James Saumarez (1757 - 1836)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: st Peters Port, Guernsey
Death: Died in at his house in Saumarez, Guernsey
Occupation: Lord De Saumarez (1st) Admiral
Managed by: Kerry L. Cunningham
Last Updated:

About James Saumarez

NAME: JAMES SAUMAREZ..... LORD/ ADMIRAL.......BARON de SAUMAREZ


SURNAME: Saumarez........... GIVEN NAMES: James ......*SEX: M


BIRTH: 11 MAR 1757,Guernsey,Channel Islands


DEATH: 9 OCT 1836 at his house - Saumarez, Guernsey ,Channel Islands


  • FATHER:Matthew SAUMAREZ (1718 --)
  • MOTHER:Carterette le MARCHANT (1726--)

MARRIAGE:Martha le MARCHANT

Married: 27 OCT 1788 ,Guernsey,Channel Islands


CHILDREN

1. Thomas De Saumarez b: in Guernsey, Channel Isles

2. Martha De Saumarez

3. James Saumarez b: 1789 in Guernsey, Channel Isles

4. Marie D. De Saumarez b: 1792

5. Carterette De Sausmarez b: 1796

6. John St. Vincent De Saumarez b: 1806

7. Amelie De Saumarez b: 1809

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NOTES

See TIMELINE for IGI ancestral Records

See MEDIA for information sources

  • James Saumarez...born on 11 MAR 1757, to Dr Matthew Saumarez and Carterette le Marchant.
  • he was educated at Elizabeth College
  • 1770 he entered the Royal Navy as a 13 year old midshipman and served five years in the Mediterranean.
  • 1788, at the age of (30), he married Martha Le Marchant, only daughter and heiress of Thomas Le Marchant, Esq. by marriage with Miss Mary Dobrée,
  • 1793 - As the captain of the HMS Crescent, with a crew of mostly Guernseymen, he captured the 36-gun French frigate La Reunion off Cherbourg in 1793.
  • One of his most exciting Naval actions took place off the West Coast of Guernsey as the Crescent escaped a French squadron through the local knowledge of a Guernsey pilot.
  • 1798 - Saumarez and the Crescent - Saumarez was Nelson's second in command at the Battle of the Nile where he was severely wounded.
  • 1799 - James Saumarez, gained the rank of Colonel in the service of the Royal Marines.
  • 1801 -He gained the rank of Rear-Admiral
  • 13 JUN 1801 - He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Bath (K.B.) .He was created 1st Baronet Saumarez, in the Island of Guernsey [U.K.]

  • 13 JUN 1801 - He was created 1st Baronet Saumarez, in the Island of Guernsey [U.K.]
  • 1801 he was made a baronet and a rear-admiral,
  • 1803 - He led the Channel Islands' squadron when the islands were made a naval station iwith a fleet including six frigates and six brigs.
  • 1814 he made it to full admiral following his time spent in command of the Baltic squadron. He gained the rank of Admiral of the Blue
  • 1815 - He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath (G.C.B.)
  • 1819 - He gained the rank of Admiral of the White .
  • 1819-1821 - He held the office of Rear-Admiral of the U.K.

  • 1821-1832 - He held the office of Vice-Admiral of the U.K.
  • 1830 - He gained the rank of Admiral of the Red
  • 15 SEP 1831 - He was created 1st Baron de Saumarez, in the Island of Guernsey (Lord James Saumarez)
  • 1836 - James died at his home ....Saumarez, in Guernsey on 9 OCT 1836 Aged (79)
  • Place of Burial: the churchyard of St Marie du Castel, Guernsey

