About Jason Withers
Jason WIithers (bapt 7.3.1755 Eastbury, Berks. -1824 Lambourn,Berks.)
Farmer, yeoman, built the Cross House in Eastbury near Lambourn; its 1st deed is 1789. Its bricks are blue-glazed -from the bottom of the kiln - and end on. Its plaques reads "VR 1897 The lamps in Eastbury were erected by public subscription to commemorate the diamond jubilee of HMG Queen Victoria" and "The seat in the churchyard was bought by the villagers of Eastbury to commemmorate the silver jubilee of QE2 1977." Roger PEARCE roger"att"eastbury.co.uk 2005 has an Eastbury site at www.eastbury.org Enter "Cross House" there for a number of photos & "Eastbury A Berkshire Village". On p7 of this one reads of the machine breakers reaching Eastbury 23.11.1830, 1st breaking machines of Charles SPANSWICK. In the afternoon they went to the farm of Jason WITHERS who told them his machine had already been broken. They demanded & got 2 sovereigns from him. Charles SPEARMAN, called up to help special constable Henry SPANSWICK, was attacked by the mov. Later 10 were convicted & the leader sent to Oz. p71: Enclosure map of 1776 shows the Plough (built c1750) owned by Edward QUELCH victualler & Inn-holder. He was then c38. His 1st child was b Eastbury 1761 so he may have been the Plough's 1st landlord. When he died 1801 it passed to his dr Mary, wife of Jason WITHERS - a "malster". When Jason died 1824 his 1820 will identifies the landlord as Wm MILDENHALL. p72 gives a photo of the 2007 staff - the family of Dennis WHITE, in 2001. See also 5.3 p93 on the Cross House (photo p94) - his grandson Edward WITHERS son of Edward owned the Cross House 1880 jointly with his mother Jemima beforehe left for NZ in 1884.
A photo of Jason's blacksmith's cottage is in WITHERS Reunion Newsletter (WRN) 4 p5 (1986). He rented(?) Bailey Hill Farm in 1811 from the Earl of Craven. The owner c1990 Mrs GEARY says it was built as a Hunting Lodge for King Charles 1. Some of the WITHERS children's initials EW [-1] & JW [-4] & so on are cut in the garden wall. The house has a priesthole for hiding Catholic? priests. Jason's name is inscribed on one of Lambourn's church bells for which he paid half. Referring to the Cross "At the Prayer Cross of St Antoling opposite the church itinerant preachers, trade union agents and anyone with a speech to deliver.. In the 19th century it was a lively centre for heckling and demonstrations. In the 16th century religious processions took place from this Prayer Cross to the Wodebury Cross at Shefford Woodlands. Street lighting came to Eastbury as early as 1897 and a plaque on one of the houses proudly announces this benefit to the old village." - from p56 of "The old Berkshire villagebook" by Berkshire Fedn of Womens Institutes, Countryside Books Newbury 2nd edition 1979.
Indenture of 8.1.1808:
This indenture made this 8th day of January in the 48th year of our sovereign Lord George the 3rd by the grace of God ...and in the year of our Lord 1808 between Sir Francis BURDETT of Foremarke in the county of Derby, Baronet of the one part, and Jason WITHERS of Eastbury in the parish of Chipping, Lambourn & county of Berks, gentleman, of the other part WITNESSETH that for .. 21 Pounds of lawful money of the UK aforesaid as current in Great Britain to the said Francis BURDETT in hand well & truly paid by the said Jason WITHERS at or before the execution of these presents the receipt whereof the said Francis BURDETT doth hereby acknowledge & thereof and from the same & every part thereof doth release acquit & discharge the said Jason WITHERS ... for ever by these presents AND also in consideration of the Rent Reservations Covenants & agreements herinafter reserved and contained on the part of the said Jason WITHERS .. to be paid & performed, HE the said Sir Francis BURDETT HATH demised granted & to farm let & by these presents DOTH demise grant & to farm let unto the said Jason WITHERS ... ALL that tenement or dwellinghouse with the backside Garden & orchard thereunto adjoining & belonging containing by estimation 40 lugs or perches of ground ... situate lying & being in East Garston in the County of Berks, having a house & garden late of Samuel SPURRETT, on the east the Church House, on the west an inclosed arable ground formerly in the possession of John WELLS, on the north & the river there on the south part thereof, and also all that plot or parcel of land containing by statute measure 2 acres 1 rood & 4 perches ..in East Garston .. & formerly allotted to James THATCHER by the award of the Commissioners named & appointed in & by a certain Act of Parliament formerly passed for dividing & allotting the Common Fields Downs & all other the Commonable Lands & Waste Grounds in the Manor & parish of East Garston .. in lieu of 4 acres of arable land lying dispersed in the common fields of East Garston ... ALL which were formerly in the tenure of one John FUCE since then of the said James THATCHER his tenants ... and are now in the tenure .. of the said Jason WITHERS .. together with all houses, outhouses, ways waters easements liberties privileges or advantages ...