Jane Chedzoy McManus (Poole), convict (1768 - 1826)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Combe, Somerset, , England
Death: Died in Parramatta, NSW, Australia
Managed by: Kerry L. Cunningham
Last Updated:

About Jane Chedzoy McManus (Poole), convict

NAME: JANE POOLE ----- " FIRST FLEET" convict sent to the Colonies

SURNAME: Poole GIVEN NAMES: Jane *SEX: F

BIRTH: circa 1768, England

DEATH: 1826, Parramatta NSW, Australia

  • FATHER: John POOLE
  • MOTHER: Elizabeth CHEDZOY

MARRIAGE 1: John McMANUS b:

MARRIED: 1791 on Norfolk Island (no official record)

CHILDREN


1...F...Margaret McMANUS b: 1790 Norfolk Island

2...F...Sarah McMANUS b: 4 MAY 1793

3...M...James McMANUS b: 7 NOV 1794

4...M...John McMANUS b:1797 Sydney, NSW, Australia

MARRIAGE 2: Richard Blythe RIDGE

MARRIED : 1802 common law marriage - NSW, Australia

CHILDREN

1...F...Martha RIDGE b: 14 MAY 1803 NSW.. Died: 17 JUN 1821 Age (18)

2...F...Charlotte RIDGE b:

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NOTES:

St. JOHNS cemetery, Parramatta NSW.

Surname: McManus née Poole + Genealogy First names: Jane

      Born:  ca 1768                  At: England
   Arrival:  26 Jan 1788              On: 'Charlotte' as convict.
      Died:  1826                     At:
       Age:  abt 48               Buried: St. Johns, Parramatta, NSW 
  Comments:  Spouse of (1) James McManus (2) Richard Blyth Ridge. 
             Mother of Maria (Martha) Poole (Ridge).

Jane Poole (1768 - 1826)

Born in England on 1768 to John Poole and Elizabeth Chedzoy. Jane married James Mcmanus and had 5 children. Jane married Richard Ridge. She passed away on 1826 in Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.


Jane Poole & James McManus Jane Poole was only 16 when she was sentenced to death at Wells in Somerset in 1786. Her death sentence was reprieved to 7 years transportation and she sailed on the “Charlotte”. James McManus was a Marine who also arrived at Port Jackson aboard the “Charlotte” having transferred from “HMS Sirius” during the voyage. Jane was one of 8 female and 6 male convicts aboard the Navy ship “HMS Supply” to sail for Norfolk Island in 1789 where she worked until 1792. James travelled to Norfolk Island aboard the “Atlantic” in 1791 and was granted 60 acres and lived there with Jane Poole as a married couple. They were believed to be married by Rev Richard Johnson in 1791 but no record survives. James, Jane and their daughter Margaret are recorded as passengers on the “Atlantic” in 1792 bound for Port Jackson. On their return to Sydney James became a Private in the NSW Corp and they had another 3 children. James and Jane then farmed land at Mulgrave Place on the Hawkesbury and James was granted 65 acres in 1797 by Governor Hunter. James died in 1798 aged 28, so young after travelling so far and experiencing so much. In 1800 Jane received a grant of 160 acres from Governor Hunter on the proviso the land was to be held in trust for James McManus’s 3 children. At that time she owned 8 goats and had 8 acres ready for planting maize. Her household was herself, one male convict servant and 3 children – all supported on Government rations. In 1802 Jane was recorded as living with Richard Ridge, 2nd Fleet convict on 250 acres on the Hawkesbury. Jane and Richard went from strength to strength and in the 1806 muster they owned and leased 305 acres of which 51 acres were sown in grain, one acre in potatoes and 205 acres utilised as pasture. They also owned a horse, 2 oxen, 20 hogs and 19 bushels of grain in hand. In addition to Jane’s children they supported 5 convicts and 1 freeman. Jane and James’ story is not unlike so many who helped settle our great land and they now have hundreds of descendants who are very proud to be part of that family. - o 0 o -

We find that James’ father James McManus Sr. narrowly avoided conviction for theft in 1790 even though he had arrived in Australia with the First Fleet on the ‘Sirius’ as a Private in the Marines.

During his guard duties on board, he appears to have formed a relationship with the mother of his children Jane Poole.


Jane had been convicted of stealing a silver watch and other goods valued at 15 shillings in Wells, Somerset in 1786 – and had been transported after her death sentence had been commuted.

Jane Poole (who married James McManus) arrived in Sydney on the ‘Charlotte’ on 26th January 1788. As already noted, it seems that she started he relationship with James on the ‘Charlotte’ – and he may even have been transferred to the ‘Sirius’ to break it up. On the 2nd January 1790, she travelled to Norfolk Island on the ‘Supply’ to work as a servant – and presumably keep company with James.

