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Joan Locke (Wilcock)

Also Known As: "Joanna Wilcock", "Joan Wilcockes", "Lady Joan Locke (Wilcock)", "Jane"
Birthplace: Rotheram, Yorkshire , England
Death: Died in London, Middlesex, England
Place of Burial: London, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of William Wilcox and Jean Wilcockes
Wife of Bartholomew Bourne and Thomas Locke, merchant of London
Mother of Robert Henry Bourne; Elizabeth Hayward; Sir William Locke, Alderman of London and Michael Locke
Sister of Thomas Wilcox Wilcox

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Joan Locke

" II. Thomas[2] Locke, also Citizen and Mercer of London who died in 1507. By his wife Joan Wilcocks, of Rotheram, co. York [an only daughter and heiress], who died in 1512, and was buried with her husband, in Mercers' Chapel, he had a son, viz:

  1. "III. Sir William[3] Locke, Knight, Alderman of London, who was born about 1486, as he was admitted to the freedom of London ...


From Findagrave: Church of St Thomas of Acon, London, Greater London  England

Cemetery notes and/or description: A collegiate church and hospital on the north side of Cheapside on the site now occupied by Mercers' Hall and Chapel. From the military order of the Knights of St. Thomas of Acre. The designation "de Acon" was the full title of the Order instituted in the Holy Land about the time of Becket's death, as a branch of the Templars, who had a house at Acre. Hi Melanie, The following are abstracts from the Historical Background section of my draft thesis on 'Lock(e)s born within, southerly or westerly of the City of Norwich, Norfolk during 16th to mid 19th century', soon to be added as a Story to my family tree on

"William Locke bc1486 (or b1490, or bc1493?, but unlikely b1478, nor bc1480) in London, Middlesex died 24/8/1550 (or died 3/9/1550? and buried 6/9/1550 (see in Merton, Surrey, based on the Locke Family Outline in England website (see

This William was born to Lord Thomas Locke b1434 (or bc1445, or b1452, or b1458, or b1462?) in London, Middlesex d1507 who married c1483 in London, Middlesex to (Lady) Jane (or Jeannie, or Joan, or Joane?) Wilcockes (or Wilcock?) bc1463 in Rotherham, Yorkshire to William Wilcockes b1437 in Rotherham. Jane d1512 and was buried in Mercer's Chapel, St. Thomas, London, Middlesex.

This William Locke first married c1501 (or c1510?) to Alice Spencer d1522 (buried at Mercer's Chapel, London). William promptly remarried c1523 to Katherine (or Catherine?) Cook (or Cooke?) b1480 (or b1490, or b1503?) in Salisbury, Wiltshire to Sir Thomas Cook of Wiltshire. Katherine died 14/10/1537 and was buried in Merton, Surrey. Katherine's youngest son John Locke was born 13/10/1537 and died 14/10/1537 in France, the same day as his mother, which suggests Katherine likely died from childbirth and was promptly brought back to England to be buried. It's not known why Katherine was in France for the birth. The above information was also based on the Boone (owner: Bob Boone) and Locke (owner: heather locke) family trees on Ancestry, on a Latter Day Saints (LDS) FamilySearch pedigree resource file and on other LDS records".

So this William Locke (aka Lord John) was buried in Merton, Surrey, England. As to whether he died in France is questionable, but the following is a further abstract from my draft thesis:

"William Locke b1486 had a son Michael Locke b1510 (or b1531?) in London, Middlesex d1580 who married Jane Wilkinson (or Wilkerson?) b1520 in London, Middlesex d1580, daughter of William Wilkinson (or Wilkerson?) b1500 in London, Middlesex d1572 and Joan North b1498 in Walkeringham, Nottinghamshire died Dec’1592 in Y, Somme, Picardie, France.

"The gannon44 tree on shows William’s second wife Katherine Cooke (or Cook?) b1504 (or 1490?) had 11 (or 12?) children. The Lock family Outline in England website (above) shows William and Katherine had 10 children, including John Locke born and died 1537 (“his mother died the day he was born, and he died the next day, Oct 14,1537”).

The Locke (owner: infogoddess) family tree on Ancestry shows details of William Locke’s, not just 2, but 4 wives, including 21 children by his first two wives. William Locke married for a third time 13/5/1540 in London to Eleanor Marsh d1546, then remarried soon after on 28/1/1547 to his fourth (‘beloved’) wife, widow Elizabeth Meredith (Meredyth?) who d1551".

I don't know whether the above adds any value for you.

