Johanna von Österreich-Habsburg, Granduchessa di Toscana (1547 - 1578)

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Nicknames: "Archduchess Joanna of Austria", "Grand Princess of Tuscany", "Grand Duchess of Tuscany", "Archduchess of Austria"
Birthplace: Praha, Böhmen, Deutschland(HRR)
Death: Died in Firenze, Toscana
Cause of death: fell down stairs while pregnant
Occupation: Archduchess of Austria, Erzherzogin von Osterreich
Managed by: Hanne Caulk
Last Updated:

About Johanna von Österreich-Habsburg, Granduchessa di Toscana

Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich

F, #112037, b. 24 January 1547, d. 10 April 1578

Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich was born on 24 January 1547 at Prague, Czech Republic.2,1

She was the daughter of Ferdinand I von Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna Jagellon.2

She married Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana, son of Cosimo I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana and Eleanora de Toledo, on 18 December 1565 at Florence, Italy.3,1

She died on 10 April 1578 at age 31 at Florence, Italy.2,1

    Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich was a member of the House of Habsburg. She gained the title of Erzherzogin von Österreich.

Children of Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich and Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana

  1. Eleonora de Medici+ b. 28 Feb 1567, d. 19 Sep 1611 (4)
  2. Marie de Medici+ b. 26 Apr 1573, d. 3 Jul 1642 (5)

Links

:

The Peerage:

http://thepeerage.com/p11204.htm#i112037

Geneall: http://www.geneall.net/D/per_page.php?id=10404

Wikipedia:

English: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joanna_of_Austria,_Grand_Duchess_of_Tuscany

Deutsch: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johanna_von_%C3%96sterreich

Italiano: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giovanna_d'Austria

--------------------

[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johanna_of_Austria]

Joanna of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany

Tenure 1574 - 1578

Spouse Francesco I de' Medici

Issue

Eleonora, Duchess of Mantua

Marie, Queen of France

Anna de' Medici

Filippo de' Medici

Joanna of Austria (24 January 1547 – 11 April 1578) was the youngest daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. By marriage, she was a Grand Duchess of Tuscany; one of her daughters was the famous Marie de Medici, Queen-consort and second wife of King Henry IV of France.

Marriage

Her marriage to Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, took place on 18 December 1565 in Florence, after she solemnly arrived in the city by the Porta al Prato. Giorgio Vasari and Vincenzo Borghini, with the help of Giovanni Caccini made big festivities for these event.

Nevertheless, Joanna was homesick and unhappy. Ignored by her husband, and despised by the Florentines for her Austrian hauteur, she never felt at home in Florence.

Her father-in-law, Cosimo I de' Medici, was reasonably kind to Joanna. He had the courtyard of the Palazzo Vecchio specially decorated for her; the lunettes were painted with murals of Austrian towns by pupils of Vasari, and Verrocchio's Putto with Dolphin fountain was brought down from the Careggi villa where it had been set up in the garden by Lorenzo de' Medici.

The position of Joanna in the Florentine court was during most of her marriage, difficult: between 1566 and 1575, she gave birth to six daughters, of whom only three survived infancy. The absence of a male heir to continue the dynasty was the cause of constant conflict with her husband, who preferred the company and love of his mistress Bianca Capello, who - although some call it a fraud- gave birth a son, Antonio, in 1576.

Finally, in 1577 Joanna gave birth to the long-awaited heir, baptized Filippo in honour to the King Philip II of Spain, Joanna's first cousin. The birth was celebrated with great joy by all the court, because was secured the succession of the Grand Duchy for another generation and eliminated all the hopes of Bianca Capello to made her "son" Antonio as heir of Tuscany. At the end, was Johanna's brother-in-law, Ferdinando, who succeeded Francesco as Grand Duke.

