James Stone (c.1814 - 1887)

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Birthplace: Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland
Death: Died in Greenough, WA, Australia
Managed by: Ian Alexander Stone
Last Updated:

About James Stone

James Stone

As at 29 August 2012, no information has been found about James' parents or siblings or confirmation of his year of birth. In his army enlistment papers he describes himself as having been born in the parish of St Patrick's, in or near the town of Dublin, and was 21 years old when he enlisted in Kilkenny on 24 November 1836 (ie born about 1815). In the record of his visit to the doctor at Chatham on 23 December 1845, his age is given as 31 (ie born about 1814) with comment ‘says 32’ (ie born about 1813). His headstone records he was a native of Dublin, Ireland, who died 12 January 1887, aged 73 years (ie born about 1814). So he could have been born between 1813 and 1815.

The irishgenealogy.ie site has a record for a James Stone, son of Patrick and Anne Stone being baptised on 11 January 1813, from the records of St Mary’s Pro-Cathedral, Dublin. The rootsireland.ie site has a record for a James Stone, son of John and Ellen, baptised 27 August 1818, Booterstown Black Rock and Dundrum Parish, Co. Dublin, Dublin. St. Mary's Pro-Cathredral on Marlborough Street is in central Dublin, while Booterstown is outside Dublin City in what is now a Dublin suburb. As James Stone's eldest son was named Patrick and eldest daughter named Jane Ann, parents being Patrick and Ann(e) would make sense as the traditional Irish naming practice was to name the first male child after the father's father and the first female child after the mother's mother.

As for the birth place, I have not been able to identify a ‘parish of St Patrick's’ in Dublin, though of course St Patrick's Cathedral is one of the main churches of Dublin. Given the history of the English occupation of Ireland, James may have just not told the truth. The other challenge is the loss of records when the Public Record Office of Ireland was destroyed during the Irish Civil War in June 1922.

Army service

(Information from his surviving records from the UK National Archives)

James was born in the parish of St Patrick's in or near the town of Dublin in the county of Dublin. By trade a Labourer. He enlisted on 24 November 1836 and was attested (affirmed the answers he gave on his enlistment were correct) on 25 November 1836 at the age of 21 years, for the 40th Regiment of Foot. He enlisted at Kilkenny in the county of Kilkenny for a bounty of £3.

His service number was 988. He served 8 years and 68 days, of which 7 years 2 months were overseas - 3 years and 3 months in the East Indies (ie India) and 3 years 11 months in Scinde, Baluchistan and Afghanistan.

He was discharged due to the injury he received at the Battle of Maharajpore, (12 miles north of Agra in the States of Scinde) on 29 December 1843, where he was wounded when he was shot through the left thigh.

For his service in the Afghan campaign in 1842 he was awarded a medal inscribed "Candahar, Ghuzni, Cabool" ("Kandahar, Ghazni and Kabul").

He was granted a bronze star for Maharajpore.

His discharge papers noted 'he was never tried by a Court Marshal, and that his conduct has been very good'.

Service in the 40th Regiment of Foot

Note information has been sourced from:

Historical records of the 40th (2nd Somersetshire) Regiment, now 1st Battalion The Prince of Wales Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment) : from its formation, in 1717, to 1893 / by Captain R. H. Raymond Smythies. Devonport, Devon : A.H. Swiss, 1894.

Diary of a march through Sinde and Affghanistan with the troops under the command of Sir William Nott, K.C.B., etc, and sermons delivered on various occasions during the campaign of 1842 / by the Rev. I.N. Allen. London : J. Hatchard, 1843.

