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Jessé DeForest (de Forest)

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Avesnes, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Death: Died in Oyopok River, Brazilian Guiana, South America
Immediate Family:

Son of Jean de Forest; JEAN DeFOREST; Anne de Forest and ANNE MAILLARD
Husband of MARIE DuCLOUX and Marie de Forest
Father of ISAAC DeFOREEST; Marie De Forest, died young; Henrick "Henri" de Forest; Jean DeForest; Elizabeth DeForest and 8 others
Brother of Melchior De Forest; Michel De Forest; Gérard De Forest; Anna De Forest; Anne DeForest and 2 others

Occupation: Dyer
Managed by: Cecilie Nygård
Last Updated:

About Jessé DeForest

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[The following was downloaded from Wikipedia in 2010]

Jessé de Forest (1576 – October 22, 1624) was the leader of a group of Walloon Huguenots who fled Europe due to religious persecutions. Jessé de Forest emigrated to the New World, where he planned to found New-Belgium. He died before reaching what is now New York, but his family settled in Long Island, where it is remembered by the name of Forest Hill.

Background

Jessé de Forest was born in Avesnes (Hainaut). The family name originated from the village of Forest in the canton of Landrecies near Avesnes. In 1576 he left Avesnes for Sedan and Montcornet before settling in Leiden, Holland.

In Leiden, he moved to obtain the right to emigrate with his own and other Walloon families to the New World. During his stay, he also met Pilgrim Fathers, future passengers of the Mayflower. De Forest served with Prince Maurice of Nassau as a lieutenant and captain.

On February 5, 1621, Jessé de Forest sent a petition, to Dudley Carleton, 1st Viscount Dorchester, English ambassador to The Hague. It applied for permission to settle about fifty Walloon and French Huguenot families that planned to follow the Puritans to America (then called the West Indies) in Virginia. De Forest asked to dispose over a territory of eight English miles radius. Known as the Round Robin, this document is now preserved in the British Public Record Office. On August 11, 1621, the Virginia Company gave an agreement in principle, but raised some restrictions. The worse one was the refusal to have the settlers dwell together in one autonomous colony. De Forest declined the proposition.

New-Belgium

It was de Forest's desire to establish a Colony in the New World, so that the Walloons could practice their Reformed Protestant Christianity without persecution. He then sought permission from the Dutch to establish a colony in what is now New York City. He was granted permission. He assembled approximately 60 families of Walloons and Dutch Protestants for the settlement in New Amsterdam, New Netherland. The first permanent settlers arrived in New Amsterdam during May 1624.

The foundation of the Dutch West India Company in 1621 had given gave rise to multiple opportunities. In 1581, Philip II of Spain had prohibited commerce within his realm with Dutch ships, including in Brazil. Since the Dutch had invested large sums in financing sugar production in the Brazilian Northeast, a conflict began for control of the area. Proposing his services and those of his fellow countrymen to the Dutch West India Company, de Forest informed them that a group of families practicing various trades had the opportunity to emigrate to America. The States of The Netherlands, realizing the importance of such an opening for future colonization, immediately consulted the Directors of the Company, who were meeting in The Hague.

On August 27, 1622, after efforts delivered by Willem Usselincx and Jessé de Forest, the latter finally received the authorization to emigrate with other families to the West Indies. Left on reconnaissance for the coasts of Guyana in 1623, Jessé de Forest died on the Oyapock River bank (present borderline between Brazil and French Guyana), on October 22, 1624. His daughter Rachel and his sons Isaac and Henri and other family members joined New-Belgium ten years later in the territories surrounding the future New York City.

Legacy

Today, there is a Monument in Battery Park, New York City called the Walloon Settlers Memorial. That monument was given to the City of New York by the Belgian Province of Hainaut in honor of the inspiration of Jessé de Forest in founding New York City. Baron de Cartier de Marchienne, representing the government and Albert I, King of Belgium, presented the monument to Mayor John F. Hylan, for the City of New York May 18, 1924. There is also a monument in Jessé de Forest's honor in Avesnes, France, the College Jesse de Forest and Jesse de Forest Avenue.