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OTHER NOTES


  • Lord de Saumarez was married at Guernsey, on the 27th October 1788, to Martha, only daughter and heiress of Thomas Le Marchant, Esq. by marriage with Miss Mary Dobree,two of the most ancient and respectable families in the island. This marriage was the consequence of a long and mutual attachment : it need scarcely be added, that it completed the happiness of both. They became the parents of eight children
  • THE illustrious admiral, passed from the first rudiments of learning, under a dame,to the more manly tuition of Elizabeth College, in Guernsey, where his brother, fifteen months his senior, was receiving his education.
  • But the great sensibility of his heart was most apparent in his attachment to all his relations : their pleasures and their pains were always his ; and it is therefore not surprising that he was a favourite with them all.
  • In those days, Guernsey was, as it were, a large family ; and the society of the upper classes was linked in a small, but a select and happy, circle, interested in each other's welfare. The communication with England not being, as now, kept up. by regular packets, the arrival of a stranger was an event of some importance, and mostly occurred through the visits of the king's ships going on foreign stations, which put into Guernsey for wines and otherstores : on these occasions the captains and officers were constant guests at the hospitable mansion of our hero's father, and it was usually the province of young Saumarez to look out for and report their appearance.
  • In July 1767, this little community was surprised by an occurrence which to this day is related among the events of "olden times," as- having made a great, and certainly a lasting impression. His royal highness the Duke of Gloucester, on his return from a tour in France, anchored in Guernsey roads. At two in the morning,

the hostess of the only inn in the town was awakened by a call that the Duke of Gloucester had landed, and was coming there : not supposing this possible, she for a long time refused to rise ; but, being at length convinced, she directed the party to the house of the lieutenant-governor, who was as incredulous as the good woman of the Ship Inn. At last he appeared at the window in his dressing-gown and bonnet de nuit, and finding whom he was called upon to receive, he exclaimed, in the trepidation of the moment, — " My house is not fit for the duke ; go to my friend, Doctor Saumarez." There at last his royal highness found entrance, and a hearty welcome ; but it may be conjectured that no little surprise and bustle spread through the house at the unexpected arrival at such an hour of the illustrious guesYoung Saumarez had long and constantly cherished a decided predilection for the navy.

  • Accustomed as. he had been from childhood to hear of the fame which his valiant uncles, Captains

Philip and Thomas Saumarez, had acquired, hist.mind was early inspired with a desire to tread in their path, and to acquire for himself a name which might emulate theirs.

  • His eldest brother was already in the navy ; but his father having six sons, when he found that James had evinced such a desire for the sea, and having connexions in the service, probably considered that he could

not place another more advantageously than in a profession which had already afforded an honourable and glorious career to two of his family.

*  He entered the navy in 1770 and attained command of a vessel in 1778.
  • He was with Admiral George Rodney at the defeat of the comte de Grasse in the West Indies (1782), with Admiral John Jervis at the victory of Cape St. Vincent (1797), and with Horatio Nelson at Aboukir in 1798, taking an important part in each engagement.
  • In 1801, after an initial repulse, he defeated a French and Spanish fleet off Algeciras in his greatest victory.
  • Made vice admiral in 1807, he conducted a five-year patrol of the Baltic (1808-12).
  • In 1814, Saumarez was made an admiral, and in 1831 he was raised to the peerage.

SOURCES

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Saumarez,_1st_Baron_de_Saumarez

http://www.thepeerage.com/p36875.htm#i368743

Family Resources on Rootsweb

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Saumarez,_1st_Baron_de_Saumarez

http://www.thornber.net/england/htmlfiles/saumarez.html

http://www.swoffers.co.uk/articles/Historic_Guernsey_Buildings.html

http://www.napoleon.org/en/magazine/just_published/index.asp

http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Admiral-Sir-James-Saumarez

http://www.guernsey.net/~cedavey/JamesDS.html

http://books.google.co.nz/books?hl=en&id=920EAAAAQAAJ&dq=admiral+sausmarez&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=47lehYKgz9&sig=OYT2yS6aMvQFxeIHnRFgtQrwQg4&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=8&ct=result#PPR6,M1

http://www.gov.gg/ccm/general/parishes/st-sampson/de-saumarez-memorial.en;jsessionid=8DDD38F5D2ED6D737EEA98BF37AFF31B

http://www.thornber.net/england/htmlfiles/saumarez.html


WEBSITES of interest..................


