John (Ahuludegi) Oolooteka Jolly (of Cayuga), Principal Chief (b. - 1838) MP

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Nicknames: "Cól-lee"
Birthplace: Cayuga town on Hiwassee Island in present-day Hamilton County, Tennessee
Death: Died in Webbers Falls, Oklahoma
Managed by: Marvin Caulk, (C)
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About John (Ahuludegi) Oolooteka Jolly (of Cayuga), Principal Chief

John Jolly, Cherokee name Ahuludegi, also known as Oolooteka, was elected Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation West upon the death of his brother Tahlonteeskee in 1819. He had served as headman of Cayuga town on Hiwassee Island in present-day Hamilton County, Tennessee, after his brother's departure for the west in 1809.

When the young Sam Houston came to live with the Cherokee on Hiwassee Island in 1809, Ahuludegi adopted him and acted as his father in the Cherokee nation. He gave him the Cherokee name of Ka'lanu, meaning the Raven. A few years later, Houston returned to his family in Maryville, but he lived with the Cherokee again in the late 1820s and early 1830s after their move to present-day Oklahoma. Then he moved to Texas, where he elected the President of the Republic of Texas, and US Senator for and governor of Texas.

During Ahuludegi's term of office, the Cherokee Nation West adopted a constitution in 1828 establishing a tripartite government, like that previously adopted by the Cherokee Nation East in 1827. That year most of the western Cherokee moved from Arkansas Territory to the newly established Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma. Ahuludegi served as Principal Chief until his own death in December 1838. He was succeeded by John Looney, his assistant principal chief.

Hiwassee Island, at the mouth of the Hiwassee River where it meets the Tennessee, used to be commonly known as "Jolly's Island" after the Cherokee leader. Residents in the area sometimes still call it that.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Jolly From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Jolly

  • Ahuludegi, also known as John Jolly, 1834.
  • Died 1838
  • Webbers Falls, Oklahoma
  • Predecessor Tahlonteeskee
  • Successor John Looney
  • Native name Ahuludegi, Oolooteka
  • Relatives Brother, Tahlonteeskee; Sister, Jennie Due; Nephews, John Rogers, John Rogers, Jr.; Niece, Tiana Rogers, (wife of Sam Houston)

John Jolly (Cherokee: Ahuludegi; also known as Oolooteka), was Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation-West when the 1828 constitution was adopted. He was a friend and protector of a young Sam Houston.

Background

Jolly "was a wealthy merchant and planter. Jolly spoke no English, and dressed in buckskin with a hunting shirt, leggings and moccasins," according to the Cherokee Nation website.[1]

John Jolly was headman of Cayuga town (on Hiwassee Island in present-day Hamilton County, Tennessee), after his brother, Tahlonteeskee's, departure for 'the west' in 1809. He eventually followed his brother to the Arkansaw Territory. There, Jolly was elected Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation—West upon the death of his brother, in 1819.

Black Coat, who served with Jolly as Second Chief, died in the spring of 1835, and was succeeded by Joseph Vann.[2]

Friendship with Houston

When the young Sam Houston came to live with the Cherokee on Hiwassee Island in 1809, Jolly adopted him and acted as his father in the Cherokee Nation. Jolly gave Houston the Cherokee name of Ka'lanu, meaning 'the Raven'. Houston later returned to his family in Maryville, Tennessee, but he lived once again with the Cherokee in the west during the late 1820s and early 1830s.

Achievements as Principal Chief

In 1828, during Jolly's term of office, the Cherokee Nation—West adopted a constitution establishing a tripartite government, much like that previously adopted by the Cherokee Nation—East (1827). That same year, most of the western Cherokee were moved from Indian Reserve areas in the Arkansas Territory to the newly established Indian Territory (in present-day Oklahoma).

In his role as leader, Jolly frequently raised issues of security and treaty rights with both U.S. government officials in Washington DC and with Arkansas territorial authorities. Shortly after being named president, Jolly wrote to Arkansas governor George Izard in alarm over rumors that the governor was about to broach the subject of the sale of Cherokee lands in Arkansas. Jolly advised the governor that the Cherokee had no lands whatsoever that they wished to sell and that, furthermore, the U.S. government was in arrears in meeting its financial obligations left over from the previous treaty of 1817. For a decade, he used diplomatic means to fend off pressures from American settlers and government representatives to restrict Cherokee lands in Arkansas and eventually to force the Arkansas Cherokee to move again out of Arkansas and into Indian Territory.[3]

One writer states that much of Jolly's success as Chief "was due to the counsel and support of John Rogers", his brother-in-law and Cherokee headman.[4]

Jolly served as Principal Chief until his death in December 1838. He was succeeded by John Looney, who had been his assistant principal chief.

Legacy

Hiwassee Island, at the mouth of the Hiwassee River where it meets the Tennessee, used to be commonly known as "Jolly's Island" after the Cherokee leader. Residents in the area sometimes still call it that.

See also

  • Sequoyah
  • Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians
  • United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians

Notes

  1. ^ "About the Nation: John Jolly". Cherokee Nation, The Official Website of the Cherokee Nation. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
  2. ^ Gaston L. Litton (1937-09). "The Principal Chiefs of the Cherokee Nation". Chronicles of Oklahoma 15 (7). Retrieved 2012-11-28.
  3. ^ "John Jolly (?–1838)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
  4. ^ John Bartlett Meserve. "Chief Thomas Mitchell Buffington and William Charles Rogers". Chronicles of Oklahoma. Retrieved 2012-11-28.

Sources

  • McLoughlin, William G. Cherokee Renascence in the New Republic. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).
  • Wilkins, Thurman. Cherokee Tragedy: The Ridge Family and the Decimation of a People. (New York: Macmillan Company, 1970).

External links

John Jolly, Cherokee Nation Official Website

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John (Ahuludegi) Jolly, Principal Chief's Timeline

1838
December, 1838
Webbers Falls, Oklahoma
????
Cayuga town on Hiwassee Island in present-day Hamilton County, Tennessee