Death

On 10 April 1578, Joanna - heavily pregnant with her eighth child - fell from the stairs in the Grand Ducal Palace in Florence. Some hours later, she gave birth to a son, who, born prematurely, died immediately. She died the next day on 11 April, she also died. Francesco subsequently married his mistress, Bianca Cappello.

The mysterious circumstances around these accident caused rumours accusing her husband and his mistress of murdering Joanna, so that they could be married.

Issue

The seven children of Francesco and Johanna were:

   * Eleonora (b. 28 February 1567 – d. 9 September 1611), who married Vincenzo I Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua (1582-1612).
   * Romola (b. 20 November 1568 – d. 2 December 1568).
   * Anna (b. 31 December 1569 – d. 19 February 1584).
   * Isabella (b. 30 September 1571 – d. 8 August 1572).
   * Lucrezia (b. 7 November 1572 – d. 14 August 1574).
   * Maria (b. 26 April 1575 – d. 3 July 1642), who became Queen of France by her marriage to Henri IV in 1600.
   * Filippo (b. 20 May 1577 – d. 29 March 1582).

Out of a total of seven children, only two daughters, Eleonora and Marie lived to adulthood, the rest of the children died young. Anna the second eldest daughter died at the age of fourteen.

-------------------- Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich F, #112037, b. 24 January 1547, d. 10 April 1578

Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich|b. 24 Jan 1547\nd. 10 Apr 1578|p11204.htm#i112037|Ferdinand I von Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor|b. 10 Mar 1503\nd. 25 Jul 1564|p10353.htm#i103524|Anna Jagellon|b. 23 Jul 1503\nd. 27 Jan 1547|p10587.htm#i105868|Felipe I. von Habsburg, Rey de Castilla|b. 22 Jun 1478\nd. 25 Sep 1506|p10590.htm#i105896|Juana, Reina Juana de Castilla|b. 6 Nov 1479\nd. 4 Apr 1555|p10275.htm#i102742|Vladislav I., King of Bohemia and Hungary|b. 1 Mar 1456\nd. 13 Mar 1516|p11203.htm#i112022|Anne de Foix, Comtesse de Candale|b. c 1484\nd. 26 Jul 1506|p11212.htm#i112111|

Last Edited=5 Mar 2007 Consanguinity Index=0.14%

Johanna von Habsburg1 Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich was born on 24 January 1547 at Prague, Czech Republic.2,1 She was the daughter of Ferdinand I von Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna Jagellon.2 She married Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana, son of Cosimo I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana and Eleanora de Toledo, on 18 December 1565 at Florence, Italy.3,1 She died on 10 April 1578 at age 31 at Florence, Italy.2,1

    Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich was a member of the House of Habsburg. She gained the title of Erzherzogin von Österreich.

Children of Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich and Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana 1.Eleonora de Medici+4 b. 28 Feb 1567, d. 19 Sep 1611 2.Marie de Medici+5 b. 26 Apr 1573, d. 3 Jul 1642 Citations 1.[S130] Wikipedia, online http;//www.wikipedia.org. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia. 2.[S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 80. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession. 3.[S16] Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 71. 4.[S102] Roglo Geneweb Website, online <http://geneweb.inria.fr/roglo?lang=en>. Hereinafter cited as Roglo Geneweb Website. 5.[S36] Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, editor, Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1: Europe & Latin America (London, U.K.: Burke's Peerage Ltd, 1977), page 84. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1.

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Johanna Erzherzogin von Österreich's Timeline

1547
January 24, 1547
Praha, Böhmen, Deutschland(HRR)
January 24, 1547
- December 18, 1565
Austria
1565
December 18, 1565
Age 18
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
December 18, 1565
- April 21, 1574
Age 18
Italy
1567
February 28, 1567
Age 20
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
1568
November 20, 1568
Age 21
1569
December 31, 1569
Age 22
December 31, 1569
Age 22
1572
November 7, 1572
Age 25
1574
April 21, 1574
- April 11, 1578
Age 27