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Jesse de Forest, son of Jean de Forest, was born in 1576. On Sunday, September 23, 1601, he married Marie du Cloux. After living in Sedan biefly, Jesse moved to Montcornet in 1609, and later moved to Leyden, Holland where he made his home on the Breedestraet. Jesse served with Prince Maurice of Nassau, as a Lieutenant and Captain. In 1621, the Walloon and Huguenots of Leyden planned to follow the Puritans to America (then called the West Indies). Jesse de Forest was acclaimed the leader and spokesman for the band when the exiles approached the British Ambassador at The Hague regarding their settling in Virginia. The English turned down his petition to establish a colony in Virginia. It was Jesse's desire to establish a Colony in the New World, so that the Walloons could practice their Reformed Religion without persecution. He then sought permission from the Dutch to establish a colony in what is now New York City. He was granted permission. He assembled approximately 60 families of French Speaking Walloons and Dutch for the settlement in New Amsterdam, New Netherland. The first permanent settlers arrived in New Amsterdam May 1624. Today, there is a Monument in Battery Park, New York City called the Walloon Settlers Memorial. That monument was given to the City of New York by the people of France in honor of Jesse's inspiration in founding New York City. There is also a monument in Jesse's honor in Avesnes, France. There is also the College Jesse de Forest and Jesse de Forest Avenue, both located in Avesnes. Considered the Founder of New Amsterdam. Leader of the Walloons.

An interesting point is that Jesse appeared NOT to make it to New Amsterdam. Rather he inspired the Walloon colonists to settle there. Jesse died on an expedition to the Amazon. His journal, finished by another, can be found here:

http://books.google.com/books?id=8yotFVjdqOQC&dq=walloon+in+america&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=nUYpZpIcIn&sig=WrqDigA9EvJOyEygjwwT0syMK2o#PPA229,M1

DeForest, Jesse and Jehan Mousnier de la Montagne. "A Voyage to Guiana; Being the Journal of Jesse de Forest and His Colonists 1623-1625." Sloan MS 179b in the British Museum, London. Printed in French and translated into English in volume 2 of Mrs. Robert DeForest's A Walloon Family in America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1914. 2 volumes. The journal is a record of the entire trip and recounts the death of Jesse DeForest and the return of the other men. Clearly, even if the journal was started by Jesse DeForest, it was continued by some other writer, believed to be Dr. Jean de la Montagne.

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Source 1: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~truax/nether.html

The New Netherland

"Nieu Nederlandt"

WALLON PROTESTANT FAMILIES IN LEYDEN AND JESSE DE FOREST THE PETITION OF 1621*

In the late 16th and early 17th centuries, many Protestants from the Southern Low Countries (present-day Belguim) sought refuge in the Northern Provinces of the Netherlands. As these provinces had broken away from Spain, the Reformed Religion could be freely practiced there.

A party of Walloons belonging to the Reformed Church, coming from the Avesnes-Valenciennes-Lille region in the Counties of Hainaut and Flanders, settled in Leyden around this time. Their homeland was later to be separated from our provinces by the Treaty of the Pyrenees (1659), that of Aix-la-Chapelle (1658) and the Treaty of Nijmegen (1678).

There must have been a fair number of these Belgians, because by 1584 a Walloon Church had been founded in Leyden. Hence it was possible for our fellow-countrymen to practice their religion in complete freedom and in their own language.

Between 1608 and 1615 a newcomer came to settle in Leyden: this was Jesse de Forest, born around 1575 at Avesnes-surHelpe, which is located today in France (Department du Nord), but at that period Avesnes was part of the County of Hainaut.

He undertook a propaganda campaign in favor of emigration to Virginia among his Walloon compatriots and a few Frenchmen living in Leyden. On 19 July 1621, Jesse sought an audience of Sir Dudley Careton, the English Ambassador to the Hague. He brought with him a petition drawn up in French and signed by 56 would-be Walloon and Protestant emigrants towns and localities of Virginia.

The Company's reply, given in London on 11 August 1621, reached Jesse De Forest is companions shortly after that date. It must certainly have come as a disappointment to them. The "round robin" remains, therefore, an unrealized emigration plan by Protestant Walloons, natives of our ancient provinces, who hoped to settle in the English colony of Virginia. Even so, the document is of capital importance to any history of the origins of New York, because most of the Families listed therein later settled on the site of the future American metropolis and in its immediate vicinity.

As for Jesse de Forest who initiated the project, he died in South America without ever having set foot on the North American continent.

