Joazer Boethus, Sadducee High Priest (c.34 - d.) MP

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Managed by: Sharon Doubell
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About Joazer Boethus, Sadducee High Priest

Joazar, high priest for six years during the latter days of Herod the Great and the first years of Archelaus (4 B.C.-2 A.D.)

.� He was the son of Simon Boethus, who owed his dignity and fortune to the following dishonorable circumstance, as related by Josephus the historian: �There was one Simon, a citizen of Jerusalem, the son of Boethus, a citizen of Alexandria and a priest of great note there.� This man had a daughter, who was esteemed the most beautiful woman of that time.� And when the people of Jerusalem began to speak much in her commendation, it happened that Herod was much affected by what was said of her; and when he saw the damsel he was smitten with her beauty.� Yet did he entirely reject the thought of using his authority to abuse her . . . so he thought it best to take the damsel to wife.� And while Simon was of a dignity too inferior to be allied to him, but still too considerable to be despised, he governed his inclinations after the most prudent manner by augmenting the dignity of the family and making them more honorable.� Accordingly, he forthwith deprived Jesus, the son of Phabet, of the high priesthood, and conferred that dignity on Simon.�� Such, according to Josephus, is the origin � not at all of a supernatural nature � of the call to the high priesthood of Simon Boethus and his whole family.� Simon, at the time of this trial, was already dead; but Joazar figured in it with two of his brothers, one of whom was, like himself, a former high priest, (Jos., Ant., B. 15, 9.3; 17, 6.4; 18, 1; 19, 6.2). thttp://www.giveshare.org/library/sanhedrin/1.3.html

High Priests under Herodians and Romans

During the First Jewish-Roman War

  • Phannias ben Samuel 67-70

The House of Boethus

  • Simon ben Boethus 23-5 BC (his daughter Mariamne was third wife of Herod the Great)
  • Joazar, son of Boethus (4 BC and before 6 AD), unpopular and an advocate of compliance with the Roman census
  • Eleazar, son of Boethus (4-3 BC)
  • Simon Cantheras, son of Boethus (41-42 AD)
  • Elioneus, son of Simon Cantheras (43-44 AD)
  • Joshua, son of Gamaliel (64 AD), whose wife Martha belonged to the house

The House of Ananus

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Joazer Boethus, Sadducee High Priest's Timeline