Jean Costé

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Jean Costé

Also Known As: "Côté", "Costé", "Coste", "Cote"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Mortagne, Perche, France
Death: Died in Québec, Québec, Canada
Place of Burial: Québec, Québec, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of Abraham Côté and Françoise-Geneviève Genevieve Loiselle
Husband of Marie-Anne Martin
Father of Louis Côté, Sr.; Simone Côté; Martin Côté; Mathieu Côté, Sr.; Jean-Baptiste Côté and 3 others
Brother of Jacques Côté; Françoise Coté; Julienne Côté; James Côté; Louise Côté and 3 others

Occupation: Cultivateur
Managed by: Jacques Dupont
Last Updated:

About Jean Costé

Sources

Biography

One of the first settlers of Quebec.

It was in the spring of 1634 when Jean Côté crossed the Atlantic Ocean along with a group of colonist from Perche Normandy who were recruited by Robert Giffard, Seigneur of Beauport. He arrived in Québec after a sea voyage of approximately 2 months. Like all his peers, Jean Côté could only dream of coming to the new world on his own. He had made himself available as a farm hand to a colonist already in New France. He settled at first in Québec on a lot of 150 feet by 60 beside the Notre-Dame-de-Recouverance church which is situated today at the corner of Buade and du Trésor streets. A few years later, in the presence of a notary public, Jean Côté engaged himself in the exploitation of the lands of Seigneur Giffard. This had nothing in common with his previous task as "farm hand" but was more of a rental which left the tenant some advantages. The later, in terms of the contract, could, in effect "grow and harvest hay, graze his animals... as he sees fit to".


Jean Côté did not miss the opportunity to profit from this contract. Another notarized document tells us that he sold to the Company of New France five hundred bales of hay for the sum of 80 livres (approximately $80).


The obligations of this contract were fairly light and reasonable. They consisted of "donating one day's labor each year for each head of cattle excepting calves". Generally, such servants to the Seigeur would seek to establish themselves on their own lands. And so did Jean Côté. In February 1645, he obtained his own parcel of land and immediately started to clear it for cultivation.


A quiet and simple life, this is what our ancestor Jean Côté knew. He married Anne Martin, daughter of Abraham Martin, on the 17 of November 1635 at Notre-Dame church. Witnesses were Robert Giffard and Guillaume Couillard. The Jesuit Missionary, Charles Lallemand, one of the Canadian Martyrs, blessed their union.. From this union issued all the Côté's of Canada.

On February 5th, 1645, Jean Côté received a grant of land, 3 arpents frontage by 126, on the shore of the St Lawrence, in the Seigneurie of Beauport. On the 15th of November 1649, he gives, as wedding gift to his daughter Simone, his property near Notre-Dame church. She married Pierre Soumande on the 10 of November of the same year. At that time, a father had to provide his daughter with a substantial dowry of money or property.

In 1662, he obtained a new piece of land of 5 arpents, 79 perches by 10 arpents deep in the bourg of Du Fargy (Giffard read backwards) near the Beauport river just north of today's church. {One square arpent equals approximately 1.5 acres. One arpent equals 1,260 yards.}

Jean Côté died in Beauport on the 28th of March 1661, after 23 years of marriage. He must have been between 50 and 60 years old. None of his sons were married and Louise, the only daughter at home is 10 years old. She will leave home 3 years later to marry.

Jean Côté is one of the first settlers in Québec. He witnessed a rapid growth in Champlain's dynamic project. His task would now be pursued by a population of approximately 550 inhabitants spread out among over 70 homes.

(Dictionaire National des Canadiens-Français - Institut Drouin)

-------------------- IMMIGRATION: 1634

-----------

SOURCE: Tom Thievin, "Our Côté Genealogy", http://www.thievin.net/CoteHistory.html Appendix#1 (by Linda Cote Dube)

Our first Côté ancestor was Jean Jehan Côté whose roots in North America go back over three centuries.

Jean Côté presumably came from Mortagne, Perche, France. He was recruited by Robert Giffard (the first lord of Beauport) in 1634 with the fleet "Le St-Jean" of Duplessis-Bouchart and Capt. Pierre de Nesle.