(Except ... all manner of timber trees & saplings & the maiden tops of them now standing growing or being or which shall stand grow or be on the said demised premises.. And also except all Royalties whatsoever) TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said tenement .. or orchard plot .. unto the said Jason WITHERS ... 99 years Granted of the said premises by William JONES of Ramsbury in the county of Wilts Esquire and Elizabeth his wife to the said James THATCHER by indenture or lease bearing the date .. (8.1.1774) and now determinable with the life of Thomas THATCHER of Eastgarston in the county of Berks now of the age of 56 .. FOR .. 99 years from thence next ensuing & fully to be complete & ended of Jason WITHERS (son of the said Jason WITHERS party hereto) now of the age of 11 .. and Elizabeth WITHERS (daughter of the said Jason WITHERS ..) now of the age of 4 .. or either of them shall so long happen to live YIELDING AND PAYING therefore yearly and every year during the said term hereby granted to the said Sir Francis BURDETT his heirs .. the rent or sum of 3 shillings and 4 pence .. by even and equal half-yearly payments at or upon the 2 most usual Feast of St Michael the Arch Angel & the Anunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in every year ... AND the said Jason WITHERS .. doth hereby covenant .. with the said Sir Francis BURDETT .. AND that the said Jason WITHERS .. shall .. maintain .. the tenement dwellinghouse & outhouses .. & all the hedges mounds bounds & fences ... in good & sufficient repair & at the end .. of the term .. will peaceably and quietly so leave & yield up the same And also shall .. on reasonable summons .. appear and do suit of court at all & every the Courts Baron to be from time to time appointed (?) for the Manor of Eastgarston .. and shall be there ruled ordered and justiced by the steward & homage there for the time being as customary tenants of the said Manor & are or ought to be in respect of their Copyhold Tenements there AND the said Sir Francis BURDETT .. doth covenant .. with the said Jason WITHERS ..That he the said Jason WITHERS .. paying & performing the yearly Rent & Covenants ... shall or lawfully may peaceably and quickly have hold occupy possess & enjoy all & singular the hereby demised premises with the appurtenances .. without any the lawful let? suit trouble denial or interruption of the said Sir Francis BURDETT .. PROVIDED always nevertheless that if it shall happen that the said yearly rent of 3s 4d shall be behind or unpaid in part or in all of the space of 15 days .. OR if the said Jason WITHERS ..shall assign transfer set over or in any ways depart with this present indenture .. (unless it be for the benefit or advantage of the said Jason WITHERS his son or Elizabeth his daughter) without the special licence & consent of the said Sir Francis BURDETT .. it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Sir Francis BURDETT .. to re-enter and the same to have again retain possess & enjoy as if these presents had not been made anything herein contained to the contrary .. IN WITNESS WHEREOF the said parties to these presents have hereunto interchangeably set their hands & Seals the day & year first above written. Received this day & year 1st written of and from the within named Jason WITHERS (the Party) the sum of 21 P ..
(signed) .. in the presence of John DAVIS & Richard CRABTREE.
Jason's 1st will of 4.4.1820:
This begins as in the will below, but leaves Edward 5 P (instead of 1 s). It continues: I give unto my friend Jason AUSTIN of Easton in the county of Berks farmer and Richard WALDRON of Lambourn Woodlands farmer ALL that my tenement garden yard & outbuildings called the Cross Houses .. for .. 99 years in trust to permit & suffer my dear wife to occupy ... (It then continues similarly to the following will.)
