Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland

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Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Chateau de Beaufort, Meuse-et-Loire, France
Death: Died in Howden, Yorkshire, England
Place of Burial: Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster
Wife of Robert de Ferrers, 3rd Lord Ferrers and Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland
Mother of Elizabeth Ferrers; Mary de Ferrers; Eleanor Percy, Countess of Northumberland; Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury; Baron Thomas de Neville, and 11 others
Sister of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset; Cardinal Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester and Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter
Half sister of Dorothy Thimelby (Swynford); Blanche Swynford; Sir Thomas Swynford, Sr.; Blanche Plantagenet; Henry IV of England and 8 others

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About Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland

"Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland (c. 1379 – 13 November 1440) was the third or fourth child (and only daughter) of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his mistress, later wife, Katherine Swynford; and, in her widowhood, a powerful landowner in the North of England."

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Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Beaufort,_Countess_of_Westmorland

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=16146333

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=1302

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I467&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I203&tree=Nixon

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I1659&tree=PagetHeraldicBaronag

http://www.mathematical.com/beaufortjoan1375.htm

http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p350.htm#i10511

http://thepeerage.com/p10198.htm#i101973 

http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/BEAUFORT.htm#Joan BEAUFORT (C. Westmoreland)

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Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 27. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume XII/2, page 547.

[S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 17. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.

[S8] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, volume 1, page 15.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 108-109. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 200.

[S25] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 2 p. 311, 390, vol. 3 p. 738.

"Joan Beaufort (subsequently Countess of Westmorland), legitimated da. of John 'of Gaunt', Duke of Lancaster; d. 13 November 1440."

[S33] #242 [1883 edition] A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (New edition, 1883, reprint 1962), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (New edition. 1883. Reprint, London: Harrison and Sons, 1962), FHL book 942 D22bug 1883., p. 198.

[S36] #89 A Genealogical History of the Kings of England, and Monarchs of Great Britain, & C. From the Conquest, Anno 1066 to the Year, 1677, Sandford, Francis, (London: Thomas Newcomb, 1677), FHL microfilm 599,670 item 3., p. 313.

[S46] #8356 The Ligon Family and Connections (1947-1973), Ligon, William D. (William Daniel Ligon, Jr.), (3 volumes. New York: W.D. Ligon Jr, c1947-c1973 (Hartford, Conn.: Bond Press)), p. 127, 129.

[S52] #249 Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica (1868-1938), Church of England. Parish Church of Shere (Surrey), (31 volumes. London: Hamilton, Adams, 1868-1938), FHL book 942 B2m., vol. 1 p. 122.

[S64] #248 [Reprint, 1977] A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland Enjoying Territorial Possessions or High Official Rank but Uninvested with Heritable Honours (1834-1838; reprint 1977), Burke, John, (1834-1838. Reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1977), 942 D2bc 1977; FHL microfiche 6035997-035999; FHL ., vol. 2 p. 9-12.

[S65] #389 Histories of Noble British Families: with Biographical Notices of the Most Distinguished Individual in Each, Illustrated by Their Armorial Bearings, Portraits, Monuments, Seals, Etc. (1846), Drummond, Henry, (2 volumes. London: W. Pickering, 1846), FHL microfilm 990,417 item 1., vol. 2 p. 8.

[S67] #205 Baronagium Genealogicum, Or, the Pedigrees of the English Peers, Deduced from the Earliest Times, of Which There Are Any Attested Accountes Including, as Well Collateral as Lineal Descents (1764-1784), Segar, Sir William, (6 volumes. [London]: Engraved and printed for the author, [1764-1784].), Volumes 1-4 FHL microfilm 164,680; volume 5 FHL mi., vol. 4 p. 361, 367.

[S69] #2251 The Royal Bastards of Medieval England (1984), Given-Wilson, Chris and Alice Curteis, (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984), FHL book 942 D5g., p. 148.

[S117] #227 The History and Antiquities of the County of Hertford (1815-1827), Clutterbuck, Robert, (3 volumes. London: Nichols, Son and Bentley, 1815-1827), FHL book Q 942.58 H2c; FHL microfilms 899,855-899,., vol. 3 p. 31.

[S124] #240 Collins's Peerage of England, Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical, Greatly Augmented, and Continued to the Present Time (1812), Brydges, Sir Egerton,, (9 volumes. London: [T. Bensley], 1812), FHL book 942 D22be., vol. 1 p. 222.

[S266] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 6 line 2:32, p. 7 line 3:32, p. 66 line 62:34.

[S300] #242 [1978 edition] Genealogical History of the Dormant, Aberant, Forfeited, & Extinct Peerages, Burke, Sir Bernard, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore. 1978), 942 D22 bug 1978., p. 394.

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxix.