He arrived in Québec after a voyage of approximately two months of around 75 persons; among them Robert Giffard - medicine man, architect Pierre Clust, surgeon Simon Baron, master Jean Coste, Robert LeCorq, Jean Bourdon and Marin Boucher and his family. Payment of voyage to be paid at Québec in beaver skins was 9 "livres pesant" or French pound, 50 "livres pesant" to return to France, and 30 "livres pesant" to return to Canada.

Jean worked for Charles Huault de Montmagny in Québec, who became governor after Champlain's death in December 1635.

He married Anne Martin on November 11, 1635 at Québec by Father Charles Lelemant, a Jesuit priest, and witnessed by Guillaume Couillard and Robert Giffard. His was one of the first families to settle on Île d'Orléans of present St. Pierre parish.

He first settled at Québec, where he owned a house on the corner of rue Tresor and rue Baude on land 150 ft. frontage by 60 ft. in depth next to the Notre Dame-de Roucouvrance Church. He offered this land as dowry to daughter Simone when she married in 1649. The house had a value of 450 livres but the newlyweds paid 300 livres and the balance of 150 livres as their wedding gift. He also owned land between "la Grande-Allee" and the St. Lawrence River of one acre frontage and depth to the St. Lawrence River — total 6 acres — then on the outskirts of Québec which he received on August 27, 1636 from Governor Montmagny and ratified on April 5, 1639. This was sold to Antoine Leboesme dit Lalime on 8-11-1652 for 300 livres which Jean bought merchandise for at the store "Compagnie des Habitants".(Ct. Vachon) 12-24-1652, he confirmed his title deeds along with Robert Giffard in Beauport. On 2-3-1653 (Ct. Audouard) settled his debt of 30 livres from son-in-law-Pierre Soumande and also the same sum to Louis LeSage.

They had eight children, and all his sons settled at Île d'Orléans:

1. Louis Côté m. Elizabeth Langlois

2. Martin Côté m. Suzanne Page

3. Jean-Bapt. Côté m. Anne Couture (Anne Couture was a king's daughter, one of the many young French ladies who was given a dowry by the king and transportation to the New World to provide wives for the many young men who had been recruited here to settle the new lands.) and Genevieve Verdon

4. Mathieu Côté m. Elizabeth Gravel

5. Noel Côté m. Helene Gratton

6. Simone Côté m. Pierre Soumande

7. Louise Côté m. Jean Grignon

8. Marie Côté b & d 1648

On July 21, 1641 "La Compagnie de Nouvelle France" gave Jean and associate Noel Langlois compensation for work done at "Seigneurie de Beauport"; the arrangements with Robert Giffard. He sold 500 boots of peasant wheat (16-18 lbs.) valued at 80 pounds, for which he bought a horse and cows. (This is actually quite unlikely as it is currently thought that horses were not generally practicable or even perhaps available and so this might mean that he only purchased livestock or other animals for agricultural purposes. -author)

In 1642, Jean obtained permission from Robert Giffard to graze his animals on the Beauport prairies for three years. He worked for Robert Giffard in return for working one day a year per animal not counting the yearlings. In turn, he would gather hay for lodging of cattle.

On February 5, 1645 he finally received a concession on the banks of fleuve for three acres of frontage #126 in Beauport on the St. Lawrence River, surveyed lot #342-350 and to the depth of the Seigneury of Beauport between the lands of Zacharie Cloutier and Noel Langlois, who feared the Iroquois. Noel Langlois donated a small portion of his land next door to his homestead for Jean to build his home there. Rent of five sols per year due was cleared by Noel Langlois on 6-7-1681 for all of Jean's unpaid rent.

In 1652 he obtained a parcel of land of five acres, 79 perches x 10 acres depth "au bourg" Du Fargy near Beauport River and north of the church. Because of Iroquois hostilities, Jean left Beauport and returned to Île d'Orléans. Upon Jean's death none of his sons were married. Jean died at his home in 1661 and is buried in the church of Notre Damede Québec.