History of the Regiment

The 40th Regiment of Foot was founded in 1717 in Nova Scotia, in what is now Canada. The regiment was involved in skirmishes with the French and Indians who entered the British territory, including the attack on Quebec in 1759, which ended French rule in North America. In 1762 the Regiment was shipped to Barbados where it captured Havana as part of the war with Spain. In 1764 the regiment sailed for Ireland and remained there until 1775 when it sailed back to North America, first to Boston, then evacuated to Halifax, Nova Scotia, then to New York, and participated in other battles during the American War of Independence. Following the signing of the peace treaty in 1783, the regiment sailed for England. In 1782 British regiments were also given county names and the 40th Regiment was also given the name ‘2nd Somersetshire Regiment’. Between 1784 and 1789 the regiment was located in different towns in England, before moving to Ireland, where it stayed until 1794, when part of the regiment sailed for Barbados to attack the French in the West Indies, while the rest sailed for Holland to attack the French, marching to Bremen and sailing back to England. Once back in England they sailed for the West Indies. Several battles were fought against the French before returning to England in 1798. In 1800 the regiment was sent to Egypt to fight the French, returning to England in 1802 following the signing of the peace treaty with France. In 1806 part of the regiment sailed for South America (returning in 1807) while the rest went to Ireland. Between 1808 and 1814 the regiment participated in a number of battles in Spain and France against the French, returned to England and returned to France in 1815 and participating in the Battle of Waterloo. The Regiment remained in France until 1817. Between 1817 and 1823 the regiment was based in different towns in England and Ireland before the soldiers were used as guards on different convict ships sailing for New South Wales. They remained in New South Wales and Tasmania until 1828 when they shipped to India. The regiment was to remain in India until 1845. It was while the regiment was in India that James served.

James Stone’s service in the 40th Regiment of Foot in present day India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Note the Regiment’s movements during this time was in response to ‘The Great Game’ – the British feared the Russian Empire’s expansion into central Asia would threaten India, the ‘Jewel in the Crown’, through using Afghanistan as a staging post for a Russian invasion of India. The British sought to counter this by putting their own puppet ruler on the throne in Kabul.

It is not known when James sailed for India after enlistment in Ireland in November 1836. In 1837 the regiment was located at Deesa in the present day state of Gujarat in north west India. In December 1838 the regiment received orders to proceed to Mandvi, further north around the coast (a march of 240 miles / 385 km) for eventual service in the Sind area (the state of Sindh in modern day Pakistan). On 1 February 1839 the regiment was taken by boat from Mandvi and landed at the port of Karachi in modern day Pakistan, capturing it. During March and April there were a number of deaths from cholera and dysentery. In July part of the regiment sailed up the Indus river. On 8 September 1839 about 200 new recruits arrived, having been on board ship for about five months, so it could be assumed this was when James joined the regiment. On 18 October the regiment marched out of Karachi en route for Sakar.

This was summer and although the first day was only 10 miles, the heat was oppressive and no equipment or stores arrived at the camp until late afternoon and then no wood could be found to cook food. By the third day it was decided to march only at night. By 25 November 1839 the force had reached Sakar, where following a rest the new recruits were drilled and instructed.

In January 1841 the regiment marched to Mangal-ka-shir, then to Dadar and on the morning of 26 March 1841 they marched out to take the Bolan Pass to Quetta in Afghanistan. The regiment stayed at Quetta until October when it marched for Kandahar. While in Quetta, 60 men died from fever and dysentery, and most of the regiment were sick. On 23 October 1841 the regiment marched into Kandahar.

In January 1842 the British forces at Kabul (a total contingent of troops and camp followers of 16,500) started to withdraw but were attached by Afghans and all the British troops were massacred except for one survivor. Kandahar (where the 40th was located and where the largest British force was stationed) was also threatened. General Nott assumed command of the troops and the 40th, with some native Indian infantry, advanced to the Arghandab valley, through the Baburwala pass. They continued down the Arghandab River until a place to ford the river was located. The Afghans were on the other side of the river and Afghans were in the water courses leading into the river firing at the troops. The 40th advanced through a swamp and then fixed bayonets and advanced on the main body of Afghans, who retreated across the plain.

Conditions became very difficult at Kandahar with the Afghans massing close to the town, little food for the animals and little wood to heat and cook, so a number of troops died in the freezing conditions (Temperatures average 5°C in January, although lows can drop well below freezing). A large number of troops guarded the encampment day and night as the Afghans continued to gather around Kandahar.

