Jan Michaelsz De Mandeville, (Rev. and Doctor of Medicine)

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Jansz Michaelsz de Mandeville

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Franeker, Franekeradeel, Friesland, The Netherlands
Death: Died in Garderen, Barneveld, Gelderland, The Netherlands
Immediate Family:

Son of Michael Jansz Johannis de Mandeville and Maria Van de Raede
Husband of Trijntjen Wilms Van Harderwijk
Father of Aegidius 'Gillis' De Mandeville (Sailed to America on the "De Trouw" (Faith)) and Wilhemus De Mandeville
Brother of Aegidius de Mandeville; Sara Van De Mandeville; Samuel de Mandeville; Emmanuel de Mandeville; Solomon de Mandeville and 6 others

Occupation: Reverend, Hebrew Teacher, Clergyman
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Jan Michaelsz De Mandeville, (Rev. and Doctor of Medicine)

University medical graduate as "ordinals Medicus", principle of Latin school and university Lecturer of Hebrew.

Sex: Male 
  • Father: Michael Johannis De Mandeville
  • Mother: Maria Van De Rade
  • Birth: 1602 Franeker, Friesland, The Netherlands
  • Death: 1657 Garderen, Netherlands

Family 1

  • Spouse/Partner: Trintjen Wilms b. Abt 1601

Children:

  1. Giles Jansen Aegidius De Mandeville b. 1624 d. 22 May 1701

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In record 38 (1907):284 there has been published a genealogy of the de Mandeville Family [see page 67 of this record.] In this article a few data are given concerning his presumed relatives in the Netherlands and it is there stated that Gillis was a son of Jan Jansz de Mandeville a candidate minister at Kootwijck near Voorthuysen village in the immediate neighborhood of Garderen. Gillis was indeed a son of Rev. John (Jan) de Mandeville whose full name was, however, not Jan Jansz but Jan Michaelsz de Mandeville.

At the end of the 16th century there lived at Nymegan, a city in the province of Gelderland, Dr. Med. Michael Jansz de Mandeville.

His family originated in France, and Mandeville is the name of two villages in Normandy, one in the Department of Eure, the other in Calvados. With the Norman conquest of England, the de Mandeville family became feudal barons in England for centuries. The English War of the Roses, the Protestant Reformation, the English Civil War, and the beheading of King Charles I of England, presented a series of ongoing danger to the noble classes in England, and a member of the De Mandeville line and many other Englishmen of noble lineage moved to Holland, which at the time, had become the most vibrant economy, center of trade, and intellectual and artistic center of Northern Europe.

In 1601, Dr. Michael was appointed "ordinaus Medicus" and rector or principal, of the Latin School at Nymegan. Through his supervision he improved the practice of Medicine there and there his own pracitce demanded so much of his time that in 1607 the magistracy asked him to resign as principal of the Latin School in order to devote his entire time to medicine. In 1617 he and seven of his children received the burgherright of Nymegan and the next year he was honored by being appointed a schepen and a number of the city council of the city of his adoption. In 1635 the plague raged at Nymegen. Ministering to the sick to the last he played a heroic part. He finally was stricken himself and succumbed to the dreaded disease. A grateful city honored his memory providing a college education for his children and by appointing first his son Dr. Emanuela and fterwards the latter's son Dr. Geraltheus to the position of city physician.

Dr. Michael de Mandeville had married Maria Van de Rade, a daughter of Aegidius (Gillis) Van de Rade and Sara, his wife.

Eleven children were born to Dr. Michael and his wife. The oldest son Jan, the father of the American de Mandeville settlers, was born about 1601. On March 3, 1623, he entered Leiden University. His name was entered as "Johannes Mandeivijl, 22 (years old) T(heology)".

Four years later he was joined there by his younger brother Emanuel who took the course of medicine.

