Janus Pannonius (1434 - 1472)

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Nicknames: "Ivan Česmički"
Birthplace: Čazma, Općina Čazma, Bjelovar-Bilogora County, Croatia
Death: Died in Zagreb, City of Zagreb, Croatia
Managed by: Alex Moes
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About Janus Pannonius

Janus Pannonius

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Janus Pannonius (Latin: Janus Pannonius, Croatian: Ivan Česmički, Hungarian: Csezmiczei János, or Kesencei; 29 August 1434, Čazma – 27 March 1472, Medvedgrad castle, nearby Zagreb)[1] was a Croatian and Hungarian Latinist, poet, diplomat and Bishop of Pécs. He was the only truly significant poet of the Renaissance in the Kingdom of Hungary and one of the better-known figures of Humanist poetry in Europe.

He was born in a small village near the Drava river in a corner of Slavonia. Janus's nationality has been an ongoing argument between Croatian and Hungarian scholars.[2]

Janus’s father was a Croatian[3] whose social status and belongness to the nobility is unclear.[4] His mother, Borbála Vitéz, was Hungarian.[3]

His mother, Borbála Vitéz came from a lower ranked noble family on her mother's side (the Garázda genus,[5] originally Bosnian[6] ancestry) and she was originated from Pilis county on her father's side (the surname of her family "Vitéz" is a latter name, they were originally called "Csévi").[7] The Garázda family was related to the Szilágyi and Hunyadi families. She was the sister of Archbishop Vitéz.

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Janus Pannonius's Timeline

1434
August 29, 1434
Čazma, Općina Čazma, Bjelovar-Bilogora County, Croatia
1472
March 27, 1472
Age 37
Zagreb, City of Zagreb, Croatia