João Oliveira e Daun, I. duque de Saldanha

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About João Oliveira e Daun, I. duque de Saldanha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia João de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun,

  • Date of Birth November 17, 1790
  • Place of Birth: Azinhaga, Golegã
  • Date of Death November 21, 1876
  • Place of Death: London, UK
  • Wife: (1st) Maria Teresa Margarida Horan FitzGerald
  • (2nd) Carlota Isabel Maria Smith
  • Occupation: Military officer (Marshal)
  • Political Party: Chartist, later Regenerator Party
  • Dom João Carlos Gregório Domingos Vicente Francisco de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun, (1790-1876), 1st Count (1833), 1st Marquis (1834) and 1st Duke of Saldanha (1846); Portuguese pronunciation: [saɫˈdɐɲɐ], was a Portuguese marshal and statesman, a grandson of Pombal, born at Azinhaga. He studied at Coimbra, served against the French, and was made a prisoner in 1810. On his release he went to Brazil, where he was employed in the military and diplomatic services. He returned to Portugal after the declaration of the independence of Brazil.[1]
  • The Duke of Saldanha, as he is commonly known, was one of the top dominating personalities in war and politics of Portugal, from the revolution of 1820 to his death in 1876. During that period he led no less than seven coups d'état. He played an important part in the struggle between brothers Pedro IV of Portugal (I of Brazil) and Miguel of Portugal during the Liberal Wars. He became Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1825 and was governor of Oporto in 1826-27.
  • He was made a Duke of Saldanha in 1846, and was Prime Minister for three times between 1846 and 1870. He was sent in 1871 to London as Ambassador, where he died.[2]
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João Oliveira e Daun, I. duque de Saldanha's Timeline

November 17, 1790
Arinhaga, Portugal
September 30, 1814
Age 23
Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
November 20, 1825
Age 35
Porto, Porto District, Portugal
May 25, 1831
Age 40
Orleans, Loiret, Centre, France
September 12, 1856
Age 65
London, UK
November 20, 1876
Age 86
London, UK