— Linda Cote Dube

SOURCE: Tom Thievin, "Our Côté Genealogy", http://www.thievin.net/CoteHistory.html Appendix#2 (by Jean-Guy Cote)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Jean Côté arrived in New France on 20 July 1635. It is believed that he came from Mortagne au Perche in France. He married on 17 November 1635, in Notre-Dame de Québec, Anne Martin, the daughter of Galleran Martin and the sister of Abraham Martin, of whom it is said, is the Scotsman, the very man who gave his name to the famous plains of Abraham in Québec. The couple, Jean Cote and Anne Martin gave birth to eight children.

Louis Côté was christened on 25 October 1635, twenty days before the marriage of his parents. He married Élisabeth Langlois in 1662 and their daughter Marie Côté, born in 1663, married Louis Lemieux in 1682.

Born in 1639, Martin Côté was born in 1639 and married Suzanne Pagé in 1667. She was born in Quebec in 1654, the daughter of Raymond Pagé, a carpenter from Quercy, and Madeleine Bergeron. They arrived in Canada in 1648. Of their nine children, two sons start important branches of the family. Jean Côté was born in 1670 in St-Pierre, Ile d'Orleans and married Marie-Anne Langlois in 1694.

Another son, Pierre Côté-Martin was born in 1684, also on the island of Ile d'Orleans and was married in 1707 to Marie Baillargeon.

Jean dit Lefrisé, born in 1644, is by far the most prolific through two marriages. The first in 1669 to Anne Couture, who gave him seven children before she died in 1684. The second marriage, in 1686, was to Genevieve Verdon, the daughter of Vincent Verdon, a native of St. Martin in the Ile de Ré, La Rochelle in Aunis and Geneviève Pelletier, who married in 1663 in Quebec City . Jean and Geneviève had eleven children, including Joseph and Thomas. Joseph was born in 1689 and married Therese Huot in 1711. She was the daughter of Mathurin Huot from d 'Angers, in Anjou, who married Mary Letartre, daughter of René Letartre, in 1671 at L'Ange-Gardien.

Thomas Côté was born in 1707 and married his second wife Geneviève Gagnon in 1735. Of their children, Joseph was born in 1759 and married Dorothée Tremblay, Leonard was born in 1771 and married Agnès Guérin.

Jean went from life to death in the same place and died on 27 March 1661, at his home. He was buried the next day. His wife Anne survived him for more than twenty years before she died and was buried in Quebec on 4 December 1684, at the age of about 70 years.

-------------------- Enfants de Jean Côté et de Anne Martin

1) Louis Côté

Baptisé le 25-10-1636

   Il a épousé Élisabeth Langlois.le 06-11-1662 à Québec

2) Simone Côté,née le 09-12-1637

   Elle a épousé Pierre Soumande le 16-11-1649 à Québec

3) Martin Côté,baptisé le 12-07-1638 et décédé le 23-08-1710 à Ile d'Orléans

   Il a épousé Suzanne Pagé,le 25-07-1667 à Chateau-Richer

4) Mathieu Côté,baptisé le 06-07-1642 et décédé le 27-02-1696 à Ile d'Orléans

   Il a épousé Élisabeth Gravel,le 11-09-1667,contrat Notaire Aubert

5) Jean Côté

   Il a épousé Anne Couture  le 11-11-1669 puis Geneviève Verdonle 25-02-1686
  Il était capitaine,on le surnommait LE FRISÉ àcause de ses cheveux
  baptisé le 25-02-1644
  En 1676 il était marguiller à Beauport

6) Noel Côté

  Baptisé le 04-05-1646 et décédé le 08-03 1701à St-Pierre de Ile d'Orléans
   Il a épousé Hélène Graton le 13-02-1673.Contrat Notaire Vachon

7)Louise

  Elle est née le 18-04-1650
   Elle a épousé Jean Grignon le 04-12-1663,elle avait alors 13 ans

8) Marie Côté.