The ‘Charlotte’ was a First Fleet transport ship of 335 tons, built on the River Thames in 1784. She was a light sailer, and had to be towed down the English Channel for the first few days of the voyage. Her master was Thomas Gilbert, and her surgeon was John White, principal surgeon to the colony. She left Portsmouth on 13 May 1787, carrying 88 male and 20 female convicts.

Birth: unknown, England Death: 1826 New South Wales, Australia

Arrival: 26 Jan 1788 On: 'Charlotte' as convict - Spouse of (1) James McManus (2) Richard Blyth Ridge. Mother of Maria (Martha) Poole (Ridge)

 

Burial: St. John's Cemetery, Parramatta. Parramatta New South Wales, Australia

 

POOLE, Jane - 176-1826Parramatta. Buried St John's. Convicted in Wells, Somerset in 1786 of theft. Married James McManus in 1791 on Norfolk Island. James was a private with Royal Marines who arrived on the Sirius. Settled at Mulgrave Place. Children: James b1794, John b1797. Cohabited with Richard Ridge from 1802. http://www.australian-english-genealogy.com/Charlotteconvicts%202.html

---------------------------

.


POOLE, Jane: (c1768-1826)

In August 1786 Jane was charged with "feloniously breaking and entering the
dwelling house of John Cunnitt... stealing there out 1 silver watch and
other goods valued at £2.15s. his property at the parish of Bishops Hull on
22nd May last. She was sentenced to be hanged but was reprieved and
transported for 7 years. She was granted 160 acres by Governor Hunter at
Mulgrave Place after James's death to be held in trust for his children and
not to be disposed of without the Governors consent.
First Fleeter, convict on board "Charlotte" arriving Australia 26/1/1788.
Later transported to Norfolk Island on board HMAT Supply arriving 28/29 Jan
1790 under Lt Ball from Sydney - cargo listed as 22 male and 1 female
convict (no baby mentioned), where she lived as married person, (presumably
with James McManus who had also gone to Norfolk Is). Departed Norfolk Is on
21 Sept 1792 on "Atlantic" transport under Mr Bowen. Whilst on Norfolk
listed as wife and child of marine.
"The Women of Botany Bay" by Portia Robinson shows she was a First Fleeter
sentenced to death at Wells 1786 for burglary, pardoned and transported on
the "Charlotte".

She was on Norfolk Is. 1790-1792. She already had a daughter, Margaret

before she married James McManus. "1788 The People of the First Fleet"
states she returned to Port Jackson and later married(?)/established a
relationship with, Richard Ridge and had another daughter, Martha in 1803.
Martha died aged 18 on 17 June 1821 and her grave is near her Mothers's in
St John's Cemetery, Parramatta NSW -Row N #7. Jane was widowed in 1814 at
Parramatta and died 1819. However her Burial Register No: 1096 Vol 44B
shows her as Jane McManus buried at St Johns Parramatta on 28 November 1826
aged 68 yrs.

During the final years of her life Jane was housekeeper to William Parrot,

Shoemaker of Parramatta and when he died in 1824 he bequeathed her and her
children his property and possessions. Five months before she died she
willed her possessions to "my dear 3 children, James, John and Margaret".

From Colonial Index NSW Archives 1788-1825:

MCMANUS, Jane. Widow of James McManus
1800 Mar 12 On list of all grants and leases of land registered in the
Colonial Secretary's Office (Fiche 3267; 9/2731 p.114)
1801 Jan 6 Signatory to petition from settlers of the Hawkesbury (Reel 6020;
2/8130 pp.363-6)

MCMANUS, Jane. Arrived c.1788; of Parramatta

1820 Sep 16-1824 Mar 3 Memorial re resumption of land in George Street,
Parramatta, for prisoners Barracks in exchange for land in Macquarie Street
(Reel 6061; 4/1778 pp.207-9)
1823 Apr 5 On return of allotments in the town of Parramatta (Fiche 3265;
4/7576 p.5)

POOL, Jane. Of Hawkesbury District

1802 Apr 10
Particulars of arms in possession of (Reel 6041; 4/1719 p.93)

POOLE, Jane

1824 Dec 31 Payment made to her (Reel 6039; 4/424 p.431)

I believe Jane to have been baptised in Coombe Florey, Somerset -daughter of

John Pool and Elizabeth Cedzoy who were married on 20/1/1755. Other
siblings being
Jenny 1755
Thomas 1757
Elizabeth 1759
Betty 1763
John 1766
Hannah 1768
JANE March 1771
Martha 1774