In early March General Nott again led a large force out to attack the Afghans but had to return without any major battle as the mounted Afghans simply rode out of range. While the main force had been away from Kandahar, the Afghans had attempted to storm the gates of the town (Kandahar was surrounded by a wall with five gates) and it was only the sick and injured of the 40th that had remained that had kept them at bay.

In May a force of troops from Quetta including the 41st Regiment arrived to reinforce the 40th, including the Rev. Allen who wrote the second book mentioned above.

On 19 May the 40th marched out to relieve Khelat-i-Ghilzai and bring the troops there back to Kandahar.

Towards the end of July the British Government decided to evacuate all the troops from Afghanistan. It was decided that the sick and wounded at Kandahar would be evacuated back to India via Quetta and the Bolan Pass while the rest of the troops would advance on the fortress town of Ghazni, recapture Kabul and then leave Afghanistan via the Khyber pass.

On 6 August 1842, the 40th (651 in total with 20 sick going via Quetta), along with all the other troops, marched out of Kandahar. Allen notes in his book that it was very hot – 111°F to 116°F (43°C to 47°C) in the tents. They carried 60 days supplies, accompanied by 10,000 camels. During the march the Afghans were frequently seen about the hills, firing their guns, but keeping a distance from the troops, though there were a few battles along the way, including one at Goain. They reached the fortress of Ghazni on 6 September 1842, which they subsequently destroyed, also removing the 800 year old sandalwood gates from the tomb of Sultan Mahamud. (The gates were subsequently erected at Agra in India).

On 10 September the army continued its march to Kabul. Again the Afghans were always near by, firing at the troops from a distance. On 17 September the troops arrived at Kabul, joining up with the other British force from Jalalabad, having travelled over 300 miles (about 480 km) since leaving Kandahar in August.

The troops remained in Kabul for three weeks, but as winter approached the decision was made to leave. The 40th formed part of the rear guard, leaving Kabul on 12 October 1842. There were a number of engagements as the troops were fired on by the Afghans as they passed through the passes while protecting the baggage train. In addition there were episodes of heavy rain which halted the march. On 3 November they entered the Khyber Pass and suffered continuing attacks on the baggage and camels, before arriving at Peshawar on 7 November (where the British East India Company had set up an advanced base), eventually arriving at Ferozepore, in present day Punjab, India on 23 December 1842. Ferozepore was a few miles from the Sutlej River which marked the frontier between the British East India Company ruled India and the Sikh ruled Punjab. The military cantonment there had been established by the British East India Company in 1839 to protect its territory from the Sikh ruled Punjab.

The 40th remained at Ferozepore until the end of January 1843. On 1 February they commenced marching to Meerut, arriving on 1 March. (The Meerut cantonment is where the Indian Rebellion of 1857 started, when Hindu and Muslim soldiers were given rifle cartridges rumoured to have a coating made of animal fat. The bullet wrapping was to be opened by mouth before use, which affected the religious sensibilities of both Muslims and Hindus).

In September 1843 the 40th was detailed to form part of an ‘Army of Exercise’ at Agra. They left on 20 November and arrived at Agra on 2 December 1843.

The Maratha Empire, which had controlled much of central and northern India, had been defeated by the British East India Company in 1818, giving the British control over almost the entire Indian subcontinent. The Maharajah of Gwalior had died and a young child was appointed as the Maharajah with British support. However, Marathas in Gwalior saw the failed British campaign in Afghanistan as an opportunity to regain independence and removed the young Maharajah. Lord Ellenborough (the British East India Company's governor-general of India), foreseeing the possibility of the Marathas in Gwalior making an attempt for independence, had formed the Army of Exercise near Agra. After attempts to negotiate failed, the British advanced in a two pronged attack. The British, under the command of Gen. Sir Hugh Gough clashed with Marathan forces, under the command of Maharajah Scindiah, in two battles on the same day; 29 December 1843.

