João Gonçalves Zarco, 1.° capitão de Funchal

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João Gonçalves Zarco

Nicknames: "João Gonçalves da Câmara", "ou Zargo"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Matosinhos, Portugal
Death: Died in Funchal, Ilha da Madeira, Portugal
Immediate Family:

Son of Gonçalo Esteves Zarco and Brites de Santarém
Husband of Constança Rodrigues
Father of Rui Gonçalves da Câmara, 3º capitão donatário da ilha de São Miguel; Mécia de Abreu; Garcia Rodrigues da Câmara; João Gonçalves da Câmara, 2.° capitão de Funchal; Beatriz Gonçalves da Câmara and 3 others
Brother of Álvaro Gonçalves da Câmara and FNU Gonçalves Zarco

Occupation: governor of the island of Madeira by letter of Prince Henry the Navigator, Primeiro Capitão de Funchal., 7925392
Managed by: Paulo Altmayer Goncalves
Last Updated:

About João Gonçalves Zarco

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jo%C3%A3o_Gon%C3%A7alves_Zarco

Foi o primeiro Portugues a chegar em 1418 na ilha de Porto Santo e em 1420 na Ilha da Madeira. As 2 ilhas apareciam em um mapa Genoves de 1351 mas nao haviam sido reclamadas ate que os Portugueses la chegaram. -------------------- Cavaleiro da casa do Infante D.Henrique.Passou à Madeira como colonizador de parte da Ilha. Foi o 1.º capitâo do Funchal. D. afonso V criou-o como fidalgo de cota de armas (deu o apellido de Câmara de Lobos, com armas próprias) por mercê de 4 de Julho de 1460, estando em Sanctarem.

O nome "da Câmara de Lobos" foi concedido devido à uma gruta achada por Zargo, logo ao descer em terra, gruta de lobos marinhos. A criação da Freguezia de Câmara de Lobos e edificação da Capela do Espírito Santo se deu em 1430. O apelido Lobos foi desaparecendo, conservando-se o "Câmara". Este nome continua usado por enorme descendência.

Segundo o historiador Mascarenhas Barreto, em "Critovão Colombo, Agente Secreto do Rei Dom João ll, Zargo era filho de Gonçalo (Esteves) Arco e de Beatriz Afonso e era de "ascendência Hebréia" , isto é, cristão novo ou "marrano", ( judeu que foi batizado pela pressão da inquisição, ou expontaneamente ). Beatriz era filha de João Afonso.

http://madeiragenealogy.com/sobre/familia-camara/

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jo%C3%A3o_Gon%C3%A7alves_Zarco

João Gonçalves Zarco (Portugal, c. 1390 - Funchal, 21 November 1471) was a Portuguese explorer who established settlements and recognition of the Madeira Islands, and was appointed first captain of Funchal by Henry the Navigator.


Life


Zarco was a knight at the service of Prince Henry the Navigator's household. In his service still at a young age Zarco commanded the caravels guarding the coast of Algarve from the incursions of the Moors, was at the conquest of Ceuta, and later led the caravels that recognized the island of Porto Santo in 1418 to 1419 and afterward, the island of Madeira 1419 to 1420. He founded the city of Câmara de Lobos. He was granted, as hereditary leader (Capitania), half the island of Madeira (the Capitania of Funchal, being its first Captain). Together with his fellow fleet commanders, Tristão Vaz Teixeira and Bartolomeu Perestrelo, he started the colonization of the islands in 1425. In his role of knight of Prince Henry the Navigator's house he participated in the siege of Tangier, in 1437, which ended in failure. The novel of Arkan Simaan, L'Écuyer d'Henri le Navigateur (Harmattan, Paris, 2007), describes Zarco's biography.


Ancestry and descendency


His parents were Gonçalo Esteves Zarco and wife Brites de Santarém (daughter of João Afonso de Santarém (himself the son of Afonso Guilherme de Santarém, the son of Guilherme de Santarém, son of another Afonso Guilherme de Santarém) and wife Filipa Lopes de Couros, male line ancestors of Frei Luís de Sousa). His father was the son of Estêvão Pires Zarco, son of Pedro Esteves Zarco, son of Estêvão Gonçalves Zarco, son of Gonçalo ... Zarco.


He married Constança Rodrigues, daughter of Rodrigo Lopes de Sequeiros (?) and wife, and had:

João Gonçalves da Câmara (d. Funchal, Madeira, 26 March 1501), married to Dona Mécia de Noronha, daughter of Dom João Henriques de Noronha (bastard son of Alfonso, Count of Gijón and Noroña) and wife Beatriz, Lady de Mirabel and sister of Dom Garcia Henriques, and had issue, and also one bastard son by an unknown mother
Rui Gonçalves da Câmara, 3rd Donatary Captain of São Miguel Island, married to Maria de Bettencourt, natural daughter of Maciot de Bettencourt by Teguise, without issue, he had a bastard son by one Maria Rodrigues and three more children by an unknown mother
Garcia Rodrigues da Câmara, married to Violante de Freitas, and had issue
Beatriz Gonçalves da Câmara, married to Diogo Cabral, and had issue
Isabel Gonçalves da Câmara, married to Diogo Afonso de Aguiar, o Velho (the Old), and had issue
Helena Gonçalves da Câmara, married to Martim Mendes de Vasconcelos, and had issue
Catarina Gonçalves da Câmara, married to Garcia Homem de Sousa

Possible Jewish Ancestry


There are discussions as to whether João Gonçalves Zarco could have been of Jewish Converso origin. Zarco was a prominent Jewish family from Santarém and Lisbon. Mossé Zarco was King João II's taylor. There was also a Portuguese doctor named Joseph Zarco, whom some authors claim to be Joseph Ibn Sharga, the great kabbalist, and a sixteenth century poet named Yehuda Zarco. Authors known for making the claim that João Gonçalves Zarco was of Jewish ancestry are Augusto Mascarenhas Barreto and Manuel Luciano da Silva, who also suggest that Christopher Columbus could have been of Jewish descent from Portugal and his real name was Salvador Fernandes Zarco. Isabel Violante Pereira also attributes Jewish ancestry to João Gonçalves Zarco.

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