MC MANUS, James:

From: "1788 The People of the First Fleet" by Don Chapman, produced 1981 by
Mead & Beckett Publishing, 139 Macquarie St., Sydney states: Marine Private
arrived Charlotte First Fleet attached to Capt Tench's Company. On 25
August 1790 was confined for stealing a haversack from fellow marine, tried
suicide unsuccessfully and hence appeared insane, from thence for 11 days
ate a few mouthfuls of flour and water. Recovered and was acquitted through
flaw of evidence. He later joined the NSW Corp. He settled land grant 1791
at Norfolk Island, departed 1792. 1793 living with Jane Poole and produced
2 sons and 1 daughter. James was granted 65 acres in Mulgrave district on
10 May 1797 by Governor Hunter - James died 11 months later on 15 April,
1798.

-----------------------------

James MC MANUS arrived "Charlotte" Private of Marines, 26 January 1788 as part of Capt Watkin Tench's Company. May have been transferred from "Sirius" during the voyage out. Interred St Phillips Church, Sydney, NSW. Some references differ as to which ship he was on. Charlotte seems logical since Jane Poole, who he later married was also on the Charlotte. Little is known about James MC MANUS, any other descendants out there who may have further knowledge of his birth place etc?

"Charlotte": built 1784, 345 tons/105' x 28'4".

In August 1786 Jane POOLE was charged with "feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of John Cunnitt... stealing there out 1 silver watch and other goods valued at £2.15s. his property at the parish of Bishops Hull on 22nd May last. She was sentenced to be hanged but was reprieved and transported for 7 years. She was granted 160 acres by Governor Hunter at Mulgrave Place after James's death to be held in trust for his children and not to be disposed of without the Governors consent.

Jane was supposedly from Somerset. First Fleeter, convict on board "CHARLOTTE" arriving Australia 26/1/1788. Later transported to Norfolk Island on board HMAT Supply arriving 28/29 Jan 1790 under Lt Ball from Sydney - cargo listed as 22 male and 1 female convict (no baby mentioned), where she lived as married person, (presumably with James McManus who had also gone to Norfolk Is). Departed Norfolk Is on 21 Sept 1792 on "Atlantic" transport under Mr Bowen. Whilst on Norfolk listed as wife and child of marine.
"The Women of Botany Bay" by Portia Robinson shows she was a First Fleeter sentenced to death at Wells 1786 for burglary, pardoned and transported on the "Charlotte". Worked Norfolk Is. 1790-1792 and seems likely first daughter, Margaret was born there. "1788 The People of the First Fleet" states she returned to Port Jackson and later married/established a relationship with, Richard Ridge and had another daughter, Martha in 1803. Martha died aged 18 on 17 June 1821 and her grave is near her Mothers's Row N #7. Jane was widowed in 1814 at Parramatta and died 1819. However her Burial Register No: 1096 Vol 44B shows her as Jane McManus buried at St Johns Parramatta on 28 November 1826 aged 68 yrs. Her birth year should therefore be 1758 not 1770 (Somerset) as shown in First Fleet Families of Australia. Grave at St Johns, Parramatta, NSW is situated in Section 1 Row N on left hand side as you walk thro the gate. 

During the final years of her life Jane was housekeeper to William Parrot, Shoemaker of Parramatta and when he died in 1824 he bequeathed her and her children his property and possessions. Five months before she died she willed her possessions to "my dear 3 children, James, John and Margaret".

====================================

Partners

No of Marriages/Partners

2

No of Children

6


Entry

Partners Name

Marriage Date

Marriage Place

FGS

1184

McManus, James

November 1791

Norfolk Island

5896?

Ridge, Richard

Cohabited from about 1802


NOTES: 11 November 1789 - Sent to Norfolk Island September 1792 - Returned to Port Jackson on the 'Atlantic' 15 April 1798 - Janes husband James McManus died 12 March 1800 - A land grant of 160 acres at Mulgrave Place was registered to Jane.

