Jan Smit, SV/PROG (c.1655 - c.1696) MP

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Nicknames: "Johannes"
Birthplace: Maastricht, Limburg, Nederland
Death: Died in Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa
Cause of death: of injuries sustained after a fight with Jacob Cloete
Managed by: Lodewyk Christiaan Steyn, b1c3d12e4f1g4h4i7j5k1
Last Updated:

About Jan Smit, SV/PROG

First Name Johannes (Jan)

Last Name Smit

Birth Date 6/24/1650


SAG volume11 page 407 give birth date as c. 1652

Birth Location Maastricht, Limburg, Nederland

Death Date 10/11/1696

Death Location Stellenbosch, Cape, South Africa (of injuries sustained after a fight with Jacob Cloete)

Refer Richard Ball - South African Ancesters; email- richard.ball@BallFamilyRecords

Stamvader Jan Smit's Origin

In the Dutch East India Company's muster roll of free burgers for 1692 he is listed as Jan Smit from Maastricht (Johannes Smit van Mastricht en Adriana Tol, 5k).

Jan Smit was a soldier. In 1681, when he married Adriana Tol, he was stationed at the garrison in Delft, in the company of Captain Moor, and it would seem that he had been there since at least November 1680 and probably a good deal earlier.

On the 19th November 1680, a child, Christoffel, was baptised in Delft at the Catholic church, Sint Hippolytus op het Bagijnhof. The parents are stated to be Johan Smits and Lucretia van Senne. In the Delft Ondertrouw boek, against the application of Jan Smit and Adriana Tol to marry, is a note that Lucretia, widow of Robert van Sante, had objected on the grounds that she already had a child by Jan Smit. The objection was presumably overruled since it is also recorded there that the objecttions was withdrawn on 22nd December 1681.

Stammoeder Adriana Tol's Origin

Adriana Tol was baptised on 16th of July 1656 in the Nieuwe Kerk, Delft as Aryaentje, Vader Jacob Tol, Moeder Elisabet vandr. Piet. The witnesses were her grandfather, Dirck van der Piet and his second wife, Aryaentje Tijsz., and Elisabet Isaackx.

Her father, Jacob Alewijnsz Tol, was Clerk to the Secretary of Delft. When he married Lijsbet van der Piet at the Nieuwe Kerk, Delft on 3rd of March 1647, he was not a young man, probably already in his 40's but a bachelor nevertheless, while his wife was around 20. When they married he was living in the house called 'De Snouck' on the corner of Ouderlangendijk and Jacob Gerritsenstraet in Delft. His family had lived in this house since at least 1620, and his widow continued to live there after his death, so this seems to have been where Adriana was brought up.

When Jacob Alewijnsz Tol died in September 1662 his children became wards of the Delft Weeskamer. Although still looked after by their mother, they were appointed three guardians and their inheritance presumably invested and used to feed and clothe them until they came of age which Adriana would have done around 1681.

On 22nd December 1685, named as Adriana Jacobsz. Tol, she appeared before the Delft Weeskamer and stated that she was the wife of Johannes Smit, soldier. She declared that her mother had raised and provided for her properly; she thanked her for her good care and freed her of any further obligation.

Their Marriage

Their application to marry is recorded in the Delft Ondertrouw register, apparently akin to the Huwelikshof at the Cape, or the Banns book of the English church, on the 25th October 1681. An objection was raised to their marriage and the second reading of the banns was forbidden (see above). Eventually, on the 22nd December, the prohibition was lifted. Since this was, apparently, a Monday, one assumes that the second reading of the banns did not take place until the following Sunday, 28th December and for the third time, again presumably, the next Sunday, the 4th January 1682.

The last note in the Ondertrouw register reads 'Attestatie gegeven op Schipluiden den 4 januarij 1681' [sic - presumably the usual mistake made at the start of a new year!] which a Dutch friend translates for me as 'Given letter of transfer to Schipluiden the 4 january 1681'. I have assumed, until I can establish for certain, that this 'attestatie' or letter of transfer, was specifically to allow the couple to marry at Schipluiden (not far from Delft).

