Jean 'the Conqueror' de Montfort, KG (c.1339 - 1399) MP

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Nicknames: "John V Duke of Brittany", "John of Montfort Earl of Richmond", "in Breton Yann IV", "in French Jean IV"
Birthplace: Nantes, Loire Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France
Death: Died in Nantes, Pays de la Loire, France
Occupation: Comte de Montfort (Jean V, 1345), Comte de Richemont (1345-1393), Duc de Bretagne (12 avril 1365-1378, 1381-1399)
Managed by: Flemming Allan Funch
Last Updated:

About Jean 'the Conqueror' de Montfort, KG

John V de Montfort Earl of Richmond, Count of Montfort, Duke of Brittany 1339-1399

Also known as Jean de Montfort, Montford, the conqueror, Duke of Bretagne, duc de Bretagne, Earl of Richemont.

Parents: John/Jean de Montfort, Earl of Richmond, Count of Montfort, Duke of Brittany (born 1293, died 16 September 1345, Hennebont) married (1329, Chartes) Joanna of Flanders (died 1374).

http://www.themcs.org/characters/John%20de%20Montfort%20Duke%20of%20Brittany.htm

-------------------- Ref: Kings and dukes of Brittany family tree

John V, Duke of Brittany

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_V,_Duke_of_Brittany

John V the Conqueror (in Breton Yann IV, in French Jean IV) (1339 – November 1, 1399), was Duke of Brittany and Count of Montfort, from 1345 until his death. He was son of Duke John of Montfort and Joanna of Flanders.

The first part of his rule was tainted by the Breton War of Succession, fought against his cousin Joanna of Penthièvre and her husband Charles of Blois. After his father's death, his mother took him to England to ask for the aid of Edward III. His mother was declared insane and imprisoned in Tickhill Castle in 1343. He was taken in to the King's household afterwards. In 1364, John V managed to win an important victory against the House of Blois in the battle of Auray, with the help of the English army. His rival Charles was killed in battle and Joanna forced to sign the Treaty Guérande on April 12, 1365. In the terms of the treaty, Joanna gave up her rights to Brittany and recognized John IV as sole master of the duchy. Surprisingly, John V declared himself a vassal to king Charles V of France, not to Edward III of England who helped him to become duke, and whose daughter had been John's first wife. Nevertheless, the French exerted pressure over Brittany and the local nobles and forced John V to exile between 1373 and 1379.

John V married three times:

1) Mary Plantagenet (1344–1362), daughter of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault;

2) in London in May 1366, Joan Holland (1350–1384), daughter of Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent and

3) at Saillé-près-Guérande on October 2, 1386, princess Joanna of Navarre (1370–1437), daughter of Charles II of Navarre, future queen of England, the mother of his children:

Jeanne of Brittany (Nantes, August 12, 1387 – December 7, 1388)

a daughter (1388)

John VI, Duke of Brittany (1389–1442)

Marie of Brittany (Nantes, February 18, 1391 – December 18, 1446), Lady of La Guerche, married at the Château de l'Hermine on June 26, 1398 John I of Alençon

Marguerite of Brittany (1392 – April 13, 1428), Lady of Guillac, married on June 26, 1407, Alain IX, Viscount of Rohan and Count of Porhoët (d. 1462)

Arthur III, Duke of Brittany (Château de Succinio, August 24, 1393 – December 26, 1458, Château Nantes)

Gilles of Brittany (1394 – July 19, 1412, Cosne-sur-Loire), Lord of Chantocé and Ingrande

Richard of Brittany (1395 – June 2, 1438, Château de Clisson), Count of Benon, Étampes, and Mantes, married in 1423 Margaret d'Orléans, Countess of Vertus, daughter of Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans

Blanche of Brittany (1397 – aft. 1419), married at Nantes on June 26, 1407 John IV, Count of Armagnac

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John V the Conqueror KG (in Breton Yann V, in French Jean V) (1339 – 1 November 1399) was Duke of Brittany and Count of Montfort, from 1345 until his death.

