Joan Stewart of Scotland, Countess of Morton

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Joan Stewart of Scotland, Countess of Morton

Nicknames: "the dumb lady of Dalkeith", "Joan the Mute", "muta domina [of Dalkeith"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Perth, Perth, Scotland
Death: Died in Dalkeith Church, Midlothian, , Scotland
Place of Burial: St. Nicholas Church, Dalkeith, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Daughter of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort, Queen consort of Scots
Wife of James Gordon and Sir James Douglas, 4th Baron Dalkeith, 1st Earl of Morton, 1st Earl of Morton
Mother of Sir John Gordon; Lady Janet Hepburn (Douglas), Countess of Bothwell; John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton; Elizabeth Douglas and James Douglas
Sister of Margaret Stewart of Scotland, Dauphine de France; Isabella of Scotland, Duchess of Brittany; Eleanor Stewart; Mary Stewart, Countess of Buchan; James II of Scotland and 2 others
Half sister of James Stewart; Sir John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl; Joan Gordon of Stitchill; James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan and Bishop Andrew Moray Stewart

Occupation: Princess of Scotland, Countess of Morton, countess of morton
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Joan Stewart of Scotland, Countess of Morton

Joan's effigy on the Morton Monument in Dalkeith, Scotland is said to be the world's oldest image of a known deaf person. Joan was born deaf and reportedly used sign language in public, which was thought to be scandalous behavior during the Fifteenth Century.

Joan married James Douglas, 4th Baron Dalkeith before 15 May 1459, who at the time of their marriage was raised to the peerage as the first Earl of Morton. They were granted a dispensation on 7 January 1463-4 for being consanguineous in the second and third degrees. Joan and her husband James were both aware of their close relationships but were persuaded to marry by her brother King James II of Scotland and applied for the dispensation to legitimize their marriage.

Together Joan and her husband James had four children:

  1. Sir John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton (bef. 1466- bef. 1515),[11] killed at the Battle of Flodden[12]
  2. James, (d. aft. 1480) appeared in several writs 1466-1480.[2]
  3. Janet, married bef. 1 February 1480–81 to Sir Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell.[2]
  4. Elizabeth, mentioned in a charter of 1479 after which nothing further is known of her.[2]

links

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 Joan Stewart was born circa 1428.3 She and James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus were engaged on 18 October 1440.2   She married James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton, son of James Douglas, 2nd Lord of Dalkeith and Elizabeth Gifford, before 15 May 1459.3 She died after 16 October 1486.3 She was buried at Dalkeith Church, Midlothian, Scotland.3
    She was the daughter of James I Stewart, King of Scotland and Lady Joan Beaufort.1,2 Joan Stewart also went by the nick-name of 'The Dumb Lady'.2 From before 15 May 1459, her married name became Douglas.

Children of Joan Stewart and James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton

   Lady Janet Douglas+1 d. b 1490
   James Douglas3 d. a 1480
   Elizabeth Douglas3 d. a 1479
   John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton+3 b. b 1466, d. 1513

Citations

   [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 238. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
   [S323] Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's The Peerage of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland: David Douglas, 1904), volume I, page 19. Hereinafter cited as The Scots Peerage.
   [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 231. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

-------------------- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_of_Scotland,_Countess_of_Morton

Born in Scotland c.1428,[b] she was the third daughter of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort.[1] Joan had two older brothers, including the future King of Scotland, James II, and five sisters.[1] She had “the misfortune to be deaf and dumb”,[2] and was known as muta domina or “the mute lady”.[3] Joan was reported to have used sign language to communicate, even in public (although it was considered at that time to be impolite).[4]

Joan was originally contracted to marry James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus on 18 October 1440, but he died (without issue) in 1446 before the marriage could take place.[5] In 1445 she was sent to France and did not return home to Scotland until 1457.[c][2] She had been promised in marriage to the Dauphin of France but the marriage did not take place, probably due to her inability to articulate.[d][6] Joan married James Douglas, 4th Baron Dalkeith before 15 May 1459, who at the time of their marriage was raised to the peerage as the first Earl of Morton.[7] They were granted a dispensation on 7 January 1463-4 for being consanguineous in the second and third degrees.[8] Joan and her husband James were both aware of their close relationships but were persuaded to marry by her brother King James II of Scotland and applied for the dispensation to legitimize their marriage.[e][8] The Countess Joanna died in 1493, predeceasing her husband, James, by several months.[2]

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Joan Stewart of Scotland, Countess of Morton's Timeline

1428
1428
Perth, Perth, Scotland
1450
1450
Age 22
1451
1451
Age 23
Morton, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
1459
May 15, 1459
Age 31
Perth,,Perth,Scotland
1459
Age 31
Morton, Dumfreshire, Scotland
1460
1460
Age 32
Dalkeith, Midlothian, Scotland
1466
1466
Age 38
Scotland
1486
October 16, 1486
Age 58
Dalkeith Church, Midlothian, , Scotland
1900
February 27, 1900
Age 58
February 27, 1900
Age 58