Jason's final will of 27.5.1820:
This is the last will & testament of me Jason WITHERS of Eastbury in the parish of Lambourn in the county of Berks Farmer. First I will and direct that all my just debts and funeral ... And whereas I have long since given to my eldest son Edward WITHERS [Q] his full share of my estate and effects by enabling him to stock Bailey Hill farm now occupied by him and advancing stock and money for that purpose to enable him to carry on such farm, All accounts having long since been adjusted and balanced between us except a small account of dealings together as farmers for seed and such-like which must be settled, I give him only the legacy or sum of one shilling. I give and bequeath unto my dear and affectionate wife all that cottage, garden and blacksmith's shop and premises situate at Eastbury aforesaid and likewise all my estate Term and interest in the lands & premises held by me on lease from Sir Francis BURDETT situate at Eastgarston in the said county to occupy & enjoy the same for & during the term of her natural life And from and immediately after her decease I give & bequeath the same unto my son George WITHERS his heairs & assigns for ever. Also I give & bequeath to her my said wife for her life an annuity of twenty pounds p.a. to be paid to her ... out of my estate called Spicers. I also give & bequeath to my said wife all that my tenement garden & premises called the Cross House situate at Eastbury aforesaid and now in the occupation of Aaron MOODY to hold to her .. and .. after her decease I direct that in case my daughters Ann & Elizabeth .. shall then be single .. shall have the occupation .. my son Jason WITHERS keeping such messuage or tenement and premises in repair. But if it should so happen that(they) continue to reside with my said son .. then I direct it shall belong to my said son Jason ... in reward for his providing the necessary accommodation .. And in order to enable my said wife and daughters to occupy the said tenement & premises I hereby give my said wife the two beds, bedding blankets and all other the furniture in my best bedroom with a proper quantity of sheets and pillowcases necessary for the change of such two beds Also my plate, 6 chairs, 2 armchairs, a chest of drawers, dressing-table, glass & all other such articles of furniture & culinary utensils which may be necessary ... which I direct shall be inventory'd and remain in the said tenement & premises for the use of my said wife & daughters ... And upon the decease of my said wife & the decease or marriage of my said daughters I give & bequeath all such furniture & other effects (except plate) ... unto my said son Jason WITHERS. And my silver cup I give to my grandson Jason at his grandmother's decease and the residue of my plate I direct my wife to dispose of at he decease as she may think proper. I give and bequeath to my daughter Martha AUSTIN the sum of 400 pounds and to my daughters Ann and Elizabeth the sum of 350 Pounds a piece which last mentioned legacies I direct shall be paid when the legatees shall attain their respective ages of 23 years. And unto my son George the sum of 400 pounds to be paid to him when he shall attain the age of 21 with interest .. at the rate of 5% .. by my said son Jason WITHERS for their respective use & maintenance during their several minorities. I give .. unto my son Jason WITHERS all that my messuage tenement garden yard and premises called the Plow Inn with the out-buildings there belonging now in the occupation of William Mildenhall ... I also give .. to my said son Jason WITHERS the said dwellinghouse or tenement garden & outbuildings called the Cross House ... And all my other messuages, tenements, farms, lands,closes, tithes, hereditaments & premises and also all my lease,terms,legal or equitable estate or other interest in my farmlands & premises occupied by me & all my live & dead farming stock cattle carriages & other estate & effects ... to hold unto my said son Jason WITHERS ...And I do hereby ...appoint him sole executor...so long as my son Jason is willing to accomodate my said son George & my unmarried daughters with a residence with him ... hoping that they will agree & act towards each other as brothers & sisters ought to do. ... this 27 day of May in the year of Our Lord 1820. ... (witnessed by) Robert HOOD, the mark X of Thomas SMITH, & John MAY.
A codicil of 26.1.1825 gives George a further 150 P & Ann & Elizabeth a further 50 P on his wife's decease. The will is available at http://www.documentsonline.nationalarchives.gov.uk/ Jason WITHERS, Farmer of Lambourn, Berkshire 26 January 1825 PROB 11/1694
Married 19.5.1788 at Lambourn Mary Quelch (bapt. 1765 Lambourn, Berks - 1829 Newbury, Berks.) Both signed register. 7 children.
Reference Kit Withers - 38427