Descendants of Jean Mousnier de la MONTAGNE (1595-1670)

Contact: Lois Stewart loissdjm2@aol.com

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Source 3: http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=m-magers&id=I00633

H.A.M.'s Tree Contact: Marian E-mail: m.magers@sbcglobal.net

Birth: ABT 1576 in Sedan, Avesnes, Flanders, France

Death: 22 OCT 1624 in Guyana, South America

Residence: 1609 Moved to Montcornet, France 2

Residence: AFT 1610 Member 12th Regiment 2

Military Service: Lieutenant & Captain w/Prince Maurice 2

Religion: Huguenot 2

Burial: Dutch Guiana, South America

Note:

One report gives his date of birth as 1570.

There is a monument in Battery Park, New York City, New York dedicated to Jesse DeForest called the Walloon Settlers Memorial, given to the city by the people of France.

There also is a monument in Jesse's honor in Avesnes, France; the College Jesse de Forest; and Jesse de Forest Avenue.

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Source 4: http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2805057&id=I312

From: My Family 2/23/04

Contact: Larry Baker lclfbaker@hotmail.com

Note: Note: Jesse DE FOREST was the chief of the Huguenot emigrants of Holland. He founded New York in 1624. A monument was built in his honor in Avesnes. His where abouts are unknown from1608 to 1615 when he is believed to have been in Sedan. In1615, he was a resident of Leyden, Netherlands, and had a "license to dye serges and camlets in colors. "On July 21, 1621, he petitioned King James to settle Virginia. The group was denied, but as an individual he was allowed to do In 1621, the Dutch West Indies Company was trading on the west coast of Africa. Jesse joined the company in their ventures. In 1622, he, his family and maid lived in Leyden. On July 1, 1623, he led a group of Huguenots to South America on the "Pigeon" to explore the Amazon River. They fell sick from sunstroke on October 13, 1624. They recovered, some dying of a second sunstroke on October 22, 1 624. Jesse went to New Netherlands at Fort Orange. By 1625, he was on Manhattan; Reformation was spreading throughout Europe. Calvin's ideas suited the French and the Dutch better than Martin Luther's teachings. Calvin sympathizers became Huguenots. Jesse was the leader of the group of immigrants from Holland and French Flanders who settled along the Hudson River in 1624, contributing to the founding of New Amsterdam (New York).

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-------------------- http://thompsonbrothersgeneology.com/FamilyHistories/DeForestFamily/descendants/aqwg17.htm#341

Jesse DeForest [A Walloon Family in America Vol II] (Jean , Melchoir III , Melchior II , Melchoir , Gaspard , Simon , Jean , Thomas , Louis , Jehan , Alard , Giles de L'Estoc , Gerard , Herbert , Waitier , Herbert ) was born in 1575 in Avesnes, France. He died on 22 Oct 1624 in Commaribo, French Guiana, South America. He was buried in Commaribo, French Guiana, South America. [Notes] Jesse married Marie DuCloux on 23 Sep 1601 in Sedan, France. Marie was born on 17 Nov 1577 in Sedan, France. She died in 1622 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands.

[Notes] They had the following children.

	38	F	i	

Marie DeForeest was born on 7 Jul 1602 in Sedan, France. She was christened on 7 Jul 1602 in Sedan, France.

	39	M	ii	

Jean DeForeest [scrapbook] was born on 22 Jul 1604 in Sedan, France. He was christened on 22 Jul 1604 in Sedan, France. He died on 6 Apr 1668 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He was buried in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands.

	 	 	 	

Jean married Marie Vermeulin on 9 Mar 1633 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. + 40 M iii Henry DeForeest was born on 7 Mar 1606. He died on 26 Jul 1637.

	41	F	iv	

Elizabeth DeForeest was born on 1 Nov 1607 in Sedan, France. She was christened on 1 Nov 1607 in Sedan, France.

	42	M	v	

David DeForeest [scrapbook] was born on 11 Dec 1608 in Sedan, France. He was christened on 11 Dec 1608 in Sedan, France. + 43 F vi Rachel DeForeest was born in 1609. She died in 1643.

	44	F	vii	

Anne DeLaMontagne was born in 1611 in Montcornet, Picardie, France.

	45	M	viii	

Nicaise DeForest was born in 1613 in Montcornet, Picardie, France.

	46	M	ix	

Jesse DeForeest [scrapbook] was born on 1 Mar 1615 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He was christened on 1 Mar 1615 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He died in 1639. + 47 M x Isaac DeForeest was born on 7 Jul 1616. He died in 1674.