The Battle of Maharajpore, 29 December 1843

The Marathan army had 14 battalions, 1,000 artillery men with 60 guns and 6,000 cavalry at Maharajpore. The British faced them with troops from the 40th Regiment of Foot with the 2nd and 16th Native Infantry Regiments forming the central column, the 39th Regiment of Foot with the 56th Native Infantry Regiment and a field battery forming the left column and the 16th Lancers with two troops of horse artillery as well as other artillery forming the right column.

The centre column advanced to attack to where it was believed the main enemy force was located. However, during the night the Marathans had moved and the British were surprised as they came under heavy fire from the Marathan artillery in their new positions. The central column then received the order to take the battery positions which they did under continuous heavy fire from shot, grape, canister and chain. The guns were to the South-East of Maharajpore with two battalions of Marathan troops for each battery and in Maharajpore with seven battalions for each battery and the British fought hand to hand with the Marathans, both sides taking heavy casualties, to clear the positions. The Marathans fought intensely and few escaped the battle. The British finally defeated the Marathans with 797 men killed, wounded or missing. The Marathans were estimated to have lost 3,000 to 4,000 men.

James was shot through the left thigh.

The Regiment returned to Meerut by mid February 1844, so it is assumed that was where James convalesced. In August the Regiment was notified it would be returning to England. In mid November the Regiment proceeded to the coast and embarked on ships, arriving at Calcutta on 23 January 1845.

In his time in India, James had marched from the mouth of the Indus River, through Afghanistan, crossed the upper Indus traversing the Punjab, then to the very centre of British India at the battle of Maharajpore, finally arriving on the east coast of India at Calcutta.

On 1 February 1845 at Calcutta, a Regimental Board discharged James from the Regiment due to disability. As James was examined at Chatham, Kent in December 1845, while the regiment did not arrive back in England until February 1846, he must have travelled separately.

James was examined at the Army Hospital at Chatham, Kent and discharged from the Army on 26 December 1845 on to an army pension.

At some stage he then returned to Ireland.

The Irish Famine was a period of mass starvation, disease and emigration between October 1845, when the potato crop was destroyed by disease, and 1852. During the famine approximately 1 million people died of starvation and disease and a million more emigrated from Ireland, causing the island's population to fall by between 20% and 25%. The potato was the principal food for the bulk of the population and the failure of the crop and British government actions and inactions to help the population through food supplies and public works had a lasting impact on the Irish society and countries such as the USA where many Irish emigrated to.

It could be assumed James survived through receiving a pension, so he could buy food.

There is a James Stone of Bevicuros, Dublin who signed the petition for clemency for William Smith O'Brien in 1848.

Griffith's Valuation for Ireland lists a number of 'James Stone's', though I am not sure if any of these are James, though if he was born in Dublin it could make sense to find him back in Dublin, though Kilkenny, where he had enlisted, appears to be where most of the Stone surname’s are listed.

  • James Stone – 1847, tenant (house), Townland: Bluebell, Parish: Drimnagh, County:Dublin;
  • James Stone – 1847, tenant (house), Townland: Huntstown, Parish: Mulhuddart, County: Dublin;
  • James Stone – 1848, tenant (house), Townland: Huntstown, Parish: Mulhuddart, County: Dublin;
  • James Stone – 1849, tenant (house), Townland: Huntstown, Parish: Mulhuddart, County: Dublin;
  • James Stone – 1850, tenant (house, offices & land), Townland; Clonconey, Parish: Clonmore, County: Kilkenny;
  • James Stone – 1850, tenant (land), Townland: Oldtown, Parish: Clonenagh & Clonagheen, County: Queens;
  • James Stone – 1854, tenant (house & land), Townland: Corporationland, Parish: Trim, County: Meath;
  • James Stone – 1854, tenant (land), Townland: Legan, Parish: Kilmanaghan, County: Westmeath.

