John, 6th Lord Erskine, 17th/1st Earl of Mar, Regent of Scotland

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John Erskine, 6th Lord Erskine, Earl of Mar

Also Known As: "5th Lord Erskine"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Erskine,,,Scotland
Death: Died in Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, United Kingdom
Place of Burial: Church Alloa, Alloa, Clackmannanshire, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of John Erskine, 5th Lord Erskine and Margaret Campbell
Husband of Annabelle Murray
Father of Mistress Mar; John Erskine, 18th/2nd Earl of Mar; Mary Erskine and Margaret Erskine
Brother of Sir Alexander Erskine, Baron of Gogar; Katherine Erskine; Margaret Erskine; Robert Erskine, Master of Erskine; Thomas Erskine, Master of Erskine and 3 others

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About John, 6th Lord Erskine, 17th/1st Earl of Mar, Regent of Scotland

John Erskine, Earl of Mar (d. 1572)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Erskine,_Earl_of_Mar_%28d._1572%29

The 17th Earl of Mar.

John Erskine, Earl of Mar (died 28 October 1572), regent of Scotland, was a son of John, 5th Lord Erskine, who was guardian of King James V, and afterwards of Mary, Queen of Scots. He is regarded as both the 18th earl (in the 1st creation) and the 1st earl (in the 7th).

Career

John was Commendator of Dryburgh Abbey from 1547,[1] and succeeded his father as 6th Lord Erskine in 1552. He joined the religious reformers, but was never very ardent in the cause. He did subscribe to the letter asking the Calvinist reformer John Knox to return to Scotland in 1557. The custody of Edinburgh Castle was in his hands during the struggle between the regent, Mary of Guise, and the Lords of the Congregation he appears to have acted consistently in the interests of peace.

When Mary, Queen of Scots, returned to Scotland in 1561 Lord Erskine was a member of her council and was in favor of her marriage with Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. His wife was Annabella Murray, daughter of William Murray of Tullibardine. She was a frequent companion of Queen Mary, John Knox called her a "verray Jesabell", . In 1565 Erskine was granted the earldom of Mar. As guardian of James, afterwards King James VI at Stirling Castle he prevented the young prince from falling into the hands of James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, and when the Scottish nobles rose against Mary and Bothwell, Mar was one of their leaders; he took part in the government of Scotland during Marys imprisonment at Lochleven Castle, and also after her subsequent abdication.

Regent of Scotland

In September 1571 he was chosen Regent of Scotland, but he was overshadowed and perhaps slighted by James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton. He died at Stirling on 29 October 1572 after a short illness, widely agreed to have been natural causes. However, some sources indicate that he may have been poisoned at the will of the Earl of Morton. Mar's illness, wrote James Melville, followed a banquet at Dalkeith Palace given by Morton.[2] John began building the house at Stirling called 'Mar's Wark', now a ruin the care of Historic Scotland, the other seat of the family was Alloa Tower. James VI continued to regard Annabella Murray with affection and wrote to her as "Minnie", she was the governess of his son Prince Henry at Stirling.

References

  1. Jump up ^ Scottish Correspondence of Mary of Lorraine, SHS (1927), 220 note.
  2. Jump up ^ Melville, James, Thomson, Thomas, ed. (1827). Memoirs of his own life. Bannatyne Club, (1827), pp 248–249.

Alan Stewart Cradle King

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Government offices Preceded by The Earl of Lennox Regent of Scotland 1571–1572 Succeeded by The Earl of Morton

Peerage of Scotland New creation Earl of Mar 1565–1572 Succeeded by John Erskine Preceded by John Erskine Lord Erskine 1552–1572 --------------------

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John, 6th Lord Erskine, 17th/1st Earl of Mar, Regent of Scotland's Timeline

1525
1525
Argyll - of the Clan Fife of Scotland
1551
1551
Erskine,,,Scotland
1556
January 29, 1556
Age 5
Castle,Stirling,Stirlingshire,Scotland
1556
Age 5
Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland
1558
1558
Age 7
Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland
1572
October 28, 1572
Age 21
Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, United Kingdom
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of Dun
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Abbot of Dryburgh, Regent of Scotland 1571-72, guardian of James VI
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Church Alloa, Alloa, Clackmannanshire, Scotland