  Elle est née le 12-01-1648 et est décédée le 25-01 de la même année-
Our French-Canadian Ancestors by Thomas J. Laforest; Volume 6-Chapter 6- Page 74

ONE OF THE FIRST COLONISTS FROM PERCHE After the Kirke brothers sacked New France in 1632, only six French households remained plus five interpreters who lived with the Indians. Robert Giffard was in France preparing to return to this new country where he had already lived for several years. During the winter of 1633-1634, he visited various regions of Perche, vigorously recruiting settlers for Canada. He knew that he would be a Seigneur and doubtlessly he envisioned all of these habitants rendering him homage and rents. The first people he recruited were Jean Guyon, Marin Boucher, Sebastien Dodier, Zacharie Cloutier, Guillaume Isabel and a few others. For the most part, they came to Canada alone but a few did bring their families. Was Jean Cote in this first contingent of Percheron colonists in 1634? Certain historians think so, while others, including Benjamin Sulte, reckon his arrival as a year later.

We know nothing about either the early life of Jean or Jehan, Côté or Coste or his preceding life. It seems most likely that, he came from Perche but he is one of the rare settlers about whom tireless researchers, such as Pierre Montagne and his wife, have discovered nothing in the archives of this French province. Without a doubt, it is for this reason that, they do not mention him in the Percheron Cahiers, nor in Tourouvre et les Juchereau.

ANCESTOR OF NEARLY ALL FRENCH CANADIANS For his part in his Histoire des Canadiens français, Sulte wrote these lines about Our Ancestor: "Jean Côté was married, on November 17, 1635, at Québec, to Anne, daughter of Abraham Martin and settled on the Île d'Orléans from where his descendants have spread to all the places where the Canadiens have penetrated, which is to say, in all of North America."

We know now that Anne Martin was not the daughter of Abraham, the same who gave his name to the famous plains, but rather his sister. Father Charles Lallemant, Jesuit, acting as curate at Quebec, blessed the union of Jean and Anne in the presence of Guillaume Couillard and Robert Giffard. This couple had eight children, seven of whom married and became the ancestors of nearly all the French Canadians.

FROM THE ILE d'ORLEANS TO THE REST OF AMERICA All the sons of Jean and Anne settled on the Île d'Orléans: Louis, Martin, Mathieu, Jean and Nöel. According to genealogist Roland Auger, it was only in the third generation that the Côtés emigrated in large numbers. The children of Louis followed their mother, Elisabeth Langlois, to the Île-aux-Coudres. She married for a second time to Guillaume Lemieux, the son of Pierre and Marie Benard and settled in Berthier-en-Bas then, in Saint-Thomas de Montmagny. Martin's sons spent their lives on the Île d'Orléans and at Beauport while grandson Gabriel settled at Rimouski. The children of Mathieu went in two directions: Beaumont and Baie-du-Febvre. Jean, who had the largest family ( twelve sons and eight daughters ), had descendants who founded families everywhere: Jean-Baptiste was the first seigneur of the Île-Verte; Guillaume went to Québec; the children of Joseph III were found at Lachenaye, Laprerie, Saint-Constant, Montreal and even Detroit; the children of Ignace III were at the Grondines and Trois-Rivières; Finally, the children of Thomas III went to Baie-Saint-Paul and Saguenay.

A GOOD SERVICE WITH UNFORTUNATE CONSEQUENCES Genealogist Alfred Cambray emphasizes that on February 5, 1645 Robert Giffard granted a homestead to Jean Côté. It measured three arpents in frontage on the river to the depth of the seigneury and was located between the holdings of Zacharie Cloutier and Nöel Langlois.

"From the time of the first settlements," writes Cambray, " the Iroquois were relentlessly at war with the French and with their Indian allies. The colonists were never sure of spending a day in peace without being exposed to raids from bands of Iroquois. It was a matter of not going far from each other in order to meet any eventuality." Nöel Langlois was a neighbor of Jean Côté and, to ensure mutual protection, he invited Jean to lodge near him. To this end, he gave him a small portion of land in order to build a habitation on it. During an interlude in hostilities, Jean Côté returned to the Île d'Orléans where he had moved his family and left the the homestead next to Langlois on which he had built a cabin. This property was abandoned by the negligence of those supposed to keep it up.