The 1851 Dublin City Census Transcription of heads of households prepared by Dr D A Chart around 1910 records:

  • Jas. Stone, Hanbury Lane, St. Catherine's parish, Dublin; and
  • Jas. Stone, Church St., St. Michan's parish, Dublin

In 1849 the British government had decided to use army pensioners as guards on convict ships to Australia instead of regular soldiers. The government offered military pensioners free transport for their families and a grant of land in return for guarding the convicts on the voyage and being available for the defence of the colony. (see MILITARY PENSIONERS to the COLONIES. The Morning Chronicle (London, England), Wednesday, September 12, 1849; Issue 24928).

James married Anne O'Donnell, a widow, maiden name Doherty or Docherty at Donegal, Ireland. Her father, Cornelius was a farmer and Ann had been born at Buncrana. Son Patrick was born in Buncrana, Donegal in March 1854 so it could be assumed they married before that date. County Donegal was one of the worst effected parts of Ulster (the northern part of Ireland) during the Famine, with a 16% drop in population between 1841 and 1851.

Neither the irishgenealogy.ie site or the rootsireland.ie site has a record for a marriage taking place between 1845 and 1855, though if the marriage was at Buncrana in Donegal, marriage records for those years are not available online.

Second son James was born at Princetown, Devon near the Dartmoor Prison in July 1855, while the family were waiting for the convict ship.

James, wife Ann and sons Patrick and James sailed for Western Australia with convicts from the Dartmoor Prison, Devon, on the William Hammond, on 5 January 1856. On the William Hammond were (according to the Surgeons record for the voyage) 250 convicts, 30 pensioner guards, 20 women (presumably the wives), 40 children, plus the ship's crew.

The Inquirer & Commercial News (Perth, WA), Wednesday 2 April 1856, p2.

Shipping Intelligence.

ARRIVED.

On the 28th ultimo, the convict ship William Hammond, H. Edwards, Master; Dr MacLaren, Surgeon Superintendent; 250 prisoners, of whom 198 are intended for public works, and 52 having tickets-of-leave on landing; 30 Pensioner Guard, 20 women, and 40 children.

Twin girls (Jane Anne and Catherine) were born 10 October 1857 (in a tent on the beach at Fremantle according to family lore), daughter Bridget born in Fremantle in 1860, with youngest son John born in Fremantle in 1863.

While the records for the convicts are detailed, the records for the guards are patchy and James has not been identified on a list, however the William Hammond is the best match.

'The William Hammond was a barque used to transport convicts to Western Australia.

Built in Sunderland in 1853 for Thomas and Co, the William Hammond was 149.5 feet (45.6 m) long, 28.6 feet (8.7 m) wide and 19 feet (5.8 m) deep, and weighed 683 tons. In 30 September 1854, it sailed from Plymouth to Hobart with 261 emigrating passengers on board. It docked in Hobart on 25 December, after a journey of 83 days, during which three children died.

When appointed to transport convicts to Western Australia in 1855, the William Hammond was still considered a new ship, and had an A1 rating. With Horatio Edwards as captain and George MacLaren as surgeon-superintendent, the William Hammond embarked 35 convicts from the Woolwich prison hulk Defence on 6 December 1855, and another 32 convicts from the hulk Warrior shortly afterwards. On 8 December she was towed out of Woolwich dock and sailed down the River Thames. After clearing the Straits of Dover she encountered stormy weather in the English Channel. She sailed along the south coast of England, docking at Portsmouth. On 17 December she took on 59 more convicts, and the following day she anchored off the Isle of Portland, where it took on 80 convicts from Portland Prison. It left Portland on 24 December, but shortly afterwards a sailor named John Gollately fell overboard while trying to stow the jib. Another sailor, John Deady, attacked the Chief Mate, David Kid, saying it was his fault the man fell overboard. The William Hammond then set in at Plymouth, where Deady was tried before a magistrate and sentenced to 21 days imprisonment. Six sailors who due to various illness were deemed unfit to travel were also disembarked. After taking on 45 more convicts from Dartmoor Prison, the William Hammond sailed for Western Australia on 5 January 1856.