-------------------- Joan BEAUFORT (1377/9-1440) m. #1 Sir Robert de FERRERS of Willisham (1373-1396), #2 Sir. Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmoreland (1364-1425) - Joan BEAUFORT, Lady Ferrers of Wemme and Countess of Westmorland. She was born about 1377 in Beaufort Castle in France and died 13 November 1440 in Howden, East Yorkshire, and was buried in Lincoln Cathedral. She was betrothed to Ferrers when she was nine (9) years old, by her father John of Gaunt, right before he left for his war at Castile, to gain the thrown of Spain as King. She married firstly, Robert FERRERS, Baron Ferrers of Wemme, son of Robert Ferrers and Elizabeth Boteler, Baroness le Boteler of Wemme. He was born about 1370 (1373 Weir) and died before 29 November 1396. Joan Beaufort married as her second husband and as his second wife, Ralph NEVILLE, 1st Earl of Westmorland before 29 November 1396. He was the son of Baron John Neville of Raby and Maud PERCY, daughter of Henry Lord Percy (Hotspur) and daughter of John Lord CLIFFORD of the family of the Earl of Northumberland. He was born about 1364 and died on the 21st October 1425. Their first daughter Elizabeth FERRERS, born 1392; married John GREYSTOCK, 6th Lord Greystock; born 1389; d. 1436. Joan was considered illegitimate until the Pope and King Richard II, granted her (and her siblings) legitimacy when John of Gaunt and her mother Katherine Swynford were married. ----------------------------------------------------------------

Joan Beaufort (1379-1440)-married first Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem and second Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland.

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Ralph Neville's marriage to Joan Beaufort, at a time when the distinction between royalty and nobility was becoming more important, can be seen as another reward; as a granddaughter of Edward III, she was a member of the royal family.
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Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland

Spouse Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland Issue Elizabeth Ferrers, 6th Baroness Boteler of Wem Mary Neville, Countess of Westmorland Katherine Neville, Duchess of Norfolk Eleanor Percy, Countess of Northumberland Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury Robert Neville, Bishop of Durham William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent Edward Neville, 3rd Baron Bergavenny Anne Neville, Duchess of Buckingham Cecily Neville, Duchess of York George Neville, 1st Baron Latimer John Neville Cuthbert Neville Thomas Neville Henry Neville

Joan Neville Father John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster Mother Katherine Swynford Born c. 1379 Château de Beaufort, Anjou Died 13 November 1440 Howden, Yorkshire Burial Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland (c. 1379 - 13 November 1440) was the third or fourth child (and only daughter) of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his mistress, later wife, Katherine Swynford; and, in her widowhood, a powerful landowner in the North of England.

Early life and marriages

She was likely born at the Swynford manor of Kettlethorpe in Lincolnshire. Her surname probably reflects her father's lordship of Beaufort in Champagne, France, where she might also have been born.In 1391, at the age of twelve, Joan married at Beaufort-en-Vallée, Anjou, Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem, and they had two daughters before he died in about 1395.

Legitimation Along with her three brothers, Joan had been privately declared legitimate by their cousin Richard II of England in 1390, but for various reasons their father secured another such declaration from Parliament in January 1397. Joan was already an adult when she was legitimized by the marriage of her mother and father with papal approval. The Beauforts were later barred from inheriting the throne by a clause inserted into the legitimation act by their half-brother, Henry IV of England, although it is not clear that Henry IV possessed sufficient authority to alter an existing parliamentary statute by himself, without the further approval of Parliament. Soon after this declaration, on 3 February 1397, when she was eighteen, Joan married Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, who had also been married once before.

Inheritance When Ralph de Neville died in 1425, his lands and titles should, by law of rights, have passed on to his eldest surviving son from his first marriage, another Ralph Neville. Instead, while the title of Earl of Westmorland and several manors were passed to Ralph, the bulk of his rich estate went to his wife, Joan Beaufort. Although this may have been done to ensure that his widow was well provided for; by doing this, Ralph essentially split his family into two, and the result was years of bitter conflict between Joan and her stepchildren, who fiercely contested her acquisition of their father's lands. Joan however, with her royal blood and connections, was far too powerful to be called to account, and the senior branch of the Nevilles received little redress for their grievances. Inevitably, when Joan died, the lands would be inherited by her own children.

Death Joan died on 13 November 1440 at Howden in Yorkshire. Rather than be buried with her husband Ralph (who was not buried with his first wife, though his monument has effigies of himself and his two wives) she was entombed next to her mother in the magnificent sanctuary of Lincoln Cathedral. Joan's is the smaller of the two tombs; both were decorated with brass plates - full-length representations of them on the tops, and small shields bearing coats of arms around the sides - but those were damaged or destroyed in 1644 by Roundheads during the English Civil War. A 1640 drawing of them survives, showing what the tombs looked like when they were intact, and side-by-side instead of end-to-end, as they are now.

Descendants Joan Beaufort was the grandmother of Edward IV of England, and of Richard III of England, whom Henry VII defeated to take the throne. Henry then married Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV, and their son became Henry VIII of England. Henry VIII's sixth wife, Catherine Parr, was also a descendant through Joan and Ralph's son, Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, and thus Henry's third cousin. Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, "the Kingmaker", was her grandson.

