Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland

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Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland

Also Known As: "Countess of Westmoreland"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Chateau de Beaufort, Meuse-et-Loire, France
Death: Died in Howden, Yorkshire, England
Place of Burial: Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster; John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster
Wife of Robert de Ferrers, 3rd Lord Ferrers and Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland
Mother of Elizabeth Ferrers; Mary de Ferrers; Eleanor Percy, Countess of Northumberland; Katherine Neville, Duchess of Norfolk; Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury and 11 others
Sister of John Earl of Somerset Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset; Cardinal Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester and Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter
Half sister of Dorothy Thimelby (Swynford); Blanche Swynford; Sir Thomas Swynford, Sr.; Blanche Mary Plantagenet; Filipa de Lencastre, rainha consorte de Portugal and 8 others

Occupation: (Only Daughter and illegitimate child of John of Gaunt but later legitimized when John married her Mother Catherine Swynford)
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland

"Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland (c. 1379 – 13 November 1440) was the third or fourth child (and only daughter) of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his mistress, later wife, Katherine Swynford; and, in her widowhood, a powerful landowner in the North of England."

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Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Beaufort,_Countess_of_Westmorland

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=16146333

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=1302

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I467&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I203&tree=Nixon

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I1659&tree=PagetHeraldicBaronag

http://www.mathematical.com/beaufortjoan1375.htm

http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p350.htm#i10511

http://thepeerage.com/p10198.htm#i101973 

http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/BEAUFORT.htm#Joan BEAUFORT (C. Westmoreland)

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Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 27. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume XII/2, page 547.

[S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 17. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.

[S8] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, volume 1, page 15.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 108-109. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 200.

[S25] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 2 p. 311, 390, vol. 3 p. 738.

"Joan Beaufort (subsequently Countess of Westmorland), legitimated da. of John 'of Gaunt', Duke of Lancaster; d. 13 November 1440."

[S33] #242 [1883 edition] A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (New edition, 1883, reprint 1962), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (New edition. 1883. Reprint, London: Harrison and Sons, 1962), FHL book 942 D22bug 1883., p. 198.

[S36] #89 A Genealogical History of the Kings of England, and Monarchs of Great Britain, & C. From the Conquest, Anno 1066 to the Year, 1677, Sandford, Francis, (London: Thomas Newcomb, 1677), FHL microfilm 599,670 item 3., p. 313.

[S46] #8356 The Ligon Family and Connections (1947-1973), Ligon, William D. (William Daniel Ligon, Jr.), (3 volumes. New York: W.D. Ligon Jr, c1947-c1973 (Hartford, Conn.: Bond Press)), p. 127, 129.

[S52] #249 Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica (1868-1938), Church of England. Parish Church of Shere (Surrey), (31 volumes. London: Hamilton, Adams, 1868-1938), FHL book 942 B2m., vol. 1 p. 122.

[S64] #248 [Reprint, 1977] A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland Enjoying Territorial Possessions or High Official Rank but Uninvested with Heritable Honours (1834-1838; reprint 1977), Burke, John, (1834-1838. Reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1977), 942 D2bc 1977; FHL microfiche 6035997-035999; FHL ., vol. 2 p. 9-12.

[S65] #389 Histories of Noble British Families: with Biographical Notices of the Most Distinguished Individual in Each, Illustrated by Their Armorial Bearings, Portraits, Monuments, Seals, Etc. (1846), Drummond, Henry, (2 volumes. London: W. Pickering, 1846), FHL microfilm 990,417 item 1., vol. 2 p. 8.

[S67] #205 Baronagium Genealogicum, Or, the Pedigrees of the English Peers, Deduced from the Earliest Times, of Which There Are Any Attested Accountes Including, as Well Collateral as Lineal Descents (1764-1784), Segar, Sir William, (6 volumes. [London]: Engraved and printed for the author, [1764-1784].), Volumes 1-4 FHL microfilm 164,680; volume 5 FHL mi., vol. 4 p. 361, 367.

[S69] #2251 The Royal Bastards of Medieval England (1984), Given-Wilson, Chris and Alice Curteis, (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984), FHL book 942 D5g., p. 148.

[S117] #227 The History and Antiquities of the County of Hertford (1815-1827), Clutterbuck, Robert, (3 volumes. London: Nichols, Son and Bentley, 1815-1827), FHL book Q 942.58 H2c; FHL microfilms 899,855-899,., vol. 3 p. 31.

[S124] #240 Collins's Peerage of England, Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical, Greatly Augmented, and Continued to the Present Time (1812), Brydges, Sir Egerton,, (9 volumes. London: [T. Bensley], 1812), FHL book 942 D22be., vol. 1 p. 222.

[S266] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 6 line 2:32, p. 7 line 3:32, p. 66 line 62:34.

[S300] #242 [1978 edition] Genealogical History of the Dormant, Aberant, Forfeited, & Extinct Peerages, Burke, Sir Bernard, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore. 1978), 942 D22 bug 1978., p. 394.

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxix.

-------------------- Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland (c. 1379 – 13 November 1440) was the fourth of the four illegitimate children (and only daughter) of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress, later wife, Katherine Swynford; and, in her widowhood, a powerful landowner in the North of England.