Unfortunately, so far as I have been able to establish, no Schipluiden marriage registers exist for this period. This means that we do not know when they were married - the 4th January 1682 (a Sunday) would have been the earl iest date possible, immediately after the third reading of the banns.

For a transcript of the notes in the Delft Ondertrouw register see Richard's reference.

Their arrival at the Cape

The earliest certain mention of Jan Smit at the Cape that I have so far found is in the Cape Town church registers when his son Christoffel was baptised on 9 May 1688, and for Adriana Tol the earliest date is 16 October 1689 when their son Jacobus was baptised at Stellenbosch.


Their Family

I (Richard Ball) am still researching their family but from what I have found so far they would seem to have had the following children:

1. Joannis Smit, baptised 10 January 1683, Nieuwe Kerk, Delft. He is probably the Jan Smit who married Eva Zaaijman in 1711 and who died circa July 1714, without leaving any children.

2. Christoffel Smit, baptised 9 May 1688, Cape Town farmer of Sútrij or Lútrij, Stellenbosch married Catrijn la Fêbre 9 February 1721, Stellenbosch

3. Jacobus Smit, baptised 16 October 1689, Stellenbosch (baptism recorded in the Cape Town registers) farmer of Uylekraal, Swartland, he died circa 1752. married Elisabeth Slabbert, 3 March 1709, Cape Town

4. Hulsie Smit, baptised 1 April 1691, Cape Town (this name is probably a phonetic rendering by the minister of the name 'Hilletje' under which name she appears in all later records). She died circa January 1761. married Matthias de Beer and later Jan Georg Zorn

5. Francois Smit, born Cape of Good Hope farmer in the Vierentwintigrivieren area, he died circa 1758. married Maria van Staden, 19 November 1719, Drakenstein

6. Alewijn Smit, baptised 28 September 1695, Cape Town farmer of Zo Voorbij, Vierentwintigrivieren. He died circa 1774. married Hester Bekker, 25th December 1718, Drakenstein. She died the 11th January 1778.

Death of Jan

Jan Smit died between the 1st and 6th October 1696, after a fight with Jacob Cloete, after which he complained of pain in his chest. On the 6th Ocober it was reported that Matthijs Greef had been to inspect the corpse. (1/STB 18/153, Notarial Declarations)

Adriana's life after Jan Smit

In 1696 she is listed in the muster rolls as the widow of Jan Smit, in 1698 as 'Adriana Talks, wed: Jan Smith 6 k[inderen].'

On 20th June 1700 she had a daughter, Johanna, baptised in the church at Stellenbosch. The baptismal entry reads:

Johanna dochter van (left blank)

de moeder Addrijana Tol

de getuijgen Joggum Sachs en Marta Lafeber

gedoop 20 Junij 1700

I do not know if this child would have used the surname of Smit (her brothers and sisters) or Tol, or a different one, or, indeed, if she survived infancy.

On the 29th June 1700, the Stellenbosch Church Meeting suspended Adriana from church services for a year. The reason is not stated other than that she is admonished to live a better life. Unfortunately none of the earlier Stellenbosch Church Meeting minutes, which might have contained a previous warning, appear to have survived. A year later, on the 28th March 1701, her suspension was continued.

Adriana married a second time at Stellenbosch on the 11 January 1705, to Andries Cuyper, a ship's carpenter who came originally from Stettin. In June 1705 they were living in Stellenbosch in the area known as Jan de Jonkers Hoek. Andries Cuyper died before 1722 when Adriana is described as his widow.

Death of Adriana

Adriana Tol presumably died some time after 30 June 1722 on which date she is mentioned as 'the widow of Andries Cuyper' in the will of her son, Francois Smit.


Bydraes tot die Genealogie van ou Afrikaanse Families,

deur Dr. J. Hoge. Amsterdam, A.A.Balkema, 1958.

