Johanna Christina Joubert (1895 - d.)

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Death: (Date and location unknown)
Managed by: Lea Herbst
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About Johanna Christina Joubert

Middelburg Refugee Camp 1901 – 1902

Personal Details

Name: Miss Johanna Christina Joubert

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: single

Nationality: Transvaal

Registration as child: Yes

Unique ID: 79897

Camp History

Name: Middelburg RC

Age arrival: 6

Date arrival: 18/01/1901

Date departure: 11/09/1901

Reason departure: transferred

Destination: Belfast RC

Tent number: I

Name: Belfast RC

Age arrival: 6

Date arrival: 11/09/1901

Reason departure: moved to town

Destination: Nelspruit

Tent number: 449

Farm History

Name: Fansfontein / Farafontein ; Farofontein / Farra Fontein / Farrafontein / Farrefontein / Pharohsfontein

District: Lydenburg

Notes: No 1437

Relationships

Miss Johanna Christina Joubert is the daughter of Mr Marthinus Godfried Joubert (Marthinus G)

Sources

Title: DBC 83 Middelburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 83

Notes: p. 22

Title: DBC 57 Belfast CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Notes: p.071

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Johanna Christina Joubert's Timeline

1895
February 21, 1895
June 16, 1895
South Africa
1901
1901
- 1902
Age 5
South Africa

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Belfast was one of the later camps, started by the civilian administration rather than the military, between 4 and 10 June 1901.

The camp was finally closed in December 1902 after a land settlement scheme made it possible for the most indigent families to return to the land.

http://www.lib.uct.ac.za/mss/bccd/Histories/Belfast/

1901
- 1902
Age 5
South Africa

Middelburg camp presents a problem in trying to understand why so many people died in the camps. It was the largest camp in the Transvaal system, reaching over 7,000 inmates at one point, and the reports of Dr Kendal Franks and the Ladies Committee suggest that it was very badly run. Dr Franks was critical of the layout of the camp and complained that the administration was ‘lax’, while the Ladies Committee thought it ‘one of the most unsatisfactory we have seen’.1 An intake of over 3,000 in May 1901 brought in desperately impoverished and debilitated people, which precipitated disease. By all these criteria the mortality in Middelburg ought to have been amongst the worst in the system, yet this was not the case, as a comparison with Mafeking camp shows. Indeed, apart from the May peak (a pattern which appeared in almost all the camps) mortality was little worse than the camp average, which was a record few camps achieved.

http://www2.lib.uct.ac.za/mss/bccd/Histories/Middelburg/

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