Emmanuel de Mandeville helped fight another bout of the bubonic plague in the town of Nijmegen with his colleague and medical partner Jsbrand van Diemerbroeck. In 1635 a hot dry summer is believed to have contributed to the subsequent November plague outbreak in Nijmegen. It did not end until a period of heavy frost in February 1636. The epidemic was so severe that over six thousand people from a population of approximately ten thousand lost their lives. About the same number of soldiers died from the epidemic. They were temporarily stationed in Nijmegen to protect the city from an imminent attack by the Spanish. It is quite likely that the soldiers brought the plague with them. Nijmegen was reduced in population so severely that many left for America, including de Mandeville family members.

It is possible that Johan (Jan) de Mandeville had already followed courses in Theology elsewhere (possibly at the Collegiate Theological School at Leiden not connected with the University.) It was rather old to start one's university career at the age of 22 in those days, and in 1624 he received already permission to lecture on the Hebrew language, in the place of professor l'Empereus at the Atheneum at Hardewijk, Gelderland.

In 1628, he was appointed a proponent or candidate minister at the village of Koolwijk, not far from Harderwijk and two years later he became minster in the neighboring village of Gandener where he died in 1657. There is a tombstone with a rather illegible inscription of a Mandeville buried in the church at Gardener which may refer to the Reverend Johannes de Mandeville.

In 1640 he had written a Latin Carmeu which he had dedicated to the Estates of Gelderland for which this august body voted him a suitable reward.

The name of Rev. John's wife has not as yet been found. Two years after his death his son Gillis (Yeelis or Yellis), named probably for uncle Aegidius (Gillis) de Mandeville, which name descended from the Van de Rade family, sailed for New Netherlands (now known as New York).

The de Mandevilles remained a professional family in the Netherlands. Of especial interest is Dr. Bernardus de Mandeville ( a great gradson of Dr. Michael) who settled in England and was the author of "The fable of the Bees or Private Vices, Publick Benefits" of which new edition, copiously annotated by F.B.Kaye, was published in 1924.

The de Mandeville family was armigerous. A seal of "Michael Mandeville" (the grandfather of the American Settler ) schepen of Nymegan, on a document dated November 8, 1632, shows a winged stag rampant (contourne). In a previous article (Neiff -Nevices) I have mentioned the existence of a roll-of-arms of the Gelderland-Overyseel Student Society. In the Leiden volumn Emanuel de Mandeville (the uncle of the American settler) had his arms entered in about 1622 when a student there.

There was in Holland also another de Mandeville Family, at least they bore different arms, namely Mandeville. These arms were born by Robbert Williemsz de Mandeville from Middleburgh who settled at Amsterdam where he received the burgherright June 18, 1649. He was besides bierbeschoyer, inspector of the tappens of Amsterdam, a well-known painter, (Bredius, Kirenstter Inventare). He married Clara Roodenburg, a poet (oud Holland, 1895:65)

In Amsterdam settled also Emanuel de Mandeville from Middleburgh, born about 1609. He was a merchant at Amsterdam and married there in the Walloon Church first, in 1634, Elizabeth Beth and second in 1645, Maria Kinslandt. The fact that the name Emanuel occurs in both the Middleburgh-Amsterdam and the Nymegan families may indicate a relationship of probable cousins, since they bore apparently different arms.

-------------------- He married with third proclamation published 18 May 1625. He was a burgher of Nijmegan 3 Sept.1617. 23 Apr 1620 registered as student at Franekar University. 3 March 1623 registered as student at Leiden University. In 1624 was a teacher of Hebrew at Harderwijk Academy. In 1628 he was a clergyman at Kootwijk and in 1630 at Garderen

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Jan Michaelsz De Mandeville, (Rev. and Doctor of Medicine)'s Timeline

1601
1601
Franeker, Franekeradeel, Friesland, The Netherlands
1625
May 15, 1625
Age 24
Reformed Church,Harderwijk,Gelderland,Netherlands
1626
June 1626
Age 25
Netherlands
1640
1640
Age 39
1657
1657
Age 56
Garderen, Barneveld, Gelderland, The Netherlands
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