"Having become a widower, Nöel Langlois divided his property on June 10, 1683. After the division, Jean Langlois, Sieur de Saint-Jean, sold to Jean Baugy three-fourths of an arpent in a contract dated May 15, 1686. It bordered that of the Sieur Traversy, a son of Nöel Langlois also named Nöel, to the northeast. To the southeast was Jean Pelletier, heir to a fourth of an arpent. After these sales, a quarter in the southwest remained, adjoining the Côté homestead. On July 12, 1696, the heirs of Jean Côté sold their father's homestead, as well as the small piece of land which Nöel Langlois had given Jean Côté, to their brother-in-law, Andre Parent. "Parent encroached on the land of Jean Baugy and opened quarries. Then, he sued Baugy, who had protested this encroachment. The Provost rendered a decision, on February 26, 1697, permitting Parent to continue his work. However, this decision was not enforced.

"Nöel Vachon dit Pamerlaux acquired the four parts of Nöel Langlois' land which constituted the remaining arpent in addition to the three quarters of an arpent bought by Baugy which contained the old cabin of Côté. Then, he bought the remainder of the old Côté land from Andre Parent. The widow Pamerlaux kept this contract a secret and began to work the quarry on Baugy's land. This contract was finally located in the property inventory of the said widow Pamerlaux.

Cambray concludes by noting: "This favor granted by Nöel Langlois to his neighbor, Jean Côté, was done out of gratitude and good intentions but what confusion resulted."

A BRIEF SOJOURN IN OLD QUEBEC Jean Côté was the owner of a house situated near the present corner of the Rue Tresor and the Rue Baude. Today, this is the alley where artists display their creations for the tourists. The house was on a plot of land with 150 feet of frontage by 60 in depth. On November 15, 1649, Côté offered it as dowry for his daughter Simone when she married Pierre Soumande. On November 7, 1655, Soumande sold this house to Jacques Boessel for 350 livres. Côté also owned a piece of land between la Grande-Allee and the river in what was then the outskirts of Québec. Governor Montmagny had given it to him on August 27, 1636; this act was ratified on April 5, 1639. Our Ancestor Jean Côté passed away on March 27, 1661. The burial act, entered in the records of the parish of Québec, states as follows: "Year 1661, the 28th March, was interred in the church, Jean Côté, early habitant of this country, died the day preceding, in his house."

As for Anne Martin, she survived him by more than twenty years. The census of 1681 does not mention her but it is likely that she was living with one of her sons. Anne too, was buried at Québec, on December 4, 1684, at about the age of 70 years old. A week earlier, son Jean lost his wife, Anne Couture, the mother of his first eight children.

A WELL KNOWN AND RESPECTED FAMILY During the second half of the XVII century, the family of Our Ancestor was very well known and respected. They were one of the first families to settle on the Île d'Orléans, within the present boundaries of the parish of Saint-Pierre.

SEVEN OF THE EIGHT CHILDREN HAD OFFSPRING 1) Louis was baptized on October 25, 1635. He married Élisabeth Langlois, the daughter of Nöel and Françoise Garnier, on November 6, 1662, at Québec. They had three children, a girl and two boys. Louis died before December 15, 1669. Élisabeth married for a second time to Guillaume Lemieux, the son of Pierre and Marie Benard, on December 15, 1669 at Québec. They had ten children, six boys and four girls. 2) Simone was baptized on December 9, 1637, at Quebec. She married Pierre Soumande, the son of Louis and Guillemette Savoureau, on November 16, 1649 at Québec. They had thirteen children, five girls and eight boys. 3) Martin was baptized July 12, 1639, at Québec. He married Suzanne Page, the daughter of Raymond and Madeleine Bergeron, on July 25, 1667 at Château-Richer. They had nine children, five boys and four girls. 4) Mathieu was baptized on July 6, 1642, at Québec. He married Élisabeth Gravel, the daughter of Massé and Marguerite Tavernier, on September 11, 1667 at Beaupré or Île d'Orléans. They had nine children, four girls and five boys. 5) Jean was baptized on February 25, 1644, at Québec. He married Anne Couture, the daughter of Guillaume and Anne Émard, on November 11, 1669, at Québec. They had seven children, four boys and three girls. Anne died, on November 26, 1684 and was buried the next day, at Québec. Jean then married Geneviève Verdon, the daughter of Vincent and Geneviève Pelletier, on February 25, 1686 at Québec. They had eleven children, eight boys and three girls. 6) Jean-Nöel was baptized on May 4, 1646, at Québec. He married Helene Graton, the daughter of Claude and Marguerite Moncion, on February 13, 1673 at Beauport. They had ten children, six boys and four girls. 7) Marie was born on January 12th and died on the 25th, 1648, at Québec. 8) Louise was born on April 10, 1650 and baptized the 18th, at Québec. She married Jean Grignon, the son of Antoine and Suzanne Supet, on November 4, 1663 at Québec. They had sixteen children, five girls, eight boys and three that died at birth.

