Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750) MP

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Birthplace: Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany
Death: Died in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
Cause of death: pneumenia
Managed by: Anders Hagen Jarmund
Last Updated:

About Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach[ (31 March 1685[2 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer, organist, harpsichordist, violist, and violinist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra, and solo instruments drew together the strands of the Baroque period and brought it to its ultimate maturity. Although he did not introduce new forms, he enriched the prevailing German style with a robust contrapuntal technique, an unrivalled control of harmonic and motivic organisation, and the adaptation of rhythms, forms and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France.

Revered for their intellectual depth, technical command and artistic beauty, Bach's works include the Brandenburg concertos, the Goldberg Variations, the Partitas, The Well-Tempered Clavier, the Mass in B Minor, the St Matthew Passion, the St John Passion, the Magnificat, The Musical Offering, The Art of Fugue, the English and French Suites, the Sonatas and Partitas for solo violin, the Cello Suites, more than 200 surviving cantatas, and a similar number of organ works, including the celebrated Toccata and Fugue in D minor and Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor.

Bach's abilities as an organist were highly respected throughout Europe during his lifetime, although he was not widely recognised as a great composer until a revival of interest and performances of his music in the first half of the 19th century. He is now generally regarded one of the main composers of the Baroque style, and as one of the greatest composers of all time.

Bach's mother died in 1694, and his father eight months later. The 10-year-old orphan moved in with his oldest brother, Johann Christoph Bach (1671–1721), the organist at the Michaeliskirche in nearby Ohrdruf.

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Johann Sebastian Bach's Timeline

1685
March 31, 1685
Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany
1707
October 17, 1707
Age 22
Dornheim, Thuringia, Germany
1708
December 28, 1708
Age 23
1710
November 22, 1710
Age 25
1713
February 23, 1713
Age 27
February 23, 1713
Age 27
1714
March 8, 1714
Age 28
Weimar, Germany
1715
May 11, 1715
Age 30
Leipzig, Germany
1718
November 15, 1718
Age 33
1721
December 3, 1721
Age 36