	48	M	xi	

Israel DeForeest was born on 7 Oct 1617 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He was christened on 7 Oct 1617 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands.

	49	M	xii	

Philippe DeForeest was born on 13 Sep 1620 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He was christened on 13 Sep 1620 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands.

REF: http://www.familysearch.org/Search/af/ancestral_file_frame.asp?recid=14264353 "The Forest family won nobility titles for participating in the Crusades. -- Arsenault, Bona, "History of the Acadians" , vol.2 , p.544

http://vanarsdaleleefamilyhistory.blogspot.com/2012/07/melchoir-de-forest-i-son-ofgaspard-de.html

-------------------- http://thompsonbrothersgeneology.com/FamilyHistories/DeForestFamily/descendants/aqwg17.htm#341

Jesse DeForest [A Walloon Family in America Vol II] (Jean , Melchoir III , Melchior II , Melchoir , Gaspard , Simon , Jean , Thomas , Louis , Jehan , Alard , Giles de L'Estoc , Gerard , Herbert , Waitier , Herbert ) was born in 1575 in Avesnes, France. He died on 22 Oct 1624 in Commaribo, French Guiana, South America. He was buried in Commaribo, French Guiana, South America. [Notes] Jesse married Marie DuCloux on 23 Sep 1601 in Sedan, France. Marie was born on 17 Nov 1577 in Sedan, France. She died in 1622 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands.

[Notes] They had the following children.

	38	F	i	

Marie DeForeest was born on 7 Jul 1602 in Sedan, France. She was christened on 7 Jul 1602 in Sedan, France.

	39	M	ii	

Jean DeForeest [scrapbook] was born on 22 Jul 1604 in Sedan, France. He was christened on 22 Jul 1604 in Sedan, France. He died on 6 Apr 1668 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He was buried in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands.

	 	 	 	

Jean married Marie Vermeulin on 9 Mar 1633 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. + 40 M iii Henry DeForeest was born on 7 Mar 1606. He died on 26 Jul 1637.

	41	F	iv	

Elizabeth DeForeest was born on 1 Nov 1607 in Sedan, France. She was christened on 1 Nov 1607 in Sedan, France.

	42	M	v	

David DeForeest [scrapbook] was born on 11 Dec 1608 in Sedan, France. He was christened on 11 Dec 1608 in Sedan, France. + 43 F vi Rachel DeForeest was born in 1609. She died in 1643.

	44	F	vii	

Anne DeLaMontagne was born in 1611 in Montcornet, Picardie, France.

	45	M	viii	

Nicaise DeForest was born in 1613 in Montcornet, Picardie, France.

	46	M	ix	

Jesse DeForeest [scrapbook] was born on 1 Mar 1615 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He was christened on 1 Mar 1615 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He died in 1639. + 47 M x Isaac DeForeest was born on 7 Jul 1616. He died in 1674.

	48	M	xi	

Israel DeForeest was born on 7 Oct 1617 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He was christened on 7 Oct 1617 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands.

	49	M	xii	

Philippe DeForeest was born on 13 Sep 1620 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He was christened on 13 Sep 1620 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands.

REF: http://www.familysearch.org/Search/af/ancestral_file_frame.asp?recid=14264353 "The Forest family won nobility titles for participating in the Crusades. -- Arsenault, Bona, "History of the Acadians" , vol.2 , p.544

http://vanarsdaleleefamilyhistory.blogspot.com/2012/07/melchoir-de-forest-i-son-ofgaspard-de.html

view all 21

Jessé DeForest's Timeline

1576
1576
Avesnes, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
1601
September 23, 1601
Age 25
Sedan, Champagne-Ardenne, France
1602
July 7, 1602
Age 26
Sedan, France
1604
July 22, 1604
Age 28
Sedan, Ardennes, Champagne-Ardenne, France
1606
March 7, 1606
Age 30
Avesnes, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
1607
November 1, 1607
Age 31
Sedan, Ardennes, Champagne-Ardenne, France
1608
December 11, 1608
Age 32
Sedan, Ardennes, Champagne-Ardenne, France
1609
1609
Age 33
Montcornet, Aisne, Picardy, France
1611
1611
Age 35
Montcornet, Aisne, Picardie, France
1613
1613
Age 37
Montcornet, Aisne, Picardie, France