http://www.napoleon.org/en/magazine/just_published/index.asp


http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Admiral-Sir-James-Saumarez


http://www.guernsey.net/~cedavey/JamesDS.html


http://books.google.co.nz/books?hl=en&id=920EAAAAQAAJ&dq=admiral+sausmarez&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=47lehYKgz9&sig=OYT2yS6aMvQFxeIHnRFgtQrwQg4&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=8&ct=result#PPR6,M1


http://www.gov.gg/ccm/general/parishes/st-sampson/de-saumarez-memorial.en;jsessionid=8DDD38F5D2ED6D737EEA98BF37AFF31B

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3rd son born and the FIRST Lord De Saumarez

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Saumarez,_1st_Baron_de_Saumarez

Brief Biography of Admiral Saumarez

JAMES SAUMAREZ was the second son of MATTHEW Saumarez (1717-1778) and his wife, CARTERET nee LE MARCHANT

. He entered the navy in 1770 as a 13 year old midshipman and served five years in the Mediterranean. The British navy was involved in protecting national interests in the Eastern Mediterranean during the war between Russia and Turkey. Although he passed the requirements for a lieutenancy he was not promoted immediately.
In October 1775, he sailed to North America as a master's mate aboard H.M.S. Bristol a ship of 50 guns, the flagship for the attack on Charleston. He was involved in the disastrous attack on Fort Sullivan on 28 July 1776. He was promoted to Lieutenant by Sir Peter Parker and his first command was the schooner H.M.S. Spitfire in February of 1778. The ship was eventually burned at Rhode Island to prevent it from being captured. From 1778 to 1781 he served in H.M.S. Victory, which was the Channel Flagship. He served in H.M.S. Fortitude under Sir Hyde Parker and was involved in the action off the Dogger Bank on 5 August 1781. On that occasion he was promoted to the post of Commander. 

On 7 February 1782 he was given command of H.M.S. Russell, a ship of 74 guns with the rank of Post Captain. In the West Indies he was involved in a victorious action under Sir George Rodney on 12 April 1782, involving the French flagship, Ville de Paris. Following the Peace of Versailles in 1783, Saumarez spent most of his time on half pay in Guernsey until the outbreak of war with the French in 1793. He then was given command of H.M.S. Crescent and he captured a French frigate, La Renunion, of 36 guns, off Cherbourg. FOR THIS ACTION, HE WAS KNIGHTED.

In December of that year he commanded a squadron of five ships accompany ten transports of Catholic refugees from France.

In 1794, the French planned to capture the Channel Islands and stop the privateers based there from harrying their trade. This resulted in a naval action on 8 June 1784 as depicted in one of the memorial plaques. Sir James Saumarez had sailed from Plymouth with three frigates, H.M.S. Crescent, H.M.S. Druid and H.M.S. Eurydice and five smaller vessels to reconnoitre the French coast. Off the North West Coast of Guernsey they encountered two French ships of the line and three frigates. Saumarez ordered the slowest ship, H.M.S. Eurydice into port to avoid capture and then lured the ships of the line into range of shore based guns. He then turned across the line of the French ships and appeared to be about to beach his ship in Vazon Bay. However, with the aid of his Guernsey pilot, Jean Breton, he sailed through a narrow passage between the rocks and escaped. Saumarez is reputed to have asked Breton how he knew the exact location of the passage. Breton replied that if Saumarez looked ashore he would see their respective houses on Guernsey in a direct line and this was his marker.