The William Hammond sailed with 32 crew, 250 convicts and 98 passengers, most of whom were pensioner guards and their families. She sailed directly to Fremantle, and the journey took 84 days. Only one person died on the journey, a corporal in the pensioner guard named Henry Fraser, probably of tuberculosis. No convicts died, although there were reported cases of dysentery, diarrhoea and nyctalopia (night blindness). The only other incident occurred on 28 January, when Kid was found to be drunk on his watch, having accessed the stores of rum without permission.

At about 7 P.M. on 28 March1856, the William Hammond sighted the lighthouse on Rottnest Island. Anchor was dropped in the lee of Rottnest early the next morning, and at 7 A.M. the Fremantle harbourmaster boarded the ship. The passengers were disembarked by mid-afternoon, and the convicts were disembarked over the next two days.

Little is known of the William Hammond's subsequent service, except that there is a record of immigrants arriving in Melbourne on the William Hammond in 1862." From Wikipedia, retrieved 5 June 2011.

Those soldiers who came to Western Australia as guards aboard the convict transports were known as the Pensioner Guards (also known as the Enrolled Pensioner Force or Enrolled Guards). The Enrolled Pensioner Guards comprised of aged or invalid military personnel who were unfit for active duty but capable of fulfilling a role as garrison troops or convict guards.

Between 1850 and 1868 approximately 1,100 pensioner guards and their families arrived in Western Australia, many of whom remained on as settlers. Upon completion of 7 years of service the Pensioner Guards were eligible for a free land grant.

Data from : The Veterans : a history of the Enrolled Pensioner Force in Western Australia, 1850-1888 / F.H. Broomhall.

Stone, James

Private 40th Regt. @ 6d. per diem

1868 Allocated Greenough Locs. G27 and G28 totalling 33 acs.

4 May 1874 Grant of Greenough Loc. G27 confirmed.

7 Sep 1874 Grant of Greenough Loc. G28 confirmed.

12 Jun 1887 Died aged 73. Informant of death, youngest son John

His son James married the daughter of fellow Pensioner Guard Patrick Hogan, while daughters Jane Ann and Catherine married sons of pensioner guard Jeremiah Buckley.

From Michael Cheesman (http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/aus-wa-geraldton/2000-10/0972046932) retrieved 6/3/11

James Stone b 1814 , arrived from around 1856 as an enrolled Pensioner Guard, wife Ann Dorethy Docherty b 1834 daughter of Cornelius. [Of note is a Mrs Stone and two children arrived on the "Francis" from South Australia 24.11.1856. Wonder if James came out before his wife and children?]

Children : Patrick Stone was born at Buncranna, County Donegal, Ireland on 14 March 1854. d 1926, James b 1855 d 1900, Catherine and Jane Ann (twins) b 1857, Isaac b 1858 d 1859 (Perth) [note this is incorrect as the 1859 death record for Isaac Stone lists the father was Frederick so he is not an ancestor so is not included in the family tree - Ian Stone], Brigid b 1860 RC Fremantle and possibly John b 1864. [John was the youngest child - Ian Stone]

James formerly a private in the 40th of Foot regiment. Arriving in Fremantle in 1856 with the family about or at the same time. Living Perth? 1859, Fremantle? in 1860.In 1865 James employed a ticket of leave convict in grubbing sandlewood.

A Greenough farmer 1867-1876. In 1868 James was allotted Greenough locations G27 and G28 comprising some 33 acres. On the 4th of May 1874 Greenough lot G 27 grant was confirmed. On September 7th 1874 Greenough location G28 grant was confirmed.

The Perth Gazette and West Australian Times, Friday 25 December 1868, p 3

An article on the impact of the 'red rust' on the farmers on the Greenough recorded that J Stone had 26 acres of wheat and 6 acres of oats or barley under cultivation

Not sure if the following articles are relating to James Stone (who would have been aged about 60) or his son James Stone (who would have been aged about 20).