Early life and marriages

She was probably born at the Swynford manor of Kettlethorpe in Lincolnshire. Her surname probably reflects her father's lordship of Beaufort in Champagne, France, where she might also have been born. In 1391, at the age of twelve, Joan married at Beaufort-en-Vallée, Anjou, Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem, and they had two daughters before he died in about 1395.

Legitimation

Along with her three brothers, Joan had been privately declared legitimate by their cousin Richard II of England in 1390. Her parents were married in Lincoln Cathedral in February 1396. Joan was already an adult when she was legitimized by the marriage of her mother and father with papal approval. The Beauforts were later barred from inheriting the throne by a clause inserted into the legitimation act by their half-brother, Henry IV of England, although it is not clear that Henry IV possessed sufficient authority to alter an existing parliamentary statute by himself, without the further approval of Parliament. Soon after the legitimation, on 3 February 1397, when she was eighteen, Joan married Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, who had also been married once before. Inheritance

When Ralph de Neville died in 1425, his lands and titles should, by law of rights, have passed on to his grandson through his first marriage, another Ralph Neville. Instead, while the title of Earl of Westmorland and several manors were passed to Ralph, the bulk of his rich estate went to his wife, Joan Beaufort. Although this may have been done to ensure that his widow was well provided for, by doing this Ralph essentially split his family into two and the result was years of bitter conflict between Joan and her stepchildren who fiercely contested her acquisition of their father's lands. Joan however, with her royal blood and connections, was far too powerful to be called to account, and the senior branch of the Nevilles received little redress for their grievances. Inevitably, when Joan died, the lands would be inherited by her own children.

Death Joan died on 13 November 1440 at Howden in Yorkshire. Rather than be buried with her husband Ralph (who was not buried with his first wife, though his monument has effigies of himself and his two wives) she was entombed next to her mother in the magnificent sanctuary of Lincoln Cathedral. Joan's is the smaller of the two tombs; both were decorated with brass plates – full-length representations of them on the tops, and small shields bearing coats of arms around the sides — but those were damaged or destroyed in 1644 by Roundheads during the English Civil War. A 1640 drawing of them survives, showing what the tombs looked like when they were intact, and side-by-side instead of end-to-end, as they are now.

Descendants Joan Beaufort was mother to Cecily, Duchess of York and thus grandmother of Edward IV of England, and of Richard III of England, whom Henry VII defeated to take the throne. Henry then married Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV, and their son became Henry VIII of England. Henry VIII's sixth wife, Catherine Parr, was also a descendant through Joan and Ralph's eldest son, Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, and thus Henry's third cousin. The Earl of Salisbury was father to Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, "the Kingmaker" (father of Queen consort Anne Neville).

Children of Joan Beaufort and Robert Ferrers

In 1391, at the age of twelve, Joan married Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem, at Beaufort-en-Vallée, Anjou. They had 2 children:

Elizabeth Ferrers, 6th Baroness Boteler of Wem (1393–1474). She is buried at Black Friars Church, York. She married John de Greystoke, 4th Baron Greystoke (1389–1436), on 28 October 1407 in Greystoke Castle, Greystoke, Cumberland, and had issue. Margaret (or Mary) Ferrers (1394 – 25 January 1457/1458). She married her stepbrother, Sir Ralph Neville, son of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, c. 1413 in Oversley, Warwickshire, and had issue

Children of Joan Beaufort and Ralph Neville

They had 14 children:

Lady Katherine Neville, married first on 12 January 1411 John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk; married second Sir Thomas Strangways; married third John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont; married fourth Sir John Woodville (d. 12 August 1469). Lady Eleanor Neville (d. 1472), married first Richard le Despenser, 4th Baron Burghersh, married second Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury (1400–1460), married Alice Montacute, suo jure 5th Countess of Salisbury. Had issue. Their descendants include Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick; queen consort Anne Neville, wife of Richard III; and queen consort Catherine Parr, sixth wife of King Henry VIII (great-grandson of Richard's sister, Cecily). Robert Neville (d. 1457), Bishop of Durham William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent (c.1410–1463) Lady Anne Neville (?1411–20 September 1480), married Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham Edward Neville, 3rd Baron Bergavenny (d. 1476) Lady Cecily Neville (1415–1495) ("Proud Cis"), married Richard, 3rd Duke of York, and mothered Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England George Neville, 1st Baron Latimer (d. 1469) Joan Neville, became a nun John Neville, died young Cuthbert Neville, died young Thomas Neville, died young Henry Neville, died young

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Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland's Timeline

1210
July 22, 1210
Coucy, Alsne, France
1237
February 2, 1237
Tarrant Keynstan,Dorsetshire,England
1238
March 4, 1238
London, Middlesex, England
1379
1379
Meuse-et-Loire, France
1391
1391
Age 12
Chateau De Beaufort,Maine-Et-Loire,,France
1393
1393
Age 14
Oversley, Warwickshire, England
1394
September 1394
Age 15
Oversley, Warwickshire, England
1397
February 3, 1397
Age 18
Anjou, France
1397
Age 18
Staindrop, Durham, England
1397
Age 18
Raby, Durham, England