In 1795, Saumarez was captain of the Orion of 74 guns in Lord Bridport's victory off Cape La Rogue, and took a prominent part in that of Sir John Jervis off Cape St. Vincent on 14th February 1797. He was Nelson's second in command at the Battle of the Nile in 1798. Saumarez was promoted to the post of Rear Admiral on 1 January 1801 and later that year was created a baronet. He was then in command of a squadron. Napoleon sent a squadron including three battleships from Toulon to lift the blockade of Cadiz. On 6 July Saumarez attacked then in Algeciras Bay with six battleships but sustained heavy damage from the shore batteries. He lost one ship and retired to Gibraltar to make repairs. The French were reinforced by Spanish ships. Saumarez was able to attack again on 17 July, destroyed two ships of the line, captured a third and chased the Franco-Spanish squadron back into Cadiz. After this victory, Saumarez was made a Knight of the Bath and given the freedom of the city of London with a sword of honour, a pension of £1,200, and votes of thanks from both houses of Parliament. This was the fifth time that he had been thanked by Parliament.

In 1803 he was given command of Guernsey waters with his headquarters at St. Peter Port. There was a brief respite during the Peace of Amiens but soon Britain was a war again with France. Saumarez was involved in the blockade of Brest and destroyed French gunboats which were to sail to Boulogne to take part in the invasion of England. In 1806 he was promoted to Vice Admiral and given the command of the Channel Fleet.

In March 1808, Admiral Saumarez became Commander in Chief of the Baltic Fleet and went to support the Swedes against the Danes and Russians. Later, when Russia became an ally against Napoleon, he ensured that Britain had sea communication to Russia while denying it to the French. The Crown Prince of Sweden presented him with a ceremonial sword valued at £2,000. In 1813, he was made a full admiral and was in command at Plymouth from 1824 until his retirement in 1827. He was elevated to the peerage in 1831 and died at Sausmarez Park in 1836. He is buried at Castel Church Cemetery in Guernsey.

Admiral Saumarez had a brother Richard (1764-1835) who was a surgeon and a second brother, Sir Thomas (1760-1845) who served in North America during the American Revolutionary War. He became President and Commander in Chief of New Brunswick in 1813 and was promoted to the rank of General in 1838.

Transcript of the Memorial in the Town Church.........................

Sacred to the Memory of the Right Honble JAMES SAUMAREZ, LORD DE SAUMAREZ,

Admiral of the Red, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Sword of Sweden, General of Marines, an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, a Baronet and D.C.L. of the University of Oxford.

Born March 1757, he entered the Naval Service in 1770, was made Lieutenant 1776, by Sir Peter Parker after the memorable attack on Fort Sullivan, served in that rank in the Fortitude bearing the flag of Sir Hyde Parker in theaction of the Dogger Bank 5 August 1781, and on that occasion was made a Commander, the 7th February following

he obtained the command of the Russell of 74 guns with the rank of Post Captain, and in that ship bore a distinguished share in Sir George Rodney's victory of 12 April 1782. At the commencement of the war with France in 1793, he captured in the Crescent frigate off Cherbourg the French frigate La Reunion.

In June 1794 he beat off by skill and consummate bravery a French squadron of very superior force on the shores of this island, and in sight of his admiring countrymen.

In 1795 he was captain of the Orion of 74 guns in Lord Bridport's victory off Cape La Rogue,and took a prominent part in that of Sir John Jervis off Cape St. Vincent 14th February 1797.

The handbook on Sausmarez Manor does not mention Admiral Saumarez which is very surprising in view of his fame if he was indeed related to the family. It is the article in the Atlantic Monthly (see sources) which states that the Philip Sausmarez who accompanied Anson was the uncle of James Saumarez, who was one of six brothers.

He was made a Rear Admiral 1st January 1801 and being entrusted with the command of a separate squadron He had on the 6 July a severe engagement with a detachment of French ships and batteries in the Bay of Algeceras,and refitting with unparalleled expedition he again on the 17th attacked the enemy.

The handbook on Sausmarez Manor does not mention Admiral Saumarez which is very surprising in view of his fame if he was indeed related to the family. It is the article in the Atlantic Monthly (see sources) which states that the Philip Sausmarez who accompanied Anson was the uncle of James Saumarez, who was one of six brothers.