Regards, Ken Lock



  • JOAN WILCOCK (d.1512)
  • Joan Wilcock came from Rotheram, Yorkshire. She married Thomas Locke or Lok (d. 1507) and was the mother of William (c.1486-August 24, 1550), John (d. 1519), and Thomas (d.1552+). As a silkwoman, she supplied goods to the great wardrobe for Lady Catherine Gordon and to Queen Elizabeth of York in 1502-3. According to Maria Hayward in Dress at the Court of King Henry VIII, she was Elizabeth of York's preferred supplier of headwear, providing a bonnet on May 25, 1502 and frontlets, bonnets and other items in January 1503. On January 31, 1503, she was paid £20 on a bill that totaled £60 6s 5d.
  • From:


  • Book of the Lockes: A genealogical and historical record of the descendants ... By John Goodwin Locke
  • The Locke family in this neighborhood consider themselves as descended from a very ancient house, arguing that they gave name to the parishes where they lived, before the Conquest, and do not derive their name with a De from the parishes, as is very commonly the case.
  • However, I have not seen any account of this family before Robert Locke, whom we find to have been joined with Thomas de Saint Maur, as Vicecomes of Wiltshire, anno 1350. John Locke, sheriff of London, 1460, is the first in a pedigree in my possession. Thomas, his son, was a merchant in London, who died anno 1507, and by Joan his wife (who was the only daughter and heir of Mr. Wilcock of Rotheram in Yorkshire) left three sons, John, William, and Michael. John is said to have died without issue, and buried in Mercer's Chapel, 1519, with his arms (a) in the window, a proof the family bore arms before those granted by Queen Mary, 1555. William, married two wives ; (b) first, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Mr. Spencer, a citizen and fishmonger of London ; secondly, Catharine, daughter of William, and sister and co-heir of
    • (a) I am of opinion, after an examination of Stow's "Survey of London," that the "arms in the window" were those of Sir William Locke, who was buried in Mercer's Chapel in 1550: yet a doubt remains.
    • (b) He had four wives.
  • ....etc.
  • Michael Locke, younger brother (a) of Sir William, according to a pedigree now before me, was father amongsst other children of Matthew Locke, who became seated at Pensford in Buckinghamshire, and had two sons, Richard and Christopher. ....
    • (a) English antiquarians have supposed that the Michael Locke here spoken of was a son of Sir William and not his brother, and so I have represented him in the chart that follows this article; but I have a strong suspicion that the statement in the text is true, and that Sir William had both a brother and a son named Michael. If I am right in my supposition, Matthew of Pensford, who is represented in the chart as the son of Michael, and gr. son of Sir William, was in fact the son of Michael and nephew of Sir William.
    • The following Pedigree is principally compiled from the Herald's Visitations and the Gentleman's Magazine.
  • John Locke, Sheriff of London 1461, his Monument was in the Church of St. Mary, Bow, London. He was probably descended from Thomas Locke, of Merton Abbey, in Surrey. Lyson says the Rectory of Merton was granted to Thomas Locke by Edward III. in 1291.; ch: Thomas (m. Joan Wilcock) Locke.
    • Thomas, merchant of London, d. 1507, buried at St. Thomas of Acres, London. = Joan, only dau. and heir of Mr. Wilcock or Wilkokes, of Rotheram, in Yorkshire; d. 1512.; ch: Sir William (m. Alice Spence or Elizabeth Spencer & Katherine Cook), John, Thomas (m. Mary Minister), Michael? Locke.
      • Sir William, Knt. and Alderman, b.1480, d. 1550. he was knighted by Hen. VIII. for going over to Dunkirk and pulling down the Pope's bull; was sheriff of London 1548. Sir William was Bent. of the Privy Chamber. His 3d wf. was Eleanor, wid. of Wlater Marshe. She d 1546. His 4th wf. was Elizabeth, widow of Robert Meredith. = 1st. Alice Spence or Elizabeth Spencer, of London, who died 1522, buried at Mercer's Chapel. London.; ch: William (b.1511), Philip (d.1524), Jane (m. Robt. Meredith), Peter (d.1517), William (b.1517), Richard (d.1516), Edmund (d.1545), Thomas (m. Mary Louge), Matthew (m. Elizabeth Baker) Locke.; = 2d. Katherine, dau. of William, and sister and co-heir of Sir Thos Cook of Wiltshire, Knt. She was buried at Merton Abbey, Surrey. She d. Oct. 14, 1537.; ch: Dorothy (m. Otwell Hill & Jno. Cosworth), Katherine (m. Thomas Stacey & William Matthew), (Pg.359 Rose (m. Anthony Hickman & _ Throgmorton) John, Alice, Thomasin, Henry (m. Anne Vaughan), Michael (m. Jane Wilkinson & Margery Preyn), Elizabeth (m. Richard Hill & Nicholas Bullingham), John Locke.
      • John, died s. p. buried in Mercer's Chapel, London, 1519.
      • Thomas wf. Mary Minister at Merton 1552, probably was son of Thomas.
      • (Michael ?)