NAME VARIATIONS The name Côté was also Coste in Our Ancestors time. Additional variations over the years have been recorded as; Caudy, Cauta, Caute, Cete, Cole, Costey, Costez, Cota, Cotta, Cotte, Cottez, Coty, Gaudy, Lefrise, Side and Sides.

This biography was taken from Our French-Canadian Ancestors by Thomas J. Laforest; Volume 6-Chapter 6- Page 74 -------------------- 1608 - He was a member of Samuel Champlain's French Colony of 200 who settled at Quebec, Canada. (according to Lloyd Cote's records....looking to verify) -------------------- Tanguay Dictionnaire (vol 2, p 137) gives marriage : 17Nov 1635 Quebec, no children listed with couple..

Jehan & Anne had 8 children, 7 of whom married and left descendants.

About Jean Costé (Français)

Jean Côté

Ancêtre des Côté d'Amérique

L'ancêtre Jean Costé, Cotté, Cottez ou Côté fut l'un des premiers habitants du pays. Son origine demeure inconnue bien que quelques-uns pensent qu'il serait né dans le Perche

On sait cependant qu'il s'attacha à l'oeuvre de Robert Giffard, premier seigneur de Beauport. C'est ainsi qu'il arriva en 1635 et se fixa sur une terre concédée par le sieur Giffard.

Il épousa, le 17 novembre 1635, Anne Martin, qui pourrait être la fille de Galeran Martin, le père d'Abraham Martin de qui, selon la légende, le nom des célèbres Plaines origine. Ce couple mit au monde 8 enfants dont 7 se marièrent et devinrent les ancêtres de presque tous les Canadiens français.

L'année suivante, le sieur de Montmagny, gouverneur de la Nouvelle-France, lui céda un emplacement d'un arpent de front sur la Grande-Allée. En 1641, avec son voisin Noël Langlois, il s'engagea à fournir à la Compagnie de la Nouvelle France, cinq cent bottes de foin pour 80 livres tournois.

En 1645, le seigneur Giffard lui légua officiellement la terre qu'il occupait depuis une dizaine d'années. Il reçoit à la même époque un emplacement de cent cinquante pieds de front par soixante pieds de profondeur à la Haute-Ville de Québec. Il le vend à son gendre, Pierre Soumandre, lors de la passation de son contrat de mariage.

Il décédait le 27 mars 1661 et il fut inhumé le lendemain à Québec.

Sur son acte de sépulture on pouvait lire: «L'an 1661, le 28 mars a esté enterré dans l'église Jean Costé ancien habitant de ce pays mort le Jour précédent en sa maison».

Anne Martin lui survivra jusqu'au 4 décembre 1684, date à laquelle elle fût inhumée à Québec.

view all 23

Jean Costé's Timeline

1603
1603
Mortagne, Perche, France
1634
June 4, 1634
Age 31
Québec, Qc.
1635
July 20, 1635
Age 32
Normandie, France
July 20, 1635
Age 32
Québec, Quebec, Canada
July 20, 1635
Age 32
Normandie, France
October 25, 1635
Age 32
Québec, Quebec, Canada
November 17, 1635
Age 32

Côté Jean mariage 1635-11-17 à Québec à Martin Anne.

En présence de Guillaume Couillard et de M. Rob. Giffard

Signataires: aucun (pas encore requise)

November 17, 1635
Age 32
Quebec City, Communauté-Urbaine-de-Québec, Quebec, Canada
November 17, 1635
- 1650
Age 32
Quebec, QC, Canada

The date range represents the date of marriage and the date of birth of the last child known to PRDH.

1637
December 9, 1637
Age 34
Québec, Québec, Canada