Dr. James Jackson, Sr.

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James Jackson, Sr

Birthplace: Newburyport, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Jonathan Jackson and Hannah Tracy
Husband of Sarah Cabot and Elizabeth Cabot
Father of James Jackson; Lydia Cabot Storrow; Harriet Minot; Elizabeth Cabot Jackson; Francis Henry Jackson and 1 other
Brother of Charles Jackson; Edward Jackson; Hannah Gardner Jackson; Patrick Tracy Jackson; Mary Lee and 1 other

Managed by: Private User
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About Dr. James Jackson, Sr.


James Jackson (born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, 3 October 1777; died in Boston, 27 August 1867) was a United States physician. He was a proponent of Massachusetts General Hospital and became its first physician.


He was the son of Newburyport merchant Jonathan Jackson who had been a representative of Massachusetts in the Continental Congress. He graduated from Harvard in 1796, and, after teaching for a year in Leicester Academy, was employed until December 1797 as a clerk for his father, who was then an officer of the government. After studying medicine in Salem for two years, he sailed for London, where he became a “dresser” in St. Thomas's Hospital, and attended lectures there and at Guy's Hospital.

He returned to Boston in 1800, and began a medical practice, which he continued until 1866. In 1803 he became a member of the Massachusetts Medical Society, and in 1810 he proposed with John Collins Warren the establishment of a hospital and an asylum for the insane. Somerville Asylum was soon founded, and afterward the Massachusetts General Hospital was begun in Boston, of which he was the first physician until he resigned in 1835. In 1810 he was chosen professor of clinical medicine at Harvard Medical School, and in 1812 professor of theory and practice, which post he held until 1835, and was afterward professor emeritus until his death.


He was the brother of Lowell, Massachusetts, industrialist Patrick Tracy Jackson, and Massachusetts Supreme Court judge Charles Jackson. Among his students was Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., who married his brother Charles' daughter Amelia Lee Jackson.



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Dr. James Jackson, Sr.'s Timeline

October 3, 1777
Newburyport, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
January 15, 1810
Age 32
March 20, 1812
Age 34
Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
June 28, 1813
Age 35
Age 36
August 5, 1815
Age 37
Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
Age 39
Age 40
August 27, 1867
Age 89