Jelena / Ilona Zrinjska / Zrinyi, GR

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Jelena / Ilona Zrinjska / Zrinyi, GR

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Ozalj, Croatia
Death: Died in Izmit, Kocaeli, Turkey
Place of Burial: Kassa (Košice), Abaúj-Torna (present Košický kraj, Hungary (present Slovakia)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Petar - Péter Zrinski - Zrinyi and Ana Katarina Zrinska (Frankopan)
Wife of Imre /Emeric Thököly, GR and Ferenc I Rákóczi
Mother of N Thököly; Istvan Thököly; Zsuzsanna Thököly; Erzsébet Thököly; György Rákóczi and 3 others
Sister of Judita Judit - Petronila Petronella Šubić Zrinjski; Ivan IV Janos Antun Baltazar Boldizsár Šubić Zrinjski and Aurora Zora Veronika Šubić Zrinjski

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About Jelena / Ilona Zrinjska / Zrinyi, GR

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jelena_Zrinska

http://www.tragovimazrinskih.hr/obitelj-zrinski/20-jelena-zrinski

http://hr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jelena_Zrinska

Ilona Zrínyi /Jelena Zrinska

Ilona Zrínyi, as painted by Károly Jakobey

Jelena Zrinska (?-1703) her birthday is Not know!

Countess Ilona Zrínyi (Croatian: Jelena Zrinska, Hungarian: Zrínyi Ilona) (*Ozalj, ...; †Nicomedia, February 18, 1703) was the last surviving member of the Croatian Zrinski/Zrínyi family and one of the greatest heroines of Hungarian history. She was the wife of Francis Rákóczi I and Imre Thököly, and the mother of Francis Rákóczi II.

Ilona Zrínyi was a notable heroine and combatant in the struggle for national liberation of Croatia and Hungary in the 17th century from the absolutistic reign of the members of ruling Austrian Habsburg dynasty. [edit]Early life and family Ilona was born Jelena Zrinska in Ozalj, Croatia. She was the eldest child of Croatian Ban Petar Zrinski and his wife Katarina Zrinska née Frankopan, a Croatian poetess. Later her parents had two daughters (Judita Petronila and Aurora Veronika) and a son (Ivan Antun). Ilona and her siblings were the last generation of descendants of the once-powerful Zrinski family. From her childhood she was known for her beauty and good education. There is little information on her schooling; it is known though that she acquired a high level of knowledge within her family, not only from her father and mother, Croatian writers and erudite persons, but from her uncle Nikola Zrinski as well. [edit]Marriages

Statue of Jelena Zrinska with the son Francis, in Mukachevo. On 1 March 1666 she married Francis Rákóczi, with whom she had three children: György, born in 1667, who died in infancy; Julianna, born in 1672; and Ferenc (commonly known as Francis Rákóczi II), born in 1676. On 8 June 1676, not long after Francis II's birth, the elder Francis died. The widowed Ilona requested guardianship of her children and was granted it, against the advice of Emperor Leopold I's advisers and against Francis I's will. In this way she also retained control over the vast Rákóczi estates, which included among them the castles of Regéc, Sárospatak, Makovica, and Munkács. In 1682 she married Imre Thököly. She became an active partner in her second husband's Kuruc uprising against the Habsburgs. [edit]Defense of Palanok Castle After their defeat at the 1683 Battle of Vienna, both the Ottoman forces and Thököly's allied kuruc fighters had no choice but to retreat, and Thököly quickly lost one Rákóczi castle after another. At the end of 1685 the Imperial army surrounded the last remaining stronghold, Palanok Castle in Munkács. Ilona Zrínyi alone defended the castle for three years (1685–1688) against the forces of General Antonio Caraffa.

Ilona Zrínyi in the Munkács Castle (Zrínyi Ilona Munkács várában), painted by Victor Madarász [edit]Internment, exile and death After the recapture of Buda, the situation became untenable, and on 17 January 1688 Ilona had no choice but to surrender the castle, with the understanding that the defenders would receive amnesty from the Emperor, and that the Rákóczi estates would remain in her children's name. Under this agreement, she and her children traveled immediately to Vienna, where in violation of the pact the children were taken from her. Ilona lived until 1691 in the convent of the Ursulines, where her daughter Julianna was also raised. Her son Francis was immediately taken to the Jesuit school in Neuhaus. At the time, her husband, Thököly, was still fighting with his Kuruc rebels against the Habsburg army in Upper Hungary. When Habsburg General Heisler was captured by Thököly, a prisoner exchange was arranged, and Ilona joined her husband in Transylvania. In 1699, however, after the Treaty of Karlowitz was signed, both spouses, having found themselves on the losing side, had to go into exile in Turkey. The countess lived in Galata, district of Istanbul, and later in Nicomedia (today Izmit), where she died on February 18, 1703. [edit]Legacy

Ilona Zrínyi is celebrated in Croatia and Hungary as one of the greatest national heroines, patriots and fighters for freedom, who opposed, although unsuccessfully, the autocracy and absolutism aspirations of the Habsburgs. Her even more famous son Francis II Rákóczi continued the struggle for the independence of Hungary (1703-1711). In October 1906 the remains of the Croatian countess and Hungarian princess were reinterred with her son's in the St. Elisabeth Cathedral in Kassa (today Košice). [edit]Descendants From her first marriage with Francis Rákóczi, Ilona had three children: György (1667-1667) Julianna Borbála (September 1672 - 1717) Francis II (27 March 1676 - 8 April 1735) From her second marriage with Imre Thököly, Ilona had one(?) child: Erzsébet (26 November 1683 - 3 April 1688), who lived at her mother's side through the siege of Munkács; after the surrender of the castle she was taken with her mother to Vienna where she died.