  • Family histories and genealogies. A series of genealogical and biographical monographs on the families of MacCurdy, Mitchell, Lord, Lynde, Digby, Newdigate, Hoo, Willoughby, Griswold, Wolcott, Pitkin, Ogden, Johnson, Diodati, Lee and Marvin, and notes on the families of Buchanan, Parmelee, Boardman, Lay, Locke, Cole, De Wolf, Drake, Bond and Swayne, Dunbar and Clarke, and a notice of Chief Justice Morrison Remick Waite. With twenty-nine pedigree-charts and two charts of combined descents by Salisbury, Edward Elbridge
  • The Lockes claim to have been a very ancient family, before the Conquest, originally Scotch, with the name Loch. The seat of our family, as we shall see, had been from early times at Merton, co. Surrey.
  • "I. William Locke[1] (Lock, Lok or Loke, as the name was indifferently spelt in early times) had two sons, viz : John[2] Locke, Citizen and Mercer of London, who died in 1519, leaving no issue, and
  • "II. Thomas [2] Locke, also Citizen and Mercer of London, who died in 1507. By his wife Joanna Wilcocks of Rotheram, co. York [an only daughter and heiress], who died in 1512, and was buried with her husband in Mercers' Chapel, he had a son, viz :
  • "III. Sir William [3] Locke, Knight, Alderman of London, who was born about 1486, as he was admitted to the freedom of London, at the
  • end of his apprenticeship, in 1507. He succeeded to his father's business and estate, and became an eminent tradesman and citizen. He received the royal appointment of Mercer to King Henry VIII., with whom he was an especial favorite, having a key to the King's Private Chamber, and occasionally entertaining him at dinner at his house in London. There are records in existence showing materials furnished by him to the royal household, including Queen Anna Boleyn and the Princess, afterwards Queen, Elizabeth, as also Will Somers, the King's Jester. After being several years an Alderman, he was elected Sheriff of London in 1548, and was knighted on the 3d of October in that year, but died before it was his turn to become Lord Mayor.
  • "Sir William Locke married four wives :
  • .... etc.



  • Miscellanies of the Fuller Worthies Library ... edited by Alexander Balloch Grosart
  • Pg.66
  • .... etc.
  • In the HERALD'S COLLEGE, in a volume, known there as VINCENT'S MIDDLESEX, there is a Pedigree of the family of LOK or LOCK or LOCKE2 - such is the arbitrarily various orthography. It is meagre in its details: but an examination shew it to be accurate as to names and relationships. Taking this Pedigree as a basis, we shall add many particulars obtained from Wills, Parish Registers, and other authentic manuscripts.
  • The first person named in VINCENT (as supra) is WILLIAM LOCK, who had two sons THOMAS and JOHN. The latter has heretofore been identified
  • Pg.67
  • with one of the name who was sheriff of London in 1461: but as he did not die till 1519, it may be doubted if they were identical. Further: in several of the Biographies of JOHN LOCKE the Philosopher, his descent has been deduced from him: but erroneously, as according to his will he had no children. The error originated in assuming that THOMAS above name was his son, while he was certainly his brother.1 This THOMAS LOCK (or as sometimes Lok and Loke) was a Mercer of London. He died in 1507 and was buried in Mercer's Chapel. His wife was JOANNA, daughter of . . . . Wilcocks of Rotherham, co. York; and she too was buried in the same Chapel in 1512. They appear to have had one son only, viz WILLIAM LOK, who was born according to the Pedigree in 1480. He also became a Mercer of London, and one of the aldermen of the city. In 1548 he was Sheriff of London, and was knighted at Westminster in that year. He was Mercer to King Henry VIIIth. with whom he was an especial favorite, so much so that it is said he held a key to the king's private chamber - a fact which
  • Pg.68
  • had been an equivocal compliment before FROUDE wrote. One of his daughters, ROSE, who by marriage becme ancestress of the HICKMANS of Gainsborough, and the EARLS of PLYMOUTH, left an account of his sufferings during Queen Mary's reign, which is printed, at length, in STARK'S Gainsborough. .... Now I, his daughter, Rose Throckmorton, widow, late wife of Simon Throckmorton Esq, and first ye wife of Anthony Hickman, a merch't of London, .... etc.
  • Pg.69
  • SIR WILLIAM LOK was buried in Mercer's Chapel 27th August 1550. His Will dated 15th March, was proved 11th September in that year. He had four wives: (a) ALICE, daughter of ..... SPENCER, of London, Fishmonger, who died in 1522 and was buried in Mercer's Chapel: (b) CATHERINE, daughter of WILLIAM COOKE of SALISBURY, who died in childbed 14th Octr. 1537 and was buried at Martin Abbey in Surrey: (c) ELINOR (widow of WALTER MARSH) who died in 1546: (d) ELIZABETH (widow successively of ..... Hutton and of ROBERT MEREDITH) who was buried in Mercer's Chapel 5th Decr. 1551. By his last two wives there were no issue. By his first wife .... etc.




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Joan Locke's Timeline

Rotheram, Yorkshire , England
Age 2
Brocton, Shropshire, England
Age 9
Tendring, Essex, , England
Age 15
London, London, , England
Age 17
London, Middlesex, England
Age 21
Age 49
London, Middlesex, England
Age 49
London, England