Children of Joan Beaufort and Robert Ferrers

In 1391, at the age of twelve, Joan married Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem at Beaufort-en-Vallée, Anjou. They had 2 children: Elizabeth Ferrers, 6th Baroness Boteler of Wem (1393-1474). She is buried at Black Friars Church, York. She married John de Greystoke, 4th Baron Greystoke (1389-1436) on 28 October 1407 in Greystoke Castle, Greystoke, Cumberland, and had issue. Margaret (or Mary) Ferrers (1394 - 25 January 1457/1458). She married her stepbrother, Sir Ralph Neville, son of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, c. 1413 in Oversley, Warwickshire and had issue

Children of Joan Beaufort and Ralph Neville

They had 14 children: Lady Katherine Neville, married first on 12 January 1411 John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk; married second Sir Thomas Strangways; married third John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont; married fourth Sir John Woodville (d. 12 August 1469). Lady Eleanor Neville (d. 1472), married first Richard le Despenser, 4th Baron Burghersh, married second Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury (1400-1460), married Alice Montacute, suo jure 5th Countess of Salisbury. Had issue. Their descendants include Queen consort Catherine Parr, sixth wife of King Henry VIII and Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick. Robert Neville (d. 1457), Bishop of Durham William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent (c.1410-1463) Lady Anne Neville (?1411-20 September 1480), married Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham Edward Neville, 3rd Baron Bergavenny (d. 1476) Lady Cecily Neville (1415-1495) ("Proud Cis"), married Richard, 3rd Duke of York and mothered Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England George Neville, 1st Baron Latimer (d. 1469) Joan Neville, became a nun John Neville, died young Cuthbert Neville, died young Thomas Neville, died young Henry Neville, died young

Joan Beaufort1 F, b. circa 1379, d. 13 November 1440

    Joan Beaufort married an unknown person. She was buried at Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, England. She was born circa 1379 at Beaufort Castle, Anjou, France. She was the daughter of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet. Joan Beaufort married an unknown person circa 1391 at Chateau De Beaufort, Meurthe-et-Mosel, France. She married Ralph Neville, son of John Neville and Maud Percy, on 3 February 1396. Joan Beaufort died on 13 November 1440 at Howden, Yorkshire, England.

Child of Joan Beaufort and Ralph Neville ?Cecily Neville+2 b. 3 May 1415, d. 31 May 1495

 Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland   

Place of Burial: Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England Birth: circa 1379 Chateau de Beaufort, Meuse-et-Loire, France Death: November 13, 1440 (61) Howden, Yorkshire, England Immediate Family: Daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster Wife of Ralph Earl of Westmoreland Neville; Robert de Ferrers, 3rd Lord Ferrers and Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland Mother of Edward Baron of Abergavenny Neville; Elizabeth Ferrers; Thomas Ferrers; Mary de Ferrers; Eleanor Neville, Countess of Northumberland and 15 others; Katherine Neville, Duchess of Norfolk; Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury; George Neville, 1st Baron Latimer; Cuthbert de Neville; Baron Thomas de Neville,; Edward Neville, 3rd Baron of Bergavenny; Robert Neville, Bishop of Durham; William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent; Anne Neville, Duchess of Buckingham; John (the younger) Neville; Cecily Neville, Duchess of York; Henry de Neville; George Neville; Joan Neville the nun and LADY ELEANOR Sister of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset; Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter; Cardinal Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester and Cecily Neville Dutchess of York Half sister of Filipa de Lencastre, rainha consorte de Portugal; Blanche Plantagenet; John I (1362-1365) (Plantagenet) of Lancaster; Sabel of Lancaster Plantagenet; Elizabeth Plantagenet, Duchess of Exeter and 11 others; Edward of Lancaster; John II (1366-1367) (Plantagenet) of Lancaster; Henry IV of England; John Plantagenet; Isabel (Plantagenet) of Lancaster; Catalina de Lancáster, reina consorte de Castilla; John of Lancaster; Blanche Plantagenet; Sir Thomas Swynford; Dorothy Swynford and Blanche Swynford About"Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland (c. 1379 - 13 November 1440) was the third or fourth child (and only daughter) of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his mistress, later wife, Katherine Swynford; and, in her widowhood, a powerful landowner in the North of England."



            
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Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland's Timeline

1210
July 22, 1210
Coucy, Alsne, France
1237
February 2, 1237
Tarrant Keynstan,Dorsetshire,England
1238
March 4, 1238
London, Middlesex, England
1379
1379
Meuse-et-Loire, France
1391
1391
Age 12
Chateau De Beaufort,Maine-Et-Loire,,France
1393
1393
Age 14
Oversley, Warwickshire, England
1394
September 1394
Age 15
Oversley, Warwickshire, England
1397
February 3, 1397
Age 18
Anjou, France
1397
Age 18
Staindrop, Durham, England
1397
Age 18
Raby, Durham, England