Jochi (Züchi) Khan

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Jochi (Züchi) Khan

Russian: Зүчи Khan
Also Known As: "Джучи", "Jochi", "Зүчи", "Züchi", "Cuçi; Jöchi", "Juchi"
Birthplace: Mongolia
Death: Died in Mongolia
Immediate Family:

Son of Genghis Khan (Temüjin), Khagan of the Mongol Empire and Börte Üjin
Husband of Ökin (Qonggirät); Sultan Khatun Imäk (musulmane); Bäk Tutmïsh; Sorghan (Sorqadu) of the Qonggïrat and Perhaps Bäk-Tutmïsh (principal wife), niece of Ong-Qan
Father of 2) Batu Khan; 4) Bärkäcär / Berkhechir Borjigin; 3) Bärkä Khan 1257-1266; 11) Bora (alias Muhammad); 1) Orda Khan and 23 others
Brother of Chagatai Khan; Ögedei Khan, Khagan of the Mongol Empire; Toluj Kán; Tolui Khan; Chichegen Daughter of Genghis Bilgi and 5 others
Half brother of Tula (Tuluy, Toluj) (Eke - Noyon, Ulug - Noyon); Tumalun; Dzhaur; Dzhurchitay; Urdzhakan and 9 others

Managed by: Private User
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About Jochi (Züchi) Khan

Jochi Khan (Mongolian: Зүчи, Züchi, Crimean Tatar: Cuçi; also spelled Jöchi and Juchi) (c. 1180–1227) was the eldest of the Mongol chieftain Genghis Khan's four sons by his principal wife Börte. An accomplished military leader, he participated in his father's conquest of Central Asia, along with his brothers and uncles.

[There is doubt about Jochi's paternity. See an example of the debate at "Jochi" at soc.genealogy.medieval, accessed Mar. 8, 2013.]

Early life

There is some question as to Jochi's true paternity. Shortly after her marriage to Genghis Khan (known as Temüjin at the time), Börte was abducted by members of the Mergid confederation. She was given to a certain Chilger Bökh, who was the brother of the Yehe Chiledu, as a spoil of war. She remained in Chilger Bökh's captivity for a few months before she was recovered by Temüjin. Shortly afterwards she gave birth to Jochi. By all accounts, Genghis Khan treated Jochi as his first son, but a doubt always remained among the Mongols whether Temüjin or Chilger Bökh was the real father of Jochi. This uncertainty about his paternity was not without consequences. Jochi’s descendants, although they formed the oldest branch of Genghis Khan’s family, were never considered for the succession in claiming their father’s heritage and there were signs of estrangement between Jochi and Genghis Khan.


Jochi had at least 14 sons[2] and two daughters:

  1. Orda (c. 1204-1280)
  2. Batu (c. 1205-1255)
  3. Berke, Khan of the Golden Horde from 1257-1267[3]
  4. Berkhechir
  5. Shiban
  6. Tangad
  7. Teval (Buval). He was the grandfather of Nogai Khan.
  8. Chilagun
  9. Sinqur
  10. Chimbay
  11. Muhammed
  12. Udur
  13. Tuq-timur, the ancestor of late khans of the Great Horde.
  14. Shingum
  15. Qoluyiqan.[4] She married Törelchi, eldest son of Quduqa-beki of the Oirats.
  16. Daughter who married the Qarluq chief of Almaliq.


-------------------- According to Gumilev, was born in 1182. The eldest son. Borte pregnant mother returned from captivity Merkit, but Temujin recognized the child, saying that she was taken prisoner, being pregnant, but doubts gnawed life and the father and son. Gossip Jochi pursued until his death. Even brother Jaghatai in the presence of the prince's father called "successor Merkit captivity" than forced to give up its claims to the succession to the throne in favor of his younger brother Ugedei. Spouses: Ori-Fujino. Chor Becky Khanum. On his father's will was 4 thousand soldiers with a resolution to replenish the army at the expense of the conquered peoples. Got in its management of the land from the Irtysh River to the Ural Mountains and south to the Caspian and Aral seas, but since he died almost at the same time with his father, his son went to Batu ulus (in Russian chronicles was called the Golden Horde). According to others, died 2.1227 He left 40 sons.

О {profile::pre} (Русский)

Джучи е монголски военачалник, първи син на Бьорте, съпругата на Чингис хан. Малко след тяхната женитба Бьорте е отвлечена от съседното племе на меркитите. Тя е върната и малко след това ражда Джучи. Въпреки физическата невъзможност за това, Чингис хан се отнася към него като към свой роден син. До началото на 20-те години Джучи играе важна роля във военните кампании на Чингис хан. През 1207 той ръководи поход срещу племената в Южен Сибир. През 1216 командвани от него войски нанасят тежко поражение и унищожават армиите на меркитите. По време на този поход той е внезапно нападнат от армия на шаха на Хорезмия, но успява да я отблъсне. След последвалата война срещу Хорезмия, Джучи се оттегля в Южен Сибир. Въпреки че не се стига до публичен разрив, изглежда отношенията му с Чингис хан охладняват. Според някои изследователи причина за това е по-мекото отношение на Джучи към подчинените народи. В началото на 1227 Джучи умира, вероятно убит по нареждане на Чингис хан, който умира няколко месеца по-късно. Синовете на Джучи, Орда и Бату, наследяват относително маловажните северозападни райони на Монголската империя, където основават съответно Бялата орда и Синята орда. По-късно земите им са обединени от Бату в Кипчакското ханство, известно също като Златна орда.

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Jochi (Züchi) Khan's Timeline

Age 19
Age 20
Age 22
Age 24
February 1227
Age 42