Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Death: Died in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Place of Burial: Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of William Hutton and Sarah Balfour
Husband of Miss Eddington
Father of James Smeaton Hutton

Managed by: Gwyneth McNeil
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About James Hutton

Biographical Summary

Hutton, James. 03/06/1726-26/03/1797. Ref: 784. Male.

  • Place of interment: Greyfriars, Edinburgh.
  • Profession: Physician, Geologist, Chemical Manufacturer, Agriculturalist.
  • Appointments Held: 1752, Farming in East Anglia, 1754-68 Farming in Berwickshire, 1768-resided in Edinburgh.
  • Schools and Tutors: High School, Edinburgh.
  • Training: Apprentice to George Chalmers WS Edinburgh 1743.
  • Undergraduate Studies: Medicine at Edinburgh University 1740-3, 1744-7, Paris University, MD (Leyden 1749).
  • Publications: "The Theory of the Earth: with Proofs and Illustrations" 1795, Bibliography in D R Dean op.cit. 1992, 277-8.
  • Marital Status: Unmarried.
  • Mother: Sarah Balfour.
  • Father: William Hutton, Merchant and City Treasurer of Edinburgh, d.1729.
  • References: DNB 28, 1891, 354-6; Trans Roy Soc Edinb, V, 39, (10/1/1803); Anderson 2, 530-1; Shapin 265; D R Dean James Hutton and the History of Geology, Cornell, 1992, 303pp.; S Devlin-Thorp, Scotland's Cultural Heritage, 1, 1981; A Livingstone, Minerals of Scotland Past And Present, Edinburgh, 2002, 78; W P Anderson 1931, 394-7.
  • Memberships: Royal Society of Agriculture of France.
  • Date of Election: 17/11/1783.
  • Proposers: Founder Member.
  • Service to the RSE: Councillor 1789-90, President (Physical) 1790-6.
  • Edinburgh Philosophical Society: Residential.
  • Notes: "Father of Modern Geology".
  • Fellow Type: OF.

SOURCE: Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Biographical index of former fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1783-2002: Biographical Index. I. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. page 469

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James Hutton's Timeline

June 3, 1726
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
March 26, 1797
Age 70
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland