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Joana de Habsburgo

Also Known As: "Joanna of Austria (in Castilian", "Juana)"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Death: Died in Escorial, Madrid, Spain
Place of Burial: Convento De Barfusserinnem, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Carlos V, rey de España y emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico and Isabella of Portugal
Wife of João Manuel de Portugal
Mother of Sebastião I o Desejado, rei de Portugal and Sebastian
Sister of Philip II "the Prudent", King of Spain & Portugal; María de España Habsburg, Kaiserin des Heiligen Römischen Reiches; Ferdinando de Austria and Juan de Austria
Half sister of Tadea de Austria; Johann von Österreich, gobernador de los Países Bajos; Margarethe von Habsburg and Isabelle de Foix

Occupation: Nun
Managed by: Bianca May Evelyn Brennan
Last Updated:

About Joana de Habsburgo

Joanna of Austria (in Castilian, Juana, 24 June 1535 - 7 September 1573), Infanta of Spain, of the Habsburg family.

She was born in Madrid to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (who was the first king of united Spain, officially King of Aragon and King of Castile) and his consort Infanta, Isabel of Portugal, daughter of King Manuel I of Portugal.

As such, Juana was an Archduchess of Austria, Infanta of Castile and of Aragon, princess of Burgundy and Flanders, daughter of a Holy Roman Emperor, etc.

She married her first cousin, Infante John of Portugal, who was the heir of Portugal, the sole surviving son of her paternal aunt Catherine of Habsburg and her maternal uncle King John III of Portugal. Their teenage marriage led to pregnancy (João was 15 years old when his wife conceived), and their only child Sebastian of Portugal was born posthumously in 1554 a couple of weeks after the teenage father João had perished of juvenile diabetes at the age of 16 years.

Shortly after Sebastian's birth Joanna was called back to Madrid, by her brother King Philip II, to run the kingdom while he was away in England to marry Queen Mary. She filled this role admirably and was intelligent and efficient, a "take charge" kind of woman.

She never remarried and she never returned to Portugal to see her son, Sebastian, again, although she sent him letters and had portraits of him painted at various ages so she could see what he looked like. One of these, of him at age 11, is now in the Convento de Las Dezcalsas Reales that she founded in the royal palace where Charles V had lived when in Madrid. She is reputed to have been admitted to the Jesuit order, being the only female in the history of the Order.

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Joan of Spain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joanna of Austria (in Castilian, Juana, 24 June 1535 - 7 September 1573), Infanta of Spain, of the Habsburg family.

She was born in Madrid to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (who was the first king of united Spain, officially King of Aragon and King of Castile) and his consort Infanta, Isabel of Portugal, daughter of King Manuel I of Portugal.

As such, Juana was an Archduchess of Austria, Infanta of Castile and of Aragon, princess of Burgundy and Flanders, daughter of a Holy Roman Emperor, etc.

She married her first cousin, Infante John of Portugal, who was the heir of Portugal, the sole surviving son of her paternal aunt Catherine of Habsburg and her maternal uncle King John III of Portugal. Their teenage marriage led to pregnancy (João was 15 years old when his wife conceived), and their only child Sebastian of Portugal was born posthumously in 1554 a couple of weeks after the teenage father João had perished of juvenile diabetes at the age of 16 years.

Shortly after Sebastian's birth Joanna was called back to Madrid, by her brother King Philip II, to run the kingdom while he was away in England to marry Queen Mary. She filled this role admirably and was intelligent and efficient, a "take charge" kind of woman.

She never remarried and she never returned to Portugal to see her son, Sebastian, again, although she sent him letters and had portraits of him painted at various ages so she could see what he looked like. One of these, of him at age 11, is now in the Convento de Las Dezcalsas Reales that she founded in the royal palace where Charles V had lived when in Madrid. She is reputed to have been admitted to the Jesuit order, being the only female in the history of the Order.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_of_Spain

Archduchess Joan of Austria (1535–1573)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Joan of Spain)

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Infanta Joan

Spouse John Manuel, Prince of Portugal

Issue

Sebastian of Portugal

House House of Aviz-Beja

House of Habsburg

Father Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Mother Isabella of Portugal

Born 24 June 1535(1535-06-24)

Died 7 September 1573 (aged 38)

House of Habsburg

Spanish line

Escudo de Armas de Felipe II de España.svg

Emperor Charles V

(King Charles I)

Children

Philip II of Spain

Maria, Holy Roman Empress

Joan of Spain

Don John (illegitimate)

Margaret of Parma (illegitimate)

Philip II

Children include

Carlos, Prince of Asturias

Isabella of Spain

Catherine, Duchess of Savoy

Philip III of Spain

Maria of Spain

Philip III

Children include

Anne, Queen of France

Philip IV of Spain

Maria Ana, Holy Roman Empress

Infante Carlos

Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand

Philip IV

Children include

Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias

Maria Theresa, Queen of France

Margaret, Holy Roman Empress

Charles II of Spain

Charles II

Joan of Spain (in Castilian, Juana de Austria, 24 June 1535 – 7 September 1573), Infanta of Spain, of the Habsburg family.

Contents

[hide]

   * 1 Life
         o 1.1 Marriage
   * 2 Ancestry
   * 3 References

[edit] Life

She was born in Madrid to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (who was the first king of united Spain, officially King of Aragon and King of Castile) and his consort Isabella of Portugal, daughter of King Manuel I of Portugal.

As such, Joan was an Archduchess of Austria, Infanta of Castile and of Aragon, princess of Burgundy and Flanders, daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor, etc.

[edit] Marriage

She married her first cousin, Infante John of Portugal, who was the heir of Portugal, the sole surviving son of her paternal aunt Catherine of Habsburg and her maternal uncle King John III of Portugal. Their teenage marriage led to pregnancy (João was 15 years old when his wife conceived), and their only child Sebastian of Portugal was born posthumously in 1554 a couple of weeks after the teenage father João had perished of juvenile diabetes at the age of 16 years (Note: the Spanish wikipedia entry states the cause was tuberculosis).

Joanna of Habsburg

Shortly after Sebastian's birth Joan was called back to Madrid, by her brother King Philip II, to run the kingdom while he was away in England to marry Queen Mary. She filled this role with intelligence and efficiency.

She never remarried and she never returned to Portugal to see her son, Sebastian, again, although she sent him letters and had portraits of him painted at various ages so she could see what he looked like. One of these, of him at age 11, is now in the Convento de Las Descalzas Reales.

In 1557, Juana founded the Convent of Our Lady of Consolation (Nuestra Señora de la Consolación) for the nuns of the order of Poor Clares, also known as Discalced Clarisses (in Spanish, clarisas descalzas) because they did not wear covered shoes, and only walked either barefoot or in sandals. Now known as the Convent of Las Descalzas Reales, or convent of the barefoot royals, partly due to her affiliation and that the convent continued to attract aristocratic women as nuns. This Convent is now a national monument and has marvelous holdings of art. It was founded in the royal palace where Juana was born, and were Charles V had lived when in Madrid. She also repeatedly intervened to favor in the new order of Jesuits founded by the Spaniard, Saint Ignatius of Loyola. In 1555, eager to curry her favor, she is reputed to have been admitted surreptitiously to the male-only Jesuit order under the name of a pseudonym, Mateo Sánchez.

This page was last modified on 29 May 2010 at 18:18

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JUANA DE AUSTRIA (Seren. Princesa Doña) hija del Máximo Emperador Cárlos V, y d edoña Isabel, su esposa, nació en el sitio en que hoy está el Relicario del Real Monasterio de las Descalzas Reales de Madrid, á 24 de junio del año 1536, por se entónces Palacio. Desde su primera niñez dió muestras de lo que habia de ser, pues no gustaba de jugar con las niñas de su edad, y si lo hacia era con tal modestia, que todas la tenian un gran respeto. De 8 años leia latin, y fué muy diestra en las labores de mugeres, en la música, y en tañer varios instrumentos. Muerta la Emperatriz su madre, y habiendo entrado en los 16 años, trató su padre de casarla con D. Juan, Príncipe de Portugal, lo que se efectuó á fines de 1552. Gozáronse poco tiempo los dos esposos, porque al segundo año de su feliz union, que fué el de 554, en 2 de Enero falleció el Príncipe, dexando á S.A. en dias de parir, como sucedió á 20 del mismo, dando á luz al desgraciado Rey D. Sebastian. Sabida por el Emperador la muerte de su yerno á tiempo que el Príncipe D. Felipe II habia de partir á Inglaterra á casar con la Infanta Doña María, dispuso que Doña Juana viniese á Castilla por Gobernadora de estos Reynos, y salió de Lisboa á 17 de Mayo del mismo año para Valladolid, en donde estaba la Corte. Portóse en el gobierno con rectitud y justicia, despachando con brevedad negocios muy graves, y resplandeciendo en el zelo del aumento de la Religion Católica. Dió muchas limosnas á los Conventos y Hospitales, y entre las memorias que nos dexó, fué el Santo Monasterio de Esposas de Christo, de Nuestra Señora de la Consolacion de esta Corte, que llaman las Descalzas Reales, que fundó en 1559, en el mismo Palacio del Emperador su padre. Libre de la carga del gobierno, hizo una vida exemplarísima hasta que el Señor la visitó con la última enfermedad que la acometió dia de San Agustin, y recibidos los Sacramentos murió en el Escorial á 7 de Septiembre del año de 1573. Dexó ordenado que su cuerpo fuese sepultado en su Monasterio de Madrid, y para esto fué traido con todo aparato y pompa, y depositado en una Capilla de la mano derecha, hasta que se labró el sepulcro que tiene en otra, al lado de la Epístola, de mármoles y jaspes finos, labrando con gran primor, y su estatua de mármol blanco, puesta de rodillas, obra de Pompeyo Leon. En el pedestal se lee esta inscripcion:

AQUI YACE LA SERENISSIMA SEÑORA DOÑA JUANA DE AUSTRIA, INFANTA DE ESPAÑA, PRINCESA DE PORTUGAL, GOBERNADORA DE ESTOS REYNOS, HIJA DEL EMPERADOR CAR- LOS V, MUGER DEL PRINCIPE DON JUAN DE PORTUGAL, MADRE DEL REY DON

                           SEBASTIAN.

MURIO DE 37 AÑOS, DIA 7 DE SEPTIEMBRE

                            DE 1573.

En la pared del claustro, que hace espalda á la misma Capilla, en una piedra jaspe larga, en pie, y sin adorno alguno, se lee otra inscripcion, que dice Gil Gonzalez estar en el sepulcro, y es ésta:

               D.           O.          M.
   JOANNA VIRTUTIS EXEMPLAR,

CAROLI V. ET ISABELLÆ AUGUSTÆ

                          FILIA

JOANNIS LUSITANORUM PRINCIPIS

                UXOR.
SEBASTIANI REGIS MATER. H. S. C.
 OBIIT ANNO MDLXXII. ÆTATIS SUÆ
                      XXXVIII.(a)

(a) Fr. Juan Carrillo, Historia de la fundacion del Mon. de las Descalzas Reales, lib. 1 Gil Gonzalez, Teatro de Madrid, y Ponz, tom. 5 p. 230. Hijos de Madrid, Ilustres en Santidad, Dignidades, Armas, Ciencia y Artes Por D. Joseph Antonio Alvarez y Baena, Madrid, MDCCXC, Tomo Tercero. J. L. Págs. 113-115

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Joana de Habsburgo's Timeline

1535
June 24, 1535
Madrid, Spain
1552
December 7, 1552
Age 17
1554
January 20, 1554
Age 18
Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
January 20, 1554
Age 18
Ribeira Pequena, Azores, Portugal
1573
September 7, 1573
Age 38
Escorial, Madrid, Spain
September 10, 1573
Age 38
Convento De Barfusserinnem, Madrid, Madrid, Spain