The Enquirer and Commercial News, Wednesday 5 August 1874, p4

At the July meeting of the Greenough Road Board it was resolved, 1— That as the only tenders to cart stone on to the Bootenal Road were from Henry Kemp and James Stone, and both at the same price, viz. 2s. 100 yds.; be given to each.

The Enquirer and Commercial News, Wednesday 6 January 1875, p. 4.

IMPOUNDED in the Public Pound, Greenough Flats, on the 13th inst., 9 brown Nanny Goats, driven in from Bootenal with James Stone's herd. If not claimed within the time allowed by law, will be sold to defray expenses. JAMES ADLAM, Poundkeeper.Bootenal, Dec. 15, 1874

The Enquirer and Commercial News, Wednesday 11 July 1877, p. 3.

GREENOUGH.

Monthly meeting held 4th June, 1877. Present — Mr. T. Clinch (chairman), Messrs. F. Ventura, C. Connolly, J. Eakins, and A. Brand. Minutes of the previous meeting were read and confirmed. Proposed by C. Connolly, seconded by F. Ventura, and carried, that tenders be invited, returnable on Monday, 2nd July, to dig a ditch from Bootenal Road, about 50 chains, towards Ventura's. Proposed by F. Ventura, seconded by A. Brand, that James Stone's account for 15s. 9d., hire of horse and cart in removing stone on the road, be paid ; carried. Proposed by A. Brand, seconded by F. Ventura, that the meeting be adjourned till Monday, 2nd July ; carried.

On the 22nd of August 1877 at Bootenal, Greenough daughter Catherine Stone married Daniel Buckley.

The West Australian, Tuesday 18 November, 1879, p 3.

The barley harvest has commenced on the Greenough Flats and promises a good yield ; the wheat crops are rapidly changing, and also promise well. It has become of late the fashion to decry our Flats farming ; but I only wish that you Perth folk could inspect a few of our farms as they appear now. You would see many that are a credit to any country ; amongst them I might mention the farms of Mr. John Jones and Mr. G. Woolhouse on the Back Flats, those also of Mr. J. S. Maley, and Buckley and Stone on the Front Flats. If you saw these farms I think you would be bound to confess that you never saw anything equal to them out of the old

Son Patrick Stone married on the 8th of February 1880 to Helen Emily Roe at St. Peter's Chapel, Bootenal, Greenough, WA by Rev. Fr. A. Lecaille. (Marriage Registration no. 4837/1880)

Daughter Jane Ann Stone married John Buckley who was born 2.9.1854.

Son James Stone married 24.7.1882 (RC Geraldton) to Catherine Hogan daughter of Patrick and Catherine Hogan of Geraldton.

James Stone died 12 January 1887 at Greenough. Informant of death, youngest son John.

Western Australian Death registration index record for James Stone, father, mother and place of birth unknown, died aged 73, No. 52 of 1887.

Buried Greenough Cemetery.

Inscription on grave: James Stone, a native of Dublin, Ireland, who died 12 January 1887, aged 73 years.

Probate records in the WA State Records Office, Consignment 3403; item No. 1887/832.

The Municipal Inventory for the former Shire of Greenough includes 'Stone's Cottage Site', James Stone's Cottage, Brand Highway (east side) Greenough, associated with James Stone, previous owner. I assume it was his and not his son James' house.

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James Stone's Timeline

1814
1814
Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland
1854
March 14, 1854
Age 40
Buncrana, Donegal, Ireland
1855
July 25, 1855
Age 41
Devon, England
1857
October 10, 1857
Age 43
Fremantle, WA, Australia
October 10, 1857
Age 43
Fremantle, WA, Australia
1860
April 21, 1860
Age 46
WA, Australia
1863
June 30, 1863
Age 49
Perth, WA, Australia
1887
January 12, 1887
Age 73
Greenough, WA, Australia
????
Buncrana, Donegal, Donegal, Ireland
????
Greenough, WA, Australia