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Zrínyi Ilona

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Grofica Jelena Zrinska bila je istaknuta junakinja u borbi za nacionalno oslobođenje Hrvatske i Ugarske od habsburške apsolutističke vlasti.

Rođena je kao kći Petra (IV.) Zrinskog (1621-1671.), znamenitog hrvatskog bana i mučenika, i njegove supruge Katarine Zrinski rođ. Frankopan, spisateljice i prevoditeljice. Bila je njihovo najstarije dijete, kasnije dobivši još dvije mlađe sestre (Juditu Petronilu (1652. – 1699.), te Auroru Veroniku (1658. – 19. siječnja 1735.) i jednog brata (Ivana IV. Antuna (26. kolovoza 1654. – 11. studenog 1703.), koji su bili posljednji izdanci slavne velikaške obitelji. Od najranije mladosti bila je na glasu po svojoj izuzetnoj ljepoti i vrsnom obrazovanju. O njenom školovanju nema puno podataka, tek da je visok stupanj obrazovanosti stekla u krugu svoje obitelji, uz majku i oca, hrvatske književnike i erudite, ali i strica Nikolu Zrinskog Čakovečkog. Udaja u Ugarsku [uredi] 1. ožujka 1666. Jelena se udala u Ugarsku za Franju I. Rákóczija (na mađarskom: I. Rákóczi Ferenc), erdeljskog kneza, i pridružila nezadovoljnom ugarskom plemstvu koje se suprotstavilo centralističkim težnjama Bečkog dvora, što je nešto kasnije dovelo i do otvorenog oružanog sukoba (u sedamdesetim i osamdesetim godinama 17. stoljeća), odnosno do pravog rata za ugarsku nezavisnost, koji je završio početkom 18. stoljeća porazom pobunjenika. Ti su događaji u historiografiji poznati i kao „Ustanak Kuruca“, odnosno u prijevodu „Ustanak Križara“. Hrvatska historiografija taj ustanak naziva Ustanak Franje II. Rákóczija [1]

Statua Jelene Zrinske sa sinom Franjom u Mukačevu S Rákóczijem je Jelena imala troje djece, među kojima i Franju II. (na mađarskom: Ferenc II.), kasnijeg erdeljskog kneza i vođu ustanika. Nakon Rákóczijeve smrti 1676. godine preudala se 1682. za Mirka Thökölyja (na mađarskom: Imre Thököly), također erdeljskog kneza. S njim se istaknula u ustaničkim redovima, koji su inače bili podržavani od strane Turaka, a osobito je odjeknula njena trogodišnja (1685-1688.) obrana utvrde Palanok u Mukačevu (na mađarskom: Munkács), koja se tada nalazila u Ugarskoj, a danas je to teritorij Ukrajine. Početkom 1688. godine situacija je bila takva da se utvrda više nije mogla obraniti, pa ju je Jelena predala austrijskim trupama, a sama postala zatočenik.

Jelena Zrinska branila je utvrdu Palanok u Mukačevu Zarobljeništvo, izgnanstvo i smrt [uredi] Zarobljenu su groficu bečki carski vlastodršci zatočili u jednom austrijskom samostanu, gdje je, jedno vrijeme zajedno sa svoje dvoje djece, provela sedam godina. Za to se vrijeme njen suprug Thököly i dalje u sjeveroistočnoj Ugarskoj borio sa svojim Kurucima protiv habsburške vojske. Spletom okolnosti došlo je do razmjene zarobljenika i Jelena se 1695. godine vratila svome mužu. Godine 1699. došlo je sklapanja Karlovačkog mira, te su supružnici, nalazivši se na poraženoj strani, morali otići u izgnanstvo u Tursku. Tamo je Jelena živjela neko vrijeme u carigradskoj četvrti Galata, a zatim sve do svoje smrti 18. veljače 1703. u gradu Nikomediji, današnjem Izmitu. Naslijeđe [uredi]

Jelena Zrinska smatra se, osobito u Mađarskoj, jednom od najvećih nacionalnih heroina, patriotkinja i boraca za slobodu, koja se suprotstavila, premda na kraju bezuspješno, apsolutističkim i centralističkim nastojanjima središnje državne vlasti. Njen još slavniji sin Franjo II. Rákóczi nastavio je borbu za ugarsku nezavisnost (1703-1711.), ali također nije uspio. Posmrtni ostaci hrabre i odlučne hrvatske grofice (ženidbom i ugarske kneginje) prebačeni su 1906. godine u Košice (tada ugarski, a danas slovački grad), u tamošnju katedralu Svete Elizabete, gdje su pokopani uz grob njezinog sina.

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Jelena / Ilona Zrinjska / Zrinyi, GR's Timeline

1643
1643
Ozalj, Croatia
1666
March 1, 1666
Age 23
Sárospatak, Hungary
1667
1667
Age 24
1672
September 1672
Age 29
1676
March 27, 1676
Age 33
Borsi (Borša), Zemplén (present Košice Region), Hungary (present Slovakia)
1682
June 15, 1682
Age 39
1683
1683
Age 40
1686
1686
Age 43
1694
October 13, 1694
Age 51
Belgrade, City of Belgrade, Central Serbia, Serbia
1703
February 18, 1703
Age 60
Izmit, Kocaeli, Turkey