1802 - Jane and Richard were listed as joint holders of 250 acres at Mulgrave Place and as being in debt to the Government
1804 - Richard was granted 50 acres of land at Mulgrave Place 

1806 - Richard was listed as owning 305 acres as sole proprietor. Jane and Richard separated shortly after this

1814 - Jane is listed as a widow at Parramatta and holding 160 acres (her 1800 grant)
ChAustralian English Genealogy

Charlotte CONVICTS

POOLE, Jane - 176-1826Parramatta. Buried St John's. Convicted in Wells, Somerset in 1786 of theft. Married James McManus in 1791 on Norfolk Island. James was a private with Royal Marines who arrived on the Sirius. Settled at Mulgrave Place. Children: James b1794, John b1797. Cohabited with Richard Ridge from 1802.

http://www.australian-english-genealogy.com/Charlotteconvicts%202.html

The First Fleet

Link to - CONVICT SHIPS 

Aboriginals were the first Australian Settlers arriving from South-East Asia, around 40,000 years before the European's explored Australia in the 1600's. The first white settlers were mainly convicts sent from Great Britain.

The population of Great Britain in the 1770's was around 9 million, about 1 million of whom were criminals. Gaols were overcrowded and Britain transported many criminals to America. In 1783, after America's independence from Britain, they refused to take any more British prisoners and consequently Britain decided all persons convicted of crimes between 1783 and 1787 would be transported to New South Wales Australia (New Holland). Arthur Phillips was commissioned as first governor of New South Wales(NSW). He departed England on 15 May 1787 with the First Fleet, carrying around 1500 men, women and children.

The First Fleet was comprised of 3 Naval ships, 3 supply ships and 6 convict ships. The Naval Ships carried Arthur Phillip and his wife and children, his staff and servants, doctors, a surveyor, a chaplain, a judge, marines, crewmen and their wives and children. The supply ships carried enough supplies to last two years including food, clothes, building materials, plant seeds, furniture etc. The convict ships had specially built quarters below decks while pens holding poultry, goats, sheep, dogs and cats were above decks.

The ships arrived in Botany Bay (Captain Cook's landing place) on 18th January 1788 but upon arrival Governor Phillip decided Botany Bay an unsuitable site for the 'settlement' and proceeded on to Port Jackson which he later described as "the finest harbour in the world, in which a thousand sail of the line may ride in the most perfect security".

The majority of the 165,000 convicts sent to Australia were poor and illiterate and most had been convicted of larceny. Most of these convicts did not serve the full term of their sentence as good behaviour enabled them to obtain 'A Ticket of Freedom', 'Certificate of Freedom' or complete Pardon. Many of them were instrumental in settling outlying areas of Sydney.

http://www.australian-english-genealogy.com/FirstFleet.html

Criminal Record


Date

Place

Details

19 August 1786

Somerset Summer Assizes, Wells, Somersetshire, England

Jane Poole was sentenced to be hanged (later reprieved to be transported for seven years) for "feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of John Cunnit about 11 in the forenoon, no person being therein, and stealing thereout one Silver Watch and other goods val. £2-15-0 his property at the Parish of Bishops Hull on 22 May last." on 19 August 1786 at Somerset Summer Assizes, Wells, Somersetshire, England.

Voyages

13 May 1787

Jane Poole was a convict aboard The Ship Charlotte which sailed from Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, on Sunday, 13 May 1787 and arrived in Australia on 26 January 1788 as part of the first fleet. The Master was Thomas Gilbert.

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How Jane Poole and James McManus lived in NSW

1790s onwards , Australia

Jane Poole & James McManus
Jane Poole was only 16 when she was sentenced to death at Wells in Somerset in 1786. Her death sentence was reprieved to 7 years transportation and she sailed on the “Charlotte”.  James McManus was a Marine who also arrived at Port Jackson aboard the “Charlotte” having transferred from “HMS Sirius” during the voyage.
 Jane was one of 8 female and 6 male convicts aboard the Navy ship “HMS Supply” to sail for Norfolk Island in 1789 where she worked until 1792.  James travelled to Norfolk Island aboard the “Atlantic” in 1791 and was granted 60 acres and lived there with Jane Poole as a married couple. They were believed to be married by Rev Richard Johnson in 1791 but no record survives. 

James, Jane and their daughter Margaret are recorded as passengers on the “Atlantic” in 1792 bound for Port Jackson. On their return to Sydney, James became a Private in the NSW Corp and they had another 3 children. James and Jane then farmed land at Mulgrave Place on the Hawkesbury and James was granted 65 acres in 1797 by Governor Hunter. James died in 1798 aged 28, so young after travelling so far and experiencing so much.