For this achievement he received the thanks of Parliament, being the fifth time that honour had been conferred upon him In 1803 he was appointed to command the Naval force stationed for the protection of the Channel Islands

And in December 1806, he was specially raised to the rank of Vice Admiral to enable him to command the Channel Fleet.

In the absence of Earl St. Vincent, in 1808 he hoisted his flag as Commander in Chief of the Baltic Fleet Which appointment he held for five years; his firm but conciliatory measures at this crisis were mainly instrumental in detaching the Northern Powers from the domination of France, and thus materially conduced to the restoration of peace.

He held the command at Plymouth from 1824 to 1827, and in 1831 was created a peer of the United Kingdom,

To a loftiness of character, which indicated him born for command was united a benignity of spirit and urbanity of demeanour which ensured him universal love, esteem, and veneration, both in the public and private relations of life,

His zeal for the welfare of his country was surpassed only by devotion to his God, he exhibited in his whole life the example of an earnest Christian striving to further the will of his divine master.

Great as his deeds were in life, his greatest triumph was reserved for the last conflict, in which his redeemer taught and enabled him to conquer, full of years and full of honor, and in the blessed hope of immortal glory

He resigned his spirit into the hands of his God and Saviour October 9th 1836 in the 80th year of his age.

He married, October 27th 1788, Martha, only child of Thomas Le Marchant, Esqre and Mary Dobree his wife, by whom he had eight children

Four only survive, who with their beloved mother, have erected this monument to his revered memory.

Appendix: Details of the Family Tree, adapted from a pedigree on the Family Search Site.

The surname is given as Saumarez, Sausmarez or De Saumarez. The names of Admiral James Saumarez and his uncle Philip are emboldened

http://www.thornber.net/england/htmlfiles/saumarez.html

WEBSITES of interest..................

http://www.napoleon.org/en/magazine/just_published/index.asp

http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Admiral-Sir-James-Saumarez

http://www.guernsey.net/~cedavey/JamesDS.html

http://books.google.co.nz/books?hl=en&id=920EAAAAQAAJ&dq=admiral+sausmarez&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=47lehYKgz9&sig=OYT2yS6aMvQFxeIHnRFgtQrwQg4&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=8&ct=result#PPR6,M1

http://www.gov.gg/ccm/general/parishes/st-sampson/de-saumarez-memorial.en;jsessionid=8DDD38F5D2ED6D737EEA98BF37AFF31B

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Barons de Saumarez (1831)

James Saumarez, 1st Baron de Saumarez (1757–1836)

James Saumarez, 2nd Baron de Saumarez (1789–1863)

John St Vincent Saumarez, 3rd Baron de Saumarez (1806–1891)

James St Vincent Saumarez, 4th Baron de Saumarez (1843–1937)

James St Vincent Broke Saumarez, 5th Baron de Saumarez (1889–1969)

James Victor Broke Saumarez, 6th Baron de Saumarez (1924–1991)

Eric Douglas Saumarez, 7th Baron de Saumarez (b. 1956)

The Heir Presumptive is the present holder's twin brother the Hon. Victor Thomas Saumarez (b. 1956)

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Saumarez building....home of James de Saumarez

http://www.swoffers.co.uk/articles/Historic_Guernsey_Buildings.html

[

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COMMISSIONED OFFICERS from Guernsey Island

SAUMAREZ Baron De Saumarez, GCB, b 1757-03-11 in St

Peter's Port, Guernsey, Channel Islands. He died on 9 October 1836, aged 79,

at his house in Saumarez, Guernsey, Channel Islands. He was buried in the

churchyard of St Marie du Castel, Guernsey, Channel Islands

view all 11

James Saumarez, 1st Baron De Saumarez's Timeline

1757
March 11, 1757
st Peters Port, Guernsey

Individual Record FamilySearch™ Pedigree Resource File
James Saumarez Compact Disc #6 Pin #68347 Pedigree Sex: M
Event(s)
Birth: 11 Mar 1757 of,,Guernsey,Channel Islands
Death: 9 Oct 1836 Saumarez,,Guernsey,Channel Islands
Burial: ,St Mary de Castr,Guernsey,Channel Islands
Parents
Father: Matthew Saumarez Disc #6 Pin #68344
Mother: Carteret le Marchant Disc #6 Pin #68345
Marriage(s)
Spouse: Martha le Marchant Disc #6 Pin #68348
Marriage: 27 Oct 1788 ,,Guernsey,Channel Islands
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Submitter
Medieval Families Unit
(as of January 1995), 50 E North Temple St, Salt Lake City UT 84150

