Johanna Catharina Senekal (1869 - 1955)

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Nicknames: "Johanna Catharina Joubert; Mrs Gerhard Lewis Joubert"
Death: Died in South Africa
Managed by: Lea Herbst
Last Updated:

About Johanna Catharina Senekal

Middelburg Refugee Camp

Personal Details

Name: Mrs Gerhard Lewis Joubert

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: married

Nationality: Transvaal

Unique ID: 79687

Camp History

Name: Middelburg RC

Date arrival: 18/01/1901

Date departure: 05/09/1901

Destination: Left for farm

Tent number: I

Farm History

Name: Waaiehoek

District: Carolina

Notes: No 170


Mrs Gerhard Lewis Joubert

is the wife of Mr Gerhard Lewis Joubert


Title: DBC 83 Middelburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 83 Notes: p. 14

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Johanna Catharina Senekal's Timeline

February 11, 1869
August 16, 1889
Age 20
South Africa
March 8, 1894
Age 25
- 1902
Age 31
South Africa

Middelburg camp presents a problem in trying to understand why so many people died in the camps. It was the largest camp in the Transvaal system, reaching over 7,000 inmates at one point, and the reports of Dr Kendal Franks and the Ladies Committee suggest that it was very badly run. Dr Franks was critical of the layout of the camp and complained that the administration was ‘lax’, while the Ladies Committee thought it ‘one of the most unsatisfactory we have seen’.1 An intake of over 3,000 in May 1901 brought in desperately impoverished and debilitated people, which precipitated disease. By all these criteria the mortality in Middelburg ought to have been amongst the worst in the system, yet this was not the case, as a comparison with Mafeking camp shows. Indeed, apart from the May peak (a pattern which appeared in almost all the camps) mortality was little worse than the camp average, which was a record few camps achieved.

August 11, 1905
Age 36
Ermelo, South Africa
February 1, 1955
Age 85
South Africa
Age 85
South Africa