Church Register, Cape Town

Church Register, Delft, Nieuwe Kerk

Church Register, Drakenstein

Church Register, Stellenbosch

Delft, Gemeentearchief - Weeskamer Comparitieregisters

Delft, Gemeentearchief - Ondertrouw and Trouw registers

Geslagsregister van ou Kaapse Families (A.A. Balkema, Cape Town, 1966)

Precis of the Archives of the Cape of Good Hope -

Requesten (Memorials) 1715 - 1806, page 1028

Cape Archives:

Council of Justice, Sententien, 6.6.1705, CJ 782 fol. 4

Estate Accounts - Smit, Hilletje wed Jan Georg Zorn, 1761-1763

(MOOC 13/1/6,3)

Muster Rolls of Free Burgers (VC39, vol.1, p. 123 and p. 161, p. 179)

Notarial Declarations (1/STB 18/153)

Will of Francois Smit and Maria van Staden, 1722 (MOOC 7/1/10,53)

Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk Argief

Stellenbosch Church, Kerkvergadering notule

Thanks to research by:

Richard Ball

who would have been unable to do this research without the help of André Kellerman, Helena Liebenberg, Graham Lloyd, Bob Kernkamp and many discussions with Alwyn Petrus Smit.

Thanks to submissions by:

Mark Barker

A van Rensburg

The Smit family appear on two web sites:

One maintained by Richard Ball

and one maintained by Ron Smit


At his marriage he was described as a soldier in the company of Captain Moor, at present garrisoned in the town (of Delft).

A child of Johannes Smith was buried at the Oude Kerk, Delft on the 2nd March 1683, described as ' een baarkind' (ie. between one and 12 years old). Could this have been Christoffel, the son of Lucretia van Senne? Or might it have referred to his son, Johannes, baptised just two months previously?

In a declarion signed before the Secretary of Stellenbosch on the 11th October 1705 and witnessed by Augustus Meijhuijsen and Jacobus Smit, Johannes Mulder and Dirk Coetsee, both Old Heemraden, stated that it was known to them that a certain farm in Jan de Jonkers Hoek, to the east above the farm of the late Jan de Jonker, had been in the possesion of Jan Smit from 1687 until his death and was still in the possesion of Andries Cuijper as the husband of Jan Smit's widow.

A Jan Smit is listed in the Cape muster rolls from 1690 on, (there are no muster rolls between 1686 and 1690) but Jan Smit and Adriana Tol as a couple are first mentioned in the1692 rolls, resident at Stellenbosch with four children.

In the 1692 Opgaafrol (tax return) they are listed as having three sons and one daughter, one pistol, one rifle (?- seijd geweer), one flintlock, two horses and six oxen.

In 1693 and 1695 they are listed again, on both occasions with five children, Johannes Smit being described as 'from Maastricht' in the 1693 roll. In 1696 we have just 'the widow of Jan Smith' (this muster roll made no note of children) and in 1698 'the widow of Jan Smith with 6 children'.

On 1st October 1696 Jan Smit was insulted by Jacob Cloete. Enraged, Smit drew his rapier, but Cloete evaded the blows and clouted Smit with a piece of wood, beat him with his fists and kicked his chest, shouting: 'Lie there, you dog!'. Within a very few days, during which he suffered continual pain in his chest, Jan Smit died. -------------------- Johannes arriveer in 1688. Hy kom van Maastricht. Hy is dood na 'n skermutseling met Jacob Cloete oor die behandeling van sy perd. -------------------- www.ballfamilyrecords.co.uk/smit/I224.html

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Jan Smit, SV/PROG's Timeline

Maastricht, Limburg, Nederland
Maastricht, Maastricht, Limburg, The Netherlands
Age 25
January 4, 1682
Age 27
Delft, Netherlands
Age 27
Delft, Netherlands
Age 33
Stellenbosch, South Africa, Cape
Age 33
Maastricht, Netherlands
Age 34
Stellenbosch, South Africa
Age 36
Cape, South Africa
Age 38