In 1800 Jane received a grant of 160 acres from Governor Hunter on the proviso the land was to be held in trust for James McManus’s 3 children.  At that time she owned 8 goats and had 8 acres ready for planting maize. Her household was herself, one male convict servant and 3 children – all supported on Government rations.
 In 1802 Jane was recorded as living with Richard Ridge, 2nd Fleet convict on 250 acres on the Hawkesbury. Jane and Richard went from strength to strength and in the 1806 muster they owned and leased 305 acres of which 51 acres were sown in grain, one acre in potatoes and 205 acres utilised as pasture. They also owned a horse, 2 oxen, 20 hogs and 19 bushels of grain in hand.  In addition to Jane’s children they supported 5 convicts and a freeman.

source....Jewell Cudmore Family Tree on 11 Jan 2011. ancestry.co.uk

view all 28

Jane McManus (Poole)'s Timeline

1768
1768
Combe, Somerset, , England

believe Jane to have been baptised in Coombe Florey, Somerset -daughter of ....

John Pool and Elizabeth Cedzoy who were married on 20/1/1755. Other siblings being Jenny 1755 Thomas 1757 Elizabeth 1759 Betty 1763 John 1766 Hannah 1768 JANE March 1771 Martha 1774 (BIRTHDATE LISTED AS 1771)

her Burial Register No: 1096 Vol 44B shows her as Jane McManus buried at St Johns Parramatta on 28 November 1826 aged 68 yrs. (WOULD MAKE HER BIRTHDATE 1758)

Aug 1786 - Aged only 16, she was sentenced at Wells in Somerset to be hanged, but was reprieved and transported for 7 years. (WOULD MAKE HER BIRTHDATE 1770)

if she was 16 when she sailed to Australia in 1787, 1771 would be a feasable birthdate.

1786
1786
Age 18
Wells, Somerset, England

August 1786 Jane was charged with "feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of John Cunnitt... stealing there out 1 silver watch and other goods valued at £2.15s. his property at the parish of Bishops Hull on 22nd May last.

Aged only 16, she was sentenced at Wells in Somerset to be hanged, but was reprieved when her sentence was commuted (change of a prison sentence or other penalty) to a less severe one: and transported for 7 years.
She was sent to Australia on the "Charlotte" - a First Fleet prisoner to be sent to the Colonies, at the suggestion of Captain Cook.

August 19, 1786
Age 18
Wells, UK

Sentenced to death for stealing a silver watch and other goods to the value of two pounds 15 shillings at Bishops Hull. Later commuted to transportation, spent a year on the hulk 'Dunkirk'.

1787
May 13, 1787
Age 19
Portsmouth, England

New South Wales, Australia, Settler and Convict Lists, 1787-1834
about Jane Poole
Name:Jane Poole
Vessel:Charlotte
Province:New South Wales
Title:Convicts embarked
Year(s):1787
Place of Conviction:Somerset Wells

1788
January 26, 1788
Age 20
Sydney Harbour

James McManus as a Marine Private, Jane Poole as a convict.

January 26, 1788
Age 20

known as the first fleeters - one of a handful of the first ships to bring prisoners to the Colonies from England.
Jane is listed as a convict, James as a private in the crew.

Jane Poole (who married James McManus) arrived in Sydney on the ‘Charlotte’ on 26th January 1788

As already noted, it seems that she started he relationship with James McManus on the ‘Charlotte’ – and he may even have been transferred to the ‘Sirius’ to break it up.

The ‘Charlotte’ was a First Fleet transport ship of 335 tons, built on the River Thames in 1784. She was a light sailer, and had to be towed down the English Channel for the first few days of the voyage. Her master was Thomas Gilbert, and her surgeon was John White, principal surgeon to the colony.
She left Portsmouth on 13 May 1787, carrying 100 male and 24 female convicts.
Arrived in BOTANY BAY, 20 January 1788 after 252 days.


20 January 1788

1789
January 20, 1789
Age 21

In the Colony, she is first recorded on 20 January 1789 as giving evidence at the trial of convicts Samuel Basby and William Bond for being drunk on a Saturday night, and while drunk insulting a marine. They were sentenced to 300 and 150 lashes respectively.

November 11, 1789
Age 21
Sydney, NSW, Australia
November 11, 1789
Age 21

11 November 1789 - Sent to Norfolk Island until September 1792

On the 2nd January 1790 ( another speculated date)
..... she travelled to Norfolk Island on the ‘Supply’ to work as a servant – and presumably keep company with James

Transported to Norfolk Island on board HMAT "SUPPLY"
arriving 28/29 Jan 1790 under Lt Ball from Sydney
- cargo listed as 22 male and 1 female convict (no baby mentioned),
where she lived as married person, (presumably with James McManus)
who had also gone to Norfolk Is

Judge-Advocate Collins on 11 November 1789 recorded the sailing of Supply having on board provisions and six male and eight female convicts for the new colony at Norfolk Island. Jane Poole was one of the female convicts.

1790
1790
Age 22
Norfolk Island