1788
October 27, 1788
Age 31
Guernsey,Channel Isles

Individual Record FamilySearch™ Ancestral File v4.19
James DE SAUMAREZ (AFN: 14L6-6S0) Pedigree
Sex: M Family
Event(s)
Birth: 11 Mar 1757
St Peter Port, Guernsey, Channel Isles
Death: 9 Oct 1836 , , Channel Isles
Burial: Catel, Guernsey, Channel Isles
Parents
Father: Matthew SAUMAREZ (AFN: MZ3V-1P) Family
Mother: Carteret LE MARCHANT (AFN: MZ3W-MX)
Marriage(s)
Spouse: Marthe LE MARCHANT (AFN: 14L6-6T6) Family
Marriage: 1788 , , Channel Isles
==============================
Family Group Record FamilySearch™ Ancestral File v4.19
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Husband's Name
James DE SAUMAREZ (AFN:14L6-6S0) Pedigree
Born: 11 Mar 1757 Place: St Peter Port, Guernsey, Channel Isles
Died: 9 Oct 1836 Place: , , Channel Isles
Buried: Place: Catel, Guernsey, Channel Isles
Married: 1788 Place: , , Channel Isles
Father: Matthew SAUMAREZ (AFN:MZ3V-1P) Family
Mother: Carteret LE MARCHANT (AFN:MZ3W-MX)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Wife's Name
Marthe LE MARCHANT (AFN:14L6-6T6) Pedigree
Born: 1768 Place: , , Channel Isles
Died: 17 Apr 1849 Place:
Married: 1788 Place: , , Channel Isles
Father: Thomas LE MARCHANT (AFN:14L6-4XG) Family
Mother: Marie DOBREE (AFN:14L6-4ZN)
Children
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Sex Name F Female SAUMAREZ (AFN:14L6-6WL) Pedigree
Born: Abt. 1791 Place: <, Guernsey, Channel Isles>
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2. Sex Name F Female SAUMAREZ (AFN:14L6-6XS) Pedigree
Born: Abt. 1793 Place: <, Guernsey, Channel Isles>
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Sex Name F Female SAUMAREZ (AFN:14L6-6Z1) Pedigree
Born: Abt. 1795 Place: <, Guernsey, Channel Isles>
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. Sex Name F Female SAUMAREZ (AFN:14L6-706) Pedigree
Born: Abt. 1797 Place: <, Guernsey, Channel Isles>
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Sex Name M Male SAUMAREZ (AFN:14L6-72L) Pedigree
Born: Abt. 1808 Place: <, Guernsey, Channel Isles>
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Sex Name M John St Vincent SAUMAREZ (AFN:14L6-71D) Pedigree
Born: 1806 Place: , Guernsey, Channel Isles
Died: 1891 Place:
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7. Sex Name M James SAUMAREZ (AFN:14L6-6VD) Pedigree
Born: 1789 Place: , Guernsey, Channel Isles
Died: 1863 Place:

1789
October 9, 1789
Age 32
Guernsey
1791
1791
Age 33
Guernsey
1795
1795
Age 37
Guernsey
1796
November 26, 1796
Age 39
Guernsey
1800
July 10, 1800
Age 43
Channel Islands
1803
October 30, 1803
Age 46
1806
May 28, 1806
Age 49
Guernsey
1836
October 9, 1836
Age 79
at his house in Saumarez, Guernsey