Numbering


He was son of John de Montfort and Joanna of Flanders. His father claimed the title John IV, Duke of Brittany, but was largely unable to enforce his claim for more than a brief period. Because his father's claim to the title was disputed, the subject of this article has often been numbered John IV, while his father has been referred to as simply "John de Montfort". He is still numbered John IV by some historians and is still more commonly known by that designation (Jean IV) in France, since the French monarchy, unlike the English, never acknowledged his father's title.


Conquest


The first part of his rule was tainted by the Breton War of Succession, fought by his father against his cousin Joanna of Penthièvre and her husband Charles of Blois. With French military support Charles was able to control most of Brittany. After his father's death, John's mother Jeanne attempted to continue the war in the name of her baby son. She became known as "Jeanne la Flamme" for her fiery personality. However, she was eventually forced to retreat with her son to England to ask for the aid of Edward III. She was later declared insane and imprisoned in Tickhill Castle in 1343. John and his sister Joan of Brittany were taken into the King's household afterwards.


John returned to Brittany to enforce his claim, with English help. In 1364, John managed to win a decisive victory against the House of Blois in the Battle of Auray, with the support of the English army. His rival Charles was killed in the battle and Charles's widow Joanna was forced to sign the Treaty Guérande on 12 April 1365. In the terms of the treaty, Joanna gave up her rights to Brittany and recognized John as sole master of the duchy.


Power struggles


Having achieved victory with English support (and having married into the English royal family), Jean was constrained to confirm several English barons in positions of power within Brittany, especially as controllers of strategically important strongholds in the environs of the port of Brest, which gave the English military access to the peninsula and which took revenue from Brittany to the English crown. This English powerbase in Brittany was resented by the Breton aristocrats and the French monarchy, as was John's use of English advisors. However, John V declared himself a vassal to king Charles V of France, not to Edward III of England. This gesture did not placate his critics, who saw the presence of rogue English troops and lords as destabilizing. Faced with the defiance of the Breton nobility, John was unable to muster military support against Charles V, who took the opportunity to exert pressure over Brittany. Without local support, in 1373 Jean was forced into exile once more in England.


However, Charles V made the mistake of attempting to completely annex the duchy to France. Bertrand de Guesclin was sent to make the duchy submit to the French king by force of arms in 1378. The barons revolted against the annexation and invited John V back from exile in 1379. He landed in Dinard and took control of the duchy once more with the support of local barons. An English army under Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester was landed at Calais and marched towards Nantes to take control of the city. However, John reconciled with the new French king Charles VI and paid off the English troops to avoid a confrontation. He ruled his duchy thereafter in peace with the French and English crowns for over a decade, maintaining contact with both, but minimising open links to England. He also managed to extricate Brest from English control in 1397 using diplomatic pressure and financial inducements.


Clisson affair


In 1392 an attempt was made to kill Olivier de Clisson, the Constable of France, who was an old enemy of the duke's. The attacker, Pierre de Craon, fled to Brittany. John was assumed to be behind the plot, and Charles VI took the opportunity to attack Brittany once more. Accompanied by the Constable, he marched on Brittany, but before he reached the duchy the king was seized with madness. Relatives of Charles VI blamed Clisson, and instituted legal proceedings against him to undermine his political position. Stripped of his status as Constable, Clisson now took refuge in Brittany himself, and was reconciled with John (1397), becoming a close advisor to the duke.

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Jean V de Montfort, duc de Bretagne's Timeline

1339
November, 1339
Nantes, Loire Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France
1339
- 1399
1361
1361
Age 21
Woodstock
1366
1366
Age 26
England
1386
September 11, 1386
Age 46
Saille,Near Guerrand
1387
August 12, 1387
Age 47
Nantes, France
1389
December 24, 1389
Age 50
December 24, 1389
Age 50
1391
February 18, 1391
Age 51
Nantes, France
1392
1392
Age 52
Nantes, Loireatlantique, France